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Siguniang Shan: Magnificent Mountains You’ve Probably Never Heard Of


Modified: September 26, 2023

by Dorrie Pinedo



Welcome to Siguniang Shan, a hidden gem tucked away in the western part of China’s Sichuan province. This remote and majestic mountain range, also known as the Four Sisters Mountain, offers a breathtaking experience for adventure seekers and nature enthusiasts alike. Despite its awe-inspiring beauty and exceptional geographical features, Siguniang Shan remains relatively unknown to mainstream tourists, making it a perfect destination for those seeking a unique and off-the-beaten-path adventure.


Located in the Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Siguniang Shan spans an area of approximately 450 square kilometers. The mountain range is part of the Hengduan Mountain system, renowned for its rugged terrains and soaring peaks. Siguniang Shan proudly flaunts its skyline adorned with four stunning peaks, each representing a “sister” and collectively forming a breathtaking panorama that will leave you in awe.


With its remote location and challenging accessibility, Siguniang Shan remains a hidden treasure amongst adventure enthusiasts. The journey to this remarkable destination requires a combination of transportation methods, including flights, buses, and private vehicles. However, the extra effort is undoubtedly worth it, as you will soon discover when you set foot in this captivating natural wonderland.


As you navigate through the villages and trails of Siguniang Shan, you will also have the opportunity to immerse yourself in the unique cultural heritage of the region. The area is home to the indigenous Qiang and Tibetan ethnic groups, who have preserved their traditional lifestyles and customs for centuries. This cultural richness adds an intriguing layer to your adventure, allowing you to witness authentic rituals, taste local delicacies, and interact with the warm and hospitable locals.


Whether you are an avid hiker, a nature lover, or simply in search of serenity and tranquility, Siguniang Shan has something to offer everyone. From its snow-capped peaks to its lush valleys, the breathtaking scenery will leave you captivated at every turn. The combination of towering mountains, crystal-clear rivers, and picturesque landscapes is a testament to the raw and untouched beauty of this hidden treasure.


Embarking on an adventure to Siguniang Shan is not just about the destination; it is about the journey itself. The anticipation of exploring uncharted territories, the camaraderie with fellow explorers, and the sense of accomplishment as you conquer challenging trails and summits are all part of the experience. So, pack your bags, lace up your hiking boots, and get ready to embark on a once-in-a-lifetime adventure in Siguniang Shan!


Location and Geography

Siguniang Shan is located in the Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan province, China. It lies approximately 220 kilometers west of Chengdu, the capital city of Sichuan. The mountain range is part of the Qionglai Mountains and is situated within the larger Hengduan Mountain system.


The region’s geography is characterized by its rugged landscapes, deep valleys, and towering peaks. Siguniang Shan is made up of four striking peaks, namely Dafeng (Big Peak), Erfeng (Second Peak), Sangga Feng (Third Peak), and Yaomei Feng (Princess Peak). These peaks, collectively known as the Four Sisters Mountain, are a highlight of the area and offer a stunning vista that is sure to take your breath away.


The highest peak in the range is Dafeng, reaching an impressive altitude of 5,355 meters (17,567 feet). Its neighboring peaks, Erfeng, Sangga Feng, and Yaomei Feng, also reach considerable heights, contributing to the dramatic and picturesque landscape of Siguniang Shan.


In addition to its awe-inspiring peaks, Siguniang Shan also boasts deep valleys, pristine alpine meadows, crystal-clear rivers, and glistening glacial lakes. The combination of these natural features creates a visually stunning and diverse environment for outdoor enthusiasts.


The area is known for its alpine climate, with significantly colder temperatures at higher elevations. Summers are typically cool and wet, while winters bring freezing temperatures and heavy snowfall. Therefore, the best time to visit Siguniang Shan is during the late spring and early autumn when the weather is milder, and the mountain landscapes come alive with colorful flora and fauna.


As an isolated and relatively unknown destination, Siguniang Shan provides a serene and untouched environment for nature lovers. The lack of heavy tourist traffic has allowed the region to maintain its pristine beauty and retain its sense of wildness and tranquility. Exploring the diverse landscapes of Siguniang Shan offers a unique opportunity to reconnect with nature and experience a true mountain adventure.


While the ruggedness of the terrain presents a challenge to visitors, the rewards are immeasurable. Hiking through the untouched valleys, climbing the majestic peaks, and witnessing the ever-changing scenery are memories that will last a lifetime. Siguniang Shan truly is a paradise for adventurers seeking to immerse themselves in the breathtaking beauty of nature.


Cultural Significance

Beyond its natural beauty, Siguniang Shan holds great cultural significance. The region is home to the Qiang and Tibetan ethnic groups, both of which have rich cultural traditions and legacies.


