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Which Countries Border Saudi Arabia?


Modified: December 28, 2023

by Ollie Nason



Saudi Arabia is a vast and diverse country located in the Middle East, known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning landscapes. Spanning over approximately 2.15 million square kilometers, Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the Middle East and the 13th largest in the world. One of the interesting aspects of Saudi Arabia is its unique geographical position, as it shares its borders with several countries in the region. These neighboring countries not only contribute to Saudi Arabia’s cultural and economic exchanges but also offer travelers a chance to explore diverse landscapes and experience different cultures.


In this travel guide, we will dive into the details of the countries that border Saudi Arabia, highlighting their unique characteristics and the opportunities they present for travelers. From the historic ruins of Jordan to the tranquil beaches of Oman, these neighboring countries offer a wide range of experiences that complement a visit to Saudi Arabia.


So, if you’re planning a trip to Saudi Arabia or simply curious about the countries that lie on its borders, join us on this journey as we explore the neighboring countries and discover the wonders that await just beyond Saudi Arabia’s borderlines.


Neighboring Countries of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia shares its borders with several countries, each with its own unique characteristics and attractions. These neighboring countries are Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen. Let’s take a closer look at each of these countries and discover what they have to offer.


1. Jordan: Located to the northwest of Saudi Arabia, Jordan is known for its rich historical and archaeological sites, including the ancient city of Petra and the breathtaking landscapes of Wadi Rum. Whether you’re exploring the ruins of Jerash or floating in the Dead Sea, Jordan offers a distinct and captivating experience.


2. Iraq: To the north of Saudi Arabia lies Iraq, a country steeped in ancient history. While parts of Iraq may not be accessible due to ongoing conflicts, the region of Iraqi Kurdistan offers stunning natural beauty, including the picturesque mountains of the Zagros Range.


3. Kuwait: Sharing its northeastern border with Saudi Arabia, Kuwait is a small yet vibrant country. Visitors can explore the iconic Kuwait Towers, indulge in shopping at luxurious malls, or relax by the Arabian Gulf’s sandy beaches.


4. Qatar: Situated to the northeast of Saudi Arabia, Qatar boasts a blend of modernity and rich cultural heritage. From the futuristic skyline of Doha to the traditional Souq Waqif, Qatar offers a mix of architectural wonders and authentic Arabian experiences.


5. Bahrain: Located as a group of islands off the eastern coast of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain is known for its rich history and cultural heritage. Explore the ancient burial mounds at Bahrain Fort, visit the iconic Al-Fateh Mosque, or enjoy the vibrant atmosphere of Manama’s markets and nightlife.


6. United Arab Emirates: Sharing its southeastern border with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is famous for its awe-inspiring skyscrapers, luxurious resorts, and vibrant cities like Dubai and Abu Dhabi. Visitors can indulge in world-class shopping, admire stunning architectural creations, or take a desert safari for an unforgettable adventure.


7. Oman: To the south of Saudi Arabia lies Oman, a country known for its rugged landscapes, ancient forts, and stunning coastline. From the enchanting beauty of Muscat to the majestic mountains of Jebel Shams, Oman offers a blend of culture, history, and natural wonders.


8. Yemen: Located to the south of Saudi Arabia, Yemen is a country with a rich cultural heritage and breathtaking landscapes. While the ongoing conflict may restrict travel to certain areas, Yemen’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites, such as Shibam and Sana’a, offer a glimpse into its ancient past.


These neighboring countries of Saudi Arabia provide a fascinating contrast to the kingdom’s own attractions. From historical landmarks to modern cities, from tranquil beaches to rugged landscapes, the countries bordering Saudi Arabia offer a diverse range of experiences for travelers to explore and enjoy.


Saudi Arabia’s Borders with Jordan

The border between Saudi Arabia and Jordan stretches over 700 kilometers, making it one of the longest borders for both countries. The crossing points between the two nations are strategically located and provide an opportunity for travelers to easily explore the unique attractions each country has to offer.


