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Complete Guide To Backpacking In Arunachal Pradesh


Modified: December 27, 2023

by Vivia Monzon



Welcome to the breathtakingly beautiful land of Arunachal Pradesh, a hidden gem nestled in the northeastern part of India. With its stunning landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and diverse wildlife, Arunachal Pradesh is a paradise for backpackers seeking an offbeat adventure. This remote state offers a unique blend of natural beauty, spiritual tranquility, and indigenous cultural experiences that will leave you mesmerized.


Known as the “Land of the Rising Sun,” Arunachal Pradesh is renowned for its pristine valleys, snow-capped mountains, gushing rivers, and dense forests. The state is home to a rich tapestry of tribal communities, each with its distinct traditions, music, dances, and crafts. Backpacking in Arunachal Pradesh offers a chance to immerse yourself in this vibrant tapestry, interact with the locals, and discover their fascinating way of life.


Getting off the beaten path in Arunachal Pradesh is not for the faint-hearted. The remote location and rugged terrain make it an ideal destination for adventurous backpackers seeking an authentic experience in untouched surroundings. From challenging treks to remote villages, visiting ancient monasteries, and exploring wildlife sanctuaries, there is no shortage of unique experiences awaiting you.


As with any backpacking trip, it is important to plan ahead and be well-prepared. In this comprehensive guide, we will provide you with essential information on how to navigate through Arunachal Pradesh, from getting there to permits and regulations, safety tips, budgeting, accommodation, transportation, and more. So, pack your bags, put on your hiking boots, and get ready for an unforgettable backpacking adventure in Arunachal Pradesh!


Getting to Arunachal Pradesh

Although Arunachal Pradesh is a remote state, it is well-connected to the rest of India by air, road, and rail routes. The easiest way to reach Arunachal Pradesh is by air. The state’s capital, Itanagar, has its own airport, Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport. From here, you can take a domestic flight to various cities in Arunachal Pradesh, such as Pasighat, Daporijo, and Tezu.


If you prefer to travel by train, the nearest major railway station to Arunachal Pradesh is Guwahati Junction in Assam. From Guwahati, you can take a cab or bus to reach Arunachal Pradesh. It is important to note that there is no direct train connectivity to Arunachal Pradesh, so you will have to rely on road transport after reaching the nearest railway station.


For those who enjoy road trips, you can reach Arunachal Pradesh by bus or private vehicle. The state is well-connected to neighboring states like Assam and Nagaland through a network of highways. It is advisable to check the road conditions and plan your journey accordingly, as some areas of Arunachal Pradesh can be challenging to access due to rough terrains and unpredictable weather conditions.


Once you have reached Arunachal Pradesh, it is recommended to hire a local guide or use local transportation options to explore the state further. The local buses, shared cabs, and private taxis are readily available in major towns and cities, making it convenient to travel within Arunachal Pradesh.


It is important to note that Arunachal Pradesh shares its border with China, and certain areas require special permits to visit. We will discuss the permits and regulations in the next section to ensure you have a hassle-free journey.


Permits and Regulations

Traveling to certain areas of Arunachal Pradesh requires obtaining special permits due to its proximity to international borders and the presence of tribal communities. These permits are necessary to maintain security and regulate tourism in these sensitive areas. It is important to familiarize yourself with the permit requirements before planning your trip to Arunachal Pradesh.


Foreign tourists visiting Arunachal Pradesh are required to obtain a Protected Area Permit (PAP) or a Restricted Area Permit (RAP) depending on the specific regions they intend to visit. These permits can be obtained from the Indian Missions abroad or from the Foreigners’ Regional Registration Offices (FRRO) in major cities within India.


Indian tourists traveling to Arunachal Pradesh require an Inner Line Permit (ILP) to visit certain restricted areas, including Tawang, Bomdila, and the border regions. The ILP can be obtained online or from the designated authorities in Arunachal Pradesh.


It is advisable to research and check with the relevant government authorities or travel agencies to obtain accurate and up-to-date information on the permit requirements. Make sure to apply for the permits well in advance to avoid any last-minute hassles or delays in your travel plans.


Additionally, while exploring Arunachal Pradesh, it is important to respect the local customs, culture, and traditions. Seek permission before taking photographs, visiting religious sites, or entering tribal villages. It is also advisable to dress modestly and avoid engaging in unethical or intrusive activities that may offend the local communities.


