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Foodporn: Breakfast Udon In Japan


by Adriane Hines



Food and travel enthusiasts rejoiced when the concept of food tourism gained popularity. Exploring different cuisines and experiencing the unique flavors of a particular region has become a thrilling adventure for many. One such culinary delight that has caught the attention of foodies worldwide is breakfast udon in Japan.


Breakfast udon, also known as “asagohan udon” in Japanese, is a savory noodle dish that has been a traditional breakfast option in Japan for centuries. While udon noodles are commonly enjoyed for lunch and dinner in Japan, breakfast udon provides a comforting and satisfying start to the day.


Originating from the Kagawa prefecture on the island of Shikoku, breakfast udon has now become popular across Japan, with variations and regional specialties adding to its allure. The warm and hearty nature of udon, combined with flavorful broths and a range of toppings, makes it an ideal choice to kickstart your day.


From its humble beginnings as a local breakfast staple, breakfast udon has now garnered international attention, captivating the taste buds of both locals and travelers. Its rise in popularity can be attributed to its wholesome ingredients, unique cooking techniques, and the cultural significance it holds in Japanese cuisine.


In this article, we will delve deeper into the origins of breakfast udon, explore the diverse ingredients and variations that make it so appealing, uncover the cooking techniques used to create a perfect bowl of udon, and showcase some of the popular and regional specialty dishes. Additionally, we will discuss the fusion of breakfast udon with other culinary influences and touch upon the health benefits associated with this delightful breakfast dish. So, get ready to embark on a culinary journey and discover the delightful world of breakfast udon in Japan.


Origins of Breakfast Udon

The origins of breakfast udon can be traced back to the Kagawa prefecture in Japan, specifically the city of Takamatsu. It is said that in the early 19th century, local farmers and fishermen needed a hearty and nourishing meal to sustain them throughout the long and demanding workdays.


Udon, a type of thick wheat noodle, was widely available in the region and became the perfect base for a satisfying breakfast dish. The farmers and fishermen would start their day early and needed sustenance to provide them with the energy required for their labor-intensive tasks.


Initially, breakfast udon was a simple dish consisting of udon noodles cooked in a light soy-based broth. The noodles were often accompanied by a few basic toppings like green onions and dried seaweed. The simplicity of the dish allowed for quick preparation and easy consumption before heading out for work.


As time passed and as breakfast udon grew in popularity, the dish began to evolve. Different regions in Japan started adding their own unique twists, incorporating local ingredients and flavors to create their own versions of breakfast udon.


One of the reasons breakfast udon gained such popularity was its ability to provide sustenance to people from various walks of life. It was not only affordable for farmers and fishermen but also appealed to working professionals and students who needed a quick and filling breakfast option. The versatility of udon noodles made it adaptable to different preferences and dietary needs.


Today, breakfast udon is not only enjoyed in Kagawa but can be found in numerous cities throughout Japan. It has become a beloved comfort food, enjoyed by both locals and visitors alike. The evolution of breakfast udon showcases the adaptability of Japanese cuisine and its ability to incorporate regional influences to create unique and flavor-packed dishes.


Next, let’s explore the diverse ingredients and variations that make breakfast udon so appealing.


Ingredients and Variations

Breakfast udon is a versatile dish that can be customized to suit individual preferences, making it a beloved choice for breakfast among locals in Japan. While the base components of breakfast udon remain consistent – udon noodles and a flavorful broth – the toppings and flavors can vary significantly.


The main star of breakfast udon is, of course, the udon noodles themselves. These thick and chewy wheat noodles provide a substantial texture and are typically made fresh at udon noodle shops or bought pre-packaged at grocery stores. The noodles are cooked until tender but still retain a slight chewiness.


As for the broth, there are numerous options to choose from. The most common broth used in breakfast udon is a soy-based broth, which imparts a savory and umami-rich flavor. This broth is often light, allowing the flavors of the toppings to shine through. However, other variations like dashi broth (made from dried bonito flakes and kelp) or even miso-based broths can be found in different regions.


When it comes to toppings, the possibilities are endless. Some popular toppings include:

  • Negi: Thinly sliced green onions add a refreshing crunch and a touch of oniony flavor.
  • Katsuobushi: Thinly shaved flakes of dried bonito add a smoky and fishy essence to the dish.
  • Nori: Sheets of dried seaweed are often torn into small pieces and sprinkled over the udon for an added umami kick.
  • Tenkasu: Crispy tempura flakes provide a delightful crunch and a burst of flavor.
  • Kamaboko: Delicately steamed and sliced fish cake adds a contrasting texture and mild sweetness.
  • Soft-boiled egg: A perfectly cooked soft-boiled egg with a gooey yolk can be placed on top, adding a creamy richness to the udon.
  • Mizuna: This peppery and slightly bitter Japanese green is often added as a fresh and vibrant topping.

