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The Best Time To Travel To Egypt


Modified: December 28, 2023

by Petronella Warnick



Known for its rich history, captivating landscapes, and vibrant culture, Egypt is a fascinating destination that attracts travelers from around the world. From the iconic pyramids of Giza to the tranquil shores of the Red Sea, this ancient land offers a myriad of experiences. But when is the best time to visit Egypt?


The answer to that question depends on a variety of factors, including the weather, tourist crowds, and the specific activities you want to engage in during your trip. In this article, we will explore the different seasons in Egypt and highlight the best times to visit based on your preferences.


Egypt experiences a desert climate, with hot summers and mild winters. The country is divided into two main regions: Lower Egypt, which includes the Nile Delta and the Mediterranean coast, and Upper Egypt, which encompasses the Nile Valley and the southern parts of the country.


The weather in Egypt can be categorized into three main seasons: the peak tourist season, the shoulder season, and the off-peak season. Understanding the characteristics of each season will help you make an informed decision about when to plan your trip.


Weather in Egypt

The climate in Egypt is predominantly defined by its desert landscapes, with hot and arid conditions throughout most of the year. However, there are variations in temperature and weather patterns depending on the season and region.


During the summer months, which typically span from June to September, temperatures in Egypt soar, especially in the southern parts of the country. In cities like Luxor and Aswan, temperatures can easily reach above 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit). It’s important to note that the coastal areas, particularly the Mediterranean coast, are slightly cooler during this time, making them more popular among visitors seeking reprieve from the scorching heat.


Winter in Egypt, from December to February, is generally mild and pleasant. Temperatures in Cairo and along the Nile Valley range between 15 to 25 degrees Celsius (59 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit), while coastal areas experience slightly cooler temperatures. This time of year is considered the peak tourist season, as visitors from colder climates flock to Egypt to escape the winter chill.


Spring and autumn, known as the shoulder seasons, are considered the best times to visit Egypt due to the moderate temperatures. From March to May and from September to November, the weather is pleasantly warm, with temperatures ranging between 20 to 30 degrees Celsius (68 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit). It’s during these months that Egypt truly shines, offering comfortable weather for outdoor activities and sightseeing.


It’s important to keep in mind that Egypt is a large country with diverse landscapes, and the weather can vary from region to region. For example, the coastal areas, such as Hurghada and Sharm El Sheikh, experience milder temperatures year-round due to their proximity to the Red Sea, making them popular destinations for beachgoers.


Now that we have a better understanding of the weather patterns in Egypt, let’s delve into the different tourist seasons and explore the best times to visit based on your preferences.


Peak Tourist Season

The peak tourist season in Egypt falls during the winter months, from December to February. This is when the weather is most pleasant, with mild temperatures and little to no rainfall. It’s also the time when visitors from colder climates flock to Egypt to escape the harsh winter weather back home.


During the peak season, popular tourist attractions like the Pyramids of Giza, the Valley of the Kings, and the Temples of Luxor are bustling with activity. The iconic sites can be quite crowded, especially in major tourist hubs like Cairo and Luxor. It’s advisable to book your accommodations and tickets in advance to avoid any inconvenience.


In addition to the historical wonders, the Red Sea coastal towns of Hurghada and Sharm El Sheikh also experience a surge in visitors during the peak season. The pristine beaches, crystal-clear waters, and vibrant coral reefs make these destinations ideal for snorkeling, diving, and other water-based activities.


While the peak season offers optimal weather conditions and a lively atmosphere, it’s worth noting that prices for flights, accommodations, and tours may be higher during this time. It’s advisable to plan and book well in advance to secure the best deals and availability.


If you don’t mind the crowds and are willing to pay a little extra for a more comfortable travel experience, the peak tourist season in Egypt is the perfect time to explore the country’s historical treasures and enjoy the pleasant weather.


Shoulder Season

The shoulder seasons, spanning from March to May and from September to November, are considered the ideal times to visit Egypt for many travelers. These are the months when the weather is moderate, with warm temperatures and less tourist congestion compared to the peak season.


During the shoulder season, you can expect temperatures ranging from 20 to 30 degrees Celsius (68 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit), offering comfortable conditions for exploring ancient sites and indulging in outdoor activities. Whether you want to visit the iconic pyramids, take a Nile cruise, or go snorkeling in the Red Sea, the shoulder season provides the perfect climate for these pursuits.


One of the major advantages of visiting Egypt during the shoulder season is the relatively lower prices for flights, accommodations, and tours compared to the peak season. You can find better deals and have more flexibility in choosing your preferred accommodations and activities.


