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Georgia Travel Guide With All You Need To Know


Modified: December 27, 2023

by Tillie Roseman



Welcome to Georgia, a hidden gem nestled in the Caucasus region between Europe and Asia. With its breathtaking landscapes, rich history, vibrant culture, and warm hospitality, Georgia is an ideal destination for all types of travelers. Whether you are an adventure enthusiast, history buff, food lover, or simply seeking a unique travel experience, Georgia has something to offer.


As you embark on your journey to explore this enchanting country, this comprehensive travel guide will provide you with all the information you need to make the most of your trip. From the best time to visit to popular tourist destinations, outdoor activities to culinary delights, and everything in between, we’ve got you covered. So, fasten your seatbelts and get ready to discover the wonders of Georgia.


With its convenient location and well-connected transportation network, Georgia is easily accessible. Whether you choose to fly into the capital city of Tbilisi, arrive by land through neighboring countries, or opt for a scenic train ride along the Georgian Military Highway, getting to Georgia is a breeze.


Georgia offers a diverse range of experiences throughout the year, making it a year-round destination. However, the best time to visit depends on your interests and preferences. Spring (April to June) and autumn (September to November) are considered the most pleasant seasons to explore Georgia, with mild temperatures and vibrant colors. Summer (June to August) is perfect for outdoor adventure seekers, while winter (December to February) attracts winter sports enthusiasts to the country’s ski resorts.


From the bustling capital city of Tbilisi to the picturesque coastal town of Batumi, Georgia is home to a variety of popular tourist destinations. Explore the ancient cave city of Uplistsikhe, wander through the charming streets of Sighnaghi, or visit the scenic mountain landscape of Kazbegi. Each destination offers a unique glimpse into Georgia’s history, culture, and natural beauty.


Stay tuned as we dive deeper into each aspect of Georgia, from its historical and cultural sites to the thrilling outdoor activities, tantalizing Georgian cuisine, and practical information about transportation and accommodation. So, get ready to embark on a memorable journey through the heart of the Caucasus with our ultimate travel guide to Georgia.


Getting to Know Georgia

Before embarking on your journey to Georgia, it’s important to familiarize yourself with some key aspects of this captivating country. Situated at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Georgia boasts a diverse cultural heritage, stunning natural landscapes, and a wealth of historical sites.


Georgia is bordered by the Black Sea to the west, Russia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, and Armenia and Turkey to the south. Its diverse geography ranges from high mountains to rolling hills to coastal lowlands, offering a myriad of breathtaking landscapes.


The country has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. From the ancient kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia to the medieval Golden Age, Georgia has been a significant crossroads of civilizations, resulting in a unique blend of cultures and influences.


The official language spoken in Georgia is Georgian, a language with its own unique alphabet and linguistic characteristics. English is not widely spoken outside major tourist areas, so learning a few basic Georgian phrases can go a long way in enhancing your travel experience.


Georgian cuisine is a delight for food lovers. Known for its bold flavors and unique ingredients, Georgian cuisine offers a mouthwatering array of dishes. From savory khachapuri (cheese-filled bread) to succulent khinkali (dumplings) and aromatic grilled meats, every meal in Georgia is a feast for the senses.


Georgia’s currency is the Georgian Lari (GEL), and most establishments accept cash. However, credit cards are widely accepted in major cities and tourist areas. It’s advisable to carry some cash for smaller establishments and remote areas, as ATMs may not be readily available outside of urban centers.


While Georgia is generally a safe country to visit, it’s always important to take precautions and remain vigilant, especially in crowded tourist areas and public transportation. As with any travel destination, it’s recommended to have travel insurance that covers medical emergencies and theft.


Now that you have a basic understanding of Georgia, its culture, language, and currency, it’s time to delve deeper into its many wonders. In the following sections, we will explore the best time to visit, popular tourist destinations, outdoor activities, Georgian cuisine, transportation options, accommodation choices, safety tips, and more. So, get ready for an unforgettable journey through the diverse landscapes and fascinating culture of Georgia.


Best Time to Visit

Georgia is a country that offers something for every season, making it a year-round destination. However, the best time to visit largely depends on your interests, preferred activities, and the type of experience you are seeking.


Spring (April to June) and autumn (September to November) are considered the most pleasant seasons to visit Georgia. During these months, the weather is mild, with temperatures ranging from comfortable to warm. The landscapes come alive with vibrant colors, making it an excellent time for outdoor activities, sightseeing, and exploring the country’s natural beauty.


