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Scenes From The Flåm Railway, Norway


Modified: January 3, 2024

by Maria Rivera



Nestled in the heart of Norway, the Flåm Railway is a renowned attraction that offers breathtaking views and unforgettable experiences. Known for its majestic landscapes, dramatic waterfalls, and awe-inspiring engineering, this railway journey is a must-do for any traveler exploring Norway.


The Flåm Railway, or Flåmsbana in Norwegian, is a 20.2-kilometer long railway line that stretches from the village of Flåm, located at the innermost part of the Aurlandsfjord, to the high mountain station of Myrdal. The railway is a major feat of engineering, with steep gradients, sharp turns, and tunnels carved through the rugged mountainside.


The railway was originally constructed to transport goods and provide access to remote mountain communities. However, it has now become one of the most iconic tourist attractions in Norway, attracting visitors from all over the world.


The Flåm Railway offers a mesmerizing journey through some of Norway’s most stunning landscapes. Passengers are treated to panoramic views of towering mountains, deep valleys, lush greenery, and cascading waterfalls. The ever-changing scenery is a testament to the natural beauty of Norway, with each season offering a unique and enchanting experience.


Whether you’re a nature lover, a photography enthusiast, or simply seeking a memorable adventure, the Flåm Railway is sure to captivate your senses. From the moment the train departs from Flåm station, you are immersed in a world of untouched splendor.


The journey takes you through tunnels that cut through the mountains, over bridges that span deep gorges, and past picturesque villages nestled along the fjord. It’s a visual feast that invites you to sit back, relax, and embrace the beauty of Norway.


Throughout this article, we will take you on a virtual tour of the Flåm Railway, showcasing its history, breathtaking scenery, and the many attractions and activities that await you along the way. So, get ready to embark on an unforgettable adventure through one of Norway’s most spectacular wonders.


History of the Flåm Railway

The Flåm Railway has a rich history dating back to the late 19th century. The construction of the railway was a response to the growing demand for transportation and communication between the remote mountain communities of western Norway.


The initial plans for the Flåm Railway were drawn up in the 1920s, but it wasn’t until the 1930s that construction began. The railway was built in stages, with the first section connecting Myrdal and Berekvam opening in 1940. However, due to the outbreak of World War II, further construction was put on hold and it wasn’t until 1944 that the railway finally reached Flåm.


Building the Flåm Railway was a herculean task. The rugged terrain and steep gradients posed a significant challenge for the engineers and workers involved in the project. They had to navigate through rocky mountains, construct tunnels, and create support structures to provide stability for the tracks.


The railway’s construction also required the building of bridges, including the famous Kjosfossen Bridge, which spans a gorge and provides passengers with breathtaking views of the majestic Kjosfossen waterfall.


Despite the challenges, the Flåm Railway was completed in 1947, connecting Flåm to the Bergen Line and providing a vital transportation link to the region. Over the years, the railway has undergone several upgrades and improvements to ensure its safety and efficiency.


Today, the Flåm Railway stands as a testament to human ingenuity and determination. It is not only an important transportation route but also a popular tourist attraction that allows visitors to experience the rugged beauty of Norway’s fjord landscapes.


As you embark on the Flåm Railway journey, take a moment to appreciate the hard work and dedication that went into creating this engineering marvel. Each twist and turn along the track is a reminder of the railway’s remarkable history and the enduring spirit of Norway’s mountain communities.


The Route and Scenery

The Flåm Railway offers a scenic journey through some of the most breathtaking landscapes in Norway. As the train departs from Flåm, it winds its way through narrow valleys, steep mountain slopes, and picturesque villages, providing passengers with stunning views at every turn.


The journey begins in Flåm, a charming village situated at the innermost part of the Aurlandsfjord. From here, the train starts its ascent, gradually climbing up the steep slopes towards Myrdal. As you sit back and enjoy the ride, you’ll be treated to panoramic views of cascading waterfalls, lush green meadows, and snow-capped peaks.


One of the highlights of the route is the Kjosfossen waterfall, which can be seen from the train as it passes over the Kjosfossen Bridge. The waterfall cascades down the mountainside, creating a mesmerizing display of power and beauty. Don’t forget to have your camera ready to capture this awe-inspiring sight!


Another notable feature of the Flåm Railway is the Rallarvegen, a popular cycling and hiking trail that runs parallel to the tracks. This scenic path offers a unique perspective of the railway and allows you to fully immerse yourself in the stunning natural surroundings.


As the train continues its ascent, you’ll notice the changing landscape. The dense forests give way to barren highland areas, offering a stark contrast in scenery. You’ll also pass through numerous tunnels, including the iconic Tvindefossen tunnel, which provides a close-up view of the Tvindefossen waterfall.