Remember to carry your identification documents, including the permits, at all times during your trip. These permits will be checked at various checkpoints within Arunachal Pradesh, so ensure you have them readily accessible when required.


By respecting the regulations and obtaining the necessary permits, you will not only have a smooth travel experience but also help in preserving the delicate balance between tourism and the local ecosystem and communities.


Best Time to Visit

Arunachal Pradesh experiences a diverse climate due to its varied topography, ranging from high mountains to lush valleys. The best time to visit Arunachal Pradesh largely depends on your preferences and the activities you wish to pursue during your trip.


The months of March to May, and September to November are generally considered the best time to visit Arunachal Pradesh. During these months, the weather is pleasant with mild temperatures and clear skies. It is an ideal time for outdoor activities like trekking, wildlife spotting, and exploring the picturesque landscapes.


From March to May, Arunachal Pradesh blossoms with vibrant flora, making it an excellent time for nature enthusiasts. The valleys are adorned with rhododendrons, orchids, and a variety of wildflowers in full bloom. It is also the time when festivals like Mopin, Losar, and Sangken are celebrated with great fervor across the state, offering a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage of Arunachal Pradesh.


September to November is another great time to visit Arunachal Pradesh. The monsoon rains have subsided, leaving behind lush greenery and clear skies. The weather is pleasant, making it suitable for outdoor activities and sightseeing. This is also a time when various festivals, such as Dree and Solung, are celebrated with traditional dances, music, and feasts.


However, if you are a fan of winter adventures and snow, the months of December to February are ideal for visiting Arunachal Pradesh. Some regions like Tawang and Dirang experience heavy snowfall, transforming the landscape into a winter wonderland. It is the perfect time for snow lovers and those seeking a unique cultural experience during festivals like Losar and Torgya.


It is important to note that during the monsoon season (June to August), Arunachal Pradesh receives heavy rainfall, which can lead to landslides and road disruptions. It is advisable to avoid visiting during this time, as it can hamper your travel plans and restrict outdoor activities.


Ultimately, the best time to visit Arunachal Pradesh depends on your preferences, the activities you wish to engage in, and your tolerance for varied weather conditions. Whether you choose the spring blooms, the pleasant autumn season, or the snowy winter landscapes, Arunachal Pradesh will captivate you with its natural beauty and cultural richness throughout the year.


Budget and Expenses

When planning a backpacking trip to Arunachal Pradesh, it is important to consider your budget and expenses. Arunachal Pradesh offers an array of accommodation, transportation, and dining options that cater to different budgets. Here is a breakdown of the typical expenses you can expect while backpacking in Arunachal Pradesh:


Accommodation: Arunachal Pradesh has a range of accommodation options, including budget guesthouses, mid-range hotels, and luxury resorts. The prices vary depending on the location and facilities provided. On average, budget accommodations can cost between ₹500 to ₹1500 per night, while mid-range options can cost ₹1500 to ₹5000 per night.


Transportation: Getting around Arunachal Pradesh can be an adventure in itself. Public buses and shared taxis are the most common modes of transportation. The fares are relatively affordable, with short-distance fares ranging from ₹50 to ₹200. For long-distance journeys or hiring a private vehicle, the costs will be higher and can range from ₹2000 to ₹5000 per day, depending on the distance and vehicle type.


Food: Arunachal Pradesh is known for its delectable cuisine, especially its momos, thukpa, and various tribal delicacies. Local eateries and street food stalls offer tasty and affordable meals. On average, a complete meal at a local restaurant can cost anywhere between ₹200 to ₹500, depending on the dishes ordered. Street food and snacks can range from ₹50 to ₹150 per serving.


Permits: As mentioned earlier, some regions in Arunachal Pradesh require special permits to visit. The costs of these permits can vary for Indian and foreign tourists. The permits for Indian tourists start at around ₹100 per person per day, while for foreign tourists, it can range from ₹350 to ₹500 per person per day.


Activities: Arunachal Pradesh offers a host of activities, such as trekking, wildlife safaris, river rafting, and exploring cultural sites. The costs of these activities will vary depending on the duration and the level of expertise required. On average, trekking packages can range from ₹1000 to ₹5000 per person per day, including accommodation, meals, and a guide.


