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A Day Exploring Monument Valley, USA


by Ardenia Colby



Welcome to Monument Valley, a mesmerizing destination that showcases the stunning natural beauty of the southwestern United States. Located on the Arizona-Utah border, Monument Valley is renowned for its iconic landscape of towering sandstone buttes, mesas, and rugged desert terrain.


This awe-inspiring region has captivated the hearts of travelers, photographers, and outdoor enthusiasts for decades. Stepping into Monument Valley is like entering a world unto itself, where time seems to stand still and the power of nature takes center stage.


With its unique geological formations and rich cultural heritage, Monument Valley offers a wealth of experiences for visitors. Whether you’re seeking adventure, relaxation, or a deeper understanding of Native American culture, Monument Valley has something to offer everyone.


In this comprehensive guide, we will take you on a virtual journey through Monument Valley, providing you with all the information you need to plan an unforgettable visit. From how to get there and where to stay, to the must-see viewpoints and cultural experiences, we’ve got you covered.


So, grab your camera, lace up your hiking boots, and get ready to immerse yourself in the breathtaking beauty of Monument Valley.


Getting to Monument Valley

Monument Valley is located in the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States, making it accessible from several major cities and attractions. Here are the various transportation options available:

  1. By car: Driving to Monument Valley is a popular choice for many visitors. The valley is located along US Highway 163, which runs through the heart of the region. The closest major cities are Page, Arizona, and Moab, Utah, both of which are approximately a 2.5-hour drive away. If you’re traveling from farther away, you can reach Monument Valley by taking Interstate 40 or Interstate 70 and then connecting to US Highway 160 or US Highway 191.
  2. By air: The nearest major airport to Monument Valley is the Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix, Arizona. From there, you can rent a car and drive approximately 5 hours to reach the valley. Alternatively, you can fly into the Salt Lake City International Airport in Salt Lake City, Utah, and drive about 6 hours to Monument Valley.
  3. By tour: If you prefer not to drive or navigate the roads on your own, there are several tour companies that offer guided trips to Monument Valley. These tours often include transportation from nearby cities, such as Flagstaff, Arizona, or Durango, Colorado. Guided tours allow you to sit back, relax, and enjoy the stunning scenery while an experienced guide provides commentary and insights about the area.

Once you arrive at Monument Valley, you’ll need to pay an entrance fee at the visitor center. This fee is valid for one vehicle and all its occupants, and it grants you access to the valley for up to two consecutive days.


Now that you know how to get to Monument Valley, it’s time to delve deeper into the wonders that await you in this enchanting destination.


Overview of Monument Valley

Monument Valley is a desert region that spans the border between Arizona and Utah, encompassing approximately 91,700 acres of land. It is characterized by its striking sandstone formations, including famous buttes such as the “Mittens” and the “Totem Pole”. These towering geological wonders have been shaped by millions of years of erosion, resulting in their distinctive red color and dramatic silhouettes against the expansive sky.


The valley is situated within the Navajo Nation Reservation, home to the Navajo people. The land holds great cultural significance for the Navajo, and they take pride in preserving and sharing their traditions with visitors. As you explore Monument Valley, you’ll have the opportunity to learn about Navajo history, art, and spirituality, immersing yourself in a rich tapestry of Native American culture.


One of the most unique aspects of Monument Valley is its remote and untouched atmosphere. The sparsely populated region showcases the raw beauty of the desert landscape, allowing visitors to truly disconnect from the hustle and bustle of everyday life. It is a haven of tranquility and a perfect place to reconnect with nature.


The ever-changing light and colors of Monument Valley add to its allure. The landscape transforms throughout the day, with vibrant hues of red, orange, and gold painting the buttes and mesas during sunrise and sunset. It’s a photographer’s paradise, offering endless opportunities to capture breathtaking shots and create lasting memories.