Throughout the journey, the train makes several stops, allowing passengers to disembark and explore the surrounding areas. One of the most popular stops is the Kårdal Station, where you can visit the Flåm Railway Museum. Here, you can learn more about the history and construction of the railway, as well as view vintage locomotives and other fascinating exhibits.


As the train reaches Myrdal, located at an elevation of 866 meters above sea level, you’ll be rewarded with breathtaking views of the surrounding mountains and valleys. Myrdal is also an important junction for connecting to the Bergen Line, which offers further opportunities for exploration and adventure.


Whether you’re a nature enthusiast, a photography lover, or simply seeking tranquility amidst stunning landscapes, the route and scenery of the Flåm Railway will leave you in awe. This unforgettable journey through Norway’s fjord region is a feast for the eyes and a true testament to the natural beauty of the country.


Flåm Village

Flåm village is a picturesque and enchanting destination that serves as the starting point for the unforgettable Flåm Railway journey in Norway. Situated at the innermost part of the Aurlandsfjord, Flåm is a charming village that offers a perfect blend of natural beauty, cultural experiences, and warm Norwegian hospitality.


As you step off the train in Flåm, you’ll immediately notice the quaint and traditional Norwegian buildings surrounded by breathtaking fjords and towering mountains. The village exudes a sense of tranquility and serenity, making it an ideal place to unwind and immerse yourself in the natural wonders of Norway.


Despite its small size, Flåm has a range of amenities and attractions for visitors to enjoy. The Flåm Marina is a hub of activity, offering boat trips along the fjords, kayaking tours, and opportunities to go fishing. You can also rent bikes and explore the surrounding area at your own pace.


For those interested in learning more about the local culture and history, a visit to the Flåm Church is a must. Dating back to the 17th century, this white stave church is an architectural gem and offers a peaceful refuge for contemplation.


Flåm is also home to a vibrant arts and crafts community. You’ll find numerous galleries and shops showcasing the work of local artisans, from traditional woodcarvings to contemporary paintings. Don’t forget to pick up a unique souvenir to remember your visit to Flåm.


If you’re a food lover, Flåm offers a variety of dining options that cater to all tastes. From cozy cafes serving freshly baked pastries to gourmet restaurants offering a taste of Norwegian cuisine, you’ll find something to satisfy your palate. Be sure to try local specialties such as the famous Norwegian salmon or brown cheese.


For a truly magical experience, consider taking a nighttime stroll along the waterfront. The stillness of the fjord and the reflection of the starry sky create a dreamlike atmosphere that is nothing short of enchanting.


For accommodations, Flåm offers a range of options, from cozy guesthouses and charming hotels to campsites and cabins. Whichever you choose, you’ll be greeted with warm Norwegian hospitality and a comfortable place to rest after a day of exploration.


Overall, Flåm village is a hidden gem in the heart of the Norwegian fjords. Its stunning natural surroundings, rich cultural heritage, and warm hospitality make it a perfect destination for anyone seeking an authentic Norwegian experience. So, make sure to allocate some time to explore this charming village before embarking on your unforgettable Flåm Railway journey.


Waterfalls along the Railway

The Flåm Railway journey is not only known for its stunning landscapes, but also for the majestic waterfalls that adorn the route. As the train winds its way through the Norwegian mountains, passengers are treated to incredible views of cascading waterfalls, adding a touch of enchantment and beauty to the already breathtaking journey.


One of the most iconic waterfalls along the Flåm Railway route is the Kjosfossen. As the train crosses the Kjosfossen Bridge, passengers are delighted by the sight of this impressive waterfall, which plunges over 225 meters from the mountainside. The sheer power of the waterfall, combined with the mist and the sound of rushing water, creates a truly mesmerizing experience.


The train makes a brief stop near Kjosfossen, allowing passengers to disembark and get a closer view of the waterfall. Many visitors take this opportunity to capture photos or simply soak in the awe-inspiring ambiance of this natural wonder.


Another notable waterfall along the route is the Rjoandefossen. This waterfall can be seen from the train as it passes through the scenic Rjoandefossen Tunnel. The waterfall cascades down in multiple tiers, creating a mesmerizing display of water and mist. The surrounding lush vegetation adds to its picturesque beauty, making it a favorite spot for photographers.


As the train continues its journey, you may also catch glimpses of other smaller waterfalls along the way. These hidden gems add to the overall charm and scenic beauty of the Flåm Railway, creating memorable moments for every passenger.