On the Saudi Arabian side, the border region opens up to vast deserts, rugged mountains, and ancient historical sites. One of the prominent attractions near the border is the Al-Ula Governorate, home to the remarkable UNESCO World Heritage Site of Madain Saleh, also known as Al-Hijr. This ancient city dates back to the Nabatean civilization and features impressive rock-cut tombs and intricate carvings that rival those of Petra in Jordan.


As you cross over to the Jordanian side, you’ll be greeted by a diverse and rich cultural heritage. The highlight of Jordan’s border region is the world-renowned city of Petra. This archaeological wonder, also known as the Rose City, showcases elaborate rock-cut architecture and attracts visitors from around the globe. From exploring the Treasury and the Monastery to hiking the trails of the Siq, a visit to Petra is an unforgettable experience.


Beyond Petra, the Jordanian side of the border also offers captivating natural beauty. The Wadi Rum desert, with its stunning red sand dunes and towering rock formations, provides a magical setting for adventure enthusiasts. Visitors can experience jeep safaris, camel rides, and even hot air balloon rides to witness the breathtaking landscapes from above.


In addition to the historical and natural attractions, the Saudi Arabia-Jordan border region also allows for cultural exchanges. The Bedouin communities residing on both sides of the border offer an opportunity to experience their way of life, traditions, and hospitality. Camping under the starry sky, enjoying traditional meals, and listening to their stories are experiences that will give you a deeper insight into the local culture.


Whether you start your journey from Saudi Arabia and cross into Jordan or vice versa, the borders between these two countries offer a gateway to remarkable historical sites, stunning landscapes, and immersive cultural experiences. The shared border allows travelers to seamlessly explore the wonders of both Saudi Arabia and Jordan, creating a truly unforgettable travel experience.


Saudi Arabia’s Borders with Iraq

Saudi Arabia shares a border of approximately 800 kilometers with Iraq, forming an important gateway between the Arabian Peninsula and the Fertile Crescent. The border region between these two countries offers unique landscapes, historical sites, and cultural encounters for travelers to explore.


Starting from the Saudi Arabian side, the border region features vast desert plains that extend into the Rub’ al Khali, also known as the Empty Quarter. This expansive desert is the largest continuous sand desert in the world, characterized by towering sand dunes, mesmerizing landscapes, and an untouched wilderness. Adventurous travelers can embark on desert expeditions, experience thrilling dune bashing, and witness the captivating beauty of this remote environment.


Crossing into Iraq, travelers can discover the country’s rich history and archaeological sites. The southern region of Iraq is home to the historical city of Babylon, an ancient capital of Mesopotamia. Exploring the ruins of Babylon allows visitors to delve into the remnants of an ancient civilization and witness the iconic Ishtar Gate, the Hanging Gardens, and the Temple of Marduk.


Another significant attraction in the border region is the city of Al-Najaf, which holds great importance for the Shia Muslim community. Al-Najaf is home to the Imam Ali Shrine, a sacred pilgrimage site and a masterpiece of Islamic architecture. The city also offers opportunities for cultural immersion, with bustling markets, traditional cuisine, and vibrant festivals.


While the Saudi Arabia-Iraq border region offers unique and enticing destinations, it’s important to note that caution should be taken due to the security situation in certain areas. Travelers should stay informed about travel advisories and consult with local authorities to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.


The border between Saudi Arabia and Iraq is not only a geographical landmark but also a bridge between two rich cultures and histories. While the border region may present challenges, it also provides enriching opportunities for those who seek to explore the ancient wonders and diverse landscapes that lie on either side.


Saudi Arabia’s Borders with Kuwait

Saudi Arabia shares a border of approximately 222 kilometers with Kuwait, forming a vital connection between the Arabian Gulf and the Arabian Peninsula. The border region between these two countries offers a blend of history, culture, and modernity, making it a compelling destination for travelers.


As you approach the Saudi Arabia-Kuwait border, you’ll notice a transition from the vast desert landscapes to the coastal plains along the Arabian Gulf. The border area is known for its beautiful beaches, where visitors can enjoy azure waters, soft sand, and breathtaking sunsets. Al Khobar, Dammam, and Jubail, located near the border, are popular coastal cities that offer a wide range of recreational activities and a thriving food scene.


