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Which Countries Border The Persian Gulf?


Modified: December 28, 2023

by Luella Vang



The Persian Gulf, also known as the Arabian Gulf, is a body of water located in the Middle East. It is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia and is bordered by eight countries. These countries not only have access to the Persian Gulf but also have diverse cultures, stunning landscapes, and rich histories. Exploring the countries that border the Persian Gulf can offer travelers a unique and enriching experience.


The Persian Gulf has long been a vital waterway for trade, connecting the countries of the Middle East to the rest of the world. It plays a significant role in the global oil industry, with many of the countries bordering the Gulf being major oil producers. This strategic location has also shaped the history and development of these nations.


Each country bordering the Persian Gulf has its own distinct attractions and highlights. From the bustling metropolises of Dubai and Doha to the historical sites of Bahrain and Iran, there is something for every type of traveler. Whether you are interested in immersing yourself in ancient history, lounging on pristine beaches, or experiencing the vibrant culture of the region, the countries bordering the Persian Gulf have it all.


In this travel guide, we will explore the countries that border the Persian Gulf and provide an overview of the unique experiences and attractions they offer. From Saudi Arabia to Oman, let’s embark on a journey that will take us through the diverse landscapes, rich traditions, and warm hospitality of these beautiful nations.


Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the Middle East and the only country in the world to have the entire Arabian Peninsula within its borders. It is home to a rich cultural heritage, breathtaking landscapes, and modern developments. As a country bordering the Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia offers a unique blend of traditional Arabian hospitality and modern luxuries.


Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia, is a bustling metropolis that showcases the country’s modern infrastructure, including towering skyscrapers and luxurious shopping malls. The city also houses historical landmarks such as the Masmak Fortress, which played a significant role in Saudi Arabia’s history.


For those seeking outdoor adventures, the coastal city of Dammam is a perfect destination. It offers stunning beaches, crystal-clear waters, and a wide range of water activities, such as diving, snorkeling, and jet skiing. Dammam is also known for its lively corniche, where locals and tourists gather to enjoy a leisurely stroll or indulge in delicious seafood.


Jeddah, located on the Red Sea coast, is another vibrant city in Saudi Arabia. It is known for its historic districts, such as Al-Balad, where traditional architecture and ancient souks provide a glimpse into the country’s past. Jeddah also boasts beautiful beaches, upscale shopping centers, and world-class restaurants.


For a glimpse into traditional Arabian culture, a visit to the city of Medina is a must. Medina is considered one of the holiest cities in Islam and is home to Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, the second holiest mosque in the world. Pilgrims and tourists alike flock to Medina to pay their respects and experience the peaceful atmosphere.


When exploring Saudi Arabia, it’s crucial to respect the country’s customs and traditions. Remember to dress modestly, especially in more conservative areas, and adhere to local customs and practices. Saudi Arabia offers a fascinating blend of modernity and heritage, making it a captivating destination for travelers looking to immerse themselves in Arabian culture and history.



Iraq, located in Western Asia, is another country that borders the Persian Gulf. Despite its tumultuous history, Iraq holds a wealth of cultural and historical treasures that make it an intriguing destination for adventurous travelers.


Baghdad, the capital city of Iraq, is a vibrant metropolis that offers a mix of ancient history and modern developments. The city is home to iconic landmarks such as the Baghdad Tower, which offers panoramic views of the city, and the Al-Mustansiriya School, an architectural masterpiece from the Abbasid period.


In addition to its urban attractions, Iraq is also known for its archaeological sites. One of the most famous is the ancient city of Babylon, located near the Euphrates River. Visitors can explore the ruins of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and learn about the rich history of Mesopotamia.


The southern city of Basra, situated near the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, is another notable destination in Iraq. Known as the “Venice of the East,” Basra boasts a network of canals, traditional markets, and historical sites, such as the Basra Citadel. Visitors can also take boat tours along the Shatt al-Arab waterway, which leads to the Persian Gulf.


For those seeking natural beauty, the marshlands of southern Iraq are a must-visit. These wetlands, known as the Mesopotamian Marshes, are a UNESCO World Heritage site and home to a unique ecosystem. Exploring the marshes by boat allows visitors to observe diverse wildlife, interact with local Marsh Arab communities, and experience the serenity of this distinct landscape.