It’s important to note that due to the changing seasons, the volume and intensity of the waterfalls may vary. During the spring thaw, when the snow melts and the rivers run freely, the waterfalls are at their most impressive. However, even during the drier summer months, the waterfalls retain their natural allure, as they continue to flow steadily amid the striking landscapes.


As you yearn for a closer encounter with these captivating waterfalls, consider taking a boat tour along the fjords or embarking on a hiking adventure. Many local tour operators offer excursions that allow you to get up close and personal with the waterfalls, providing a truly immersive experience in the natural wonders of Norway.


So, get ready to be enchanted by the spectacular waterfalls along the Flåm Railway. As you journey through the Norwegian mountains, keep your eyes peeled for these awe-inspiring natural wonders, and let them add a touch of magic to your unforgettable Flåm Railway experience.



One of the most magnificent attractions along the Flåm Railway route is the mesmerizing Kjosfossen waterfall. Located just a short distance from the Kjosfossen Bridge, this iconic waterfall is a sight that will leave you speechless.


As the train crosses the bridge, you’ll catch your first glimpse of the majestic Kjosfossen. The waterfall gracefully tumbles down from a height of over 225 meters, creating a wild and powerful display of nature’s might. The sheer volume of water cascading down the rocky cliffs is truly awe-inspiring.


As you approach Kjosfossen, you’ll notice the train slowing down, giving passengers the opportunity to fully appreciate the beauty of the waterfall. The train may even come to a stop, allowing you to savor the moment and capture stunning photos of this natural wonder.


One of the fascinating features of Kjosfossen is the way it seems to appear out of nowhere. The waterfall emerges from a narrow crevice in the mountainside, engulfing the surrounding area in mist and creating a mystical atmosphere. It’s as if you’ve stumbled upon a secret hideaway hidden within the Norwegian mountains.


What adds to the allure of Kjosfossen is the folklore that accompanies it. According to local legends, the waterfall is home to beautiful, mythological creatures known as “huldra.” These alluring creatures, often depicted as stunningly beautiful women with long, flowing hair, are said to lure unsuspecting visitors with their enchanting songs and dances. The tales of the huldra only add to the enchantment and mystique of this incredible natural spectacle.


To truly appreciate the power and grandeur of Kjosfossen, consider disembarking from the train and making your way closer to the waterfall. There is a well-maintained viewing platform where you can stand and feel the mist on your face as you take in the awe-inspiring scene. Close your eyes and let the thundering sound of the water envelop you, transporting you into the heart of nature.


While experiencing Kjosfossen during the day is a breathtaking experience, witnessing it at night adds a touch of magic. The waterfall is illuminated with lights, casting an ethereal glow and creating a truly enchanting ambiance. The combination of darkness, mist, and the sparkling lights brings this natural wonder to life in a whole new way.


No trip on the Flåm Railway is complete without marveling at the magnificence of Kjosfossen. It’s a true testament to the beauty and power of Mother Nature and will leave an indelible mark on your memory of the Flåm Railway journey.


The Steepest Railway Line in the World

The Flåm Railway proudly holds the title of being the steepest standard gauge railway line in the world. With a maximum gradient of 55%, this remarkable feat of engineering offers an exhilarating and unforgettable journey through the Norwegian mountains.


The steep gradient of the Flåm Railway is a defining characteristic that sets it apart from other railway lines. As the train climbs from Flåm to Myrdal, passengers can feel the slight incline and marvel at the engineering marvel that allows the train to navigate such steep slopes. The railway’s ascent is a testament to human ingenuity and the determination to connect the remote mountain communities of western Norway.


The steepness of the railway line also contributes to the awe-inspiring views and dramatic landscapes that passengers experience throughout the journey. As the train winds its way up the mountainside, passengers are treated to breathtaking views of deep valleys, cascading waterfalls, and towering peaks. Each twist and turn reveals a new and inspiring vista, making the Flåm Railway a paradise for nature lovers and adventure seekers.


One of the most thrilling sections of the journey is the stretch between Kårdal and Myrdal, where the train tackles an impressive 864-meter vertical climb. The train navigates hairpin bends and passes through tunnels carved into the mountains, providing passengers with a front-row seat to the remarkable engineering marvel that is the Flåm Railway.


While the steep gradient of the Flåm Railway may seem daunting to some, rest assured that safety is a top priority. The trains are equipped with advanced braking systems and are operated by skilled professionals who ensure a smooth and secure journey for all passengers.


The steepness of the railway line also adds an element of excitement and adventure to the journey. It’s a thrilling experience to witness firsthand the train conquering the challenging terrain and defying gravity as it ascends the Norwegian mountains. The steepness of the line adds to the overall sense of achievement and makes the Flåm Railway journey even more memorable.


