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Japanese Food – What To Eat And Where


Modified: December 28, 2023

by Mariya Baumgartner



Welcome to the fascinating world of Japanese cuisine. Japan is renowned for its rich culinary traditions and diverse range of flavors. From delicate sushi to hearty ramen, there is something to satisfy every palate. Japanese food not only tantalizes the taste buds but also offers a glimpse into the country’s culture and history.


One of the defining characteristics of Japanese cuisine is its emphasis on fresh and seasonal ingredients. The Japanese believe in letting the natural flavors of the ingredients shine through, resulting in dishes that are both simple and exquisite. Presentation is also of utmost importance, with great attention given to the visual appeal of each plate.


Japanese food is not limited to just sushi and ramen. While these are certainly iconic dishes, there is a vast array of other delicacies to explore. From crispy tempura to succulent yakitori, each dish has its own unique flavors and cooking techniques. Whether you are a seafood lover or a vegetarian, there is an abundance of options to choose from.


As you journey through the culinary landscape of Japan, you will also discover regional specialties. Each prefecture has its own distinctive dishes and ingredients. From the seafood-dominated cuisine of Hokkaido to the hearty stews of Kansai, there is so much to explore and savor.


When it comes to dining in Japan, you will find a diverse range of establishments to suit every budget and preference. From tiny street food stalls to Michelin-starred restaurants, there is no shortage of options. The experience of dining in Japan goes beyond just the food; it is also about the ambiance and the sense of tradition that permeates each meal.


In this article, we will take a closer look at some of the most popular and delicious Japanese dishes. From sushi to udon, we will delve into the flavors, ingredients, and history behind each dish. So get ready to embark on a culinary adventure and discover the wonders of Japanese food.



Sushi is undoubtedly the most well-known and celebrated Japanese dish around the world. It consists of bite-sized portions of vinegared rice topped with various ingredients such as raw or cooked seafood, vegetables, or egg. The art of sushi-making, known as “sushimono,” has a long history in Japan and has evolved into various styles and creations.


The most recognized type of sushi is nigiri, which features a slice of fresh fish or seafood atop a small mound of rice. Each piece is carefully crafted to create a harmonious balance of flavors and textures. The quality of the fish is crucial, as it should be incredibly fresh and skillfully sliced to enhance its natural taste.


Another popular variety is maki, which consists of rice, fish, vegetables, and other ingredients rolled together in a sheet of seaweed called nori. Maki rolls are then sliced into bite-sized pieces, and the combinations of fillings are almost endless. Common examples include the California roll, made with crab meat, avocado, and cucumber, or the spicy tuna roll, featuring spicy tuna and mayonnaise.


In addition to nigiri and maki, there are other sushi styles such as temaki (hand-roll), where the fillings are wrapped in a cone-shaped piece of nori, and chirashi (scattered sushi), which is a bowl of sushi rice topped with a colorful assortment of sashimi, vegetables, and other garnishes.


When dining in a sushi restaurant, it is customary to dip each sushi piece lightly into a small dish of soy sauce before consuming. However, it is important not to overdo it, as the rice may become soggy. Additionally, wasabi, a pungent green paste made from Japanese horseradish, is often mixed into the soy sauce for dipping.


Sushi is not only a delightful culinary experience but also a feast for the eyes. The precise artistry and attention to detail that goes into its creation are truly mesmerizing. Whether you are a sushi aficionado or a first-time visitor to a sushi bar, this iconic Japanese dish is a must-try, offering a harmonious blend of flavors and textures that will leave you craving for more.



Ramen is a beloved Japanese staple that has gained international popularity. This comforting dish consists of noodles served in a flavorful broth, usually made from a combination of meat or fish stock, soy sauce, miso, or salt. Along with the noodles and broth, ramen is typically garnished with various toppings such as sliced pork, marinated soft-boiled eggs, seaweed, green onions, and bamboo shoots.