Summer (June to August) is the peak tourist season in Georgia, especially in coastal regions like Batumi. The weather is warm and sunny, perfect for beach lovers and sunseekers. It’s a great time to enjoy water sports, hike in the mountains, or simply relax and soak up the sun. However, do keep in mind that popular attractions can be crowded during this time.


Winter (December to February) transforms Georgia into a winter wonderland. If you’re a fan of winter sports such as skiing and snowboarding, the country’s ski resorts like Gudauri and Bakuriani offer excellent slopes and facilities. The mountainous regions are blanketed in snow, creating a picturesque backdrop for your adventures. Just be sure to pack warm clothing as temperatures can drop below freezing.


It’s worth noting that Georgia experiences regional climate variations due to its diverse geography. Coastal areas have a milder climate, while high mountain regions are cooler, and the central plains experience hot summers and cold winters.


Consider the types of activities you plan to engage in when choosing the best time to visit. If you’re interested in festivals and cultural events, the summer months offer a rich calendar, including the Tbilisi Open Air Festival, Batumi International Art-House Film Festival, and the colorful Tbilisoba celebration. If you’re a wine enthusiast, autumn is an ideal time to visit to witness wine harvest festivals and explore vineyards.


Ultimately, the best time to visit Georgia depends on your personal preferences and the kind of experience you wish to have. No matter the season, Georgia’s beauty and warm hospitality will captivate you throughout the year. So, pack your bags, plan your itinerary, and get ready to create unforgettable memories in this enchanting country.


Popular Tourist Destinations

Georgia is a country rich in history, culture, and natural beauty, offering a wide range of captivating tourist destinations. From the vibrant capital city of Tbilisi to the scenic mountain landscapes and ancient cave cities, here are some popular destinations that should be on your itinerary:

  1. Tbilisi: The capital city of Tbilisi is a must-visit destination in Georgia. It combines a fascinating mix of old and new, with its cobblestone streets, historic buildings, and modern architecture. Explore the atmospheric Old Town and visit notable landmarks such as the Narikala Fortress, Sioni Cathedral, and the Bridge of Peace. Don’t forget to sample the local cuisine and immerse yourself in the vibrant nightlife.
  2. Batumi: Located on the picturesque Black Sea coast, Batumi is a bustling seaside city known for its modern skyline, palm-lined boulevards, and vibrant beach atmosphere. Stroll along the Batumi Boulevard, visit the iconic Alphabet Tower, and marvel at the unique architecture of the Batumi Botanical Garden. Don’t miss the chance to indulge in delicious seafood and enjoy the vibrant nightlife of this coastal gem.
  3. Mtskheta: As the ancient capital of Georgia and a UNESCO World Heritage site, Mtskheta holds immense historical and cultural significance. Visit the Jvari Monastery, perched on a hilltop overlooking the city, and explore the Svetitskhoveli Cathedral, a masterpiece of Georgian medieval architecture. Mtskheta is a spiritual and cultural center, offering a glimpse into the country’s rich past.
  4. Sighnaghi: Known as the “City of Love,” Sighnaghi is a charming hilltop town in the Kakheti region. Encircled by fortified walls, it offers stunning views of the Alazani Valley and the Caucasus Mountains. Explore the narrow cobblestone streets, visit the Sighnaghi Museum, and immerse yourself in the town’s romantic atmosphere. Don’t miss the opportunity to try the region’s renowned wines and indulge in traditional Georgian cuisine.
  5. Kazbegi: Nestled in the beautiful Greater Caucasus Mountains, Kazbegi (officially known as Stepantsminda) is a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts. Hike to the iconic Gergeti Trinity Church, perched on a hilltop with Mount Kazbek as its dramatic backdrop. Marvel at the breathtaking landscapes, visit the ancient Ananuri Fortress, and embark on thrilling adventures like paragliding or mountain biking.

These are just a few of the many incredible destinations that Georgia has to offer. Each place is unique and showcases the country’s diverse landscapes, rich history, and warm hospitality. Whether you’re exploring the vibrant capital, relaxing on the beaches of Batumi, diving into history in Mtskheta, strolling through the romantic streets of Sighnaghi, or immersing yourself in the mountainous beauty of Kazbegi, you’re sure to be captivated by the charm and allure of these popular tourist destinations in Georgia.