Crossing into Kuwait, travelers can explore its vibrant capital, Kuwait City. The iconic Kuwait Towers, a symbol of the country’s modernization, provide panoramic views of the city and the gulf. The Grand Mosque is another architectural masterpiece, showcasing Islamic design and intricate calligraphy. Visitors can also explore the vibrant Souq Mubarakiya, an ancient market where they can browse traditional handcrafted items, sample local cuisine, and experience Kuwaiti hospitality.


For history enthusiasts, the border region offers the opportunity to visit historical sites like Failaka Island. Located in the Arabian Gulf, this island was once a center of civilization and trade. Visitors can explore archaeological sites, visit the Heritage Village, and learn about the island’s fascinating history.


As you move further inland, you’ll reach Kuwait’s oil-rich areas, which have made significant contributions to the country’s wealth and development. The Ahmadi district is home to the headquarters of Kuwait’s oil industry and is known for its impressive architecture and modern infrastructure.


The border between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait not only serves as a geographical delineation but also represents the friendship and cooperation between the two nations. Travelers crossing this border will have the opportunity to experience the unique blend of traditional Arabian culture and modern development, as well as the warm hospitality that characterizes both countries.


Saudi Arabia’s Borders with Qatar

Saudi Arabia shares a border of approximately 60 kilometers with Qatar, forming a crucial link between the Arabian Peninsula and the Arabian Gulf. The border region between these two countries offers a fascinating blend of cultural heritage, modern developments, and picturesque landscapes, making it an intriguing destination for travelers.


As you approach the Saudi Arabia-Qatar border, you’ll be greeted by the stunning landscapes of the region. The border area is known for its striking sand dunes and vast stretches of desert, offering opportunities for thrilling dune bashing, camel rides, and desert camping adventures. The enchanting beauty of the desert provides a stark contrast to the vibrant city life of neighboring Qatar.


Crossing into Qatar, travelers will find themselves in the capital city, Doha. Known for its modern skyline and architectural marvels, Doha is a city that seamlessly blends tradition with innovation. Visitors can explore the iconic Museum of Islamic Art, stroll along the Corniche promenade, or indulge in luxury shopping at the upscale malls.


Qatar also offers a deep dive into its rich cultural heritage. The Katara Cultural Village is a must-visit, showcasing a fusion of traditional Qatari architecture, art exhibits, and live performances. For a taste of authentic Qatari cuisine, visitors can head to Souq Waqif, a bustling market filled with fragrant spices, handicrafts, and local eateries.


Beyond the city life, Qatar boasts stunning coastal areas and pristine beaches. Visitors can unwind at the picturesque beaches of the Inland Sea or embark on a desert safari to explore the beautiful flora and fauna of the region. Qatar’s commitment to preserving its natural beauty is evident in the protected areas such as Al Thakira Mangroves and the stunning rock formations of the Ras Abrouq Natural Reserve.


The border between Saudi Arabia and Qatar is not only a physical boundary but also a gateway to experiences that showcase the unique blend of traditional Arabian culture and modernity. Whether it’s exploring the towering buildings of Doha, venturing into the desert, or immersing oneself in Qatari traditions, the Saudi Arabia-Qatar border region offers a captivating fusion of past and present for every traveler to discover.


Saudi Arabia’s Borders with Bahrain

Saudi Arabia shares a maritime border with Bahrain, a tiny island country situated off its eastern coast in the Arabian Gulf. Despite the absence of a physical land border, the proximity between Saudi Arabia and Bahrain allows for easy access and frequent interactions for travelers. The border region between these two countries offers a unique blend of rich historical sites, cultural experiences, and stunning natural beauty.


As you enter the Saudi Arabia-Bahrain border region, you’ll immediately notice the modern causeway that connects the two countries. The King Fahd Causeway serves as a vital link, allowing travelers to seamlessly cross between Saudi Arabia and Bahrain. This iconic landmark is a marvel of engineering and facilitates easy access to the island nation of Bahrain.


