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Which Countries Border Texas?


Modified: December 28, 2023

by Corrie Linderman



Welcome to the Lone Star State! Texas is a massive state located in the southern region of the United States. Known for its rich history, diverse culture, and vast landscapes, Texas has a unique charm that sets it apart from other states. One of the fascinating aspects of Texas is its bordering countries.


As the second-largest state in the U.S., Texas shares its borders with four neighboring countries: Mexico to the south, Oklahoma to the north, Arkansas to the northeast, and Louisiana to the east. Each border brings its own distinct characteristics and influences, contributing to the rich tapestry that makes Texas truly one-of-a-kind.


This article explores the different borders of Texas, giving you a glimpse of the diverse landscapes, cultures, and histories that surround this great state. So, let’s dive into the northern, southern, eastern, and western borders of Texas to discover the unique flavors they add to the Lone Star State.


Northern Border of Texas

The northern border of Texas is defined by its shared boundary with the neighboring state of Oklahoma. Stretching over 600 miles, this border is characterized by diverse landscapes, including rolling plains, lush green forests, and scenic rivers.


One notable feature along the northern border is the Red River, which acts as a natural boundary between Texas and Oklahoma. The Red River Valley, known for its fertile soils, has historically been an important agricultural region, contributing to both states’ economies.


The cities and towns along the northern border offer a blend of Texan and Oklahoman influences. For example, the city of Texoma, located at the junction of the Red River and the Texas-Oklahoma border, embodies the unique cultural fusion of the two states. Visitors can experience the charm of small-town Texas while also enjoying the laid-back Oklahoma vibe.


The northern border region is also home to several Native American tribes, including the Chickasaw and Choctaw nations. These tribes have a rich history and cultural heritage that adds to the overall diversity of the area.


Outdoor enthusiasts will find plenty of recreational opportunities along the northern border of Texas. Whether it’s fishing in the Red River, hiking through the picturesque Wichita Mountains, or camping in one of the many state parks, there is something for everyone to enjoy.


Additionally, the northern border provides a gateway to the central and southern regions of the United States. Major highways and interstates connect Texas and Oklahoma, facilitating transportation and trade between the two states.


In summary, Texas’ northern border with Oklahoma offers a blend of landscapes, cultures, and recreational opportunities. From the fertile Red River Valley to the vibrant city of Texoma, there is much to explore and discover in this region.


Southern Border of Texas

The southern border of Texas spans approximately 1,254 miles and is defined by its shared boundary with Mexico. This border plays a vital role in shaping the cultural, economic, and political landscape of both Texas and Mexico.


One of the prominent features along the southern border is the Rio Grande, which serves as a natural barrier separating the two countries. The river not only provides a scenic backdrop but also serves an essential role in irrigation and water supply for agriculture in the region.


The southern border region is known for its rich blend of cultures, influenced by both Mexican and Texan traditions. From the vibrant flavors of Tex-Mex cuisine to the colorful celebrations of Cinco de Mayo and Dia de los Muertos, the cultural exchange between Texas and Mexico is evident throughout the area.


Several cities along the southern border, such as El Paso and Laredo, serve as major gateways for trade and commerce between Texas and Mexico. These cities are bustling economic hubs that benefit from the cross-border exchange of goods and services.


The southern border also presents unique challenges and opportunities. Border security and immigration are important topics of discussion, and efforts are constantly being made to strike a balance between ensuring national security and maintaining the flow of trade and tourism.


The natural beauty of the southern border region is awe-inspiring. From the rugged landscapes of Big Bend National Park to the stunning beaches of South Padre Island, outdoor enthusiasts have a plethora of options to explore and indulge in various recreational activities.


Visiting the southern border of Texas offers a glimpse into the interconnectedness and shared history between Texas and Mexico. It provides a chance to experience the vibrant culture, delicious cuisine, and breathtaking landscapes that are unique to this region.


In summary, the southern border of Texas is a melting pot of cultures, a gateway for trade, and a captivating destination for outdoor enthusiasts. It exemplifies the close relationship between Texas and Mexico while showcasing the diverse offerings that make this region so special.


Eastern Border of Texas

The eastern border of Texas is defined by its shared boundary with the neighboring state of Louisiana. Spanning over 350 miles, this border encompasses a region rich in history, culture, and natural wonders.


One of the prominent features along the eastern border is the Sabine River, which separates Texas from Louisiana. This scenic river serves as a gateway to both states and has historically played a pivotal role in transportation and trade. The Sabine River Basin is also known for its diverse flora and fauna, attracting nature enthusiasts and wildlife photographers.


The cities and towns along the eastern border offer a unique blend of Texan and Louisianan influences. From the distinct Creole and Cajun cuisines to the vibrant music scenes, this region is a melting pot of cultures. Cities like Beaumont, Port Arthur, and Orange showcase the rich history of the oil industry and the impact it has had on the economy and culture of the region.