Historical and Cultural Sites

Georgia is a treasure trove of historical and cultural sites, offering a fascinating glimpse into its ancient past and rich heritage. From ancient archaeological sites to medieval fortresses and religious landmarks, here are some notable historical and cultural sites you should explore during your visit:

  1. Uplistsikhe: Located near the town of Gori, Uplistsikhe is an ancient cave city that dates back to the 1st millennium BC. Carved into the rocky slopes, this UNESCO World Heritage site showcases an elaborate network of streets, dwellings, and religious structures. Explore the caves, climb to the higher levels for panoramic views, and imagine the thriving life that once existed within these rock-cut chambers.
  2. Gelati Monastery: Situated near the city of Kutaisi, the Gelati Monastery is a masterpiece of medieval Georgian architecture. Founded in the 12th century by King David the Builder, it served as a cultural and intellectual center of the Georgian Golden Age. Admire the vibrant frescoes, intricate stone carvings, and the serene atmosphere of this UNESCO-listed monastery.
  3. David Gareja Monastery Complex: Located in the semi-desert area of eastern Georgia, the David Gareja Monastery Complex is a unique cultural and religious site. It consists of numerous cave monasteries and churches built into the slopes of Mount Gareja. Explore the caves adorned with religious frescoes, hike to the Udabno Monastery for panoramic views, and immerse yourself in the spiritual ambiance of this fascinating complex.
  4. Ananuri Fortress: Situated along the historic Georgian Military Highway, the Ananuri Fortress is a medieval fortress complex that overlooks the stunning Zhinvali Reservoir. Explore the fortified walls, towers, and churches of this architectural masterpiece. The site offers picturesque views of the surrounding landscapes, making it a popular stop for visitors.
  5. Mtshkheta: As one of the oldest cities in Georgia, Mtshkheta served as the capital of the eastern Georgian kingdom of Iberia. Visit the Svetitskhoveli Cathedral, a UNESCO World Heritage site known for its religious significance and architectural grandeur. Marvel at the Jvari Monastery, a 6th-century masterpiece perched on a hilltop, offering panoramic views of the city and surrounding landscapes.

These are just a few examples of the historical and cultural sites that await you in Georgia. Each site tells a unique story and offers a glimpse into the country’s rich history and cultural heritage. Whether you’re exploring the ancient cave city of Uplistsikhe, marveling at the intricate frescoes in Gelati Monastery, or immersing yourself in the spiritual ambiance of David Gareja, you’re bound to be captivated by the depth and significance of Georgia’s historical and cultural sites.


Outdoor Activities

Georgia’s diverse landscapes offer a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts and adventurers. Whether you’re seeking thrilling experiences or simply looking to connect with nature, this country has something to offer everyone. Here are some exciting outdoor activities to consider during your visit:

  1. Hiking and Trekking: With its mesmerizing mountain ranges, Georgia is a haven for hikers and trekkers. Explore the picturesque trails of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, such as the famous Kazbegi region or the Svaneti region with its UNESCO-listed villages. Experience the breathtaking beauty of pristine alpine lakes, towering peaks, and panoramic vistas as you embark on unforgettable hiking adventures.
  2. Skiing and Snowboarding: Georgia’s ski resorts attract winter sports enthusiasts from all over the world. Gudauri, Bakuriani, and Svaneti offer excellent slopes and top-notch facilities for skiing and snowboarding. Enjoy a thrilling day on the slopes, surrounded by majestic snow-covered peaks, and unwind in cozy mountain lodges and après-ski cafés.
  3. White Water Rafting: Georgia’s fast-flowing rivers provide an exciting opportunity for white water rafting. Grab a paddle and navigate through exhilarating rapids, experiencing the adrenaline rush as you tackle the water currents. The Aragvi River near Gudauri is a popular spot for this adventure activity.
  4. Paragliding: Soar through the skies and enjoy stunning aerial views of Georgia’s landscapes with paragliding. Gudauri and Stepantsminda (Kazbegi) offer ideal conditions for paragliding, providing thrilling experiences and breathtaking vistas. Don’t miss the chance to capture incredible photographs while floating peacefully above the mountains.
  5. Horseback Riding: Immerse yourself in Georgia’s rural landscapes and traditional way of life through horseback riding adventures. Ride through lush meadows, pine forests, and mountain trails, exploring the countryside and remote villages. Experience the warm hospitality of local horse owners and indulge in traditional Georgian feasts along the way.

