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Interesting Facts Of Luxembourg – The Fun Ones!


Modified: December 27, 2023

by Casi Battles



Welcome to Luxembourg, a hidden gem nestled in the heart of Europe. Despite its small size, this landlocked country offers a wealth of enchanting experiences and fascinating facts that will leave you wanting to explore more. From its picturesque landscapes to its rich history and vibrant cultural heritage, Luxembourg is a destination like no other.


Located between Belgium, France, and Germany, Luxembourg is known for its peaceful and politically stable environment. With a population of approximately 600,000 people, the country boasts a diverse and multicultural society, making it a melting pot of languages, traditions, and experiences.


As you embark on your journey through Luxembourg, you will discover its unique blend of natural beauty and modern infrastructure, with preserved historical sites seamlessly integrated into its urban landscapes. From its lush green valleys and rolling hills to its charming villages and bustling city centers, Luxembourg offers something for every traveler.


Whether you’re a history buff, a nature enthusiast, or a food lover, Luxembourg will captivate your senses and immerse you in its rich tapestry of attractions. From exploring the medieval castles to indulging in the local cuisine, you will find yourself falling in love with the charm and allure of this enchanting country.


In this article, we will take a deeper look into the wonders of Luxembourg, uncovering interesting facts and enticing you to embark on your own exploration of this European gem. So, get ready to be amazed as we delve into the fascinating world of Luxembourg!


Geography and Size

Luxembourg may be the second smallest country in Europe, but it certainly packs a punch when it comes to its geographical features. Covering an area of approximately 2,586 square kilometers, this landlocked nation is nestled in the heart of the continent, bordered by Belgium, France, and Germany.


Despite its small size, Luxembourg boasts diverse and breathtaking landscapes. The northern part of the country is characterized by the Ardennes, a picturesque region of rolling hills, dense forests, and charming villages. In contrast, the southern region is known for its stunning wine-growing valleys, dotted with vineyards and historic wine villages.


One of the standout geographical features of Luxembourg is its extensive network of gorges and valleys, carved by the Moselle, Alzette, and Sûre rivers. These natural formations provide both a scenic backdrop and opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, cycling, and kayaking.


Within its borders, Luxembourg also houses several nature reserves, including the Müllerthal Region, often referred to as “Little Switzerland.” This protected area features picturesque rock formations, lush forests, and winding trails, making it a haven for nature lovers and hikers.


With its central location in Europe, Luxembourg serves as a gateway to neighboring countries. It takes just a few hours to drive to major cities such as Brussels, Paris, and Cologne, making it an ideal base for exploring the wider region.


The country’s compact size also allows for easy navigation and efficient travel. Whether you’re exploring the charming cobblestone streets of Luxembourg City, venturing into the enchanting countryside, or hopping between bordering countries, you’ll find that getting around Luxembourg is a breeze.


Despite its small land area, Luxembourg’s geographical diversity and accessibility make it an ideal destination for both nature enthusiasts and urban adventurers. Whether you prefer hiking through scenic trails or immersing yourself in the bustling city atmosphere, Luxembourg has something to offer every type of traveler.


Multilingual Nation

One of the most distinctive aspects of Luxembourg is its multilingual nature. As a country with a diverse population and rich cultural heritage, Luxembourg is fluent in not just one or two languages but three official languages: Luxembourgish, French, and German.


Luxembourgish, a Germanic language with influences from French and other neighboring languages, is the national language of Luxembourg. It is spoken by the majority of the population, fostering a sense of cultural identity and unity among Luxembourgers. While not widely spoken outside of the country, Luxembourgish is taught in schools and used in daily conversations.


French is another commonly used language in Luxembourg, especially in business, commerce, and official matters. It is the language of administration and legislation, making it an important aspect of the country’s governance. Many Luxembourgers are bilingual, speaking both French and Luxembourgish fluently.


German, on the other hand, is widely spoken in the eastern part of the country, known as the Oesling region. It is also taught in schools and used in official capacities, alongside French. Luxembourgers who reside in the Oesling region are often trilingual, speaking Luxembourgish, French, and German.