Crossing over to Bahrain, travelers can explore the capital city of Manama, a bustling metropolis that showcases a fusion of historical landmarks and modern infrastructure. The cultural heart of the city lies in the historic Bab Al Bahrain (Gateway of Bahrain) – a grand archway that leads to the vibrant souq, where visitors can browse stalls selling traditional crafts, spices, textiles, and more.


Bahrain is renowned for its rich historical sites, such as the Bahrain Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that dates back to the Dilmun civilization. Visitors can wander through the ancient ruins, learn about the fascinating history of Bahrain, and enjoy panoramic views of the surrounding area. The Bahrain National Museum is another notable attraction, offering insights into Bahrain’s culture, heritage, and archaeological discoveries.


Beyond the historical sites, Bahrain’s border region boasts beautiful coastline and picturesque beaches. The Amwaj Islands, located near the border, offer pristine white sands, crystal-clear waters, and opportunities for water sports and leisure activities. Visitors can also explore the captivating underwater world by venturing into the waters surrounding Bahrain, with thriving coral reefs and diverse marine life.


The Saudi Arabia-Bahrain border region is a testament to the close relationship and shared heritage between the two countries. Travelers can easily access Bahrain from Saudi Arabia, immersing themselves in its rich cultural heritage, enjoying its beautiful beaches, and experiencing the warm hospitality of its people. Whether it’s exploring historical landmarks or indulging in the vibrant atmosphere of Manama, a visit to the Saudi Arabia-Bahrain border region offers a truly memorable experience.


Saudi Arabia’s Borders with United Arab Emirates

Saudi Arabia shares a border of approximately 457 kilometers with the United Arab Emirates (UAE), making it one of the longest borders for both countries. The border region between Saudi Arabia and the UAE offers a fascinating blend of natural wonders, cultural diversity, and modern developments, making it a captivating destination for travelers.


As you approach the Saudi Arabia-UAE border, you’ll notice a transition from the vast desert plains to the distinctive landscapes of the region. The border area is known for its stunning sand dunes, rugged mountains, and expansive sandy beaches along the Arabian Gulf. This diverse and picturesque terrain provides ample opportunities for outdoor adventures, including dune bashing, camel trekking, and beach activities.


Crossing into the UAE, you’ll encounter cities that showcase the perfect blend of rich tradition and modern extravagance. The city of Dubai, known for its futuristic skyline and iconic landmarks, offers visitors a glimpse into the heights of architectural innovation. From the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building, to the Palm Jumeirah, a luxurious man-made island, Dubai mesmerizes with its grandeur and cosmopolitan vibe.


Abu Dhabi, the capital of the UAE, is another prominent city near the border that merits exploration. Home to the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, one of the world’s largest mosques, Abu Dhabi showcases exquisite architecture and cultural splendor. The city is also known for its world-class museums, such as the Louvre Abu Dhabi, where visitors can admire a diverse collection of art and artifacts.


The UAE’s border region is not only about modernity and glitz; it also offers immersive cultural experiences. Sharjah, known as the cultural capital of the UAE, boasts museums, traditional markets, and a rich heritage that reflects the country’s past. Visitors can wander through the Sharjah Heritage Area, explore traditional Emirati houses, and learn about local customs and traditions.


The Saudi Arabia-UAE border region showcases the unity and close ties between the two countries, epitomizing a harmonious partnership that drives both nations forward. Travelers crossing this border will have the opportunity to marvel at architectural wonders, indulge in luxury experiences, engage with diverse cultures, and connect with the natural beauty that graces the region. Whether it’s the vibrant cities of Dubai and Abu Dhabi or the serene beaches and deserts, the Saudi Arabia-UAE border region promises an unforgettable journey.


Saudi Arabia’s Borders with Oman

Saudi Arabia shares a border of approximately 676 kilometers with Oman, creating a gateway to the natural beauty, cultural heritage, and historical landmarks of both countries. The border region between Saudi Arabia and Oman is a treasure trove for travelers seeking unique experiences and breathtaking landscapes.