During this time, you’ll also have a better chance of experiencing Egypt’s cultural highlights without the large crowds. You can explore the hidden gems of Cairo’s Old Town, visit the ancient temples in Luxor, and immerse yourself in the vibrant local markets, all while enjoying a more intimate and authentic experience.


It’s worth noting that the shoulder season coincides with several significant festivals and events in Egypt. For example, the Luxor and Aswan Nile Festivals, held during October and November, showcase traditional music, dance, and cultural performances. The Spring Festival, celebrated in April, marks the beginning of the agricultural season and offers a glimpse into the local customs and traditions.


If you prefer to avoid the peak season crowds and high prices, while still enjoying favorable weather and experiencing Egypt’s vibrant culture, the shoulder season is the perfect time to plan your visit. Be sure to check the specific dates of festivals and events to enhance your travel experience.


Off-peak Season

The off-peak season in Egypt, from June to August, is characterized by scorching temperatures and low tourist numbers. This period coincides with the hot summer months, where temperatures can rise above 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit), especially in the southern parts of the country.


While the off-peak season may not be the most popular time to visit Egypt due to the extreme heat, it does have its advantages for those who can tolerate the temperature or prefer fewer crowds. One of the main benefits is the significantly lower prices for accommodations, flights, and tours. You can often find great deals on hotels and enjoy a more budget-friendly experience overall.


During the off-peak season, you can still explore the cultural treasures of Egypt, but it’s important to plan your activities accordingly. To beat the heat, consider visiting popular attractions early in the morning or late in the afternoon when temperatures are slightly cooler. It’s also advisable to stay hydrated and wear light clothing to cope with the high temperatures.


The off-peak season is an ideal time for visiting coastal areas like Hurghada and Sharm El Sheikh. While the temperature can still be hot, the coastal breeze offers some relief, and the pristine beaches and clear waters are a delight for beach lovers. Additionally, it’s also a great time to enjoy water sports such as diving and snorkeling, as many tour operators offer discounted rates during this period.


If you’re looking for a more laid-back and serene experience in Egypt, away from the crowds, the off-peak season can provide a unique opportunity to enjoy the country’s stunning landscapes and attractions without the hustle and bustle of the peak tourist season. Just be prepared for the high temperatures and plan your activities accordingly.


Festivals and Events

Egypt is a country rich in cultural traditions and vibrant celebrations. Throughout the year, various festivals and events offer visitors a unique insight into the local customs and traditions. Attending these festivities can add an extra layer of excitement and immersion to your trip.


One of the most renowned festivals in Egypt is the Cairo International Film Festival, held annually in November. This prestigious event brings together filmmakers, actors, and film enthusiasts from around the world to showcase and honor the best of Egyptian and international cinema.


For those interested in spirituality and religious traditions, the Holy Month of Ramadan is a significant time in Egypt. Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset during this month, and the streets come alive with vibrant activities and feasts after sundown. It’s a wonderful opportunity to experience the local culture and partake in traditional iftar meals.


Another major festival in Egypt is Eid al-Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadan. It’s a time of celebration, where families come together, exchange gifts, and enjoy festive meals. Cairo and other cities are adorned with colorful decorations, and you’ll witness a joyful atmosphere across the country.


Travelers interested in traditional music and dance should not miss the International Sufi Dance Festival in Cairo. This captivating event showcases the mesmerizing performances of Sufi dancers, drawing inspiration from ancient spiritual practices.


For art enthusiasts, the Luxor International Painting Symposium, held annually in November, brings together local and international artists to create and exhibit their artwork. The symposium offers a unique opportunity to interact with artists and witness their creative process.


Other notable events include the Abu Simbel Sun Festival, which occurs twice a year when the rising sun aligns with the statues in the Abu Simbel temples, creating a breathtaking spectacle. Additionally, the Wadi Rum Festival, held in the White Desert, showcases the beauty of Egypt’s unique landscapes through various cultural and artistic activities.


Attending these festivals and events will not only provide you with unforgettable experiences but also allow you to engage with the vibrant culture and traditions of Egypt. Be sure to check the specific dates and plan your visit accordingly to make the most of these incredible celebrations.


Best Time for Cultural Sightseeing

Egypt is a treasure trove of ancient wonders and historical sites, making it an ideal destination for cultural sightseeing. To fully immerse yourself in Egypt’s rich heritage, it’s important to choose the best time to visit, when the weather is pleasant and the crowds are manageable.


The shoulder seasons, from March to May and from September to November, offer the ideal climate for exploring Egypt’s cultural gems. During these months, temperatures are mild, ranging from 20 to 30 degrees Celsius (68 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit), allowing you to comfortably navigate the historical sites without the sweltering heat of summer or the chill of winter.