The eastern border is also home to the Big Thicket National Preserve, a vast and diverse ecosystem that encompasses multiple habitats, including forests, swamps, and marshes. This natural treasure provides opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, birdwatching, and kayaking.


Another significant attraction along the eastern border is the Gulf of Mexico. The coastline offers beautiful beaches, fishing opportunities, and a variety of water sports. Destinations like Galveston and Port Arthur attract visitors with their historic architecture, charming waterfronts, and coastal attractions.


Furthermore, the eastern border of Texas connects the state to the rest of the eastern United States through major highways and interstates, making it a crucial transportation corridor and facilitating commerce and trade.


In summary, the eastern border of Texas, defined by its association with Louisiana, offers a unique blend of culture, history, and natural beauty. From the scenic Sabine River to the vibrant cities and the picturesque Gulf Coast, this region provides a captivating experience for both locals and visitors alike.


Western Border of Texas

The western border of Texas is defined by its shared boundary with the neighboring country of Mexico. Stretching over 1,255 miles, this border showcases the vast landscapes, rich history, and cultural influences that make the western region of Texas truly captivating.


One of the prominent features along the western border is the Rio Grande, which serves as a natural border between Texas and Mexico. This iconic river not only provides a stunning backdrop but also plays a significant role in irrigation, agriculture, and water supply for the region.


The western border region is home to the majestic Big Bend National Park, a sprawling wilderness that encompasses the Chisos Mountains, the Chihuahuan Desert, and the winding Rio Grande. This park offers breathtaking vistas, diverse wildlife, and a plethora of outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, and stargazing.


The towns and cities along the western border, including El Paso and Del Rio, showcase a unique blend of Texan and Mexican cultures. The influence of Mexican traditions, cuisine, and language is evident in the vibrant marketplaces, colorful festivals, and delicious culinary offerings.


One of the highlights of the western border is the rich historical heritage. Fort Davis, located near the western border, is a well-preserved frontier military post that provides fascinating insights into the history of the region. Visitors can explore the restored buildings, learn about the life of soldiers, and gain a deeper understanding of the challenges faced during the settlement of the West.


The western border also serves as a gateway for cross-border trade and tourism. The bustling border towns and cities facilitate the exchange of goods, services, and cultural experiences between Texas and Mexico. El Paso, in particular, acts as a major center for international trade and provides a unique blend of American and Mexican lifestyles.


In addition to its cultural and historical significance, the western border region of Texas is renowned for its scenic beauty. From the rugged mountains of the Guadalupe Mountains National Park to the serene desert landscapes, this area holds endless opportunities for exploration and adventure.


In summary, the western border of Texas is a region brimming with natural beauty, cultural diversity, and a rich historical heritage. From the majestic Big Bend National Park to the vibrant border towns, this area offers a unique blend of Texan and Mexican influences that make it a must-visit destination for travelers.



Exploring the borders of Texas offers a glimpse into the rich tapestry of cultures, landscapes, and histories that make the Lone Star State truly unique. From the northern border shared with Oklahoma to the southern border with Mexico, the eastern border with Louisiana, and the western border with Mexico, each boundary brings its own distinct flavors and influences to Texas.


The northern border of Texas showcases the scenic beauty of the Red River Valley and the fusion of Texan and Oklahoman cultures. Outdoor enthusiasts can enjoy activities like fishing, hiking, and camping in this diverse region. Moreover, the northern border provides an important avenue for transportation and trade between Texas and Oklahoma.


The southern border, defined by the Rio Grande, embodies the close relationship between Texas and Mexico. This border presents a blend of cultures, delicious cuisine, and vibrant celebrations. The southern border region is not only a hub for cross-border trade and commerce but also offers stunning natural landscapes and recreational opportunities.


The eastern border offers a unique blend of Texan and Louisianan influences, from the flavors of Creole and Cajun cuisine to the historic charm of cities like Beaumont and Port Arthur. This border region also boasts the beauty of the Sabine River and the Gulf of Mexico coastline, providing opportunities for outdoor activities and coastal exploration.


Finally, the western border of Texas showcases the rugged beauty of Big Bend National Park, the influence of Mexican culture in towns like El Paso, and the rich historical heritage of frontier forts. The western border serves as a gateway for cross-border trade, tourism, and adventure amidst its breathtaking landscapes.


In conclusion, the borders of Texas highlight the diversity, history, and natural wonders that shape the state’s identity. Whether you’re exploring the northern, southern, eastern, or western border, each region offers a unique and enriching experience. So, pack your bags, hit the road, and discover the allure of Texas’s bordering countries.