Whether you’re driving along the scenic routes, hiking the trails, or simply soaking in the awe-inspiring views, every moment spent in Monument Valley is sure to leave a lasting impression. It’s a place where the ancient whispers of the earth can be heard, a place that humbles and inspires all who venture into its sacred embrace.


In the following sections, we will explore the various aspects of Monument Valley, from the famous viewpoints and hiking trails to the cultural experiences and dining options available. Get ready to embark on a remarkable journey through this iconic destination.


The Visitor Center

The Visitor Center at Monument Valley serves as the gateway to this remarkable destination. It is the starting point for your exploration and offers a range of services and amenities to enhance your visit.


Located near the entrance of the park, the Visitor Center provides valuable information about Monument Valley, including maps, brochures, and guides. Knowledgeable staff members are on hand to assist you with any questions you may have and to provide recommendations for the best ways to experience the valley.


Inside the Visitor Center, you’ll find a museum that showcases the rich history and culture of the Navajo people. Exhibits display artifacts, artwork, and photographs that provide insight into the traditions, beliefs, and way of life of the Navajo Nation.


If you’re interested in learning more about Navajo culture, the Visitor Center offers cultural demonstrations and performances. You can witness traditional dances, listen to storytelling sessions, or participate in hands-on workshops where you can learn traditional crafts and skills.


In addition to educational and cultural experiences, the Visitor Center also houses a gift shop where you can find unique Native American crafts, jewelry, and artworks. It’s a great place to shop for souvenirs and support local artisans.


Before you embark on your journey through Monument Valley, make sure to stop by the Visitor Center to gather all the information you need. From trail conditions and safety tips to recommended itineraries and weather updates, the staff will ensure you have a memorable and enjoyable visit.


Note: Due to the remote location of Monument Valley, it is recommended to check the operating hours of the Visitor Center in advance, as they may vary depending on the season.


The Famous Viewpoints

One of the highlights of visiting Monument Valley is witnessing the breathtaking panoramic vistas from its famous viewpoints. These viewpoints offer unparalleled opportunities to marvel at the majestic beauty of the sandstone buttes and the vast expanse of the desert landscape. Here are some of the must-visit viewpoints in Monument Valley:

  1. The View Hotel: Located within the park, The View Hotel offers not only comfortable accommodation but also incredible views of the iconic formations. From the hotel’s terrace or from the comfort of your own room, you can gaze out at the mesmerizing landscape and watch as the changing light casts a magical glow on the buttes.
  2. John Ford’s Point: Named after the legendary Hollywood director who filmed numerous western movies in Monument Valley, John Ford’s Point provides a classic and iconic view of the valley. From this viewpoint, you can see the towering buttes in all their glory, perfectly framing the vast desert floor.
  3. The Mittens and Merrick Butte: These twin rock formations, known as The Mittens, are perhaps the most recognizable landmarks in Monument Valley. From the designated viewpoint, you can marvel at the symmetry and grandeur of these majestic buttes that seem to rise out of the desert floor. The nearby Merrick Butte adds to the dramatic scenery, completing a picture-perfect view.
  4. Artist Point: As the name suggests, this viewpoint offers a breathtaking vista that resembles a work of art. From Artist Point, you can witness the vibrant colors of the buttes as they blend with the vast openness of the desert. It’s a favorite spot among photographers, as the lighting conditions often create stunning opportunities for capturing the beauty of Monument Valley.
  5. Big Hogan: This unique viewpoint reveals an incredible natural feature called the Big Hogan. It is a massive sandstone formation with deep crevices and curvatures, resembling a giant open-mouthed creature. Stand at the edge and look down into the depths of this fascinating geological wonder.

These are just a few of the many viewpoints that Monument Valley has to offer. Each viewpoint provides a different perspective and allows you to appreciate the intricate details and vastness of this extraordinary landscape. Take your time, savor the moment, and create memories that will last a lifetime.