These are just a few examples, and the toppings can vary depending on personal preference or regional specialties. Some variations may also include meat, such as slices of pork or beef, which add heartiness to the dish. Additionally, different sauces and condiments, such as soy sauce, ponzu, or sesame oil, can be drizzled over the udon to enhance the flavors.


With so many options for customization, breakfast udon truly caters to a wide range of taste preferences. Whether you prefer a light and refreshing bowl with minimal toppings or a more robust and flavorful combination of ingredients, breakfast udon offers something for everyone.


Now that we’ve explored the ingredients and variations, let’s move on to the cooking techniques used to create a perfect bowl of breakfast udon.


Cooking Techniques

Creating the perfect bowl of breakfast udon requires careful attention to cooking techniques to ensure that each component is cooked to perfection and properly combined. The cooking techniques used in preparing breakfast udon contribute to the overall flavor and texture of the dish.


First and foremost, the udon noodles must be cooked al dente to achieve the ideal chewy texture. Fresh udon noodles typically require a shorter cooking time compared to pre-packaged noodles. It is important not to overcook the noodles as they can become mushy and lose their bite.


The broth is a crucial element in breakfast udon and can be prepared in various ways. The soy-based broth, for example, is often made by simmering soy sauce, mirin (a sweet rice wine), and dashi stock. The key is to strike a balance between the different flavors, creating a broth that is both savory and subtly sweet.


After the noodles and broth are prepared, they are brought together in a bowl. The hot broth is gently poured over the freshly cooked udon noodles, allowing them to soak up the flavors. The noodles should be evenly coated with the broth, ensuring a consistent taste throughout each bite.


When it comes to adding toppings, there is a certain artistry involved. The toppings are carefully arranged on top of the udon noodles, creating an appealing visual display. Some toppings, such as negi (green onions) and katsuobushi (dried bonito flakes), are sprinkled on top, while others, such as soft-boiled eggs or kamaboko (fish cake), are delicately placed in the bowl.


In addition to the cooking techniques used to prepare the individual components, the overall presentation of breakfast udon is important. Aesthetics play a role in the enjoyment of the dish, with vibrant colors and thoughtfully placed toppings enhancing the visual appeal.


Moreover, it is worth noting that each region may have its own unique cooking techniques and variations when it comes to breakfast udon. For example, in Kagawa, the birthplace of udon, the noodles are often served cold with a dipping sauce, while in other regions, they are typically served hot in a bowl of broth.


Mastering the cooking techniques is essential to achieving the perfect bowl of breakfast udon. From cooking the noodles just right to crafting a flavorful broth and artfully arranging the toppings, every step contributes to the overall deliciousness of the dish.


Now that we have explored the cooking techniques, let’s move on to discover some popular breakfast udon dishes.


Popular Breakfast Udon Dishes

Breakfast udon has become a beloved culinary delight in Japan, and as its popularity has spread, different regions and restaurants have put their own unique spin on the dish. There are several popular breakfast udon dishes that have captured the hearts and taste buds of locals and travelers alike.


One classic and widely enjoyed breakfast udon dish is called “Kake Udon.” Kake udon features plain udon noodles served in a hot soy-based broth, topped with green onions and sometimes a sprinkle of katsuobushi (dried bonito flakes) for added flavor. The simplicity of this dish allows the natural flavors of the udon noodles and broth to shine through.


Another popular variation is “Tempura Udon.” This dish showcases the combination of crispy and flavorful tempura, typically shrimp or vegetables, atop a bed of udon noodles in a savory broth. The contrast between the crunchy tempura and the soft noodles creates a delightful texture experience.


In some regions, you may come across “Niku Udon,” which translates to “meat udon.” This hearty version of breakfast udon features slices of tender beef or pork as a topping, adding richness and depth to the dish. The meat is often simmered in a flavorful sauce before being placed on top of the udon noodles and submerged in the broth.


If you’re looking for a vegetarian option, “Yasai Udon” is a great choice. Yasai Udon includes a variety of sautéed or blanched vegetables as toppings, such as mushrooms, broccoli, carrots, and bean sprouts. These colorful and nutritious vegetables add a vibrant touch to the bowl of udon and provide a satisfying and wholesome breakfast option.


For those who crave a bit of spice, “Curry Udon” might be the perfect choice. This fusion dish combines the rich and aromatic flavors of Japanese curry with the comforting udon noodles and broth. The result is a dish that offers a delightful balance of heat and savory goodness.


These are just a few examples of the popular breakfast udon dishes you can find in Japan. Each variation offers its own unique flavors and textures, allowing you to explore and discover your personal favorites.