Aside from these three official languages, English is widely understood and spoken, particularly among the younger generation and those in the tourism and business sectors. This multilingualism creates a unique cultural atmosphere in Luxembourg, with people effortlessly switching between languages depending on the setting or audience.


Furthermore, due to its multicultural profile, Luxembourg is home to several communities speaking other languages, such as Portuguese, Italian, and Spanish, among others. This linguistic diversity adds vibrancy and richness to the country’s cultural fabric.


Being a multilingual nation, Luxembourg offers a welcoming environment for foreigners and visitors. Whether you’re fluent in one of the official languages or solely proficient in English, you’ll find that communication is rarely a barrier in this language-friendly country.


The multilingual nature of Luxembourg also stems from its strategic geographical location, surrounded by countries where French and German are widely spoken. This linguistic diversity allows Luxembourgers to seamlessly interact with their European neighbors and contributes to the country’s international influence.


Overall, Luxembourg’s multilingualism not only reflects its cultural diversity but also showcases the country’s commitment to embracing and preserving different languages. It is a testament to Luxembourg’s inclusive and cosmopolitan identity, making it an intriguing destination for language enthusiasts and curious travelers alike.


Wealth and High Living Standards

Luxembourg is renowned for its wealth and high living standards, consistently ranking among the top countries in terms of economic prosperity. This small European country has a robust economy and offers its residents a quality of life that is the envy of many.


One of the main factors contributing to Luxembourg’s affluence is its role as a financial center. The country is known for its strong banking and financial services sector, attracting multinational corporations, investment funds, and wealthy individuals from around the world. Luxembourg’s stable and favorable business environment, along with its advantageous tax regulations, has made it a hub for international finance.


Furthermore, the country’s strategic location at the heart of Europe has played a crucial role in its economic success. Luxembourg’s accessibility and its position as a gateway to neighboring countries have made it an attractive location for businesses and investors seeking a central base in Europe.


With a high GDP per capita, Luxembourg offers its residents a high standard of living. The country boasts excellent healthcare facilities, a comprehensive social security system, and a well-developed education system. Luxembourgers enjoy benefits such as generous pension schemes, paid parental leave, and access to quality education and healthcare services.


In addition to economic prosperity, Luxembourg also prioritizes environmental sustainability and quality of life. The country is known for its commitment to green policies, with extensive green spaces, well-maintained parks, and a focus on renewable energy. Luxembourg City, the capital, has been recognized as one of the greenest cities in Europe.


With its strong economy and high living standards, Luxembourg attracts a cosmopolitan and diverse population. Expats from around the world find the country an ideal place to live and work, thanks to its prosperous economy, safe environment, and excellent infrastructure.


Luxembourg’s wealth is not just evident in its monetary value but also in its cultural offerings. The country boasts a thriving arts and cultural scene, with a wide range of museums, galleries, theaters, and music festivals. Luxembourgers take pride in their rich cultural heritage and actively support artistic endeavors, making it a vibrant and intellectually stimulating destination.


All in all, Luxembourg’s wealth and high living standards are a testament to the country’s commitment to economic growth, social welfare, and environmental sustainability. This combination of financial prosperity, quality of life, and cultural richness makes Luxembourg an attractive destination for those seeking a well-rounded, affluent lifestyle.


Luxembourg City: Europe’s Political Hub

Luxembourg City, the capital of Luxembourg, is not only a picturesque and charming city but also an important political hub in Europe. Known for its impressive architectural landmarks, rich history, and international influence, Luxembourg City is a must-visit for anyone exploring this small but significant country.


One of the defining features of Luxembourg City is its role as a center for European politics. The city serves as the seat of several European Union institutions, including the European Court of Justice, the European Investment Bank, and parts of the European Commission. This presence of major EU institutions has earned Luxembourg City the nickname “the capital of Europe.”


Walking through the city, you’ll encounter striking buildings and institutions that epitomize its political significance. The Kirchberg district, in particular, is home to many of these EU institutions. The European Court of Justice, with its distinctive modern architecture, stands as a symbol of the city’s importance in the European legal system.