Miscellaneous Expenses: It is always wise to budget for miscellaneous expenses such as entrance fees to national parks, monasteries, and other tourist attractions. These costs can range from ₹100 to ₹500 per person, depending on the attraction.


It is important to note that these are rough estimates and prices can vary depending on the season and location within Arunachal Pradesh. It is always recommended to have some extra cash on hand for emergencies and unforeseen expenses. It is also advisable to carry a valid identification proof, such as a passport or Aadhaar card, as it may be required for certain permits and accommodations.


By planning your budget and expenses ahead of time, you can make the most of your backpacking trip to Arunachal Pradesh without breaking the bank.


Safety Tips for Backpackers

While Arunachal Pradesh offers incredible adventures and experiences, it is important to prioritize your safety during your backpacking trip. Here are some essential safety tips to keep in mind:


1. Research and Plan: Before your trip, thoroughly research the region you plan to visit. Understand the local customs, traditions, and potential risks. Plan your itinerary and ensure you have a map or GPS device with you at all times.


2. Stay Informed: Keep yourself updated on weather conditions, road closures, and any potential security concerns in the region. Stay in touch with local authorities, travel advisories, and fellow travelers to stay informed about any recent developments.


3. Travel in Groups: It is advisable to travel in groups, especially when venturing into remote areas or during treks. There is safety in numbers, and having companions can be helpful in case of any emergencies or unexpected situations.


4. Hire Local Guides: Whenever exploring unfamiliar territories, consider hiring a local guide who knows the area well. They will not only provide valuable insights but also ensure your safety and help navigate difficult terrains.


5. Pack Essentials: Carry necessary safety essentials, including a first aid kit, mosquito repellent, a flashlight, extra batteries, a multi-tool, and a mobile phone with emergency contacts saved. Additionally, pack appropriate clothing, gear, and footwear for different outdoor activities.


6. Stay Hydrated and Nourished: Arunachal Pradesh’s terrain can be physically challenging, so it is crucial to stay hydrated and fuel your body with nutritious food to maintain energy levels. Carry enough water and stock up on snacks for long journeys or treks.


7. Respect Local Customs: It is important to respect the local customs, traditions, and religious sites of the communities you encounter. Seek permission before taking photographs or entering sacred areas. Follow dress codes and be mindful of cultural sensitivities.


8. Secure Your Belongings: Keep your valuables, identification documents, and money in a secure place, such as a money belt or a locked bag. Avoid flashing expensive items and be vigilant in crowded areas to prevent theft.


9. Stay Connected: Inform your family or friends about your itinerary and keep them updated on your whereabouts. Having a reliable means of communication, such as a local SIM card or satellite phone, is important in case of emergencies.


10. Trust Your Instincts: Finally, trust your instincts. If you feel uncomfortable in a situation or a place, it is better to err on the side of caution and remove yourself from the situation. Your safety should always be your top priority.


By following these safety tips and exercising caution, you can have a memorable and safe backpacking experience in Arunachal Pradesh. Embrace the beauty of the region while taking necessary precautions to ensure a worry-free adventure.


Places to Visit in Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh is a haven for nature lovers, adventure enthusiasts, and those seeking cultural immersion. The state is teeming with stunning landscapes, serene monasteries, ancient forts, and vibrant tribal villages. Here are some of the must-visit places in Arunachal Pradesh:


1. Tawang: Located at an elevation of around 10,000 feet, Tawang is famous for its majestic Tawang Monastery, the second-largest monastery in the world. The picturesque town offers breathtaking views of the snow-capped mountains, serene lakes, and vibrant festivals such as Losar and Torgya.


2. Ziro Valley: Known for its pristine beauty and lush green paddy fields, Ziro Valley is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the cultural heartland of the Apatani tribe and offers opportunities for trekking, wildlife spotting, and experiencing traditional Apatani customs and festivals.


3. Bomdila: Nestled amidst the mighty Eastern Himalayas, Bomdila is a quaint town with stunning panoramic views. It is famous for its Buddhist monasteries, apple orchards, and the Bomdila viewpoint that offers a mesmerizing vista of the surrounding valleys and mountains.


