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Africa Travel Guide – Best Places To Visit In Africa + Tips


Modified: January 3, 2024

by Deena Heffernan



Welcome to the cradle of humanity, where vibrant cultures, breathtaking landscapes, and diverse wildlife come together to create an unparalleled travel experience. Africa, the world’s second-largest continent, is a treasure trove of remarkable destinations waiting to be explored. From the mesmerizing deserts of North Africa to the lush rainforests of Central Africa and the iconic savannahs of East Africa, there is something for every traveler in this captivating region.


Africa is home to 54 countries, each with its own unique history, traditions, and natural wonders. Every corner of the continent offers a distinctive blend of ancient civilizations, colonial heritage, and modern innovations. Whether you seek adventure, relaxation, or cultural immersion, Africa has it all.


One cannot talk about Africa without mentioning its remarkable wildlife. Safaris in Africa provide the opportunity to witness the Big Five – lions, elephants, buffalos, leopards, and rhinos – in their natural habitats. From the Serengeti in Tanzania to the Okavango Delta in Botswana, seeing these majestic creatures up close is an experience that will leave you in awe.


But Africa is not just about wildlife. It boasts stunning natural landscapes that will leave you breathless. From the majestic dunes of the Sahara Desert in Morocco to the magnificent Victoria Falls on the border of Zimbabwe and Zambia, the continent is a visual feast for nature lovers.


As you embark on your African adventure, be prepared to be enchanted by its rich cultural heritage. From the ancient pyramids of Egypt to the vibrant markets of Marrakech, the continent is a tapestry of traditions, languages, and cuisines. Immerse yourself in the rhythmic beats of African music, indulge in a fusion of flavors, and explore the intricate craftsmanship of local artisans.


Traveling in Africa is an experience like no other. It is a chance to disconnect from the fast-paced world and connect with nature, history, and the warm hospitality of its people. Get ready to embark on a journey of a lifetime as we guide you through the best places to visit in Africa and provide you with invaluable tips to make your trip unforgettable.


North Africa

North Africa is a region of rich history, cultural diversity, and stunning landscapes. It comprises countries such as Morocco, Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, and Libya. This region is known for its ancient civilizations, bustling markets, and breathtaking coastlines.


Start your North African adventure in Morocco, a country that offers a blend of vibrant cities, picturesque landscapes, and fascinating Berber culture. Explore the bustling souks of Marrakech, wander through the labyrinthine streets of Fez, and visit the stunning blue city of Chefchaouen. Don’t miss the opportunity to trek through the Atlas Mountains and spend a night in a traditional Berber village.


Egypt, the land of pharaohs and pyramids, is another must-visit destination in North Africa. Discover the wonders of ancient Egypt as you explore the iconic Pyramids of Giza, sail along the Nile River, and marvel at the remarkable temples of Luxor and Abu Simbel. Experience the vibrant atmosphere of Cairo, where old meets new in a chaotic yet captivating way.


Tunisia offers a unique blend of Mediterranean beauty and Arab-Islamic heritage. Explore the well-preserved Roman ruins of Carthage, wander through the narrow streets of the UNESCO-listed Medina of Tunis, and relax on the stunning beaches of Djerba. Don’t forget to visit the desert oasis of Tozeur and embark on a thrilling camel ride through the Sahara.


Algeria, the largest country in Africa, is a hidden gem waiting to be discovered. From the vibrant capital city of Algiers to the ancient Roman ruins of Timgad, this country is a treasure trove of historical and archaeological wonders. Explore the rugged landscapes of the Sahara Desert, hike through the stunning Hoggar Mountains, and immerse yourself in the unique culture of the Tuareg people.


While political instability has made travel to Libya challenging in recent years, the country boasts a rich history and natural beauty. The UNESCO-listed ancient Roman ruins of Leptis Magna and Sabratha offer a glimpse into the country’s storied past. Libya’s stunning coastline, with its crystal-clear waters and pristine beaches, is a testament to its untapped potential as a tourist destination.


North Africa is a region of contrasts, where ancient traditions coexist with modern influences. From exploring ancient ruins to immersing yourself in vibrant markets, this region offers an unforgettable travel experience. Whether you’re drawn to the hustle and bustle of the cities or the tranquility of the desert, North Africa beckons with its captivating allure.