Now that we have explored some popular breakfast udon dishes, let’s dive into the regional specialties that add even more diversity to this mouthwatering dish.


Regional Specialties

As breakfast udon gained popularity across Japan, different regions began putting their own unique twists on the dish, resulting in a fascinating array of regional specialties. Each region offers its own distinct flavors and ingredients, showcasing the diverse culinary landscape of Japan.


One notable regional specialty is Sanuki Udon from the Kagawa prefecture, the birthplace of udon noodles. Sanuki Udon is known for its thick and chewy noodles, made from high-quality local wheat. The noodles are typically served in a soy-based broth and topped with green onions and grated ginger. The simplicity of this dish allows the true essence of the udon noodles to shine through.


In the Hiroshima prefecture, you can find Onomichi Udon, which is characterized by its unique combination of soy sauce and Worcestershire sauce-based broth. This creates a savory and slightly tangy flavor profile. The dish is often served with tempura, green onions, and kamaboko (fish cake).


In Osaka, you will find Kitsune Udon, which translates to “fox udon.” This dish gets its name from the belief that foxes, considered to be messengers of the gods in Japanese folklore, love fried tofu. Kitsune Udon features udon noodles topped with a piece of sweet and savory fried tofu, creating a delicious contrast of flavors.


In Nagoya, locals enjoy Kishimen, a flat udon noodle dish that is wider and thicker than traditional udon noodles. Kishimen is served in a soy-based broth and topped with green onions, tempura crisps, and sometimes grilled vegetables. The wider noodles provide a satisfying chewiness and soak up the flavors of the broth.


These are just a few examples of the regional specialties you can find when it comes to breakfast udon in Japan. Each region’s cultural influences, local ingredients, and culinary traditions contribute to the unique identity of their breakfast udon dishes.


Exploring the various regional specialties adds an exciting element to your culinary journey and allows you to experience the diverse flavors and textures of breakfast udon in different parts of Japan.


Now that we’ve delved into regional specialties, let’s move on to the fusion of breakfast udon with other culinary influences.


Fusion Breakfast Udon

As the culinary world continues to expand and evolve, fusion cuisine has become a popular trend, and breakfast udon is no exception. Chefs and food enthusiasts have taken this traditional Japanese breakfast dish and combined it with other culinary influences, resulting in exciting and innovative fusion breakfast udon creations.


One popular fusion twist is the incorporation of Western flavors and ingredients. For example, you might come across a breakfast udon dish that includes bacon, eggs, and cheese, reminiscent of a classic American breakfast. The smoky and salty flavors of bacon along with the creaminess of melted cheese add a unique twist to the udon noodles and create a comforting and indulgent meal.


Another fusion variation that has gained popularity is the combination of breakfast udon with Korean flavors. This fusion dish often includes elements like kimchi, gochujang (Korean chili paste), and bulgogi (marinated grilled beef). The spicy and bold flavors of Korean cuisine add an exciting kick to the udon noodles, creating a harmonious blend of flavors from both cultures.


Furthermore, fusion breakfast udon can also explore the realm of vegetarian and plant-based options. For instance, you might encounter a breakfast udon dish that incorporates tofu, roasted vegetables, and a peanut or sesame-based dressing. This fusion creation provides a wholesome and nutrient-rich breakfast alternative for vegetarians and vegans.


The fusion possibilities are endless, with chefs and home cooks experimenting with different ingredients, flavors, and techniques to create their own unique interpretations of breakfast udon. The beauty of fusion cuisine lies in its ability to combine diverse culinary traditions, celebrating the creativity and innovation of chefs worldwide.


By fusing breakfast udon with other culinary influences, it opens up a world of exciting and unexpected flavors, giving traditional Japanese udon a contemporary and global twist. Whether it’s the incorporation of Western, Korean, or other international flavors, fusion breakfast udon pushes the boundaries and offers an exciting culinary experience for adventurous food lovers.


Now that we’ve explored fusion breakfast udon, let’s discuss the health benefits that this delightful dish has to offer.


Health Benefits of Breakfast Udon

Breakfast udon not only satisfies your taste buds but also offers several health benefits, making it a nutritious and hearty meal to start your day. Let’s delve into some of the health benefits that this delightful dish has to offer.


Udon noodles, the main component of breakfast udon, are made from wheat flour, making them a good source of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates provide the body with energy, allowing you to kickstart your day with vigor. The slow-release carbohydrates found in udon noodles provide sustained energy, keeping you feeling fuller for longer.


Additionally, udon noodles are typically low in fat, making them a healthier alternative to some other noodle varieties. This can be particularly beneficial for those who are conscious of their fat intake or looking to manage their weight.


In terms of nutritional value, breakfast udon can be a good source of protein. Toppings such as tofu, meat slices, or even a soft-boiled egg provide a protein boost, essential for muscle growth and repair. Protein also helps to keep you feeling satiated and can contribute to maintaining a healthy weight.