It is important to note that Iraq has faced security challenges in the past, and it is advisable for travelers to stay informed about the current situation before planning a trip. Taking necessary precautions and seeking advice from local authorities or tour operators can help ensure a safe and memorable visit to this historically rich country.


Despite its challenges, Iraq offers a wealth of historical and cultural experiences that can provide a unique perspective on the region. From ancient ruins to vibrant cities, Iraq invites travelers to discover its captivating heritage and extraordinary landscapes.



Kuwait, a small yet prosperous country situated along the Persian Gulf, offers a blend of modernity and traditional Arabian charm. With its iconic skyline, rich cultural heritage, and stunning coastline, Kuwait has become a sought-after destination for travelers.


The capital city, Kuwait City, is a dynamic metropolis that showcases the country’s development and progress. Visitors can explore modern architectural marvels such as the Kuwait Towers, which offer panoramic views of the city and the Arabian Gulf. The Kuwait National Museum is another must-visit, where you can delve into the country’s history, heritage, and artworks.


For a taste of Kuwaiti culture, head to the historic district of Old Kuwait City. Here, you can wander through the narrow alleyways, visit traditional souks, and admire the beautifully restored buildings. The Grand Mosque, with its stunning Islamic architecture, is also worth a visit to appreciate the country’s religious heritage.


Beyond the bustling cityscape, Kuwait offers a tranquil retreat along its coastline. The beaches of Kuwait are pristine and perfect for relaxation or water activities. From swimming and sunbathing to jet skiing and sailing, there are plenty of opportunities to enjoy the azure waters of the Arabian Gulf.


Kuwait is also known for its vibrant cultural events and festivals. The Hala February Festival, held annually, features a wide range of activities, including concerts, exhibitions, and theatrical performances. The Kuwaiti Pearl Diving Festival is another unique event that showcases the country’s historic pearl diving heritage.


When visiting Kuwait, it is essential to respect local customs and traditions. Dress modestly, especially when in public places, and be mindful of Islamic practices. Kuwaiti hospitality is renowned, and you can expect warm welcomes and generous hospitality from the locals.


From modern attractions to rich cultural experiences, Kuwait invites travelers to discover its unique blend of tradition and progress. Whether exploring the city’s architectural wonders, immersing oneself in Kuwaiti heritage, or simply enjoying the beauty of the Arabian Gulf, Kuwait offers a captivating and unforgettable experience.



Iran, a country steeped in history and nestled along the Persian Gulf, offers a mesmerizing blend of culture, natural beauty, and architectural wonders. From ancient archaeological sites to bustling cities, Iran is a must-visit destination for travelers seeking a unique and enriching experience.


Tehran, the bustling capital of Iran, is a vibrant metropolis that showcases the country’s modern side. The city is home to stunning landmarks such as the Golestan Palace, a UNESCO World Heritage site adorned with intricate mosaic work and beautiful gardens. Tehran also offers an array of museums, bustling bazaars, and delicious street food, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in Iranian culture.


For those interested in history, Iran is a treasure trove of ancient sites. Persepolis, located near the city of Shiraz, was once the capital of the mighty Persian Empire and features well-preserved ruins dating back thousands of years. The ancient city of Susa, with its archaeological remains, provides a glimpse into the rich history of the Elamite and Achaemenid civilizations.


Nestled along the Persian Gulf, the city of Bandar Abbas offers picturesque beaches and a vibrant waterfront. Visitors can indulge in water sports, go on boat trips to explore nearby islands, or simply relax and soak up the sun. The city also boasts a lively old town with traditional markets, where one can immerse themselves in the local culture and sample authentic Iranian cuisine.


The province of Hormozgan, located along the Persian Gulf, is renowned for its stunning natural beauty. From the majestic Hara Biosphere Reserve, home to diverse marine life and vibrant coral reefs, to the mesmerizing pink lakes of Bandar-e-Jask, there is no shortage of natural wonders to explore in this region.


When visiting Iran, it is important to be respectful of Islamic customs and traditions. Dress modestly, especially in religious sites, and adhere to local customs and practices. Iranians are known for their warm hospitality and welcoming nature, so expect to be greeted with kindness and generosity.


Iran offers a captivating blend of history, culture, and natural beauty along the Persian Gulf. From ancient ruins to vibrant cities and stunning coastal landscapes, Iran is a destination that promises an unforgettable journey of discovery.