West Africa

West Africa is a vibrant and diverse region that encompasses countries like Nigeria, Ghana, Senegal, Ivory Coast, and Mali. This part of the continent is known for its rich cultural heritage, beautiful beaches, and bustling markets.


Start your West African journey in Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa. Explore the vibrant city of Lagos, known for its bustling street markets and energetic nightlife. Visit the historic city of Ibadan, with its ancient palaces and traditional architecture. Don’t miss the opportunity to visit the Yankari National Park, home to a wide range of wildlife, including elephants, hippos, and lions.


Ghana, often referred to as the “Gateway to Africa,” offers a unique blend of history and natural beauty. Explore the vibrant capital city of Accra, where you can visit the Kwame Nkrumah Mausoleum and experience the rich culture of the Ga people. Discover the UNESCO-listed castles and forts along the Cape Coast, which played a significant role in the transatlantic slave trade. Relax on the pristine beaches of the Cape Coast or head to the lush forests of Kakum National Park for a treetop canopy walk.


Senegal is a country known for its vibrant music scene, rich history, and beautiful landscapes. Explore the vibrant streets of Dakar, visit the iconic African Renaissance Monument, and indulge in delicious Senegalese cuisine. Take a trip to the UNESCO-listed island of Gorée, which served as a major slave trading center. Don’t miss the opportunity to visit the stunning pink lake, Lac Rose, and witness the traditional salt extraction process.


Ivory Coast, also known as Côte d’Ivoire, is renowned for its stunning beaches and diverse culture. Explore the vibrant city of Abidjan, known for its impressive skyline and bustling markets. Discover the rich history and traditions of the Baoulé people in the city of Yamoussoukro, where you can visit the famous Basilica of Our Lady of Peace. Relax on the pristine beaches of Grand-Bassam or head to the national parks for a chance to see elephants, lions, and hippos in their natural habitats.


Mali, the land of ancient civilizations, offers a unique travel experience. Explore the bustling streets of Bamako, visit the UNESCO-listed ancient city of Timbuktu, and marvel at the stunning mud-brick mosques of Djenné. Don’t miss the opportunity to experience the vibrant culture of the Dogon people, known for their intricate artwork and traditional ceremonies.


West Africa is a region of immense cultural diversity and natural beauty. Dive into the captivating history, explore bustling markets, and soak up the sun on pristine beaches. From the vibrant cities to the serene landscapes, West Africa will leave you with unforgettable memories.


East Africa

East Africa is a captivating region that encompasses countries such as Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, and Ethiopia. This part of Africa is renowned for its stunning landscapes, abundant wildlife, and rich cultural heritage.


Start your East African adventure in Kenya, known for its iconic safari experiences. Embark on a thrilling game drive in the Maasai Mara National Reserve, where you can witness the Great Migration of wildebeest and zebras. Explore the beautiful capital city of Nairobi, visit the Giraffe Centre, and learn about the Maasai culture in traditional Maasai villages. Don’t forget to venture to the stunning Rift Valley and its picturesque lakes, such as Lake Nakuru and Lake Naivasha.


Tanzania is another must-visit destination in East Africa, famous for its incredible wildlife and pristine beaches. Explore the Serengeti National Park, home to an abundance of wildlife including lions, elephants, and cheetahs. Marvel at the majestic Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa. Don’t miss the opportunity to visit the Ngorongoro Crater, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a haven for diverse wildlife.


Uganda, often referred to as the “Pearl of Africa,” offers a unique combination of wildlife, adventure, and natural beauty. Embark on a thrilling gorilla trekking experience in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, where you can encounter endangered mountain gorillas in their natural habitat. Explore the stunning landscapes of Queen Elizabeth National Park, Murchison Falls National Park, and the beautiful Lake Bunyonyi.


Rwanda, the land of a thousand hills, is known for its incredible biodiversity and conservation efforts. Visit Volcanoes National Park, where you can trek to meet the endangered mountain gorillas. Explore the vibrant capital city of Kigali and learn about the country’s tragic history at the Genocide Memorial. Don’t miss the opportunity to relax on the serene shores of Lake Kivu and visit the beautiful Nyungwe Forest National Park.


Ethiopia, one of the oldest civilizations in the world, offers a unique travel experience. Explore the ancient rock-hewn churches of Lalibela, visit the beautiful castles of Gondar, and discover the stunning landscapes of the Simien Mountains. Immerse yourself in the vibrant culture of Addis Ababa and indulge in the delicious Ethiopian cuisine.