These are just a few examples of the outdoor activities that can be enjoyed in Georgia. Whether you prefer adrenaline-pumping adventures or serene nature walks, this country’s stunning landscapes offer endless possibilities. From hiking in the mountains to skiing down pristine slopes, rafting through river rapids, paragliding over picturesque valleys, or exploring the countryside on horseback, Georgia promises unforgettable outdoor experiences for all adventure seekers.


Georgian Cuisine

Georgian cuisine is known for its bold flavors, unique ingredients, and generous hospitality. It is a delightful fusion of Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and Eastern European culinary traditions. Prepare your taste buds for a culinary adventure as we explore the mouthwatering dishes that make Georgian cuisine truly exceptional.


One of the most iconic Georgian dishes is khachapuri, a cheesy bread that comes in various regional styles. The most famous is Adjarian khachapuri, a boat-shaped bread filled with a generous amount of cheese, butter, and a raw egg on top. It’s a delicious and indulgent treat that is not to be missed.


Another must-try dish is khinkali, savory dumplings filled with a flavorful mixture of meat (usually beef or pork), herbs, and spices. These juicy dumplings are typically enjoyed by holding the pleats and biting into the top, while the broth inside adds an extra burst of flavor.


Georgian cuisine is also known for its grilled meats, or mtsvadi. Whether it’s succulent chunks of pork, marinated chicken, or perfectly-seasoned lamb, the aroma and taste of grilled meats are truly satisfying. Pair it with some traditional Georgian sauces like tkemali (made from sour plums) or adjika (a spicy blend of peppers and herbs) for an extra kick of flavor.


No Georgian meal is complete without a variety of vegetable dishes and salads. One such dish is pkhali, a spinach or beetroot-based spread mixed with walnuts, garlic, and spices. Another popular vegetable dish is lobio, a kidney bean stew flavored with herbs, spices, and a rich tomato sauce.


Georgian cuisine is also renowned for its wine production. The country has a long history of winemaking and boasts a diverse range of grape varieties. From the robust reds of Kakheti to the crisp whites of Kartli, Georgian wine is a perfect complement to any meal.


End your meal on a sweet note with some traditional Georgian desserts. Try churchkhela, a string of walnuts dipped in a thickened grape juice mixture, or indulge in baklava, a sweet pastry with layers of nuts and honey syrup.


When dining in Georgia, be prepared for a feast. Georgian hospitality dictates that guests are treated like family, and the dining table is always filled with an abundance of dishes. The communal spirit of sharing food and the warmest welcome by locals make the dining experience in Georgia truly special.


So, embrace the flavors, savor the textures, and indulge in the rich and vibrant cuisine that Georgia has to offer. From traditional dishes to unique flavors, Georgian cuisine is bound to leave a lasting impression on your taste buds.


Shopping in Georgia

Shopping in Georgia is a delightful experience, offering a wide variety of unique and locally-made products. Whether you’re looking for traditional crafts, delicious food products, or fashionable souvenirs, you’ll find plenty of options to satisfy your shopping cravings. Here’s a guide to the best shopping experiences in Georgia:


Traditional Crafts: Georgia is known for its rich cultural heritage and traditional craftsmanship. Look out for handwoven textiles, including colorful wool rugs and intricate silk scarves. Traditional ceramics, woodwork, and embroidered items also make for wonderful souvenirs or gifts.


Wine and Spirits: Georgian wine is world renowned, and shopping for wine is a must in Georgia. Explore local wineries and wine shops to taste and purchase a variety of Georgian wines, from rich reds to crisp whites and unique amber wines. You can also find chacha, a traditional Georgian grape brandy, and flavored liqueurs made from fruits and herbs.


Delicious Food Products: Take home the flavors of Georgia by picking up some of the country’s delicious food products. Look for jars of fragrant honey, jars of ajika (a spicy chili paste), or traditional Georgian spices like blue fenugreek and savory blends of herbs. Don’t forget to buy a package of Georgian teas, known for their incredible flavors and soothing qualities.


Souvenirs and Fashion: Visit local markets and boutiques in Tbilisi and other major cities to find unique and trendy fashion items. Look for locally-designed clothing, stylish accessories, and handmade jewelry. You’ll also find an array of souvenir shops offering keychains, magnets, traditional dolls, and other trinkets to commemorate your trip to Georgia.


Antiques and Art: If you’re an art enthusiast or antique collector, Georgia has a wealth of options. Explore antique stores and art galleries to discover a wide range of traditional and contemporary art pieces, including paintings, sculptures, and handcrafted jewelry.