In addition to EU institutions, Luxembourg City also hosts numerous international organizations and diplomatic missions. The city’s multicultural atmosphere is further enriched by the presence of diplomats, politicians, and professionals from around the world, contributing to its cosmopolitan vibe.


Aside from its political significance, Luxembourg City boasts a rich historical heritage. The Old Town, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is a captivating area filled with medieval architecture, charming cobblestone streets, and picturesque squares. The iconic landmark of Luxembourg City is the Grand Ducal Palace, which serves as the official residence of the Grand Duke. Visitors can witness the changing of the guard and admire the grandeur of the palace.


Beyond the historical and political aspects, Luxembourg City offers a vibrant cultural scene. The city hosts various festivals, exhibitions, and concerts throughout the year, attracting both locals and international visitors. The Philharmonie Luxembourg is a renowned concert hall known for its excellent acoustics and world-class performances.


Exploring Luxembourg City wouldn’t be complete without appreciating its stunning natural surroundings. The city is surrounded by beautiful valleys and green spaces, such as the Pétrusse Valley and the Alzette Valley, offering picturesque views and peaceful retreats from the urban buzz.


With its blend of historical significance, political importance, and cultural vibrancy, Luxembourg City is a remarkable destination not to be missed. Whether you’re diving into its rich history, exploring the European institutions, or simply strolling along its charming streets, Luxembourg City captivates visitors with its unique blend of past, present, and future.


Luxembourg’s Cuisine: Indulge in Delights

When it comes to culinary delights, Luxembourg is a country that knows how to satisfy every food lover’s palate. With a rich culinary heritage influenced by its neighboring countries, Luxembourg’s cuisine offers a delightful fusion of flavors, resulting in a unique culinary experience.


As a landlocked country, Luxembourg’s cuisine prominently features dishes made with locally sourced ingredients. Meat lovers will revel in the country’s love for hearty dishes, such as bouneschlupp (a green bean soup), judd mat gaardebounen (smoked pork collar with broad beans), and fleischnacka (meat-filled pasta rolls). These traditional recipes offer a taste of Luxembourg’s rustic and comforting cuisine.


Cheese also holds a special place in Luxembourg’s culinary repertoire. The country produces a wide variety of artisanal cheeses, ranging from the creamy and smooth Kachkéis to the distinctively pungent Rieslingspaschtéit. Cheese lovers will find themselves in gastronomic heaven as they explore the local fromageries and sample these delectable creations.


A noteworthy aspect of Luxembourg’s gastronomy is its strong French and German influences. French cuisine is celebrated in Luxembourg with dishes like coq au vin (chicken in wine) and quenelle de brochet (pike dumplings). German-inspired specialties, such as sauerkraut and spaetzle, are also popular, reflecting the country’s historical ties with its neighboring regions.


When it comes to desserts, Luxembourg doesn’t disappoint. From indulgent pastries like the beloved Gromperekichelcher (potato fritters) to sweet treats like the melt-in-your-mouth Bretzelsonndegkiechelchen (twisted doughnuts), Luxembourg’s dessert menu is a feast for the senses. Don’t forget to pair these delights with a glass of locally-produced wine or beer for the ultimate culinary experience.


While Luxembourg takes pride in preserving its traditional cuisine, the country is also evolving with contemporary influences. The capital city is home to a vibrant restaurant scene, offering a diverse range of international cuisines, from Asian fusion to Mediterranean delights. Michelin-starred restaurants like Mosconi and La Distillerie showcase Luxembourg’s dedication to gastronomic excellence.


Alongside its vibrant restaurant scene, Luxembourg hosts numerous food festivals and markets throughout the year. These events celebrate local produce, artisanal products, and culinary traditions, offering visitors an opportunity to immerse themselves in the country’s gastronomic culture.


