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How Many States Does Texas Border


Modified: January 3, 2024

by Laverne Nordstrom



Welcome to Texas, the Lone Star State! With its vast land area, rich history, and diverse cultural heritage, Texas is truly a unique and remarkable state in the United States. From sprawling metropolitan cities to rural countryside, Texas offers a plethora of experiences for residents and visitors alike.


But have you ever wondered how many states border Texas? In this article, we’ll explore the bordering states of Texas and delve into the fascinating geographical features that define its boundaries.


Texas, located in the southern region of the United States, stands as the second-largest state in terms of both land area and population. It shares borders with a total of four states: Oklahoma to the north, Arkansas and Louisiana to the east, and New Mexico to the west. Furthermore, Texas also shares a border with the country of Mexico to the south.


The diverse landscapes and distinct regions of Texas make it a melting pot of cultures, traditions, and natural wonders. From the rolling plains and deserts of West Texas to the dense forests and bayous of the East, the state offers a captivating blend of scenic beauty and vibrant city life.


Join us as we embark on a journey to explore the bordering states of Texas and uncover the unique characteristics that define each border.


Overview of Texas

Texas, often referred to as the Lone Star State, holds a special place in the hearts of many. With a land area covering approximately 268,820 square miles, Texas is larger than many countries around the globe. It is divided into distinct regions, each with its own geographical and cultural identity.


Home to over 29 million people, Texas boasts a rich history shaped by indigenous tribes, Spanish explorers, Mexican settlers, and pioneers who ventured westward during the days of the Wild West. This heritage is reflected in the diverse cultural fabric of the state, with influences from Texas’ Native American, Hispanic, and Western roots.


The state is famous for its robust economy, driven by industries such as oil and gas, agriculture, technology, and manufacturing. Houston, the state’s largest city, is a global hub for energy and healthcare. Dallas-Fort Worth, another major metropolitan area, is renowned for its corporate headquarters and booming job market.


As for its natural beauty, Texas offers a wide range of landscapes, from the breathtaking canyons of Palo Duro to the sparkling waters of the Gulf Coast. The state is home to four national parks, including Big Bend National Park, a hidden gem famed for its rugged mountains and pristine wilderness.


Texans take great pride in their traditions and have a deep passion for sports, especially football. Friday nights under the stadium lights are sacred as Texas high school football is a celebrated event that brings communities together.


Whether you’re a history buff exploring iconic sites like the Alamo in San Antonio, a nature enthusiast exploring the scenic Hill Country, or a foodie indulging in delicious Tex-Mex cuisine, Texas offers a wide range of experiences to suit every taste.


Now that we’ve covered the overview of Texas, let’s dive into the bordering states that add to the unique character of the Lone Star State.


Bordering States of Texas

Texas is bordered by four states in the United States, each contributing to its diverse cultural heritage and shaping its boundaries. Let’s take a closer look at each of these bordering states:

  1. Oklahoma: Texas shares its northern border with Oklahoma. The Red River forms a natural boundary between the two states. Oklahoma is known for its diverse geography, from rolling prairies to ancient mountains and expansive forests. The shared border between Texas and Oklahoma is marked by both rural areas and bustling cities.
  2. Arkansas: To the east, Texas shares its border with Arkansas. The boundary runs along the course of the Sabine River. Arkansas is characterized by its lush forests, clear lakes, and the majestic Ozark Mountains. This border region offers a blend of natural beauty and historical significance.
  3. Louisiana: Texas’ eastern border is shared with Louisiana, with the Sabine River acting as a natural divider between the two states. The region is known for its vibrant Cajun and Creole culture, delicious cuisine, and lively music scene. From the bustling city of New Orleans to the expansive bayous and swamps, the Texas-Louisiana border is full of unique charm.
  4. New Mexico: Texas shares its western border with the state of New Mexico. The border is demarcated by the meandering Rio Grande River. New Mexico is famous for its stunning desert landscapes, mountain ranges, and vibrant art scene. The border region between Texas and New Mexico offers a contrasting blend of arid beauty and rugged terrain.

In addition to these neighboring states, Texas also shares a border with Mexico to the south. The Rio Grande River acts as the international boundary between the two countries. This border region is significant for its rich history, cultural exchange, and proximity to iconic sites such as the border town of El Paso.


The bordering states of Texas play a vital role in shaping the identity of the Lone Star State, contributing to its diverse cultural heritage, and offering opportunities for cross-state exploration and collaboration.


Now that we’ve explored the bordering states of Texas, let’s take a closer look at each individual border and the unique characteristics that define them.


Northern Border

The northern border of Texas is shared with the state of Oklahoma. The boundary between these two states is formed by the majestic Red River, which stretches for approximately 1,360 miles. This natural watercourse not only serves as a geographical marker but also contributes to the unique landscapes and cultural heritage of the region.


As the Red River meanders along the border, it gives rise to picturesque vistas and recreational opportunities. Dotted along its banks, you’ll find lush forests, fertile farmlands, and charming small towns that showcase the rural way of life in both Texas and Oklahoma.