4. Dirang: This picturesque valley town is known for its hot springs, apple orchards, and breathtaking views of the Eastern Himalayas. Dirang offers opportunities for trekking, bird watching, and exploring the Kalachakra Gompa, a Buddhist monastery known for its intricate murals and statues.


5. Namdapha National Park: Located in the easternmost part of Arunachal Pradesh, Namdapha National Park is a biodiverse haven, home to various species of animals, birds, and flora. Trekking through the dense forests and spotting rare wildlife species like the snow leopard and clouded leopard are popular activities here.


6. Itanagar: The capital city of Arunachal Pradesh, Itanagar offers a mix of modernity and tradition. Visit the Ita Fort, a historical fort with impressive architecture, and the Ganga Lake, a serene spot for boating and picnicking. Don’t miss the Jawaharlal Nehru State Museum, which showcases the cultural heritage of the region.


7. Sela Pass: Situated at an altitude of 13,700 feet, the Sela Pass offers breathtaking views of the snow-clad mountains and pristine lakes. It is the gateway to Tawang and is often covered in a blanket of snow, creating a surreal landscape.


These are just a few of the many incredible places to explore in Arunachal Pradesh. Each region in the state has its unique attractions, cultural heritage, and natural wonders that are waiting to be discovered by adventurous backpackers.


Trekking and Outdoor Activities

Arunachal Pradesh offers a plethora of opportunities for trekking and outdoor activities, making it a paradise for adventure enthusiasts. The rugged landscapes, dense forests, and mighty Himalayan ranges create the perfect backdrop for thrilling experiences. Here are some trekking and outdoor activities you can indulge in while exploring Arunachal Pradesh:


1. Tawang Trek: Embark on a trek from Tawang to Bum La Pass, which takes you through lush valleys, pristine lakes, and alpine meadows. This trek offers stunning views of the snow-capped peaks, colorful monasteries, and a chance to experience the local tribal culture along the way.


2. Daporijo Trek: Located in the Upper Subansiri district, the Daporijo trek is a challenging yet rewarding adventure. The trek takes you through dense forests, high mountain passes, and remote tribal villages. Enjoy breathtaking views of the Subansiri River and interact with the local tribal communities.


3. Mechuka Valley Trek: Trek through the picturesque Mechuka Valley, located in the West Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh. This offbeat trek offers scenic views of the snow-covered mountains, gushing rivers, and beautiful villages. Explore the ancient Buddhist monasteries and immerse yourself in the unique culture of the Memba tribe.


4. Namdapha National Park Expedition: Embark on an expedition through the dense forests of Namdapha National Park, home to a diverse array of flora and fauna. This multi-day trek offers an immersive experience in the wilderness, giving you a chance to spot rare wildlife species like the clouded leopard, hornbills, and orchids.


5. River Rafting on the Siang River: The Siang River, also known as the Brahmaputra in its upper reaches, offers thrilling opportunities for river rafting. Navigate through the gushing rapids as you enjoy the scenic beauty of the river valley. The Siang River is popular among experienced rafters seeking an adrenaline rush.


6. Wildlife and Bird Watching: Arunachal Pradesh is home to a diverse range of wildlife and bird species. Embark on wildlife safaris in national parks like Namdapha, Pakhui, and Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary. Spot elusive animals like tigers, elephants, leopards, and rare bird species like the hornbills and pheasants.


7. Camping and Bonfire: Experience the tranquility of the remote wilderness by camping in scenic locations. Set up your tent under the starry skies, enjoy a bonfire, and revel in the beauty of nature surrounding you.


These are just a few examples of the thrilling treks and outdoor activities available in Arunachal Pradesh. It is important to plan your adventure carefully, carry necessary gear and supplies, and hire experienced guides to ensure your safety and maximize your enjoyment of the breathtaking natural landscapes that Arunachal Pradesh has to offer.


Local Cuisine and Food

When it comes to food, Arunachal Pradesh has a rich culinary tradition that reflects its diverse tribal cultures and Himalayan location. The state offers a delightful range of flavors and unique dishes that are sure to tantalize your taste buds. Here are some highlights of the local cuisine and food in Arunachal Pradesh:


1. Momos: Momos are a popular dish in Arunachal Pradesh, just like in many other parts of the Himalayan region. These steamed or fried dumplings are typically filled with minced meat (pork or chicken), vegetables, or cheese and are served with spicy chili sauce. Momos are a must-try delicacy!