Exploring the Valley Floor

While the viewpoints provide awe-inspiring vistas, exploring the valley floor is an essential part of experiencing the true essence of Monument Valley. The valley floor unveils a world of hidden treasures, where you can immerse yourself in the untamed beauty of the desert landscape.


As you drive along the scenic loop road that winds its way through Monument Valley, you’ll have the opportunity to witness the intricate rock formations up close and personal. The road takes you through sandy red paths, offering a sense of adventure as you navigate the rugged terrain.


Throughout the valley, you’ll encounter various pull-off points where you can park your vehicle and explore on foot. These stops allow you to venture into the heart of Monument Valley, where you can touch the ancient rocks and feel the energy of the earth beneath your feet.


While exploring the valley floor, keep an eye out for unique features such as natural arches, caves, and hidden canyons. These hidden gems offer excellent photo opportunities and a chance to get closer to the natural wonders of Monument Valley.


For a truly immersive experience, consider participating in a guided tour or hiring a Navajo guide to take you on a personalized journey through the valley. Navajo guides are knowledgeable about the land and its cultural significance, and they can provide insights and stories that add depth to your exploration.


Remember to respect the land and follow any regulations or guidelines set forth by the Navajo Nation. It is essential to leave no trace and treat Monument Valley with the reverence it deserves.


As you traverse the valley floor, take the time to pause, breathe, and soak in the majestic scenery. The vastness and serenity of the desert landscape will envelop you, leaving an indelible imprint on your soul.


So, embrace the spirit of adventure and embark on a journey through the valley floor of Monument Valley. Let its ancient beauty and wild charm captivate your senses and ignite your sense of wonder.


Hiking Trails in Monument Valley

For those seeking a more immersive experience in Monument Valley, hitting the hiking trails is a fantastic way to delve deeper into the rugged terrain and discover hidden gems. Lace up your hiking boots and get ready to explore some of the remarkable trails that wind through this incredible landscape.


It’s important to note that Monument Valley is primarily a tribal park, and hiking opportunities may be limited to guided tours or specific areas. Consulting with the Visitor Center or a local Navajo guide is recommended to ensure you have a safe and enjoyable hiking experience.


One of the most popular trails in Monument Valley is the Wildcat Trail, which is the only self-guided hiking trail within the park. This moderate 3.2-mile loop trail takes you around the West Mitten Butte and offers stunning views of the iconic Mittens and the surrounding valley. Keep in mind that, due to its popularity, the trail can get crowded, especially during peak season.


Another option is the Hunts Mesa Trail, a challenging but rewarding hike that takes you to the top of Hunts Mesa, providing breathtaking panoramic views of Monument Valley. This trail is typically accessed through guided tours, as it requires a 4×4 vehicle to reach the trailhead and a permit to enter the restricted Navajo Nation land.


If you’re looking for a shorter, easy hike, consider the Sand Springs Trail. This 1.2-mile trail takes you to a natural spring, where you may find wildlife and lush vegetation amidst the desert landscape.


It’s worth noting that off-trail hiking is strictly prohibited in Monument Valley to protect the fragile environment and preserve the cultural significance of the land. Always stay on designated trails or explore with the guidance of a knowledgeable Navajo guide.


Remember to come prepared for your hike with proper footwear, sunscreen, plenty of water, and a map or GPS device. The weather in Monument Valley can be unpredictable, so it’s essential to dress in layers and check the forecast before setting out.


Whether you choose a shorter, leisurely hike or a more challenging trail, remember to take your time, soak in the breathtaking views, and respect the land you are exploring. Monument Valley offers an unparalleled opportunity to connect with nature and experience the raw beauty of this remarkable desert landscape.


Photography Opportunities

Monument Valley is a photographer’s paradise, offering endless opportunities to capture stunning images of the iconic sandstone formations, vast desert landscapes, and changing light throughout the day. Whether you’re a professional photographer or just enjoy snapping photos on your smartphone, this enchanting destination will ignite your creativity and leave you with breathtaking shots.