The northern border region is home to several notable cities, including Wichita Falls and Amarillo in Texas, as well as Lawton and Tulsa in Oklahoma. These urban areas serve as economic centers and offer a variety of attractions, from museums and art galleries to thriving music scenes and sports events.


One of the prominent features along the northern border is Lake Texoma, a sprawling reservoir that straddles both Texas and Oklahoma. This large body of water provides ample opportunities for fishing, boating, and other water-related activities. Additionally, the expansive Lake Texoma State Park offers camping grounds, hiking trails, and picnic areas for visitors to enjoy.


The northern border region also holds historical significance, particularly during the era of the Wild West. Fort Sill in Lawton, Oklahoma, serves as a reminder of the Indian Wars and the relocation of Native American tribes to reservations. Visitors can explore museums and learn about the rich Native American heritage that still permeates the region.


For nature enthusiasts, the northern border is a gateway to outdoor adventures. Palo Duro Canyon, often referred to as the “Grand Canyon of Texas,” lies just south of the Texas Panhandle and offers breathtaking views and hiking trails. The unique geology and vibrant colors of the canyon make it a must-visit destination for nature lovers.


As you venture along the northern border of Texas, you’ll experience the charm of small-town life, the natural beauty of the Red River, and the blend of Texas and Oklahoma cultures that have shaped this region.


Now, let’s turn our attention to the eastern border of Texas and the fascinating features that define it.


Eastern Border

The eastern border of Texas is shared with the states of Arkansas and Louisiana, with the boundary defined by the Sabine River. This river serves as a natural divider, meandering its way through lush forests, swamps, and bayous, creating a distinctive and picturesque border region.


The eastern border is characterized by an abundance of natural beauty and rich biodiversity. The dense piney woods of East Texas, coupled with the winding waterways of the Sabine River Basin, create a scenic mosaic that attracts outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers.


As you travel along the eastern border, you’ll encounter charming towns and cities that offer glimpses into the unique cultural heritage of this region. Places like Beaumont and Orange in Texas, along with Shreveport in Louisiana, showcase a blend of Southern hospitality, Cajun influences, and Texas charm.


The border region is known for its vibrant music scene, particularly in cities like Shreveport, where blues, jazz, and country music thrive. Visitors can enjoy live performances, festivals, and cultural events that highlight the musical traditions of Texas and Louisiana.


A prominent attraction near the eastern border is the Big Thicket National Preserve, a biodiverse wilderness that spans over 100,000 acres. It is home to a variety of plant and animal species, making it a hub for wildlife observation, hiking, and exploring nature trails.


For history enthusiasts, the eastern border offers a glimpse into the past. The region played a significant role during the Civil War and is dotted with historical sites and landmarks that tell the story of this tumultuous time in American history. From the Battleship Texas in La Porte to the historic buildings of Natchitoches in Louisiana, the eastern border is a treasure trove of historic sites.


The border region is also renowned for its culinary delights. Louisiana’s Cajun and Creole cuisines, known for their flavorful spices and unique flavors, blend seamlessly with Texas’ traditional Southern cuisine. From mouthwatering gumbo and jambalaya to famous Texas barbecue, food lovers will find a delightful fusion of tastes and culinary traditions.


As you explore the eastern border of Texas, be prepared for breathtaking natural scenery, cultural diversity, and a taste of Southern hospitality that define this enchanting region.


Now, let’s move on to the southern border of Texas and the distinct characteristics that set it apart.


Southern Border

The southern border of Texas is perhaps its most unique and internationally significant border. Spanning approximately 1,254 miles, it shares its boundary with Mexico, delineated by the legendary Rio Grande River. The southern border region is a melting pot of cultures, a hub of international commerce, and a place where history and heritage intertwine.


The Rio Grande River serves as a lifeline for the region, providing water for irrigation, supporting diverse ecosystems, and acting as a natural barrier between the two countries. The border region is a blend of vibrant cities, agricultural communities, and vast stretches of unspoiled wilderness.


One of the most iconic cities along the southern border is El Paso, a city whose unique position on the border offers a fascinating blend of Mexican and American cultures. Visitors can explore the historic architecture of downtown El Paso and indulge in delicious Mexican cuisine from nearby Ciudad Juarez, just across the border.


Further east, the border landscape transitions into the rugged beauty of the Big Bend region. Big Bend National Park, a sprawling natural wonder, showcases the stunning desert landscapes, towering mountains, and winding canyons that make this area a haven for outdoor enthusiasts.


The southern border region is rich in history, with several missions, forts, and historic sites that tell the story of Spanish colonization and the struggle for independence. The San Antonio Missions, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the famous Alamo are just a few examples of the region’s historical significance.


Trade and commerce play a significant role in the southern border’s economy. The international bridges and ports of entry, such as Laredo and Brownsville, facilitate the flow of goods and people between the United States and Mexico, supporting a thriving cross-border trade industry.