2. Thukpa: Thukpa is a hearty noodle soup that will warm you up on chilly mountain days. It is made with noodles, vegetables, and meat (typically pork). This soul-soothing dish is flavored with aromatic spices and is a staple in Arunachal Pradesh’s cuisine.


3. Zan: Zan is a traditional porridge-like dish made from millet or rice, cooked with water or milk. It is often consumed for breakfast or as a light meal. Zan can be enjoyed plain or with added flavors like jaggery, butter, or dried fruits.


4. Apong: Apong is a traditional fermented rice beer and is a significant part of the cultural and social fabric of Arunachal Pradesh. Made from fermented rice or millet, Apong has a slightly sweet and tangy taste. It is often served during festivals and celebrations.


5. Bamboo Shoots: Bamboo shoots are commonly used in Arunachal Pradesh’s cuisine as they are abundantly available in the region. They are used in various dishes, such as curries, stir-fries, and pickles, adding a unique flavor and texture to the food.


6. Marua: Marua is a popular locally grown grain in Arunachal Pradesh. It is used to make a variety of dishes, including pancakes, porridge, and even alcoholic beverages. The nutty and earthy flavors of Marua add a distinct taste to the dishes.


7. Local Pickles: Arunachal Pradesh is known for its variety of pickles made from indigenous ingredients. These pickles are often prepared with locally available fruits and vegetables such as amla (Indian gooseberry), bamboo shoots, and chili peppers, and are a perfect accompaniment to the meals.


8. Local Meats: Arunachal Pradesh offers a wide range of meat dishes, with pork being the most commonly consumed meat. You can savor dishes like pork curry, smoked pork, and dishes made from wild game like venison and wild boar, which are enjoyed by the local communities.


Lastly, while in Arunachal Pradesh, don’t miss the opportunity to try the traditional tribal cuisines like Adi, Nyishi, Apatani, and Monpa, which have their own unique recipes and flavors. These cuisines showcase the culinary traditions and distinct cultural identities of the tribal communities in the state.


With its diverse range of flavors and unique dishes, Arunachal Pradesh’s local cuisine offers a gastronomic adventure that will leave you craving for more!


Accommodation Options

When it comes to accommodation in Arunachal Pradesh, there are various options available to suit different budgets, preferences, and travel styles. From budget guesthouses to luxury resorts, you will find something to cater to your needs. Here are some popular accommodation options in Arunachal Pradesh:


1. Guesthouses and Homestays: Budget travelers can opt for guesthouses and homestays, which provide affordable and comfortable accommodation. These accommodations offer a chance to experience the local culture firsthand and interact with local families. You can find guesthouses and homestays in major towns and tourist destinations, offering basic facilities and a warm hospitality experience.


2. Hotels and Resorts: Arunachal Pradesh also has a range of hotels and resorts catering to different budgets. In major towns and cities like Itanagar, Tawang, and Bomdila, you will find mid-range hotels with comfortable rooms, attached bathrooms, and basic amenities. For those looking for a luxurious experience, there are upscale resorts and hotels that offer premium facilities and hospitality.


3. Eco-Lodges and Nature Resorts: For travelers seeking a closer connection with nature, eco-lodges and nature resorts are a great option. These accommodations are usually located amidst picturesque natural settings, offering a tranquil and immersive experience. Eco-lodges and nature resorts are designed to minimize their ecological footprint while providing comfortable accommodations and amenities.


4. Campsites: Arunachal Pradesh’s scenic landscapes also offer opportunities for camping. You can find designated campsites near popular trekking trails, national parks, and riversides. Camping allows you to get even closer to nature, with options for setting up your tent or staying in pre-arranged tents. Some campsites may provide basic facilities like shared bathrooms and dining areas.


5. Traditional Tribal Huts: In certain areas of Arunachal Pradesh, you can find traditional tribal huts that offer a unique cultural experience. These huts are constructed using local materials and reflect the architectural style of the respective tribal communities. Staying in a traditional tribal hut provides an immersive and authentic experience of the local culture and way of life.


