One of the top things to do in Istanbul is to pay a visit to the Grand Bazaar. The enormous market holds the record as the largest covered market in the world.\r\n \r\nThe Grand Bazaar is a great place to get a sense of what life was like during the Ottoman rule of Istanbul. Part of the fun of going to the Grand Bazaar indeed is to just get lost within its large network of streets.\r\n \r\nHowever, it\u2019s important to understand the best things to do in this huge Istanbul market to avoid getting completely disoriented among the hundreds of stalls and alleyways.\r\n \r\nHistory And The Evolution Of The Grand Bazaar\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nAt this point, you may be asking yourself, what is a bazaar? Generally, a bazaar is an open market concept that can be found in many different countries.\r\n \r\nHowever, the Grand Bazaar in Istanbul is special because it is one of the oldest and largest covered markets in the world. The first market that stood on this site was called a bedesten, which refers to a series of indoor shops.\r\n \r\nThis was the historical core of the area for the modern-day Grand Bazaar shops. Istanbul is at the intersection of Europe and Asia, and The Grand Bazaar was the heart of the very active trade culture in Istanbul.\r\n \r\nOver time, the Grand Bazaar shops expanded from the small historical core, to what it is today. It is currently a huge sprawling area of covered shops, including workshops and inns.\r\n \r\nNot only does this huge Istanbul market include shops, but also amenities and services for the many merchants who work in the Grand Bazaar Shops.\r\n \r\nYou can find many restaurants, as well as religious sites like mosques and prayer rooms throughout the Istanbul Grand Bazaar area. It even has a police station, post office, and a tourist information center. It\u2019s almost like a city within a city!\r\n \r\nMost Famous Products And Shops At The Grand Bazaar Istanbul\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nThe best things to buy at the Grand Bazaar shops are jewelry, antiques, carpets, and other textiles. There are a few famous shops in the Turkish market with a stellar reputation.\r\n \r\nMost locals are well-aware of their fame and will gladly help guide you to these shops. For jewelry, Topkap\u0131 \u00d6zavar and Timu\u00e7in Jewelry are two of the most famous stores with beautiful and rare pieces.\r\n \r\nMost of the antique shops are located around \u0130\u00e7 Bedesten, the historical center. You must find a trustworthy vendor, since it may be hard to see whether a piece is an authentic antique.\r\n \r\nOne of the best antique shops is \u015ealabi Antiques with vintage jewelry and items from the Ottoman era. Furthermore, Epoque is another antique shop where you can find vintage rings and pocket watches.\r\n \r\nFor carpets, a favorite shop is Ethnicon (ethnic plus contemporary). There are hand-woven rugs and kilims. \u015eeng\u00f6r is another favorite shop to buy carpets from, because of its history.\r\n \r\nThe same family has owned this shop for 6 generations. When you visit their shop, you may feel like you are going back in time as you browse their rare items from the very early days of the Turkish Republic.\r\n \r\nThe best textiles to buy in the Grand Bazaar shops are bathrobes, towels, blankets, and scarves. You can find these items around the many shops around the Oruculer Gate.\r\n \r\nAnd of course, there are other small items that are very popular from the Grand Bazaar Shops, like ceramics, lamps, leather goods, spices, and sweets.\r\n \r\nHow To Navigate The Grand Bazaar\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n \r\nThe entire area of the Grand Bazaar is 30,700 square meters. There are over 4000 shops and 60 streets in the Bazaar. There are 22 different entrances to this huge Turkish market, and some gates are well-known for certain products.\r\n \r\nFor example, the area around the Beyazit Gate is the main area for jewelry. For those on the lookout for a traditional rug from a Turkish market, head to Zincirli Han, located between the Nuruosmaniye Gate and the Mercan Gate.\r\n \r\nHowever, part of the fun is just getting lost among the alleyways and seeing what catches your eye.\r\n \r\nShopping Etiquette\u00a0\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n \r\nFirst and foremost, you should plan for plenty of time at the Grand Bazaar. You should not expect to see it all in one visit. By taking a slower pace, you will be able to soak in the real shopping atmosphere of the Bazaar.\r\n \r\nThe Turkish market shopping experience is unique in that it is more about building a relationship between the merchant and the buyer. It is not just a simple transaction based on the sticker price.\r\n \r\nMost of the merchants are fluent in more than one language and will gladly chat and bargain with the sellers. Since many of the shops in the Bazaar sell similar goods, bargaining and haggling is all part of the game for the merchants.\r\n \r\nIf you strike up a nice conversation with one of the merchants, you will enjoy your Bazaar experience much more.\r\n \r\nHowever, keep in mind that you are always free to move on without purchasing anything. Even if the merchant offers you a cup of tea, this doesn't mean you have to commit to buying something.\r\n \r\nThis is a common custom in Turkey. You may notice that the negotiations seem to intensify as soon as you touch a product on sale.\r\n \r\nThe merchant assumes that this means they can easily close the deal, and may even get a bit pushy. If you ever feel uncomfortable, always feel free to move on!\r\n \r\nIronically, sometimes the merchants with the most valuable goods are the least aggressive when it comes to selling their goods. They probably know that the value of the items speaks for itself.\r\n \r\nThe Nearby Royal Palace\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nWhen you have reached your shopping limit, you can emerge from the maze of alleyways and make your way to the nearby Royal Palace, also called the Topkapi Palace.\r\n \r\nThis well-preserved palace was once the residence for the Ottoman sultans who ruled over Istanbul. In fact, it is the first Ottoman palace built during the Ottoman Empire.\r\n \r\nAt the palace, you can see the historic collections of the Ottoman Empire with objects that were used by the royals. So you can transition from browsing antiques in the Grand Bazaar shops to seeing museum-worthy artifacts that were used by the royals.\r\n \r\nWhichever way you plan to spend your time in Istanbul, the Grand Bazaar is well worth a visit. Once you visit, you will see why some people even choose to come back multiple times during their visit to Istanbul!