Whether you’re a fan of hearty traditional dishes, cheese aficionado, or a dessert enthusiast, Luxembourg’s cuisine promises to tantalize your taste buds and leave you craving for more. So, when you visit this enchanting country, make sure to indulge in its culinary delights and experience the flavors that make Luxembourg a true gastronomic paradise.


Luxembourgish Celebrations and Traditions

When it comes to celebrations and traditions, Luxembourg has a rich cultural tapestry that is deeply rooted in its history and folklore. From religious festivals to unique customs, Luxembourgish traditions provide a glimpse into the country’s cultural heritage and bring communities together in joyful and meaningful ways.


One of the most significant celebrations in Luxembourg is National Day, known as “Groussherzogsday” or Grand Duke’s Day. Celebrated on June 23rd, it commemorates the birthday of the reigning Grand Duke. The day begins with a military parade, followed by festive concerts, fireworks, and street parties throughout the country. Luxembourgers come together to celebrate their national identity and show their appreciation for their Grand Duke.


Religious traditions also play a significant role in Luxembourg’s cultural fabric. Easter and Christmas are marked with religious ceremonies, but Luxembourgish customs add their unique twists to these festivities. On Easter Monday, children participate in “Éimaischen,” a tradition where they sell or exchange colorful clay whistles and other handicrafts. At Christmas, the country is adorned with festive decorations, and families gather to celebrate with a variety of traditional dishes and customs.


Another cherished Luxembourgish tradition is the “Schueberfouer,” an annual fair held in Luxembourg City. Dating back to the 14th century, this fair combines thrilling amusement rides, games, food stalls, and entertainment. It attracts locals and visitors alike, offering a lively atmosphere where fun and excitement are in abundance.


Throughout the year, Luxembourg also hosts various food and drink festivals that celebrate the country’s culinary delights. These events showcase local produce, traditional recipes, and a love for gastronomy. The Echternach Dancing Procession, a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage, is a unique tradition held every Whit Tuesday, where thousands of people join in a procession accompanied by folk music. The procession is a stunning display of cultural and religious devotion.


Folklore and traditional costumes are an integral part of Luxembourgish celebrations. The “Buergbrennen” tradition, held on the first Sunday of Lent, involves lighting bonfires to symbolize the end of winter and the arrival of spring. Luxembourgers dressed in traditional costumes and masks also participate in carnival celebrations, adding a touch of whimsy to the festivities.


Overall, Luxembourgish celebrations and traditions offer a glimpse into the country’s cultural heritage and community spirit. Whether it’s through national holidays, religious ceremonies, or cultural events, Luxembourgers proudly uphold their traditions, creating a sense of unity and belonging. So, when you visit Luxembourg, make sure to immerse yourself in these celebrations and experience the joy and warmth that radiate from the country’s cultural traditions.


Castles and Forts: Luxembourg’s Rich History

Luxembourg is a treasure trove of castles and forts, each with its own story and significance, showcasing the country’s rich and fascinating history. These ancient structures stand as testaments to Luxembourg’s strategic importance throughout the centuries and provide visitors with a glimpse into the country’s past.


One of the most iconic castles in Luxembourg is the Luxembourg Castle, also known as the “Gibraltar of the North.” Situated atop a rocky outcrop overlooking the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers, this medieval fortress is now a UNESCO World Heritage site. Built in the 10th century, the castle served as the residence of the Grand Dukes until the 19th century. Visitors can explore its towers, ramparts, and underground casemates, gaining insights into Luxembourg’s feudal past.


In addition to the Luxembourg Castle, other notable castles dot the Luxembourgish landscape. The Vianden Castle, perched on a hill overlooking the Our River, is a highlight for history enthusiasts. With its impressive architecture and picturesque location, it offers a fascinating journey through the centuries. The Beaufort Castle, situated in the heart of the Müllerthal Region, also deserves a visit, with its medieval ruins and enchanting surroundings.


Fortresses are integral to Luxembourg’s historical landscape as well. The fortress of Luxembourg City, a UNESCO World Heritage site, played a crucial role in the country’s defense. Its strategic position on top of a rocky plateau has made it an important military stronghold throughout history. Visitors can explore the underground tunnels, casemates, and battlements, gaining insight into the city’s fortification system.