East Africa is a region of incredible biodiversity, breathtaking landscapes, and rich cultural heritage. Whether you’re seeking a thrilling safari adventure, a trek to meet mountain gorillas, or a journey through ancient civilizations, East Africa has something for every traveler.


Central Africa

Central Africa is a region of unparalleled natural beauty and diverse wildlife. It comprises countries such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cameroon, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, and Equatorial Guinea. This part of Africa is known for its lush rainforests, mighty rivers, and unique wildlife.


The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is home to the renowned Virunga National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a sanctuary for critically endangered mountain gorillas. Explore the stunning landscapes of the Nyiragongo volcano and embark on a thrilling trek to witness its lava lake. Discover the vibrant culture of Kinshasa, the bustling capital city of the DRC.


Cameroon, often referred to as “Africa in miniature,” offers a diverse range of landscapes and cultures. Explore the beautiful beaches of Limbe, hike through the scenic mountains of the Bamenda Highlands, and immerse yourself in the rich traditions of the Baka people. Don’t miss the opportunity to visit the Waza National Park, known for its diverse wildlife population, including elephants, lions, and giraffes.


Gabon is a hidden gem of Central Africa, with vast stretches of unspoiled rainforests and pristine beaches. Explore the bustling streets of Libreville, visit the famous Loango National Park, and witness the migration of humpback whales along the coast. Discover the cultural heritage of the Fang people and immerse yourself in the mesmerizing sounds of traditional music.


The Republic of the Congo, often referred to as Congo-Brazzaville, is a destination for nature lovers. Explore the lush rainforests of Odzala-Kokoua National Park and go on a thrilling safari to spot gorillas, elephants, and buffalo. Cruise along the mighty Congo River and visit the vibrant capital city of Brazzaville, where French and African influences merge.


Equatorial Guinea, the only country in Central Africa with Spanish as an official language, offers a unique blend of culture and natural wonders. Visit the stunning beaches of Bioko Island, explore the vibrant markets in Malabo, and immerse yourself in the traditions of the Fang and Bubi people. Don’t miss the opportunity to visit Monte Alen National Park, a haven for diverse wildlife including gorillas, chimpanzees, and elephants.


Central Africa is a region of awe-inspiring landscapes, unique wildlife, and vibrant cultures. Whether you’re exploring dense rainforests, venturing to encounter gorillas, or immersing yourself in the rich traditions of local communities, Central Africa promises a remarkable and authentic travel experience.


Southern Africa

Southern Africa is a region of diversity, natural beauty, and adventure. It comprises countries such as South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique. This part of Africa offers breathtaking landscapes, iconic wildlife, and a rich cultural heritage.


South Africa is a country that has it all. Explore the vibrant city of Cape Town, with its stunning Table Mountain backdrop and iconic landmarks like Robben Island. Embark on a safari in Kruger National Park, one of the best wildlife destinations in Africa, where you can spot the Big Five and more. Discover the diverse landscapes of the Drakensberg Mountains, the picturesque Garden Route, and the beautiful beaches of the Eastern Cape.


Botswana is renowned for its pristine wilderness and abundant wildlife. Experience the vastness of the Okavango Delta, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a haven for diverse wildlife and stunning scenery. Visit Chobe National Park, known for its large elephant herds, and witness the mesmerizing spectacle of the Makgadikgadi Pans. Don’t miss the opportunity to explore the Kalahari Desert and learn about the fascinating culture of the San people.


Namibia is a land of stark beauty and unique landscapes. Visit the iconic red dunes of the Namib Desert and witness the ethereal beauty of Sossusvlei. Discover the fascinating wildlife of Etosha National Park and explore the coastal town of Swakopmund with its German colonial architecture. Take a scenic drive along the Skeleton Coast and marvel at the dramatic landscapes shaped by the Atlantic Ocean.


Zimbabwe offers a wealth of natural wonders and cultural experiences. Explore the majestic Victoria Falls, one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World, and indulge in thrilling activities such as white-water rafting or bungee jumping. Visit Hwange National Park for incredible wildlife sightings, including lions, elephants, and giraffes. Discover the ancient stone ruins of Great Zimbabwe, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and immerse yourself in the rich history and traditions of the Zimbabwean people.