Regardless of the type of accommodation you choose, it is advisable to book in advance, especially during peak tourist seasons. Keep in mind that facilities and amenities may vary depending on the location and category of accommodation. Please note that some remote areas may have limited accommodation options, so it is best to plan accordingly.


Ensure you research the accommodation options, read reviews, and consider factors like location, amenities, and budget before making your booking. By selecting the right accommodation, you can enhance your overall travel experience in Arunachal Pradesh.


Transportation within Arunachal Pradesh

Getting around Arunachal Pradesh is an adventure in itself, with its diverse terrain and remote locations. Here are some transportation options to consider when exploring this beautiful state:


1. Local Buses: Local buses are the primary mode of transportation for both short and long-distance travel within Arunachal Pradesh. State-run buses and private operators connect major towns and cities, making it an affordable option for budget travelers. However, be prepared for limited schedules, crowded buses, and longer travel times due to the hilly terrain and road conditions.


2. Shared Taxis: Shared taxis, also known as Sumos or Tata Magic, are a convenient and popular mode of transportation in Arunachal Pradesh. These shared vehicles ply on specific routes, and you can board them at designated taxi stands or bus stops. Shared taxis provide a relatively quicker and more comfortable journey compared to buses, especially for shorter distances.


3. Private Taxis: Hiring a private taxi is a more convenient option, especially if you prefer a more flexible and personalized travel experience. You can hire taxis for a day or multiple days, depending on your itinerary. Negotiate the fare upfront, and make sure to clarify any additional charges for waiting or parking. It is advisable to hire a taxi from a reputable agency or through your accommodation to ensure reliability and safety.


4. Motorbikes/Scooters: Renting a motorbike or scooter can be a thrilling way to explore the landscapes of Arunachal Pradesh. It gives you the freedom to navigate through remote areas and offbeat trails, reaching places that are otherwise inaccessible. However, ensure that you have a valid driving license and proper safety gear. Renting options may be limited, so it is best to check with local rental agencies in major towns.


5. Walking and Hiking: Arunachal Pradesh’s scenic beauty can be best explored on foot. Many towns and villages are pedestrian-friendly, allowing you to stroll around and immerse yourself in the local atmosphere. Additionally, trekking is a popular activity in Arunachal Pradesh, offering a unique way to experience the state’s natural beauty up close.


It is important to note that road conditions in Arunachal Pradesh can be challenging, with narrow and winding roads, especially in remote regions. The weather can also impact road travel, particularly during the monsoon season when landslides and roadblocks may occur. It is advisable to check road conditions and weather updates before embarking on your journey and to be prepared for any unforeseen delays.


Lastly, when traveling within Arunachal Pradesh, it is always helpful to keep some buffer time in your itinerary, especially for long-distance journeys. Make sure to plan your transportation in advance, carry water and snacks, and inform someone about your itinerary and estimated time of arrival.


By choosing the right mode of transportation and being prepared for the unique challenges of the region, you can explore the awe-inspiring landscapes of Arunachal Pradesh and create memories that will last a lifetime.


Cultural Etiquette and Customs

Arunachal Pradesh is home to a rich tapestry of indigenous cultures and tribes, each with its distinct customs, traditions, and social practices. When visiting the state, it is important to respect and honor these cultural nuances. Here are some essential cultural etiquette and customs to keep in mind:


1. Dress Modestly: Arunachal Pradesh is a culturally conservative region, and it is advisable to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites and interacting with local communities. Avoid wearing revealing or skimpy clothing that may be considered disrespectful or offensive.


2. Seek Permission before Photography: When taking photographs of people, especially in rural areas or tribal villages, it is important to seek their permission. Respect people’s privacy and refrain from photographing them without their consent. Some religious and sacred sites may also have restrictions on photography, so be mindful and follow the rules.


3. Greet with Respect: When meeting locals, greet them with respect by using traditional greetings such as “Namaste” or “Jai Hind” (Victory to India). Show courtesy and politeness by using appropriate words and maintaining a friendly demeanor.


4. Respect Religious and Cultural Sites: Arunachal Pradesh is home to numerous monasteries, temples, and sacred sites. When visiting these places, follow the rules and customs. Remove your shoes before entering religious places, be mindful of your behavior, and avoid touching or causing any damage to artifacts or religious objects.