Flea Markets: For a unique shopping experience, visit the flea markets in Tbilisi, such as the Dry Bridge Market. Here, you can find a treasure trove of vintage items, second-hand books, Soviet-era memorabilia, and quirky antiques. It’s a great place to browse, haggle, and stumble upon hidden gems.


When shopping in Georgia, it’s always a good idea to carry cash, as smaller vendors may not accept credit cards. Bargaining is not common in established shops, but it may be possible in flea markets and with street vendors.


Whether you’re looking for traditional crafts, exquisite wines, delectable food products, fashionable souvenirs, or unique art pieces, shopping in Georgia offers a truly enriching experience. Explore the markets, engage with local vendors, and bring home a piece of Georgia’s vibrant culture and heritage.


Transportation within Georgia

Getting around Georgia is relatively easy, thanks to its well-connected transportation network. Whether you prefer to travel by public transport, rent a car, or utilize private services, here are the main modes of transportation to consider when exploring the country:


Public Transport: Georgia has an extensive public transportation system, making it convenient to travel between cities and towns. Buses and marshrutkas (shared minivans) are the most common modes of public transport. They are affordable and widely available, connecting both major tourist destinations and remote regions. In cities like Tbilisi, you can also use the metro and buses to navigate local attractions.


Trains: Train travel in Georgia provides a scenic and comfortable way to get around. The national railway company operates several routes, including the popular Tbilisi-Batumi line along the Black Sea coast. Trains offer a more relaxed option for long-distance travel, with comfortable seating and sleeper compartments available on overnight routes.


Taxis: Taxis are a convenient option for shorter distances or when you prefer door-to-door service. In cities, you can find taxis at designated taxi stands or use ride-hailing apps. Negotiate the fare in advance or ensure that the meter is used. It’s advisable to use licensed taxis or trusted ride-hailing services to ensure safety and avoid scams.


Car Rental: Renting a car gives you the freedom to explore Georgia at your own pace. International and local car rental companies have branches in major cities and airports. Driving in Georgia is relatively straightforward, but be prepared for mountainous terrain and narrow roads in certain regions. It’s important to have a valid international driving license, familiarize yourself with local traffic rules, and consider purchasing insurance coverage.


Private Transfers: Private transfers provide a convenient and personalized way to travel within Georgia. You can book private drivers or hire a car with a driver for a more comfortable and stress-free experience. This option is especially beneficial when visiting remote areas or planning day trips to multiple destinations.


Domestic Flights: For longer distances or to save time, domestic flights are available between major cities like Tbilisi, Batumi, Kutaisi, and Mestia. The national carrier and several other airlines operate regular domestic flights. Domestic flights offer a quick and efficient way to cover larger distances, especially if you have limited time.


Regardless of the mode of transportation you choose, it’s important to keep in mind that travel times may vary based on road conditions or seasonal factors. It’s advisable to check schedules in advance, allow extra time for unforeseen delays, and travel during daylight hours whenever possible.


With a well-connected transportation system, including buses, trains, taxis, car rentals, private transfers, and domestic flights, getting around Georgia is convenient and accessible. Choose the mode of transportation that suits your preferences and itinerary, and get ready to explore the beautiful landscapes, historical sites, and vibrant cities of this captivating country.


Accommodation Options

When it comes to finding accommodation in Georgia, you’ll have a range of options to suit your preferences and budget. Whether you prefer luxury hotels, cozy guesthouses, or budget-friendly hostels, Georgia offers a variety of choices. Here are the main types of accommodation to consider:


Hotels: Georgia has a wide selection of hotels, ranging from luxurious international chains to boutique hotels and family-run establishments. You’ll find hotels in major cities and tourist destinations, offering amenities such as comfortable rooms, on-site restaurants, spa facilities, and concierge services. Most hotels offer different room types to accommodate various budgets and travel styles.


Guesthouses: Guesthouses, known as “sakhli” in Georgian, provide a more intimate and authentic experience. These family-run establishments offer cozy rooms and a warm, homely atmosphere. Staying in a guesthouse allows you to connect with the local culture and enjoy traditional Georgian hospitality. Many guesthouses are located in scenic countryside areas, providing a peaceful escape from the hustle and bustle of the city.


Hostels: For budget-conscious travelers or those seeking a more social atmosphere, hostels are a popular choice. Hostels in Georgia offer dormitory-style rooms with shared facilities, as well as private rooms at a higher price. These affordable accommodations often provide communal spaces, kitchens, and organized activities, making it easy to meet fellow travelers from around the world.