The origins of ramen can be traced back to China, but it has evolved over the years into a distinctly Japanese dish. There are several regional variations of ramen, each with its own unique characteristics. The most well-known types include:

  1. Shoyu Ramen: This type of ramen features a soy sauce-based broth that is savory and slightly salty. It is often topped with slices of braised pork, bamboo shoots, and green onions.
  2. Miso Ramen: Miso, a fermented soybean paste, is the key ingredient in this ramen variety. The miso gives the broth a rich and robust flavor. Common toppings include sliced pork, corn, bean sprouts, and butter.
  3. Shio Ramen: Shio means “salt” in Japanese, and this ramen showcases a clear and light broth seasoned with salt. It has a delicate flavor that allows the natural sweetness of the ingredients to shine through.
  4. Tonkotsu Ramen: The broth for tonkotsu ramen is made by simmering pork bones for hours until the result is a thick and creamy soup. It is typically topped with slices of tender roasted pork, seasoned eggs, and black garlic oil.

Ramen is more than just a delicious bowl of noodles; it is a cultural experience. Ramen shops, known as “ramen-ya,” can be found in almost every corner of Japan. These humble establishments often have limited seating, allowing customers to savor their bowls of ramen in a cozy and intimate setting.


When enjoying a bowl of ramen, there are no strict rules. Feel free to slurp your noodles, as it is considered a sign of appreciation for the chef. The combination of the savory broth, springy noodles, and a medley of toppings creates a satisfying and filling meal.


Whether you prefer a hearty pork-based broth or a lighter soy sauce-infused version, ramen offers a diverse range of flavors to suit every palate. It is a must-try dish for any food lover, showcasing the unique and delicious flavors of Japanese cuisine.



Tempura is a popular Japanese dish consisting of deep-fried seafood, vegetables, or even small pieces of meat. The dish is known for its light and crispy batter, which creates a delicate and delicious coating around the ingredients.


The origins of tempura can be traced back to the 16th century when Portuguese traders introduced the technique of deep-frying to Japan. Over time, the Japanese adapted the method and developed their own distinctive style of tempura.


The key to a successful tempura lies in the batter. It is made by mixing cold water or sparkling water with flour and sometimes adding a touch of baking soda. The batter is then gently mixed to create a light and airy texture, ensuring a crispy and golden result when fried.


Typically, seafood such as shrimp, squid, and fish as well as a variety of vegetables like eggplant, sweet potato, and green beans are used for tempura. These ingredients are lightly coated in the batter and quickly deep-fried in oil until they turn a golden color. The result is a delicate, crispy exterior that contrasts with the tender and flavorful interior.


Tempura is often served with a dipping sauce called tentsuyu, made from a mixture of soy sauce, mirin (sweet rice wine), and dashi (fish stock). The sauce adds a savory and umami flavor to each bite, complementing the crispiness of the tempura. In some cases, grated daikon radish is also served alongside the tempura, providing a refreshing and tangy element.


Tempura is enjoyed in various settings, from street food stalls to high-end restaurants. It can be served as a standalone dish or as part of a larger meal, accompanied by rice and miso soup. The simplicity of tempura allows the natural flavors of the ingredients to shine through, making it a favorite among both locals and tourists.


Whether you are a seafood lover or a vegetarian, tempura offers a wide range of options to please every palate. It is a delightful and satisfying dish that showcases the mastery of Japanese culinary techniques and the art of frying to perfection. So next time you have the chance, be sure to indulge in a plate of crispy and delicious tempura.



Yakitori, which translates to “grilled chicken,” is a popular Japanese dish that features skewered pieces of bite-sized chicken grilled over a charcoal flame. This delectable street food has become a beloved staple in Japanese cuisine.


The origins of yakitori can be traced back to the Edo period, where it was originally consumed as a snack with alcohol. Today, it has evolved into a versatile dish with various cuts of chicken and a wide range of flavors.


The most traditional and iconic form of yakitori is made using bite-sized pieces of chicken thigh, known as “negima.” The chicken is layered with pieces of leek or scallion before being grilled, imparting a savory and smoky flavor to the tender meat.