The Qiang people, an indigenous ethnic minority, have inhabited this area for thousands of years. They have developed a unique culture, deeply rooted in their close relationship with nature. The Qiang people are known for their rich oral traditions, vibrant festivals, intricate handicrafts, and distinctive architecture.


One of the most notable aspects of Qiang culture is the architecture of their ancient villages. Built with stone slabs and wood, these villages are often perched on mountainsides, blending harmoniously with the natural surroundings. The majestic beauty of Siguniang Shan serves as a backdrop to these traditional Qiang villages, creating a picturesque scene that evokes a sense of tranquility and cultural charm.


The Tibetan influence in the area can be seen in the numerous monasteries and temples scattered throughout the region. These sacred sites serve as spiritual centers for the local Tibetan communities and are deeply revered. The sound of chanting monks, the fluttering of prayer flags, and the smell of burning incense create an atmosphere of peace and spirituality.


Visitors to Siguniang Shan have the opportunity to immerse themselves in these rich cultural traditions by attending local festivals, witnessing traditional ceremonies, and exploring the ancient villages. The Qiang and Tibetan hospitality is warm and inviting, and you may have the chance to taste traditional dishes and learn about their unique customs through interactions with the locals.


Exploring the cultural significance of Siguniang Shan adds depth and meaning to your adventure. It allows you to gain a deeper understanding of the region’s history, traditions, and people, enriching your overall experience.


As you hike through the mountains and traverse the valleys, take a moment to appreciate and respect the cultural heritage of the area. Siguniang Shan is not just a natural wonder, but a place that holds the stories, traditions, and spirituality of the Qiang and Tibetan people.


Peaks and Scenery

The peaks and scenery of Siguniang Shan are nothing short of awe-inspiring. With its four distinct peaks, the mountain range offers a panorama that is as breathtaking as it is unique. Dafeng, the highest peak, stands proudly at an elevation of 5,355 meters (17,567 feet). The other peaks, Erfeng, Sangga Feng, and Yaomei Feng, are equally impressive, each with its own distinct characteristics.


The rugged and majestic landscape of Siguniang Shan is a playground for outdoor enthusiasts. Deep valleys, sparkling glacial lakes, and cascading waterfalls are scattered throughout the region, creating a picture-perfect setting for exploration and adventure. The crystal-clear rivers that flow through the valleys add to the beauty and majesty of the scenery.


During the spring and summer months, the valleys come alive with a vibrant display of alpine flowers, painting the landscape in a kaleidoscope of colors. This vibrant floral tapestry, combined with the backdrop of the snow-capped peaks, creates a postcard-worthy scene that is simply stunning.


For photographers, Siguniang Shan is a dream come true. The dramatic peaks, ever-changing weather conditions, and diverse landscapes offer endless opportunities to capture breathtaking images. Whether you are a professional or an amateur photographer, the raw beauty of this mountain range will undoubtedly leave you inspired.


As you navigate through the trails and valleys, keep an eye out for the abundant wildlife that calls Siguniang Shan home. This region is known for its biodiversity, with a range of animal species, including golden monkeys, musk deer, snow leopards, and numerous bird species. Birdwatchers will delight in the opportunity to spot rare and elusive avian species in their natural habitat.


One of the most iconic sights in Siguniang Shan is the glacial lakes. These shimmering bodies of water, formed by the melting glaciers, reflect the surrounding peaks and create a surreal and tranquil atmosphere. The lakes provide a serene setting for relaxation, meditation, or simply taking in the beauty of nature.


The sheer grandeur and natural beauty of Siguniang Shan will leave you in awe at every turn. Whether you are gazing up at the towering peaks or hiking through the valleys, the scenery will captivate your senses and create memories that will last a lifetime.



Siguniang Shan is not only known for its stunning peaks and breathtaking scenery but also for its impressive biodiversity. The mountain range is located in a region that boasts a unique and diverse ecosystem, making it a haven for a wide variety of plant and animal species.


Due to its geographical location and varying elevations, Siguniang Shan encompasses a range of microclimates and habitats, resulting in a high level of biodiversity. From subalpine meadows to dense forests and alpine tundra, the different ecosystems support a wide array of flora and fauna.


The region is home to many rare and endangered species, making it an important conservation area. The dense forests are inhabited by elusive wildlife such as musk deer, pheasants, and golden monkeys. These primates, with their striking golden coats, are a sight to behold and are considered a national treasure in China.


In addition to the charismatic mammals, the birdlife in Siguniang Shan is also abundant and diverse. The area is a birdwatcher’s paradise, with over 200 species of birds recorded. The elusive snow cock, the magnificent golden eagle, and the colorful blue eared pheasant are just a few examples of the avian wonders you might encounter during your explorations.