To make the most of your photography experience in Monument Valley, it’s important to plan your visit around the best times of day for capturing the perfect shot. The early morning hours and late afternoon to evening are known as the “golden hours” when the light is soft, warm, and casts a magical glow on the buttes.


Sunrise and sunset are particularly spectacular in Monument Valley, as the colors of the sandstone formations change with the shifting light. Set up your camera and tripod at one of the famous viewpoints, such as John Ford’s Point or Artist Point, and watch as the landscape transforms before your eyes.


Don’t be afraid to experiment with different angles, focal lengths, and compositions to capture the unique essence of Monument Valley. From wide-angle shots that encompass the vastness of the landscape to close-ups that highlight the intricate details of the rock formations, there are endless possibilities to showcase the magnificence of this extraordinary place.


In addition to the famous viewpoints, try exploring the lesser-known areas and hiking trails in Monument Valley. Hidden canyons, arches, and the play of light and shadow in the valleys provide ample inspiration for creative photography. Keep your eyes peeled for wildlife, which might include eagles soaring overhead or wild horses grazing on the desert floor.


Another captivating aspect of Monument Valley is its night sky. With minimal light pollution, the stars shine brightly, creating a stunning backdrop for long-exposure photography. Consider staying overnight to capture the Milky Way stretching across the horizon or the incredible sight of a meteor shower.


As you capture your images, remember to respect the land and the cultural significance of Monument Valley. Avoid stepping onto delicate vegetation or disturbing any artifacts. It’s important to leave no trace and preserve the natural beauty for future generations to enjoy.


Whether you’re a seasoned professional or an amateur enthusiast, Monument Valley provides endless photography opportunities. Capture the raw beauty, unique geological formations, and captivating light of this iconic destination, and let your creativity shine through your lens.


Cultural Experiences

Monument Valley is not only a place of extraordinary natural beauty but also a rich hub of Native American culture. As you explore this enchanting destination, take the opportunity to immerse yourself in the cultural experiences offered by the Navajo people and gain a deeper understanding of their heritage.


One of the best ways to learn about Navajo culture is by participating in a guided tour led by a Navajo guide. These knowledgeable guides share stories, legends, and historical insights as they take you through the land they consider sacred. They provide a unique perspective on the geological formations, offering cultural context and sharing traditional knowledge that adds depth to your visit.


Visiting the Navajo Tribal Park Visitor Center is another essential cultural experience. Explore the museum within the center, where you can discover artifacts, artwork, and photography that tells the story of the Navajo people. Gain a deeper appreciation for their history, crafts, and traditions as you delve into this treasure trove of Navajo culture.


While at the Visitor Center, keep an eye out for cultural demonstrations and performances. Witness traditional dances, listen to captivating storytelling sessions, and engage in hands-on workshops where you can learn traditional crafts and skills. These experiences provide a glimpse into the vibrant present-day culture of the Navajo people and highlight their continued connection to the land.


Supporting local artisans is another meaningful way to engage with Navajo culture. In and around Monument Valley, you’ll find opportunities to purchase unique Native American crafts, jewelry, and artwork. From intricately woven rugs and handcrafted pottery to stunning silver and turquoise jewelry, these creations are not only beautiful but also represent the artistic traditions and skills passed down through generations.


Lastly, remember to always show respect for the Navajo culture and customs. This includes asking for permission before taking photographs of individuals or culturally significant sites, respecting sacred areas and artifacts, and adhering to any guidelines or regulations set forth by the Navajo Nation.


By embracing the cultural experiences in Monument Valley, you’ll gain a deeper appreciation for the land, the people, and the legacy of the Navajo Nation. It’s an opportunity to connect with a vibrant and resilient culture that has shaped the very essence of this exceptional destination.