In addition to negima, there are other popular cuts of chicken used for yakitori, including chicken breast, wings, liver, and skin. Each cut has its own distinct texture and flavor when grilled to perfection.


However, yakitori is not limited to just chicken. You can also find yakitori stalls serving other types of skewered meats, such as pork, beef, seafood, and vegetables. Common non-chicken yakitori options include bacon-wrapped asparagus, shrimp skewers, and grilled mushrooms.


While the grilling technique is crucial for yakitori, the flavor profiles come from the accompanying sauce or seasoning. The most common yakitori sauce is a blend of soy sauce, mirin, sugar, and sake. This savory-sweet glaze adds a rich and caramelized coating to the chicken, resulting in a mouthwatering taste.


Yakitori is often enjoyed with a cold beer or sake, making it a popular choice for izakayas (Japanese pubs). It is also a common street food option, where vendors grill chicken skewers right in front of customers, adding an element of excitement and aroma to the experience.


Whether you are strolling through the bustling streets of Tokyo or venturing into a hidden local alley, you are likely to come across a yakitori stall. The irresistible aroma and sizzling sounds of the grill will tempt you to give it a try.


Yakitori offers a simple, yet flavorful and satisfying dining experience. The combination of succulent chicken, smoky aroma, and savory glaze creates a harmonious blend of flavors that will leave you craving for more. So be sure to savor this delicious grilled treat and explore the world of yakitori during your culinary adventures in Japan.



Tonkatsu is a popular Japanese dish that consists of breaded and deep-fried pork cutlets. It is known for its crispy and golden exterior, tender and juicy meat, and a rich umami flavor. Tonkatsu is a beloved comfort food in Japan and has gained international recognition for its delicious taste.


The history of tonkatsu can be traced back to the late 19th century when Western-influenced cuisine started to gain popularity in Japan. The dish is believed to have been inspired by European breaded meats, such as schnitzel. Over time, tonkatsu evolved into a distinct Japanese dish by incorporating local flavors and techniques.


The traditional method of preparing tonkatsu involves using pork loin or pork tenderloin. The meat is first pounded to make it tender and then coated in flour, dipped in beaten egg, and covered in panko breadcrumbs. Panko breadcrumbs are coarser and lighter than regular breadcrumbs, resulting in a crispier and lighter texture when fried.


Once breaded, the pork cutlets are deep-fried until the outside becomes golden brown and crispy while the inside remains tender and juicy. The cooking process is crucial to achieving the perfect tonkatsu, as the delicate balance between the crispy coating and succulent meat is what makes this dish so special.


Tonkatsu is typically served with a variety of accompaniments, including shredded cabbage, rice, and tonkatsu sauce. The cabbage provides a refreshing and crunchy contrast to the rich and crispy pork cutlet. Tonkatsu sauce is a tangy and slightly sweet condiment made from a combination of Worcestershire sauce, ketchup, soy sauce, and other ingredients. It adds depth and flavor to each bite of tonkatsu.


In addition to the classic pork version, there are also variations of tonkatsu that feature other meats, such as chicken or seafood. These alternatives offer different flavors and textures, providing options for those with dietary restrictions or preferences.


Whether you enjoy it at a traditional tonkatsu restaurant or from a street food stall, tonkatsu is a crowd-pleasing dish that satisfies both locals and visitors alike. Its combination of crispy breading, tender meat, and savory sauce creates a comforting and indulgent dining experience.


So, if you find yourself craving a satisfying meal in Japan, be sure to try the irresistible tonkatsu. It is a true culinary delight that showcases the art of frying to perfection and the delicious flavors of Japanese comfort food.



Okonomiyaki is a savory Japanese pancake that is loved for its unique combination of flavors and textures. Its name translates to “grilled as you like,” reflecting the customizability of this popular dish. Okonomiyaki is a comforting and satisfying meal that originates from the Kansai region of Japan, specifically Osaka and Hiroshima.