Homestays: Another way to immerse yourself in the local culture is by opting for a homestay. It allows you to stay with a local family, sharing their home and experiencing their way of life. Homestays offer a unique opportunity for cultural exchange, and the hosts often provide home-cooked meals and insider tips on the best local activities and attractions.


Eco-Lodges: To enjoy Georgia’s stunning natural landscapes sustainably, consider staying at an eco-lodge. These accommodations are designed to minimize their environmental impact and offer a unique blend of comfort and eco-friendly practices. Eco-lodges are usually located in pristine natural settings, allowing you to enjoy nature while supporting sustainable tourism.


Camping: For outdoor enthusiasts, camping is a popular option in Georgia. From designated camping sites to wild camping in remote areas, you can experience the country’s natural beauty firsthand. However, it’s important to check the regulations and obtain any necessary permits, especially when camping in protected areas.


With a range of accommodation options available, finding the perfect place to stay in Georgia is easy. Whether you prefer the comfort of hotels or the charm of guesthouses, the budget-friendliness of hostels or the cultural immersion of homestays, there’s an option to suit every traveler. So, choose the accommodation that best aligns with your preferences and embark on your memorable journey through the captivating landscapes and vibrant cities of Georgia.


Safety and Security Tips

Georgia is generally a safe country to visit, with warm and welcoming locals. However, it’s important to take precautions and be mindful of your safety and security during your trip. Here are some tips to ensure a safe and enjoyable visit to Georgia:


Stay Informed: Before traveling to Georgia, research and stay updated on the current political and social situation. Check travel advisories and follow any recommendations or guidelines provided by your country’s embassy or consulate.


Take Care of your Belongings: Like in any destination, be mindful of your belongings and practice basic safety precautions. Keep your valuables secured and be aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded areas and public transportation.


Use Licensed Taxis: When taking a taxi, use licensed taxis or reputable ride-hailing services. Negotiate the fare in advance or opt for a taxi with a meter to ensure a fair price. Avoid unmarked or unofficial taxis to minimize the risk of scams or overcharging.


Be Vigilant in Crowded Areas: Keep an eye on your belongings in crowded areas such as markets, tourist attractions, and public transportation. Be mindful of pickpockets and use a money belt or secure bag to keep your valuables safe.


Follow Road Safety Rules: If you plan to drive or walk in Georgia, adhere to road safety rules. Be cautious, especially on narrow mountain roads, and yield to other drivers when necessary. Pay attention to pedestrians and be aware of traffic conditions.


Drink Responsibly: Georgian hospitality often includes toasting and sharing drinks. If you choose to drink alcohol, do so responsibly and in moderation. Drink bottled water and be cautious with homemade or unfamiliar alcoholic beverages.


Respect Local Customs and Traditions: Georgia is a culturally diverse country with deep-rooted customs and traditions. Respect local customs and traditions, dress modestly when visiting religious sites, and ask for permission before taking photographs of people or places of worship.


Stay Hydrated and Practice Sun Safety: Georgia experiences warm temperatures in the summer, so it’s important to stay hydrated and protect yourself from the sun. Drink plenty of water, use sunscreen, wear a hat, and seek shade during the hottest part of the day.


Trust your Instincts: As with any travel destination, trust your instincts and use common sense. If a situation or location feels uncomfortable or unsafe, remove yourself from it and seek assistance if needed. It’s always better to prioritize your safety and well-being.


While these tips can help ensure your safety while visiting Georgia, it’s important to note that unforeseen incidents can occur anywhere. Having travel insurance that covers medical emergencies and theft is highly recommended to provide peace of mind during your trip.


By following these safety and security tips, you can have a worry-free and enjoyable experience exploring the beauty and hospitality of Georgia.


Language and Communication

The official language of Georgia is Georgian, a unique language with its own distinctive alphabet and linguistic characteristics. While the majority of Georgians speak Georgian, you’ll likely encounter English speakers in major tourist areas, hotels, and restaurants. Here are some tips for navigating language and communication in Georgia:


Learn Basic Georgian Phrases: Learning a few basic phrases in Georgian can go a long way in enhancing your travel experience. Locals will appreciate your efforts to communicate in their language, even if it’s just a simple greeting like “Gamarjoba” (Hello) or “Didi madloba” (Thank you). A phrasebook or language app can be handy for quick reference.