Dining Options in Monument Valley

While Monument Valley is primarily known for its awe-inspiring natural beauty and rich cultural experiences, it also offers a variety of dining options to satisfy your hunger after a day of exploration. From traditional Navajo cuisine to classic American fare, there are choices to suit every palate.


At the heart of Monument Valley is The View Restaurant, located within The View Hotel. This restaurant not only offers delectable dishes but also provides breathtaking panoramic views of the buttes and mesas. Enjoy a meal while taking in the stunning scenery and watch as the colors of the sandstone formations change with the shifting light.


The View Restaurant features a menu that blends traditional Native American flavors with contemporary cuisine. Indulge in Navajo tacos, made with frybread and topped with a variety of savory ingredients. Sample the delicious mutton stew, a traditional Navajo dish that combines tender mutton with hearty vegetables and spices.


In addition to The View Restaurant, there are a few other dining options in the area. These include food stands and cafes that offer quick bites and refreshments. You can grab a Navajo burger or a frybread taco, perfect for a quick and satisfying meal on the go.


For a truly immersive cultural experience, consider attending a traditional Navajo cookout. These cookouts often take place in outdoor settings and offer not only delicious food but also opportunities to learn about Navajo traditions and customs. Feast on succulent grilled meats, traditional side dishes, and freshly baked Navajo frybread while listening to stories and songs shared by Navajo hosts.


It’s important to note that dining options in Monument Valley may be limited, and hours of operation can vary. Planning your meals in advance and checking the availability of the restaurants or cookouts is recommended to ensure you have a satisfying dining experience.


Remember that respecting the land and culture also extends to dining. Dispose of waste properly and follow any guidelines or instructions provided by the staff. By doing so, you can contribute to the preservation of Monument Valley and the well-being of the Navajo community.


Whether you’re indulging in traditional Navajo cuisine, enjoying a meal with stunning views, or partaking in a cookout, the dining options in Monument Valley will leave you nourished and satisfied, complementing the unforgettable experiences you’ll have exploring this mesmerizing destination.


Accommodation in and around Monument Valley

When it comes to accommodation, Monument Valley offers a range of options to suit different preferences and budgets. Whether you’re seeking a luxurious stay with panoramic views or a more rustic camping experience, there are choices available both within the park and in the surrounding area.


Within Monument Valley itself, The View Hotel is the premier accommodation option. This hotel not only provides comfortable rooms but also boasts unparalleled views of the iconic sandstone formations. Wake up to the breathtaking sight of the sunrise over the buttes from your room or enjoy a magnificent sunset from the hotel’s terrace.


Adjacent to The View Hotel is the campground, offering an authentic outdoor experience. Wake up to the sounds of nature and sleep under a sky filled with stars. The campground provides basic amenities such as restrooms, showers, and picnic tables, allowing you to immerse yourself in the beauty of Monument Valley.


If you prefer to stay outside the park while still enjoying proximity to Monument Valley, there are several accommodation options in the nearby towns of Kayenta, Arizona, and Mexican Hat, Utah. These towns are within a reasonable driving distance and offer a range of hotels, motels, and bed and breakfasts catering to different budgets and preferences.


Some lodging options in these towns provide exceptional views of Monument Valley, allowing you to marvel at the distant buttes from the comfort of your accommodation. These options often offer additional amenities such as restaurants, swimming pools, and guided tours to enhance your stay.


For a more unique and immersive experience, consider staying in a traditional Navajo Hogan. A Hogan is a traditional Navajo dwelling, typically constructed of wood and earth. Some accommodations offer hogan stays, where you can experience the Navajo way of life, learn about their traditions, and enjoy the warmth and comfort of a traditional Hogan.


Regardless of where you choose to stay, it’s essential to book your accommodation in advance, especially during the peak season. Availability can be limited, and planning ahead will ensure a smooth and enjoyable visit.


Whether you prefer the convenience and amenities of a hotel or the rustic charm of camping, the accommodation options in and around Monument Valley provide comfort and convenience for a memorable stay in this remarkable destination.