But it’s not just economic activity that ties the two countries together. The southern border is a place where cultures blend, and a vibrant exchange of traditions, languages, and customs takes place. Festivals, celebrations, and community events showcase the rich cultural heritage of both Texas and Mexico, creating a unique and dynamic atmosphere.


The southern border region is also known for its wildlife and natural wonders. The Rio Grande Valley, with its diverse bird population and lush tropical landscapes, attracts birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts from around the world. The stunning beauty of the Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge and the serene beauty of the Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge are just a glimpse of the natural treasures found along the southern border.


As you explore the southern border of Texas, be prepared to immerse yourself in a vibrant blend of cultures, experience the rich history, and witness the natural wonders that make this region a true gem.


Now, let’s move on to the western border of Texas and discover the awe-inspiring landscapes that await.


Western Border

The western border of Texas stretches for over 1,240 miles and is shared with the state of New Mexico. This border region showcases the rugged and diverse landscape that defines the western part of the Lone Star State.


The Rio Grande River continues to play a vital role as it winds its way through the western border, creating a natural boundary between Texas and New Mexico. This majestic river carves through deep canyons, such as the famous Santa Elena Canyon, offering breathtaking vistas and opportunities for river rafting and hiking.


The western border is characterized by vast expanses of desert, including the Chihuahuan Desert, one of the largest deserts in North America. The Big Bend region, located along this border, is renowned for its remote wilderness, towering canyon walls, and star-filled night skies. Big Bend National Park attracts visitors from around the world with its opportunities for hiking, camping, and stargazing.


As you venture along the western border, you’ll encounter small towns and communities that embody the frontier spirit of Texas. Places like El Paso and Del Rio offer a blend of unique cultural influences, reflecting the rich history and heritage of the region.


The western border is also home to several natural landmarks and attractions. Guadalupe Mountains National Park, located near the town of El Paso, boasts the highest peak in Texas, Guadalupe Peak, and offers opportunities for hiking, backpacking, and exploring ancient fossil reefs.


For history buffs, the frontier towns of Fort Davis and Presidio offer a glimpse into the past with their well-preserved forts and historic buildings. These sites highlight the role of the military and settlers in the exploration and development of the western border region.


In addition to its natural beauty and historical significance, the western border is also a gateway to the diverse cultures that have influenced Texas. The region is known for its vibrant Hispanic and Native American heritage, with cultural traditions, festivals, and cuisine that add a unique flavor to the area.


As you journey through the western border of Texas, be prepared to be captivated by the captivating desert landscapes, enchanted by the rich history, and inspired by the vibrant cultures that define this awe-inspiring region.


Now that we’ve explored the bordering states of Texas and the unique characteristics that define each border, let’s reflect on the diverse experiences and adventures that await those who venture into the Lone Star State.



As we conclude our exploration of the bordering states of Texas, we have gained insight into the diverse landscapes, rich histories, and unique cultural heritage that define the boundaries of the Lone Star State. From the northern border shared with Oklahoma to the eastern border with Arkansas and Louisiana, the southern border with Mexico, and the western border with New Mexico, each region offers its own captivating experiences and wonders.


Texas, with its vast land area and diverse regions, showcases a blend of cosmopolitan cities, rugged wilderness, and small-town charm. Its borders serve as gateways to an array of natural wonders, from the picturesque Red River in the north to the sprawling Rio Grande River in the south. Along these borders, we’ve discovered lush forests, scenic canyons, pristine lakes, and vibrant waterways that provide opportunities for recreation and exploration.


The bordering states have also left their mark on Texas’ cultural tapestry. The influence of Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, and New Mexico can be seen in the cuisine, music, traditions, and historical landmarks that grace the regions bordering Texas. This cultural diversity adds depth and richness to the Texas experience.


As we travel through Texas, we encounter bustling cities like Houston and Dallas-Fort Worth, each offering their own unique blend of urban attractions, thriving economies, and cultural experiences. We delve into the small towns along the borders, where the spirit of the frontier is still alive and the stories of the past continue to be shared.


Texas is a state of contrasts, where modernity and tradition coexist, and where natural wonders and man-made marvels intertwine. It is a place where cowboy culture meets contemporary art, where technology thrives alongside agriculture, and where the warmth of Southern hospitality is felt at every turn.


Whether you’re exploring the northern plains, immersing yourself in the Cajun culture along the eastern border, witnessing the cross-border dynamics in the south, or marveling at the desert landscapes of the west, Texas offers an abundance of experiences and adventures for everyone.


So, come and discover the vibrant cities, explore the untamed wilderness, embrace the rich history, savor the flavors of Tex-Mex cuisine, and immerse yourself in the unique spirit of Texas. Whether you’re a resident or a visitor, Texas welcomes you with open arms and promises an unforgettable journey.


Pack your bags and get ready to explore the wonders of the Lone Star State. Texas is waiting for you.