The plant life in Siguniang Shan is equally impressive, with a rich variety of alpine flowers, mosses, and lichens. In the spring and summer months, the valleys come alive with a carpet of blooming flowers, creating a breathtaking mosaic of colors. The rare and endemic Tibetan rhododendron is a highlight of the region, with its vibrant pink blossoms adorning the slopes.


The diverse range of habitats within Siguniang Shan also supports a healthy population of insects and invertebrates. These tiny creatures play a crucial role in maintaining the delicate ecosystem and contribute to the overall biodiversity of the area.


Exploring the biodiversity of Siguniang Shan allows visitors to witness the wonders of nature up close and personal. Whether you are an avid nature lover or a wildlife enthusiast, the richness and diversity of the flora and fauna in this region will leave you in awe of the intricate web of life that exists here.


It is important to remember when visiting Siguniang Shan to respect the delicate ecosystems and adhere to guidelines and regulations to ensure the preservation of this remarkable biodiversity for future generations to appreciate and enjoy.


Outdoor Activities

Siguniang Shan offers a wide range of outdoor activities that cater to adventure seekers of all levels. Whether you prefer a leisurely hike, an adrenaline-pumping climb, or a serene retreat surrounded by nature, this mountain range has something for everyone.


Trekking is a popular activity in Siguniang Shan, with a variety of trails to suit different skill levels. You can embark on a day hike to explore the picturesque valleys and enjoy the stunning scenery. For more experienced hikers, multi-day treks are available, leading you through remote areas and offering mesmerizing views of the peaks. Along the trails, you may encounter quaint villages where you can interact with the friendly locals and learn about their traditional way of life.


For thrill-seekers and experienced mountaineers, the peaks of Siguniang Shan offer an exhilarating challenge. The most popular peak to climb is Dafeng, also known as the Big Peak. Although mountaineering experience and proper equipment are necessary, reaching the summit provides an incredible sense of accomplishment, with panoramic views that stretch as far as the eye can see.


If you prefer a more relaxed and peaceful experience, there are plenty of opportunities for camping and picnicking in the scenic valleys of Siguniang Shan. Pitch your tent near a glistening glacial lake, listen to the sounds of nature, and gaze at the star-filled sky as you unwind and immerse yourself in the tranquility of the mountains.


Photography enthusiasts will find Siguniang Shan to be a paradise for capturing breathtaking shots. From the grandeur of the peaks to the delicate beauty of the alpine flowers, every corner of this mountain range offers stunning photo opportunities that will impress even the most discerning photographers.


For those who appreciate a more cultural experience, you can visit the traditional Qiang and Tibetan villages, where you can witness traditional rituals, taste local cuisine, and learn about the unique customs and traditions of the indigenous communities. These cultural encounters provide a deeper understanding of the region’s heritage and add an enriching dimension to your adventure.


It is important to note that due to the rugged and challenging nature of the terrain, outdoor activities in Siguniang Shan require careful planning and preparation. It is recommended to hire a local guide or join a reputable tour operator to ensure your safety and make the most of your experience.


Whatever outdoor activity you choose in Siguniang Shan, be it hiking, climbing, camping, or cultural exploration, you are sure to create memories that will last a lifetime. The pristine beauty and untouched wilderness of this remarkable mountain range provide the perfect backdrop for adventure and exploration.


Trekking and Climbing Routes

Siguniang Shan offers a plethora of trekking and climbing routes that allow visitors to explore its awe-inspiring landscapes and conquer its majestic peaks. Whether you are a seasoned mountaineer or a novice hiker, there are routes suitable for all levels of experience and fitness.


The most popular trekking route is the Changping Valley. This scenic trail takes you through lush forests, sparkling streams, and picturesque meadows, offering breathtaking views of the surrounding peaks along the way. The trek can be done as a day hike or extended to a multi-day adventure, with options to stay overnight in local guesthouses or camp in designated camping areas.


For those seeking a challenge, the trek to the base camp of Dafeng (Big Peak) is an exhilarating option. The trail takes you through rugged terrain, steep ascents, and rocky slopes. The reward awaits you at the base camp, where you can revel in the close-up views of the towering peaks and experience a sense of accomplishment for reaching this high-altitude destination.


For experienced climbers, Siguniang Shan offers the opportunity to scale the majestic peaks. Dafeng, the highest peak in the range, presents a challenging yet rewarding climb. The ascent requires technical skills and mountaineering equipment, but the payoff is unparalleled views from the summit, where you are treated to a panorama of the surrounding mountains and valleys.


Other notable peaks suitable for climbing include Erfeng (Second Peak) and Sangga Feng (Third Peak). These peaks offer a mix of scrambling, rock climbing, and snow and ice sections, providing a thrilling adventure for climbers seeking to push their limits.


It is important to note that climbing the peaks of Siguniang Shan should only be attempted by experienced climbers with proper training and equipment. The routes can be physically demanding and require a high level of fitness and mountaineering skills.