The medieval town of Esch-sur-Sûre is home to another noteworthy fortress. The Esch-sur-Sûre Castle, situated on a rocky promontory surrounded by a meandering river, offers stunning views and a glimpse into medieval life. Today, it houses a museum showcasing the region’s history and culture.


These castles and forts are not merely static structures but also serve as venues for cultural events and exhibitions, bringing Luxembourg’s history to life. The Summer in the City festival, held at the Luxembourg Castle complex, features open-air concerts and theater performances, enchanting visitors with a combination of history and entertainment.


Exploring Luxembourg’s castles and forts is a journey through time, showcasing the country’s rich and diverse history. Whether you’re fascinated by medieval architecture, intrigued by strategic fortifications, or simply captivated by tales of knights and nobles, Luxembourg’s castles and forts will transport you back in time and provide a deeper understanding of the country’s historical significance.


Luxembourg’s Banking and Financial Services

Luxembourg has earned a reputation as a leading global financial center, offering a wide range of banking and financial services. With a stable economy, favorable business environment, and progressive regulations, the country has attracted numerous international banks, asset management firms, and investment funds.


One of the key factors contributing to Luxembourg’s prominence in the financial sector is its political stability. The country has a long history of economic and political stability, making it an attractive location for financial institutions seeking a secure base. Luxembourg’s commitment to maintaining a robust regulatory framework has also played a significant role in cultivating trust and confidence in its financial services.


Luxembourg is renowned for its expertise in banking services. The country offers a comprehensive range of banking options, including commercial banking, private banking, and investment banking. Major international banks have established a presence in Luxembourg, serving both domestic and international clients.


Asset management is another key pillar of Luxembourg’s financial sector. The country is recognized as one of the world’s largest domiciles for investment funds. It offers a favorable regulatory environment, a wide range of fund structures, and access to a global network of investors. Luxembourg’s expertise in fund administration and distribution has made it a preferred destination for asset managers and investors worldwide.


Luxembourg is also a leader in wealth management, providing tailored services to individuals and families looking to preserve and grow their assets. Private banks in Luxembourg offer a suite of services, including investment management, estate planning, and wealth structuring. Luxembourgers and international clients benefit from the country’s expertise in wealth management and the high level of professionalism of its financial advisors.


Moreover, Luxembourg has become a hub for fintech innovation. The country has fostered an ecosystem that encourages startups and established companies to develop cutting-edge technologies and solutions for the financial industry. With its supportive regulatory framework and collaborative approach, Luxembourg has positioned itself as a dynamic fintech hub in Europe.


In addition to its banking and financial services, Luxembourg is also known for its expertise in cross-border financial transactions and international tax planning. The country’s favorable tax environment, which includes double taxation treaties with numerous countries, has made it an attractive location for multinational corporations looking to optimize their tax strategies and facilitate international trade.


Overall, Luxembourg’s banking and financial services sector has played a crucial role in the country’s economic growth. With its stability, expertise, and commitment to innovation, Luxembourg continues to be a preferred destination for those seeking reliable and forward-thinking financial services in the heart of Europe.


Luxembourgish Folklore and Legends

Step into the enchanting world of Luxembourgish folklore and legends, where mythical creatures, magical tales, and age-old traditions captivate the imagination. Deeply rooted in the country’s history and rural traditions, Luxembourgish folklore offers a glimpse into the cultural heritage and beliefs of its people.


One of the most iconic figures in Luxembourgish folklore is the “Kleeschen,” the Luxembourgish equivalent of Saint Nicholas. According to tradition, the Kleeschen visits children on December 6th, rewarding good behavior with treats and small gifts. This beloved figure is accompanied by the “Houseker,” a mischievous servant who carries a whip to remind children of the consequences of misbehavior.


Another notable character in Luxembourgish folklore is the “Béierdag,” or “Beer Day.” This celebration takes place on December 24th, where a wooden barrel is rolled through the streets to chase away evil spirits and bring good luck for the coming year. The festivities include music, dancing, and, of course, the tasting of local beers.