English in Tourist Areas: In popular tourist areas like Tbilisi, Batumi, and major attractions, you’ll generally find English speakers among the locals working in the tourism industry. Hotel staff, tour guides, and restaurant waitstaff are more likely to understand and communicate in English. However, it’s always helpful to have a translation app or a pocket dictionary on hand for any language barriers you may encounter.


Be Patient and Polite: When communicating with locals who may have limited English proficiency, patience and politeness are key. Speak clearly and slowly, using simple sentences and gestures if needed. Georgians are known for their warm hospitality, and they will make an effort to assist you even if there is a language barrier.


Use Translation Apps: Utilize translation apps or language learning apps on your smartphone to help with communication. These apps can be useful for translating menus, signs, or when engaging in conversations where language barriers may arise. Google Translate and other similar apps can be valuable tools during your trip.


Tourist Information Centers: Visit the local tourist information centers in major cities for assistance and guidance. The staff at these centers often have multilingual abilities and can provide valuable information, maps, and brochures to help you navigate your way around.


Gestures and Body Language: Non-verbal communication, such as gestures and body language, can be effective in certain situations. A smile, a nod, or a friendly gesture of appreciation can bridge the gap when words fail. Just be mindful that some gestures may have different meanings in different cultures, so it’s always best to use common sense and respect local customs.


Remember, despite any language barriers, Georgians are known for their warm hospitality and helpful nature. A little effort to communicate in their language or utilizing other means of communication will go a long way in creating a positive and memorable experience during your visit to Georgia.


Money and Currency

The official currency of Georgia is the Georgian Lari (GEL). It is divided into 100 tetri coins. When planning your trip to Georgia, it’s helpful to familiarize yourself with the currency and money-related aspects. Here is some useful information regarding money and currency in Georgia:


Exchange Rate and Access: The exchange rate between the Georgian Lari (GEL) and other currencies fluctuates, so it is advisable to check the latest rates before your trip. Exchange offices can be found in airports, major cities, and tourist areas, and many also accept major foreign currencies such as US Dollars and Euros. Banks and ATMs are also widely available throughout the country.


Payment Methods: Cash is widely accepted in Georgia, especially for smaller establishments, local markets, and transportation fares. Credit cards are commonly accepted in hotels, restaurants, and larger retail stores in main cities, but it’s always a good idea to carry some cash for smaller establishments or in more remote areas where card payment may not be available. Be sure to notify your bank about your travel plans to avoid any issues with using your cards abroad.


Tipping: Tipping in Georgia is not mandatory, but it is appreciated for good service. In restaurants, leaving a 10% tip for the waitstaff is common. Taxi drivers usually round up the fare, but it is not required. If you receive exceptional service, feel free to show your gratitude by giving a little extra as a tip.


ATMs and Currency Exchange: ATMs are widely available in Georgia, especially in major cities and tourist areas. They allow you to withdraw cash in the local currency using your debit or credit card. Currency exchange offices are also readily available, but it’s important to check the exchange rates and fees before making any transactions.


Budgeting and Costs: Georgia is generally an affordable country for travelers. Your budget will depend on your travel style, accommodation choices, dining preferences, and planned activities. Prices for meals, local transportation, and attractions are generally lower compared to many European countries. However, prices can vary in popular tourist areas, so it’s advisable to research and plan accordingly.


Safety and Security: Just as with any travel destination, it’s important to practice caution and keep your personal belongings, including money and cards, secure. It’s advisable to use safes in hotels, carry only the necessary amount of cash when out and about, and be cautious in crowded areas to avoid pickpocketing.


By being aware of the currency, payment methods, and related information, you can better navigate the financial aspects of your trip to Georgia. Consider carrying a mix of cash and cards, and ensure you have a backup plan in case of any unforeseen circumstances. This way, you can focus on enjoying your trip and making the most of your experiences in this beautiful country.


Etiquette and Customs

When visiting Georgia, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the local customs and etiquette to show respect for the country’s culture and traditions. Here are some key etiquette tips to keep in mind during your stay:


Greetings and Politeness: Georgians are known for their warm hospitality and friendliness. When meeting someone, it is customary to exchange greetings, kiss on both cheeks, and make eye contact. Use polite words such as “Gamarjoba” (Hello) and “Madloba” (Thank you) to show respect. It is also common to address people using their first names.


Dress Code: Georgians generally dress modestly and conservatively. When visiting religious sites, both men and women should cover their shoulders and wear long pants or skirts. In formal settings or upscale establishments, dressing smartly is appreciated.