Whether you’re a railway enthusiast, a nature lover, or simply seeking a unique and thrilling experience, the Flåm Railway’s status as the steepest standard gauge railway line in the world guarantees an unforgettable adventure. From the moment you board the train to the moment you reach the summit at Myrdal, you’ll be captivated by the sheer beauty, engineering prowess, and sheer excitement of Norway’s legendary Flåm Railway.


The Flåm Railway Museum

The Flåm Railway Museum offers a fascinating glimpse into the history and development of one of Norway’s most iconic railway lines. Located at the Kårdal Station, this museum provides visitors with an opportunity to delve deeper into the rich heritage and engineering marvels of the Flåm Railway.


At the museum, you will find a wide array of exhibits that highlight the construction, challenges, and triumphs of building this remarkable railway. The museum showcases historical photographs, artifacts, and interactive displays that bring the story of the Flåm Railway to life.


One of the highlights of the museum is the collection of vintage locomotives and railway cars. These beautifully preserved vehicles give visitors a glimpse into the past, allowing them to imagine what it must have been like to travel on the Flåm Railway in its early days.


As you explore the museum, you’ll also learn about the engineering techniques used to overcome the steep gradients and challenging terrain of the railway. From the construction of tunnels to the building of bridges, you’ll gain a deeper understanding of the ingenuity and determination that went into creating this engineering masterpiece.


The museum also sheds light on the social and cultural impact of the Flåm Railway. It showcases the lives of the people who were involved in the railway’s construction and operation, highlighting their daily routines, challenges, and contributions. You’ll gain a deeper appreciation for the human element behind the railway’s success.


For railway enthusiasts, the Flåm Railway Museum is a treasure trove of information. You’ll discover the evolution of rail transportation in Norway, from early steam locomotives to modern electric trains. The museum provides a comprehensive overview of the technological advancements that have shaped the Flåm Railway over the years.


Whether you’re visiting with your family, seeking to expand your knowledge of railway history, or simply looking for a unique cultural experience, the Flåm Railway Museum has something to offer. It’s a chance to step back in time and immerse yourself in the captivating story of the Flåm Railway.


After exploring the museum, you can take a leisurely stroll around the Kårdal Station area and enjoy the stunning views of the surrounding mountains and valleys. The combination of the museum visit and the picturesque surroundings makes for a memorable experience that truly encapsulates the spirit of the Flåm Railway.


So, make sure to include a visit to the Flåm Railway Museum in your itinerary. It’s a perfect opportunity to deepen your understanding of this iconic railway and appreciate the remarkable engineering, history, and cultural significance behind the Flåm Railway.


Wildlife Spotting

Exploring the Flåm Railway is not just about the awe-inspiring landscapes and engineering marvels; it is also an excellent opportunity for wildlife spotting. The Norwegian mountains and fjords are home to a diverse range of animal species, and the Flåm Railway provides a unique vantage point to observe and appreciate the local wildlife.


As you journey through the rugged terrain, keep your eyes open for the chance to spot some of Norway’s most iconic creatures. From grazing reindeer to soaring eagles, the Flåm Railway offers a front-row seat to observe these magnificent animals in their natural habitat.


One of the most commonly spotted animals along the railway route is the reindeer. These majestic creatures can often be seen grazing peacefully in the valleys and meadows, their antlers adding a touch of grandeur to the already stunning scenery. Keep an eye out for them particularly during the summer months when they roam freely in search of food.


Another majestic bird frequently seen in the area is the white-tailed eagle. With its enormous wingspan and keen eyesight, this impressive bird can often be seen swooping and soaring above the fjords, hunting for fish. Keep your camera ready to capture the graceful flight of these magnificent creatures as they navigate the dramatic landscapes.


If you’re lucky, you might also catch a glimpse of other wildlife such as foxes, otters, and seals. These elusive creatures hide in the nooks and crannies of the fjords, so keep a watchful eye on the shores as you travel along the Flåm Railway.


For avid birdwatchers, the Flåm Railway offers the perfect opportunity to spot a variety of bird species. Look out for the colorful plumage of the European golden plover, the distinctive call of the curlew, or the acrobatic flights of swifts and swallows. The train’s slow pace and frequent stops allow ample time to observe and appreciate these feathered friends.


Throughout your journey, it’s important to remember that the wildlife in these areas should be observed from a respectful distance. Help preserve their natural habitat by refraining from feeding or approaching them too closely. This will ensure that future visitors can also enjoy the thrill of spotting these magnificent creatures.