Legends and supernatural creatures are also woven into Luxembourgish folklore. The “Luxembourg Casket” is a tale of a young woman who discovers a magical casket that grants her wishes but comes with a dire consequence. The story serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of greed and the importance of appreciating what one already has.


The “Minett Geescht” is a legendary ghost associated with the abandoned iron mines in the southern part of the country. According to the tale, this ghostly figure would appear to miners who did not respect the rules of the mine, serving as a reminder of the dangers of their profession.


Folklore in Luxembourg also encompasses traditional customs and rituals. One example is the Carnival season, when people don colorful costumes and masks to chase away the winter spirits. The “Buergbrennen” tradition, held on the first Sunday of Lent, involves lighting bonfires to symbolize the end of winter and the arrival of spring.


These stories and traditions have been passed down through generations, preserving Luxembourg’s rich cultural heritage and strengthening the sense of community. Folklore plays a role in festivals, parades, and local celebrations, bringing people together to honor their history and mythological tales.


Exploring Luxembourg’s folklore and legends is like stepping into a world of whimsy and wonder. Whether you’re fascinated by mythical creatures, intrigued by age-old traditions, or simply captivated by the storytelling, Luxembourg’s folklore invites you to embark on a journey of imagination and cultural discovery.


Fun Facts about Luxembourg

Beneath Luxembourg’s serene and picturesque exterior, there are several intriguing and surprising facts that make this tiny European country stand out. From unique accolades to quirky traditions, here are some fun facts about Luxembourg that will leave you amazed.


1. Multilingual Marvel: Luxembourg is known for its multilingualism, with Luxembourgish, French, and German serving as its official languages. However, it is worth noting that many Luxembourgers are also fluent in English, making it a language-friendly destination for international visitors.


2. A Grand Ducal Family: Luxembourg is the world’s only remaining grand duchy, meaning it is ruled by a grand duke or duchess. The current reigning monarch is Grand Duke Henri, and the royal family continues to hold an important symbolic role in the country’s governance.


3. “Moselle” Mastery: Luxembourg is home to one of the most extensive wine-growing regions in Europe. The Moselle Valley, located in the southeastern part of the country, is renowned for its picturesque vineyards and quality wines, including the famous Rieslings and Crémants.


4. An Oasis of Green: Despite being one of the smallest countries in Europe, Luxembourg is incredibly green. About one-third of the country is covered in forests, making it a haven for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers.


5. The Schengen Agreement: The Schengen Agreement, which abolished passport control between participating countries, was signed in the Luxembourgish village of Schengen. This agreement has had a significant impact on European travel and integration.


6. European Court of Justice: Luxembourg City is home to the European Court of Justice, the highest court in the European Union. The court plays a crucial role in interpreting EU law and ensuring its uniform application across member states.


7. Safe and Secure: Luxembourg boasts one of the lowest crime rates in Europe, making it one of the safest countries to live and visit. Its high level of political and economic stability contributes to its overall safety and security.


8. The Luxembourgish Gendarmerie: Until 2000, Luxembourg had its own gendarmerie, a combined police and military force. Known for their distinct uniforms and iconic shakos, the gendarmerie played an important role in maintaining law and order throughout the country.


9. Famous Literary Connections: Luxembourg has served as a source of inspiration for various renowned authors and poets. Victor Hugo, the famous French writer, found solace during his exile in Luxembourg and wrote part of his masterpiece “Les Misérables” in the country.


10. Luxembourgers Love to Celebrate: Luxembourgers embrace festivities and celebrations throughout the year. From the aforementioned National Day parade to the Schueberfouer fair and numerous music festivals and cultural events, there is always something to celebrate in Luxembourg.


These fun facts are just a glimpse into the intriguing aspects of Luxembourg. This little gem of a country has much to offer, from its linguistic diversity to its royal heritage, scenic landscapes, and vibrant celebrations. Prepare to be pleasantly surprised as you delve deeper into the wonders of Luxembourg!