The base of okonomiyaki consists of a batter made from flour, grated yam, eggs, and dashi (Japanese soup stock). This mixture is then mixed with a variety of ingredients, such as cabbage, green onions, seafood, pork, or other vegetables. The mixture is poured onto a hot griddle or pan and cooked until both sides are golden brown and crispy.


One of the defining features of okonomiyaki is the toppings and sauces that are added. Okonomiyaki is typically garnished with a sweet and savory okonomi sauce, mayonnaise, bonito flakes (thinly shaved dried fish), and aonori (powdered seaweed). The toppings add a combination of flavors, ranging from smoky to tangy, and enhance the overall taste of the dish.


There are two main styles of okonomiyaki: Osaka-style and Hiroshima-style. In Osaka-style, all the ingredients are mixed together in the batter before being cooked as a whole pancake. It results in a fluffy texture with a harmonious blend of flavors. On the other hand, Hiroshima-style involves layering the ingredients, starting with the batter, then adding cabbage, noodles, and additional toppings. The layers are then flipped and cooked, creating a more substantial and layered pancake.


Okonomiyaki is often enjoyed in casual restaurants or street food stalls where you can sit around a griddle and watch the chef skillfully prepare your pancake right in front of you. It is a communal and interactive dining experience that adds to the enjoyment of the dish.


With its comforting flavors and versatility, okonomiyaki has gained popularity not only within Japan but also internationally. It is a beloved dish that showcases the creativity and adaptability of Japanese cuisine. Whether you are a meat lover, seafood enthusiast, or vegetarian, okonomiyaki offers endless possibilities to create a personalized and delicious meal.


So, if you happen to visit Japan, be sure to indulge in a plate of okonomiyaki and experience the joy of savoring this hearty and flavorful pancake. It is a must-try dish that will surely delight your taste buds and leave you craving for more.



Sashimi is a quintessential Japanese dish that showcases the purity and delicacy of fresh raw seafood. It is a culinary art form that requires precise knife skills and an appreciation for the natural flavors and textures of the ingredients.


Sashimi is often mistaken for sushi, but they are distinct dishes. Unlike sushi, which encompasses vinegared rice topped with various ingredients, sashimi consists solely of slices of raw seafood, typically fish. The fish used for sashimi is usually of the highest quality, known for its freshness and flavor.


When preparing sashimi, the fish is expertly sliced into thin, bite-sized pieces, allowing the diner to fully experience its texture and taste. The cuts are meticulously made to highlight the unique characteristics of each fish, such as the delicate flesh of tuna or the buttery richness of salmon.


Sashimi can be enjoyed on its own, allowing the pure flavors of the fish to shine through. For those who prefer a little extra flavor, it is common to dip each piece of sashimi into soy sauce with a touch of wasabi. This combination adds a subtle kick and enhances the overall dining experience.


Typically, sashimi is served as an appetizer or part of a larger meal, accompanied by a bowl of steamed rice, miso soup, and various side dishes. The presentation of sashimi is an important aspect of the dining experience, often displayed on a beautiful platter adorned with fresh garnishes and edible flowers.


In addition to traditional sashimi made with fish, there are also variations that feature other seafood such as squid, shrimp, scallops, and even sea urchin. These options offer a wide range of flavors and textures, providing a delightful experience for seafood enthusiasts.


When indulging in sashimi, it is essential to ensure that the seafood is sourced from reputable and trusted vendors who prioritize freshness and quality. This not only guarantees the best possible taste but also maintains food safety standards.


Sashimi is not just a dish; it is a cultural representation of the harmonious relationship between humans and nature. It is a celebration of the bounty of the sea and the mastery of Japanese culinary traditions.


So, if you have a love for seafood and want to experience the purest essence of fish, savoring a plate of sashimi is a must. Immerse yourself in the delicate flavors and textures that only sashimi can offer, and embark on a culinary adventure that will leave you with unforgettable memories.



Udon is a hearty and comforting Japanese noodle dish that has been enjoyed for centuries. Made from thick, wheat-based noodles, udon is known for its chewy texture and the versatility to be served in various broths and toppings.