Located on a small peninsula along the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, Qatar is a captivating country that borders the Persian Gulf. With its modern cities, rich cultural heritage, and luxurious attractions, Qatar has become a popular destination for travelers seeking both relaxation and adventure.


The capital city, Doha, is a vibrant metropolis that seamlessly blends tradition and modernity. The skyline is adorned with towering skyscrapers, while its streets are lined with traditional souks, where visitors can wander through bustling marketplaces, haggle for unique treasures, and experience the authentic flavors of Qatari cuisine.


Doha is also home to world-class museums and cultural institutions. The Museum of Islamic Art, with its stunning architectural design and extensive collection of Islamic artifacts, is a must-visit for art enthusiasts. The Katara Cultural Village offers a glimpse into Qatari traditions through its art galleries, theaters, and cultural events.


The tranquil beaches of Qatar are perfect for relaxation and water activities. Visitors can enjoy the crystal-clear waters and soft sands of places like Sealine Beach Resort, which offers a serene escape from the bustling city life. Those seeking adventure can explore the stunning sand dunes of the Qatari desert through exhilarating desert safaris or try their hand at sandboarding.


Qatar is also known for its extravagant hospitality and world-class luxury. The Pearl-Qatar, an artificial island, is a haven for upscale shopping, luxurious resorts, and fine dining experiences. Additionally, visitors can indulge in the ultimate luxury at the renowned Katara Hospitality, which boasts opulent hotels and resorts offering unparalleled experiences.


Qatar’s commitment to sports and tourism is evident, with the country being the host of numerous international sporting events, including the FIFA World Cup 2022. Visitors can witness world-class sporting events and explore the state-of-the-art venues being constructed for the tournament.


When visiting Qatar, it is important to respect local customs and traditions, as the country follows conservative Islamic practices. Dress modestly, especially in public places and religious sites, and be mindful of local customs such as the importance of hospitality and greetings.


With its blend of cultural heritage, breathtaking landscapes, and luxurious attractions, Qatar offers a truly memorable experience for travelers seeking a unique and immersive vacation along the Persian Gulf.



Bahrain, a small island nation situated in the Persian Gulf, is a fascinating destination that combines rich history, diverse culture, and stunning natural beauty. As one of the countries bordering the Persian Gulf, Bahrain offers a unique blend of ancient traditions and modern developments, making it a captivating place to explore.


The capital city, Manama, is a bustling metropolis that showcases the country’s vibrant culture and modern architecture. Visitors can stroll along the narrow streets of Bab Al Bahrain, the old market souq, and discover a variety of traditional goods, spices, and handicrafts. The city also offers a plethora of charming cafes, upscale restaurants, and luxurious shopping malls.


Bahrain boasts a rich history that can be experienced through its archaeological sites. The Bahrain Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is a must-visit. It provides a glimpse into the ancient Dilmun civilization and offers panoramic views of the surrounding area. The Qal’at al-Bahrain Museum, located near the fort, showcases artifacts and exhibits that highlight Bahrain’s history and heritage.


For nature enthusiasts, Bahrain offers beautiful beaches and coastal areas. One of the most famous is Al Jazayer Beach, known for its turquoise waters and golden sands. The beach provides the perfect spot for swimming, sunbathing, or simply enjoying a leisurely walk along the shore.


Bahrain is also known for its modern landmarks, such as the Bahrain World Trade Center, a skyscraper featuring wind turbines that generate clean energy. The Bahrain National Museum is another notable attraction, housing a collection that spans Bahrain’s history, from ancient artifacts to contemporary art.


When visiting Bahrain, make sure to explore the traditional villages like Muharraq, where you can see beautifully preserved traditional Bahraini houses and visit the famous Pearling Path. Bahrain is also renowned for its lively cultural events, including the annual Bahrain International Music Festival and the Bahrain Grand Prix, a Formula One race held at the Bahrain International Circuit.


Bahrain’s warm and welcoming hospitality adds to the allure of the country. The locals are known for their friendly nature, and visitors can look forward to experiencing their generosity and traditional Arabian hospitality.


With its rich history, cultural heritage, and beautiful landscapes, Bahrain invites travelers to discover the hidden gems of the Persian Gulf. Whether exploring ancient sites, relaxing on stunning beaches, or immersing yourself in the vibrant culture, Bahrain offers a truly unforgettable experience.