Visiting during the shoulder season also means avoiding the peak tourist crowds, giving you a more intimate and immersive experience. You’ll have more space and time to fully appreciate the intricate details of the pyramids, temples, and tombs, and soak in the storied history that surrounds them.


Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, is a must-visit for cultural enthusiasts. The Egyptian Museum is home to an extensive collection of ancient artifacts, including the stunning treasures of Tutankhamun. Exploring the Islamic Cairo district will take you back in time with its stunning mosques, madrasas, and bustling markets.


For those interested in ancient Egyptian history, Luxor is a true paradise. This open-air museum boasts the colossal temples of Karnak and Luxor, the Valley of the Kings, and the Temple of Hatshepsut, all of which offer captivating insights into the lives of pharaohs and ancient Egyptian civilization.


Aswan, located on the banks of the Nile River, is another cultural hotspot. Here, you can explore the magnificent Philae Temple, sail on a traditional felucca boat, and visit the unfinished Obelisk. The tranquil and picturesque surroundings add to the charm of this ancient city.


While cultural sightseeing can be enjoyed year-round in Egypt, it’s important to avoid the extreme temperatures and peak tourist season to have a more enjoyable and immersive experience. The shoulder seasons strike the perfect balance, offering comfortable weather, fewer crowds, and ample opportunities to explore and appreciate Egypt’s cultural heritage.


Best Time for Outdoor Activities

Egypt’s diverse landscapes and vibrant waters offer a plethora of outdoor activities for adventure seekers and nature enthusiasts. Whether you’re interested in exploring the desert, diving in the Red Sea, or hiking in the mountains, timing your visit correctly can enhance your outdoor experience.


The cooler months of winter, from December to February, provide the best conditions for outdoor activities in Egypt. During this time, temperatures are mild, ranging from 15 to 25 degrees Celsius (59 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit), making it comfortable for various outdoor pursuits.


For desert adventurers, this is the ideal time to embark on a desert safari or experience an exhilarating camel ride across the golden sands. From the vast dunes of the Western Desert to the stunning landscapes of the White Desert, winter offers pleasant temperatures and clear skies, allowing you to fully appreciate the mesmerizing beauty of Egypt’s deserts.


The Red Sea coast is a paradise for water sports enthusiasts, and the winter months provide perfect conditions for diving, snorkeling, and swimming. The water temperature remains warm at around 23 to 26 degrees Celsius (73 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit), while visibility is excellent, allowing you to explore the vibrant coral reefs and encounter diverse marine life.


Adventurers seeking more active pursuits can head to the Sinai Peninsula, home to Mount Sinai and the famous Saint Catherine’s Monastery. The winter months offer ideal temperatures for hiking and climbing, allowing you to ascend the mountain and witness the breathtaking sunrise from its summit.


Spring and autumn, the shoulder seasons, also provide favorable conditions for outdoor activities in Egypt. From March to May and from September to November, the weather is pleasantly warm, offering ample opportunities for hiking, biking, and exploring without the scorching heat of summer.


It’s important to note that summer, from June to August, can be extremely hot, particularly in the southern parts of Egypt. Engaging in outdoor activities during this time is not recommended due to the high temperatures, which can exceed 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit).


By planning your outdoor activities during the winter and shoulder seasons, you can enjoy Egypt’s stunning landscapes, partake in thrilling water sports, and engage in various outdoor adventures in comfortable temperatures, maximizing your enjoyment of these exhilarating experiences.



Choosing the best time to visit Egypt is crucial for a memorable and fulfilling experience. Whether you’re interested in cultural sightseeing, outdoor activities, or attending festive events, understanding the different seasons and their characteristics will help you plan your trip accordingly.


The peak tourist season, from December to February, offers pleasant weather and bustling attractions. However, be prepared for higher prices and larger crowds. The shoulder seasons, from March to May and from September to November, provide a balance between enjoyable temperatures and fewer tourists, making it an ideal time for cultural sightseeing and outdoor adventures.


The off-peak season, from June to August, brings scorching temperatures but also lower prices and fewer crowds, making it a suitable time for cost-conscious travelers who can handle the heat.


Throughout the year, Egypt showcases its rich culture through numerous festivals and events. Attending these celebrations can provide a deeper immersion into the local traditions and add an extra layer of excitement to your trip.


Ultimately, the best time to visit Egypt depends on your personal preferences and the experiences you wish to have. Consider the weather, tourist crowds, and specific activities you plan to engage in to make an informed decision. By doing so, you’ll ensure a remarkable journey through the ancient wonders, stunning landscapes, and vibrant culture of this captivating country.