As you approach the Saudi Arabia-Oman border, you’ll witness a dramatic contrast in the terrain. The rocky deserts of Saudi Arabia give way to the rugged and majestic landscapes of Oman, characterized by towering mountains, deep canyons, and pristine coastline.


On the Saudi Arabian side of the border, the regions of Al Jawf and Al Ahsa offer glimpses of the kingdom’s rich history and cultural heritage. From archaeological sites like Qaryat Al-Faw, an ancient caravan oasis, to the stunning rock formations of the Hafit tombs, there is much to explore and discover. Visitors can also visit the Empty Quarter, a vast desert expanse that extends into Oman, where they can experience the tranquility of the desert and marvel at its vastness.


Crossing into Oman, travelers will encounter a wealth of natural wonders and cultural delights. The Hajar Mountains, with their imposing peaks, deep canyons, and picturesque villages, offer ample opportunities for hiking, camping, and exploring. The historic city of Nizwa, nestled at the foothills of the mountains, is renowned for its traditional souq, ancient forts, and the imposing Nizwa Fort, which provides panoramic views of the surrounding area.


Oman’s coastline is adorned with pristine beaches and crystal-clear waters. The region of Musandam, known as the “Norway of Arabia,” offers stunning fjords and the opportunity to embark on a traditional dhow cruise, showcasing the breathtaking beauty of the rugged coastline and its vibrant marine life.


The border region between Saudi Arabia and Oman also provides a rich cultural exchange. Visitors can immerse themselves in the warmth and hospitality of Omani traditions by staying in traditional desert camps, sampling delicious Omani cuisine, and learning about the customs and rituals of the local communities.


The Saudi Arabia-Oman border region is a gateway to an enchanting world of natural wonders and cultural heritage. Whether it’s exploring the rugged mountains, relaxing on pristine beaches, or experiencing the rich heritage of both nations, this border region promises an unforgettable journey for every traveler.


Saudi Arabia’s Borders with Yemen

Saudi Arabia shares a border of approximately 1,800 kilometers with Yemen, forming a significant connection between the Arabian Peninsula and the southern region of the Arabian Peninsula. The border region between Saudi Arabia and Yemen offers unique cultural encounters, historical sites, and scenic landscapes, making it a diverse and compelling destination for travelers.


As you approach the Saudi Arabia-Yemen border, you’ll notice a change in the terrain. The rocky deserts of Saudi Arabia give way to the rugged and mountainous landscapes of Yemen. These mountains, such as the Sarawat Mountains and the Jebel al-Mughayir, provide breathtaking vistas and opportunities for adventure, including hiking, rock climbing, and exploring hidden valleys.


On the Saudi Arabian side of the border, visitors can discover the unique cultural heritage of the region. Local markets and souqs offer a chance to explore traditional crafts, sample Yemeni cuisine, and witness the bustling local life. Ancient ruins and historical sites, such as the ruins of the ancient city of Najran, provide insights into the region’s rich history and civilization.


Crossing into Yemen, travelers will have the opportunity to experience the country’s fascinating cultural heritage and visit historical sites. The city of Sana’a, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is renowned for its unique architecture, traditional houses with intricate decorations, and the ancient fortified city walls. The ancient trading port of Aden, with its picturesque harbor and historic buildings, provides glimpses into Yemen’s maritime history.


Yemen’s natural beauty is captivating, with stunning coastline along the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea. Visitors can relax on sandy beaches, snorkel in vibrant coral reefs, or visit the remote island of Socotra, known for its unique flora and fauna found nowhere else on Earth.


It is important to note that due to the ongoing conflict in Yemen, travel restrictions and security concerns are in place. Travelers are advised to refer to travel advisories and consult with local authorities for the latest information and guidance.


The Saudi Arabia-Yemen border region offers a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage, historical significance, and natural beauty of both nations. While the current situation may limit travel opportunities, the border region reminds us of the shared history and connections between these neighboring countries.