Udon noodles are typically made by kneading wheat flour, salt, and water together. The dough is then rolled out and cut into thick strips. The thickness of udon noodles sets them apart from other Japanese noodle varieties, such as ramen or soba. It is this thickness that gives udon its satisfying chewiness.


Udon can be prepared in a myriad of ways, making it a versatile dish that can be enjoyed by everyone. The most common udon style is kake udon, which features the noodles served in a hot and savory soy-based broth. The simplicity of kake udon allows the natural flavors of the noodles to shine through.


Another popular variation is tempura udon, where a bowl of udon noodles is accompanied by a side of crispy and delicious tempura, typically consisting of shrimp and various vegetables.


There is also kitsune udon, which includes sweet, braised tofu as a topping, adding a depth of flavor to the dish. Other toppings that can be added to udon include green onions, grated daikon radish, nori seaweed, and tempura crumbs.


Udon is a versatile dish that can be enjoyed year-round. In colder months, a steaming bowl of hot udon provides warmth and comfort. In the summer, chilled udon is a refreshing and cool option.


Udon is not only a popular dish in restaurants but can also be found in local udon shops, offering customers a selection of broth options and fresh toppings to customize their meal.


When it comes to enjoying udon, slurping the noodles is not only acceptable but also encouraged. Slurping is a sign of appreciation in Japanese culture and helps to cool down the hot noodles.


Whether you are seeking a satisfying comfort food or an immersive cultural experience, udon offers a delicious and fulfilling dining experience. So next time you find yourself in Japan, be sure to try a bowl of udon and discover why it has become a beloved staple in Japanese cuisine.



Takoyaki, a beloved street food originating from Osaka, is a delightful and flavorful Japanese snack that has gained popularity both in Japan and around the world. These bite-sized, round dumplings are typically filled with octopus, batter, and various toppings, resulting in a unique and delicious treat.


The name “takoyaki” translates to “grilled octopus,” reflecting the key ingredient that gives these dumplings their distinctive taste. The dough for takoyaki is made from a mixture of flour, eggs, dashi (Japanese soup stock), and other seasonings. This batter is poured into special takoyaki pans that have small, round molds.


Once the batter is poured into the molds, diced octopus pieces are added to each one. The dumplings are then cooked on a hot grill, and as the outer layer begins to set, skilled takoyaki cooks use a pick or skewer to flip each dumpling, ensuring even cooking and a perfect spherical shape.


Takoyaki is served piping hot, straight from the grill. They are typically placed in a small tray and topped with a variety of condiments, such as takoyaki sauce, a thick, tangy, and slightly sweet sauce similar to Worcestershire sauce. Other common toppings include mayonnaise, dried seaweed flakes, and bonito flakes (thinly shaved dried fish).


When taking the first bite of takoyaki, you’ll experience a crispy outer layer while the inside is soft and gooey. The octopus adds a savory and slightly chewy texture, creating a perfect balance of flavors and textures in each mouthful.


Takoyaki is not just a tasty snack; it is also a fun and interactive food experience. Many street food vendors or restaurants have an open kitchen where customers can watch the skillful takoyaki chefs as they flip and cook the dumplings.


In addition to the traditional octopus filling, there are also variations of takoyaki that feature different ingredients, such as cheese, shrimp, or vegetables. These alternative fillings further showcase the versatility and creativity of takoyaki.


Whether you’re exploring the vibrant streets of Osaka or visiting a Japanese food festival, finding a takoyaki stand is a must. The delicious combination of flavors, the hot and comforting nature of the dumplings, and the lively atmosphere make takoyaki a memorable and enjoyable snack experience.


So, if you’re looking for a unique and delicious taste of Japanese street food culture, be sure to try some takoyaki. These golden-brown dumplings, with their inviting aroma and delightful flavors, are sure to leave you craving more.



Matcha is a unique and vibrant green tea powder that has a long history in Japanese culture. Known for its distinct flavor and vibrant green color, matcha has become increasingly popular worldwide due to its unique taste and health benefits.