Tips for Visiting Monument Valley

Visiting Monument Valley is an incredible adventure, and to make the most of your experience, it’s helpful to keep a few tips in mind. These tips will ensure a smooth and enjoyable visit to this iconic destination:

  1. Plan your visit in advance: Research the best time to visit Monument Valley based on your preferences and the activities you want to engage in. Consider factors such as weather, crowds, and special events.
  2. Check the operating hours: The park and visitor center may have varying operating hours throughout the year, so it’s important to check the current schedule before your visit to avoid any disappointments.
  3. Observe respect and etiquette: Monument Valley is a sacred place to the Navajo Nation. Respect the land, cultural sites, and artifacts by following any guidelines and regulations set forth by the Navajo Nation. Always practice Leave No Trace principles and refrain from any disruptive or inappropriate behavior.
  4. Come prepared: Bring essential items such as sunscreen, a hat, sunglasses, sturdy walking shoes, and plenty of water. Monument Valley can have extreme temperatures, so dress in layers to accommodate changing weather conditions.
  5. Capture the magic: Don’t forget your camera or smartphone to capture the stunning vistas and unforgettable moments. Take advantage of the golden hours at sunrise and sunset for the best lighting conditions and dramatic landscape shots.
  6. Consider a guided tour: Engage in a guided tour to enhance your knowledge of the area’s history, geology, and Navajo culture. Navajo guides provide unique insights and can take you to hidden gems that are not easily accessible to the public.
  7. Respect the experience: Be present and fully immerse yourself in the beauty of Monument Valley. Put away distractions, embrace the tranquility, and appreciate the natural wonders around you.
  8. Support local craftspeople: Take the opportunity to purchase authentic Native American crafts and artwork from local artisans. This supports the local economy and helps preserve traditional arts and crafts for future generations.
  9. Be mindful of your safety: Stay on designated trails, follow any safety instructions given by park personnel, and be aware of weather conditions. Avoid hiking alone, especially on remote trails, and be cautious of wildlife, including snakes.
  10. Leave with a sense of gratitude: As you bid farewell to Monument Valley, take a moment to express gratitude for the experience. Reflect on the beauty, cultural enrichment, and connection with nature you were fortunate to encounter during your visit.

By following these tips, you’ll be well-prepared to explore Monument Valley and create lasting memories of this breathtaking destination.



Monument Valley is a place that inspires awe and captivates the soul. Its towering sandstone formations, vast desert landscapes, and rich Native American culture combine to create an unforgettable experience. Whether you’re driving along the scenic routes, hiking the trails, or simply taking in the breathtaking views, Monument Valley will leave an indelible mark on your heart.


From the famous viewpoints that offer panoramic vistas to the cultural experiences that immerse you in Navajo traditions, there is something for everyone in Monument Valley. The opportunity to connect with nature, witness the ever-changing light, and learn about the Navajo people’s heritage is a privilege that should be cherished.


As you navigate through the valley, always remember to show respect for the land and the cultural significance it holds. Follow any guidelines set forth by the Navajo Nation, practice Leave No Trace principles, and leave behind only footprints and gratitude.


Whether you’re a photographer capturing the stunning colors and formations, an adventurer exploring the trails, or a seeker of knowledge delving into Navajo culture, Monument Valley will leave a lasting impact. It’s a place where ancient history and natural beauty collide, stirring a sense of wonder and reverence in every visitor.


So, embrace the spirit of adventure, immerse yourself in the vastness of the desert, and let Monument Valley enchant you. Discover a world where time seems to stand still, where the earth speaks through magnificent formations, and where the Navajo people honor their traditions and share their stories.


Your journey through Monument Valley will not only leave you with cherished memories but also a deeper connection to the land and its people. It’s a destination that will forever hold a special place in your heart, reminding you of the beauty and grandeur that exist in this world.