Regardless of whether you’re a seasoned wildlife enthusiast or a casual observer, the Flåm Railway offers an incredible opportunity to connect with nature and witness Norway’s wildlife in all its glory. So, sit back, relax, and keep your eyes peeled for these delightful encounters as you embark on your Flåm Railway adventure.


Activities and Attractions

While the Flåm Railway itself is a major attraction, there are plenty of activities and attractions to enhance your overall experience in this beautiful region of Norway. Whether you’re seeking adventure, cultural immersion, or relaxation, there’s something for everyone to enjoy.


One of the most popular activities for visitors is exploring the stunning fjords by boat. Take a fjord cruise or rent a kayak to get up close and personal with the breathtaking landscapes. From the water, you’ll have a unique perspective of the towering cliffs, cascading waterfalls, and picturesque villages that dot the fjords.


For the more adventurous souls, hiking is a fantastic way to experience the beauty of the Norwegian mountains. There are numerous trails to choose from, ranging from leisurely walks to challenging hikes for the more experienced. Lace up your hiking boots and set off to discover hidden gems, breathtaking viewpoints, and abundant wildlife.


A visit to the Stegastein Viewpoint is a must for those seeking panoramic views of the Aurlandsfjord. Located just a short drive from Flåm, this architectural masterpiece offers astonishing views from its glass platform, suspended 30 meters above the mountainside. It’s a truly awe-inspiring vantage point that will leave you breathless.


Immerse yourself in the cultural heritage of the region by visiting the Ægir Brewery and Pub. Situated adjacent to the Flåm Railway, this traditional Viking-style lodge offers a unique experience for beer enthusiasts. Sample their handcrafted beers, enjoy a delicious meal, and learn about the ancient Norse legends and traditions that inspire their brews.


If you’re traveling with family, a visit to the Flåm Railway Park is a must. This interactive museum showcases railway history and offers miniature train rides that will delight children and adults alike. It’s a fun-filled adventure where you can learn about trains, play on the playground, and enjoy a picnic surrounded by the scenic beauty of the Flåm Valley.


For a taste of local cuisine, don’t miss the opportunity to try traditional Norwegian dishes. From freshly caught seafood to regional specialties like reindeer meat and brunost (brown cheese), the local restaurants and cafes in Flåm offer a range of culinary delights that will satisfy even the most discerning taste buds.


Finally, for those seeking relaxation and rejuvenation, consider treating yourself to a spa day at one of the luxurious wellness centers in the area. Unwind with a soothing massage, enjoy a dip in a hot tub with panoramic views, or simply take a peaceful stroll along the fjord and embrace the tranquility of nature.


With an abundance of activities and attractions to choose from, your time in Flåm will be filled with unforgettable experiences. Whether you’re seeking adventure, culture, or simply a moment of serenity, Flåm has it all. So, plan your itinerary, embrace the beauty around you, and create memories that will last a lifetime.



The Flåm Railway is a true gem in the heart of Norway, offering a captivating journey through stunning landscapes, remarkable engineering, and a rich cultural heritage. From the moment you board the train in the picturesque village of Flåm to the exhilarating ascent up the steep slopes to Myrdal, every moment of the journey is filled with awe-inspiring beauty.


The Flåm Railway is not only a transportation route but also an experience that immerses you in the natural wonders of Norway. The panoramic views of mountains, valleys, and cascading waterfalls create an ever-changing tapestry of breathtaking scenery. The steep gradients, hairpin bends, and tunnels carved through the mountains are a testament to human ingenuity and the determination to connect remote communities.


Along the route, you’ll have the opportunity to explore attractions such as the Kjosfossen waterfall, visit the Flåm Railway Museum, and engage in a variety of outdoor activities, such as hiking, boat trips, and wildlife spotting. These experiences allow you to deepen your understanding of the region’s history, culture, and natural heritage.


Flåm village itself offers a unique charm, with its traditional Norwegian architecture, arts and crafts, and delightful culinary offerings. The warm hospitality of the locals adds to the overall experience, making you feel welcomed and embraced by the beauty of the fjords.


As you conclude your Flåm Railway adventure, take a moment to reflect on the memories you have created. The awe-inspiring landscapes, the thrilling train ride, and the cultural immersion all contribute to a truly unforgettable journey. The Flåm Railway is not simply a means of transportation, but a gateway to a world of natural beauty and cultural wonders.


Whether you’re a nature lover, a railway enthusiast, or simply seeking an escape into tranquility, the Flåm Railway is sure to leave a lasting impression. So, as you bid farewell to this incredible destination, carry the memories of your Flåm Railway journey with you, knowing that you have experienced the unforgettable beauty of Norway’s fjord region.