Matcha is made from shade-grown tea leaves that are carefully harvested, steamed, and dried. The leaves are then ground into a fine powder, resulting in a concentrated form of green tea. The shade-grown process increases the chlorophyll content in the leaves, giving matcha its vibrant green color and distinct taste.


The preparation of matcha involves whisking the powder with hot water using a bamboo whisk called a chasen. This traditional method creates a frothy and velvety tea with a rich and complex flavor profile.


One of the distinguishing features of matcha is its umami taste, characterized by a combination of sweetness, bitterness, and a savory undertone. This unique flavor is attributed to the high concentration of amino acids, specifically L-theanine, which gives matcha a smooth and calming effect.


Matcha is not limited to just a hot beverage. It is also used as an ingredient in various culinary creations. Matcha-flavored desserts, such as matcha ice cream, matcha-flavored cakes, and matcha-flavored chocolates, have gained popularity for their aromatic flavor and vibrant green hue.


Another popular application of matcha is in the traditional Japanese tea ceremony, known as “chanoyu” or “sado.” The ceremonial preparation and serving of matcha reflect the cultural significance and reverence for the tea. The tea ceremony is a form of art and a way to connect with nature and find tranquility amidst the hustle and bustle of everyday life.


Matcha is not only known for its unique flavor but also for its numerous health benefits. As a concentrated form of green tea, matcha contains higher levels of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals compared to regular brewed green tea. It is believed to have various health-promoting properties, including boosting metabolism, enhancing focus and mental clarity, and supporting overall well-being.


Whether you enjoy it as a fragrant cup of tea or incorporate it into your favorite dishes, matcha offers a delightful and unique flavor experience. Its vibrant green color, distinct taste, and health benefits have made it a favorite among tea connoisseurs and culinary enthusiasts alike.


If you’re looking to indulge in a calming and flavorful experience, be sure to try a cup of matcha. Allow its natural sweetness and umami notes to transport you to the serene world of Japanese tea culture.



Japanese cuisine is a true delight for food lovers around the world. From the delicate artistry of sushi to the comforting warmth of udon, each dish offers a unique blend of flavors and textures that captivate the senses. The culinary traditions of Japan reflect a deep connection to nature, with an emphasis on fresh, seasonal ingredients and meticulous preparation techniques.


Throughout this article, we have explored some of the most iconic and delicious dishes that make up Japanese cuisine. Sushi, with its perfect marriage of fresh fish and vinegared rice, has become a global sensation. Ramen, with its flavorful broths and slurp-worthy noodles, satisfies even the heartiest appetites. And let’s not forget about the crispy and delicious tempura, the succulent yakitori skewers, and the comforting warmth of a bowl of tonkatsu.


Japanese cuisine is not just about the taste; it is also about the cultural experience it provides. Whether you’re dining at a high-end sushi restaurant or enjoying street food from a local vendor, every meal offers an opportunity to connect with Japanese traditions and appreciate the meticulous artistry that goes into its preparation.


The diverse regional specialties, the emphasis on presentation, and the use of fresh, seasonal ingredients all contribute to the uniqueness and allure of Japanese cuisine.


So, the next time you find yourself in Japan or your local Japanese restaurant, be sure to embark on a gastronomic adventure and savor the incredible flavors and culinary traditions that Japanese cuisine has to offer. From the simplicity of sashimi to the complexity of okonomiyaki, each dish tells a story and provides a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage of Japan.


Whether you are a seafood lover, a fan of noodles, or simply curious about new flavors, Japanese cuisine has something for everyone. The attention to detail, the balance of flavors, and the presentation of each dish make it a truly extraordinary culinary experience.


So don’t hesitate to explore the world of Japanese cuisine and let your taste buds travel to the land of the rising sun. Whether you’re enjoying sushi in Tokyo, slurping ramen in Osaka, or savoring tempura in Kyoto, you’re bound to create unforgettable food memories that will keep you coming back for more.