5. Interact Respectfully: When interacting with locals, maintain a respectful attitude. Use polite language, refrain from using offensive language or gestures, and show genuine interest in their culture and traditions. It is always appreciated to learn a few basic greetings and phrases in the local language.


6. Respect Elders and Authorities: Arunachal Pradesh has deep-rooted cultural values that emphasize respect for elders and authorities. Show reverence towards elderly individuals and authority figures by using appropriate titles and treating them with honor and deference.


7. Understand Social Hierarchy: The tribal communities in Arunachal Pradesh have their social hierarchy and customs. It is important to understand and respect these hierarchies. Observe the customs and practices followed in the community and avoid causing any offense or discomfort.


8. Participate in Cultural Festivals: Arunachal Pradesh is known for its vibrant festivals celebrated by different tribes. If you have the opportunity, participate in these festivals with an open mind and a sense of respect. Observe and follow the cultural norms associated with the festivals.


9. Seek Permission for Entering Tribal Villages: Arunachal Pradesh boasts many tribal villages with unique cultures and traditions. When visiting these villages, always seek permission from the village head or local authorities before entering. Respect their customs and abide by their rules during your visit.


10. Leave No Trace: As a responsible traveler, it is crucial to practice sustainable travel and conservation efforts. Respect the environment by not littering, disposing of waste responsibly, and leaving the natural sites undisturbed. Foster a culture of sustainability and spread awareness about preserving the region’s natural and cultural heritage.


By embodying these cultural etiquette and customs, you can establish a connection with the locals, gain a deeper understanding of their way of life, and contribute to meaningful cultural exchanges during your visit to Arunachal Pradesh.


Wildlife and Nature Conservation

Arunachal Pradesh is blessed with rich biodiversity and pristine natural landscapes, making it a haven for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers. To ensure the preservation of this invaluable ecosystem, it is important to engage in responsible wildlife and nature conservation practices. Here are some ways to contribute to the conservation efforts in Arunachal Pradesh:


1. Respect Wildlife: When exploring the wilderness of Arunachal Pradesh, maintain a safe distance from wildlife and refrain from disrupting their natural behavior. Avoid feeding or approaching animals, as it can cause dependency and alter their natural foraging patterns. Respect the boundaries of their habitats and observe them from a distance to avoid any stress or harm to the animals.


2. Follow Responsible Tourism Practices: Practice responsible tourism by choosing eco-friendly accommodation, trekking with authorized guides, and staying on designated trails while exploring national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. Minimize your impact on the environment by leaving no trace, picking up litter, and avoiding activities that may harm the ecosystem.


3. Support Local Conservation Initiatives: Contribute to local conservation efforts by supporting organizations and community-led initiatives that focus on wildlife and nature conservation. This can include volunteering for conservation projects, contributing to local conservation funds, or participating in awareness campaigns that promote sustainable practices.


4. Learn About Local Flora and Fauna: Educate yourself about the unique flora and fauna of Arunachal Pradesh. Learn to identify and appreciate the local plant and animal species. By understanding their ecological importance, you can actively participate in their conservation efforts and help raise awareness among fellow travelers.


5. Report Wildlife Crimes and Illegal Activities: If you come across any wildlife crimes or illegal activities, such as poaching or trafficking, report them to the local authorities or authorities like the Forest Department. By reporting such activities, you can contribute to the protection of vulnerable species and help curb illegal practices.


6. Support Sustainable Agriculture and Ethical Farming: Engage in responsible consumption practices by supporting local farmers practicing sustainable agriculture methods and ethical farming practices. This not only ensures the preservation of natural habitats but also supports local communities and sustainable livelihoods.


7. Promote Environmental Education and Awareness: Spread awareness about the importance of wildlife and nature conservation among fellow travelers and the local community. Share your knowledge about conservation practices, environmental challenges, and the significance of preserving Arunachal Pradesh’s unique ecosystems.


8. Conserve Water and Energy: Conserve resources by practicing water and energy conservation. Use water sparingly, especially in areas where water is scarce. Opt for sustainable transportation methods and minimize your carbon footprint during your travel in Arunachal Pradesh.


Remember, your actions as a responsible traveler can make a significant difference in preserving the stunning wildlife and natural beauty of Arunachal Pradesh for future generations. By embracing sustainable travel practices and supporting local conservation initiatives, you contribute to the long-term protection of this precious ecosystem.