Regardless of the route you choose, trekking and climbing in Siguniang Shan offer a unique opportunity to connect with nature and challenge yourself in a spectacular setting. The pristine beauty, rugged landscapes, and breathtaking views make every step of the journey worthwhile, creating memories that will last a lifetime.


As always, it is crucial to plan your trek or climb carefully, take necessary safety precautions, and respect the natural environment to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.


Travel Tips

When planning a trip to Siguniang Shan, it is important to keep in mind a few travel tips to ensure a smooth and enjoyable experience. Here are some tips to help you make the most of your adventure:


1. Choose the right season: The best time to visit Siguniang Shan is during the late spring (April to June) and early autumn (September to October). During these periods, the weather is mild, and the landscapes are adorned with colorful flowers or vibrant fall foliage.


2. Be prepared for changing weather: Siguniang Shan’s mountainous terrain is known for its unpredictable weather conditions. Pack layers of clothing to accommodate temperature changes and always carry a waterproof jacket in case of rain showers.


3. Stay hydrated: The high altitude and physical activities can be dehydrating. Make sure to drink plenty of water and carry a reusable water bottle to stay hydrated throughout your trek or climb.


4. Plan for acclimatization: Siguniang Shan is located at high altitude, and altitude sickness can be a concern. Take your time to acclimatize by gradually ascending to higher elevations and allowing your body to adjust to the thinner air. Stay aware of the symptoms of altitude sickness and seek medical attention if necessary.


5. Hire a local guide: Engaging the services of a local guide or joining a guided tour is highly recommended, especially for those new to the area. Local guides have extensive knowledge of the trails, can provide valuable insights into the culture, and prioritize safety during your adventure.


6. Pack essentials: Carry essential items such as sunscreen, insect repellent, a good pair of hiking boots, a hat, sunglasses, and a first aid kit. These items will ensure your comfort and safety during your outdoor activities.


7. Respect the environment and local communities: Siguniang Shan is a protected area with delicate ecosystems and local communities. Respect nature by following designated trails, disposing of waste properly, and refraining from disturbing wildlife. Show respect for the local culture and traditions by observing and obeying any local customs or guidelines.


8. Prepare for limited facilities: The remote nature of Siguniang Shan means that facilities such as accommodation and food options may be limited in certain areas. Plan and book accommodations in advance, and bring enough snacks and food for your trek or climb.


9. Stay physically fit: Siguniang Shan’s rugged terrain requires a good level of fitness. Prepare yourself physically by engaging in regular exercise and building endurance before your trip.


10. Take your time to enjoy: Siguniang Shan is a place of natural beauty and tranquility. Take moments to pause, appreciate the scenery, and allow yourself to fully immerse in the serenity of this remarkable destination.


By keeping these tips in mind, you can ensure a memorable and rewarding experience in Siguniang Shan. So, pack your bags, bring your sense of adventure, and get ready to discover the wonders of this hidden gem in the heart of China.



Siguniang Shan, also known as the Four Sisters Mountain, is a hidden paradise for adventure enthusiasts and nature lovers. With its magnificent peaks, breathtaking scenery, rich biodiversity, and cultural significance, this remote mountain range in China’s Sichuan province offers a truly unparalleled experience.


From the moment you set foot in Siguniang Shan, you will be captivated by the beauty and serenity that surrounds you. The towering peaks, shimmering glacial lakes, lush valleys, and pristine forests create a backdrop that seems straight out of a postcard.


But Siguniang Shan is more than just a picturesque landscape. It is a place where you can immerse yourself in the cultural heritage of the Qiang and Tibetan ethnic groups, witness traditional rituals, taste local delicacies, and interact with the warm and hospitable locals.


Whether you choose to embark on a trekking adventure, climb the majestic peaks, camp under the starry sky, or simply marvel at the natural beauty, Siguniang Shan offers an experience that will awaken your sense of adventure and connect you with nature on a profound level.


As you hike through the valleys, climb the slopes, and soak in the stunning vistas, you will not only challenge yourself physically but also gain a deeper appreciation for the wonders of the natural world. The silence of the mountains, the melody of birdsong, and the crisp mountain air will rejuvenate your spirit and provide a soul-soothing escape from the chaos of everyday life.


Visiting Siguniang Shan requires careful planning, respect for the environment, and a willingness to embrace the unknown. But the rewards far outweigh the challenges. The memories you make, the connections you form, and the experiences you have will stay with you long after you leave.


So, whether you are seeking thrilling outdoor adventures, a cultural immersion, or a chance to reconnect with nature, Siguniang Shan is waiting to welcome you. Embark on this remarkable journey and discover why it is considered one of the world’s hidden treasures. Siguniang Shan beckons you to partake in an unforgettable adventure of a lifetime.