Mozambique is a coastal paradise with pristine beaches and vibrant marine life. Discover the stunning Bazaruto Archipelago, where you can indulge in snorkeling or diving to explore the colorful coral reefs. Visit the vibrant capital city of Maputo, known for its Portuguese colonial architecture and lively markets. Don’t miss the opportunity to enjoy fresh seafood and immerse yourself in the rhythmic beats of traditional Mozambican music.


Southern Africa is a region of immense beauty, incredible wildlife, and rich cultural traditions. Whether you’re exploring the vibrant cities, observing wildlife in its natural habitat, or relaxing on pristine beaches, Southern Africa offers a diverse range of experiences that will leave you in awe.


Tips for Traveling in Africa

Traveling to Africa is an adventure like no other. To make the most of your trip and ensure a smooth and enjoyable experience, here are some essential tips to keep in mind:

  1. Research and plan: Africa is a vast continent with diverse countries and regions. Research your destination thoroughly, including visa requirements, health precautions, and local customs, to ensure a well-prepared trip.
  2. Pack appropriately: Africa’s climate can vary significantly from region to region. Pack lightweight, breathable clothing for hot weather, as well as layers for cooler temperatures. Don’t forget essentials like sunscreen, insect repellent, and comfortable walking shoes.
  3. Stay hydrated: African climates can be hot and dry, so it’s important to stay hydrated. Carry a reusable water bottle and drink plenty of fluids, including purified water.
  4. Respect the local culture: Africa is home to a rich cultural heritage. Respect local customs, traditions, and dress codes. Learning a few basic phrases in the local language can also go a long way in fostering positive interactions.
  5. Ensure your safety: While Africa is generally safe, it’s essential to take precautions. Be aware of your surroundings, avoid displaying expensive jewelry or electronics, and use reputable transportation options.
  6. Get comprehensive travel insurance: Accidents and unforeseen events can happen anywhere. Purchase travel insurance that covers medical emergencies, trip cancellations, and lost belongings to have peace of mind during your journey.
  7. Embrace the wildlife responsibly: If you’re going on a safari or encountering wildlife, follow the guidance of experienced guides and respect the animals’ space. Do not feed or touch the wildlife and maintain a safe distance at all times.
  8. Support local communities: Consider supporting local businesses, artisans, and community initiatives during your trip. This helps to contribute to the local economy and sustainable development.
  9. Be prepared for power and connectivity issues: Some remote areas may have limited access to electricity and internet connectivity. Carry a power bank and inform your loved ones of potential communication gaps, especially if you’re traveling to more rural areas.
  10. Keep an open mind: Africa is a continent of diverse experiences and unexpected adventures. Embrace the local culture, try new foods, and be open to new experiences. Remember, flexibility and a positive attitude will make your journey even more memorable.

By following these tips, you’ll be well-prepared to navigate the wonders and challenges that Africa has to offer. Embrace the diversity, immerse yourself in the local culture, and create memories that will last a lifetime.



Africa and the Middle East are regions that captivate the imagination and offer a wealth of diverse experiences for travelers. From the ancient pyramids of Egypt to the stunning landscapes of Namibia, from the vibrant markets of Morocco to the breathtaking wildlife encounters in Tanzania, these regions have something for everyone.


As you embark on your journey, remember to immerse yourself in the rich cultural heritage, indulge in the flavors of the local cuisine, and be open to the unexpected adventures that await. Africa and the Middle East offer a unique blend of history, natural beauty, and warm hospitality that will leave an indelible mark on your soul.


Whether you’re exploring the ancient wonders of Egypt, embarking on a thrilling safari in Kenya, venturing through the vibrant souks of Marrakech, or setting foot on the beautiful beaches of Zanzibar, these regions will capture your heart and ignite your passion for travel.


Traveling in Africa and the Middle East requires careful planning, but the effort is well worth it. Research your destination, pack appropriately, and respect the local customs and traditions. Embrace the challenges and relish the rewards as you navigate through these distinctive and mesmerizing regions.


Whether you’re seeking adventure, relaxation, wildlife encounters, or cultural immersion, Africa and the Middle East offer an abundance of unforgettable experiences. From the iconic landmarks to the hidden gems, these regions invite you to uncover their secrets and create memories that will last a lifetime.


So, embrace the spirit of exploration and embark on a journey of discovery in Africa and the Middle East. Allow yourself to be captivated by the beauty, history, and diversity that these regions have to offer. Get ready to write your own chapter in the story of these remarkable destinations.