Sustainable Travel Practices

When exploring the enchanting landscapes of Arunachal Pradesh, it is important to practice sustainable travel to minimize your environmental impact, support local communities, and preserve the region’s natural and cultural heritage. Here are some sustainable travel practices to adopt during your visit:


1. Respect the Environment: As a responsible traveler, respect the natural surroundings by leaving no trace. Dispose of waste properly, carry a reusable water bottle, and avoid using single-use plastics. Respect flora and fauna by not disturbing or collecting natural artifacts.


2. Choose Eco-Friendly Accommodation: Opt for eco-friendly accommodation options that prioritize sustainability practices. Look for establishments with green certifications or those that support local conservation efforts. Consider staying in eco-lodges, homestays, or community-run accommodations that promote cultural exchange and support local communities.


3. Support Local Communities: Engage with the local communities and support their livelihoods through responsible tourism practices. Purchase locally-made handicrafts, products, and souvenirs, directly contribute to the local economy, and respect their customs and traditions.


4. Conserve Water and Energy: Practice water and energy conservation in your daily activities. Take shorter showers, turn off lights and air conditioning when not in use, and use resources mindfully. Conserve energy by using public transportation or carpooling whenever possible.


5. Respect Local Customs and Cultures: Familiarize yourself with the local customs, traditions, and cultural sensitivities of Arunachal Pradesh. Respect religious sites, dress modestly, and seek permission before taking photographs. Interact with locals with an open mind, learn from them, and embrace cultural exchanges.


6. Support Sustainable Wildlife Conservation: Choose responsible operators for wildlife excursions and prioritize ethical wildlife encounters. Avoid activities that exploit or harm animals and support conservation projects and initiatives that protect indigenous wildlife species.


7. Engage in Sustainable Dining: Explore traditional and local cuisine that utilizes locally-sourced ingredients. Support restaurants and food vendors that focus on sustainable practices, such as reducing food waste and supporting organic farming.


8. Opt for Sustainable Transportation: Choose eco-friendly transportation options when exploring Arunachal Pradesh. Utilize public transportation, walk, or rent bicycles to minimize carbon emissions. If hiring a private vehicle, opt for fuel-efficient options and carpool when traveling in groups.


9. Learn and Educate: Seek opportunities to learn about the local environment, biodiversity, and sustainable practices. Engage with local conservation organizations, participate in workshops, and share your knowledge with others to raise awareness about sustainable travel practices.


10. Support Conservation Initiatives: Contribute to local conservation projects and initiatives by volunteering your time or making donations. Support organizations working towards preserving the natural beauty and cultural heritage of Arunachal Pradesh.


By embracing sustainable travel practices, you can play a vital role in preserving the delicate ecosystem and cultural diversity of Arunachal Pradesh. Remember, the choices you make as a traveler have a lasting impact, and by taking small steps to travel sustainably, you can contribute towards a more responsible and conscious tourism industry.



Arunachal Pradesh, with its breathtaking landscapes, vibrant cultures, and rich biodiversity, offers a unique adventure for backpackers seeking an offbeat travel experience. This comprehensive guide has provided you with essential information on everything from getting to Arunachal Pradesh to permits and regulations, safety tips, budgeting, accommodation options, transportation within the state, cultural etiquette, wildlife and nature conservation, and sustainable travel practices.


By following these guidelines, you can make the most of your journey while minimizing your impact on the environment, respecting the local customs and traditions, and supporting the conservation of Arunachal Pradesh’s natural and cultural heritage.


Remember to immerse yourself in the stunning landscapes, engage with the local communities, savor the local cuisines, and participate in the diverse activities that make Arunachal Pradesh a truly remarkable destination.


Explore the enchanting valleys, trek through lush forests, witness vibrant festivals, and embrace the warm hospitality of the indigenous tribes. Arunachal Pradesh invites you to embark on an unforgettable backpacking adventure, where you will not only create lasting memories but also contribute to the preservation and sustainable development of this incredible region.


So, pack your bags, embark on this journey of discovery, and let Arunachal Pradesh captivate your senses with its natural beauty, cultural richness, and warm-hearted people. Safe travels!