Table Manners: Georgian meals are a social and communal experience. It’s customary to wait for the host or an older person to begin eating before diving into your meal. Georgian cuisine often involves sharing dishes, so remember to take small portions and try a variety of dishes. Use your utensils rather than your hands, unless specifically instructed otherwise for certain dishes.


Toast Culture: Georgians have a strong tradition of toasting during meals, usually accompanied by a shot of wine or spirits. When participating in a toast, it’s polite to stand, maintain eye contact, and clink glasses with each person at the table. You may also hear the phrase “Gaumarjos!” which means “Cheers!”


Respecting Religious Sites: Georgia has a deep religious heritage, and many sites hold religious significance. When visiting churches or monasteries, be respectful of the religious customs. Dress modestly, follow any restrictions or guidelines, and refrain from taking photographs where prohibited.


Generosity and Gift-Giving: Georgians are known for their generous nature, and gift-giving is a common practice. If invited to someone’s home, it is polite to bring a small gift for the hosts, such as a bottle of wine, chocolates, or flowers. When presenting gifts, it is customary to offer them with both hands.


Hospitality and Guest Etiquette: Georgians take pride in their hospitality and often go above and beyond to make guests feel welcome. If invited into a Georgian home, it’s customary to remove your shoes at the entrance. Remember to express gratitude and show appreciation to your hosts for their hospitality.


Photography Etiquette: When taking photographs of people or religious sites, it is polite to ask for permission first. Some areas or individuals may prefer not to be photographed, so it’s essential to respect their wishes. Be aware that photography may be restricted or prohibited in certain areas, especially within private properties or sensitive sites.


By respecting the customs and etiquette of the local culture, you will create positive interactions and memorable experiences during your visit to Georgia. The warmth and hospitality of the Georgian people will make your trip even more enjoyable as you connect and engage with their traditional customs and way of life.


Useful Phrases

Learning a few basic Georgian phrases can greatly enhance your travel experience and show respect for the local culture. Although many Georgians in popular tourist areas speak English, using a few key phrases will help you connect with locals and make your interactions more meaningful. Here are some useful Georgian phrases to add to your vocabulary:

  • Gamarjoba – Hello
  • Gmadlobt – Thank you
  • Dzalian kargia – You’re welcome
  • Sikvarulit – Goodbye
  • Kalbatono – Good morning
  • – Good afternoon
  • Kalbatono – Good evening
  • Mtavari – Sir / Mr.
  • Gogo – Madam / Mrs.
  • Bichi – Boy
  • Gogo – Girl
  • Ra ginda – How are you?
  • Shen gacknobi? – Are you okay?
  • Mindia – I’m fine
  • Dzalian kargi – Very good
  • Mititebani? – Where is…?
  • Gamit? – How much?
  • Tkveni – Yours
  • Modi gavige – Have a nice day
  • Ra lamazia – Enjoy your meal

Remember, making an effort to speak even a few words in Georgian will be greatly appreciated by the locals and can lead to more engaging and memorable experiences. Don’t be afraid to practice your phrases, and embrace the opportunity to immerse yourself in the language and culture of Georgia. The locals will be delighted to see your enthusiasm and will be more than happy to assist you along your journey.



As we conclude this comprehensive travel guide to Georgia, we hope you now have a better understanding of this enchanting country and all it has to offer. From its breathtaking landscapes to its rich history, vibrant culture, and warm hospitality, Georgia is a destination that caters to all types of travelers.


Whether you’re exploring the bustling streets of Tbilisi, relaxing on the beaches of Batumi, trekking through the majestic mountains, or indulging in the tantalizing flavors of Georgian cuisine, you’ll find a wealth of experiences waiting to be discovered.


Remember to plan your trip according to the best time to visit, considering your interests and preferences. Take advantage of public transportation, private transfers, or even rent a car to navigate the country with ease. Immerse yourself in the local customs and etiquette, connect with the warm-hearted locals, and be open to the unique experiences that await you.


As you explore the historical and cultural sites, embark on thrilling outdoor adventures, and savor the delicious Georgian cuisine, allow yourself to be captivated by the beauty and charm of this fascinating country. Whether you’re seeking adventure, relaxation, or cultural immersion, Georgia is sure to leave a lasting impression.


So pack your bags, prepare to embark on a remarkable journey, and let Georgia’s natural wonders, rich heritage, and warm hospitality unveil their hidden treasures. We hope this travel guide has provided you with all the information you need to make the most of your trip to Georgia. Enjoy every moment, embrace the beauty of the country, and create unforgettable memories along the way.