United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates (UAE), a country located along the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, is a diverse and dynamic destination that borders the Persian Gulf. Comprising seven emirates, the UAE offers a perfect blend of modernity, cultural heritage, and natural beauty.


Dubai, the largest and most renowned emirate, is a global hub for luxury, entertainment, and futuristic architecture. Visitors can marvel at iconic landmarks such as the Burj Khalifa, the tallest building in the world, and explore the Palm Jumeirah, an artificial island known for its luxurious resorts and vibrant nightlife.


Abu Dhabi, the capital of the UAE, provides a captivating mix of tradition and modernity. The city is home to Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, a grand architectural masterpiece adorned with intricate details and breathtaking designs. The Emirates Palace, a luxurious hotel, epitomizes the opulence and elegance that the UAE is famous for.


Sharjah, another cultural gem of the UAE, is known for its rich history and heritage. The Sharjah Heritage Area is a must-visit, allowing travelers to explore traditional Emirati houses, museums, and artisan workshops. The city also hosts the Sharjah International Book Fair, one of the largest book fairs in the world.


Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, Ras Al Khaimah, and Fujairah are lesser-known emirates that offer a more relaxed and peaceful atmosphere. These emirates boast stunning coastlines, pristine beaches, and opportunities for water sports such as snorkeling, scuba diving, and sailing.


The UAE’s commitment to preserving its cultural heritage is evident through attractions such as the Dubai Museum and the Heritage Village in Abu Dhabi. These sites provide insights into the region’s traditional customs, architecture, and ancient lifestyles.


The UAE also offers diverse natural landscapes. The Hajar Mountains in Fujairah and Ras Al Khaimah are perfect for hiking and exploring picturesque valleys. The Liwa Oasis, located in the Empty Quarter desert, offers a unique desert safari experience, allowing visitors to witness the vastness of the dunes and experience Bedouin culture.


When visiting the UAE, it is important to respect local customs and traditions. As a Muslim country, modest clothing is appreciated, especially in more conservative areas. The Emirati people are known for their warm hospitality and generosity, so expect to be welcomed with open arms.


With its stunning architecture, luxurious amenities, cultural treasures, and natural beauty, the United Arab Emirates is a captivating destination along the Persian Gulf that offers a truly unforgettable experience for every traveler.



Oman, located on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, is a hidden gem among the countries bordering the Persian Gulf. Known for its stunning landscapes, rich history, and authentic Arabian culture, Oman offers a unique and unforgettable travel experience.


Muscat, the capital city of Oman, is a captivating blend of tradition and modernity. The Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque is a must-visit, with its intricate Islamic architecture and the second-largest handmade carpet in the world. The Royal Opera House Muscat showcases world-class performances, while the Mutrah Corniche offers a picturesque waterfront promenade lined with traditional souks.


The natural beauty of Oman is unparalleled. The Hajar Mountains provide breathtaking vistas and opportunities for hiking, rock climbing, and canyoning. Wadi Shab, a stunning canyon oasis, offers a refreshing experience with its turquoise pools and waterfalls. And no trip to Oman is complete without exploring the mesmerizing Wahiba Sands, a vast desert stretching as far as the eye can see.


Oman’s coastal areas along the Persian Gulf are equally inviting. The rugged Musandam Peninsula beckons travelers with its fjord-like landscapes and crystal-clear waters that are perfect for boat trips and snorkeling. The stunning beaches of Salalah, in the southern part of the country, offer a serene retreat with their white sands and turquoise waters.


Exploring the cultural heritage of Oman is a journey back in time. The ancient forts and castles, such as Nizwa Fort and Jabrin Castle, provide insights into Omani history and architecture. The traditional villages of Misfat Al Abriyeen and Bahla showcase the country’s traditional way of life and offer a glimpse into the charm of old-world Oman.


When visiting Oman, it’s important to respect local customs and traditions. Modest dress is recommended, and it’s customary to greet locals with polite greetings. Omanis are known for their hospitality and friendliness, and throughout the country, visitors can experience their genuine warmth and generosity.


With its breathtaking landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and welcoming locals, Oman offers a truly authentic Arabian experience along the Persian Gulf. From the magnificent mountains to the pristine beaches, Oman invites travelers to explore its treasures and create lifelong memories.