The broth used in breakfast udon, such as a soy-based or dashi-based broth, can contain minerals and electrolytes that are beneficial for the body. These broths often contain ingredients like seaweed and bonito flakes, which provide essential nutrients like iodine and omega-3 fatty acids.


Moreover, breakfast udon can be a versatile dish that incorporates a variety of vegetables and toppings. By adding vegetables like green onions, mushrooms, and leafy greens, you can enhance the nutritional value of the dish. These vegetables provide essential vitamins, minerals, and fiber, promoting good digestion and overall well-being.


It’s worth noting that the specific nutritional content of breakfast udon can vary based on the selection of toppings and the cooking methods used. However, in general, breakfast udon can provide a balance of carbohydrates, protein, and other essential nutrients that contribute to a healthy and satisfying meal.


With its combination of nourishing carbohydrates, protein, and vegetables, breakfast udon offers a wholesome and balanced meal option to fuel your day. It’s a satisfying choice that not only tantalizes your taste buds but also supports your overall well-being.


Now that we’ve discussed the health benefits, let’s explore the cultural significance of breakfast udon in Japan.


Cultural Significance

Breakfast udon holds a significant place in Japanese culture, serving not only as a delicious morning meal but also as a reflection of traditional values and customs. It embodies the importance of starting the day with a nourishing and satisfying meal.


In Japan, breakfast is considered the most important meal of the day, providing the necessary energy and nutrients to face the day ahead. Udon noodles, with their comforting and filling nature, have long been recognized as a suitable option for a substantial breakfast.


Udon noodles themselves are deeply rooted in Japanese culinary traditions, with a rich history that dates back centuries. This traditional aspect adds to the cultural significance of breakfast udon as a dish that connects present-day Japan with its culinary heritage.


Additionally, breakfast udon reflects the Japanese concept of “ichiju-sansai,” which translates to “one soup, three dishes.” This concept emphasizes the importance of a balanced meal that includes a soup, grains (in this case, udon noodles), and a variety of side dishes. The cultural value of maintaining this balance in a meal is deeply ingrained in Japanese society.


Moreover, breakfast udon showcases the Japanese appreciation for natural and seasonal ingredients. Many regional variations of breakfast udon incorporate local produce and flavors, highlighting the connection between food and the surrounding environment. This emphasis on using fresh and seasonal ingredients is seen as a way of promoting health and harmony with nature.


Beyond its nutritional and cultural significance, breakfast udon also holds social importance in Japan. Enjoying a bowl of breakfast udon with family or friends fosters a sense of community and togetherness. It provides an opportunity for bonding and connection, allowing individuals to start their day in a pleasant and enjoyable manner.


Overall, breakfast udon represents not just a meal, but a representation of Japanese culinary traditions, cultural values, and social customs. It symbolizes the importance of nourishment, balance, and connecting with others – aspects deeply ingrained in Japanese culture.


Now that we’ve explored the cultural significance of breakfast udon, let’s conclude our journey through this delightful culinary experience.



Breakfast udon in Japan is more than just a meal – it’s an experience that encompasses the rich flavors, culinary traditions, and cultural values of Japanese cuisine. From its humble origins as a simple breakfast option for workers to its status as a beloved dish enjoyed by locals and travelers alike, breakfast udon has captured the hearts and taste buds of people around the world.


We have explored the origins of breakfast udon, tracing its roots back to the Kagawa prefecture and its evolution into a nationwide phenomenon. We have also delved into the diverse ingredients, cooking techniques, and popular variations of breakfast udon, showcasing its versatility and the endless possibilities for customization.


Moreover, we have uncovered the regional specialties and fusion creations that add excitement and innovation to this traditional dish. Whether it’s the unique flavors of Sanuki Udon, the fusion of different cuisines, or the mindful use of seasonal ingredients, breakfast udon continues to captivate and surprise with its delicious offerings.


We have also touched upon the health benefits associated with breakfast udon, highlighting its balance of carbohydrates, protein, and essential nutrients. Furthermore, we have explored the cultural significance of breakfast udon, showcasing its connection to Japanese values, customs, and the appreciation of a well-balanced and nourishing breakfast.


As you venture into the world of food travel, don’t miss the opportunity to indulge in a steaming bowl of breakfast udon in Japan. Whether you savor the traditional versions or seek out the regional specialties and fusion creations, you are sure to be enraptured by the delightful flavors, comforting textures, and cultural significance that breakfast udon brings to the table.


So, immerse yourself in the world of breakfast udon, appreciate the heritage and creativity it represents, and embark on a culinary journey that will awaken your senses and deepen your appreciation for the wonders of Japanese food culture.