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Which Countries Border Brazil?


Modified: December 28, 2023

by Bette-Ann Booher



Brazil, officially known as the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in South America. It spans over 8.5 million square kilometers and is home to a population of over 210 million people. In addition to its vast size and diverse population, Brazil is also notable for its unique geography and borders.


Brazil shares borders with ten other countries, making it a significant player in the South American region. These bordering countries contribute to Brazil’s cultural, economic, and political interactions with its neighbors. Understanding Brazil’s bordering nations is essential to gaining a comprehensive knowledge of the country’s global positioning and influence.


In this article, we will delve into the countries that share a border with Brazil, exploring the Northern, Western, Southern, and Eastern boundaries. By examining these bordering nations, we will gain insight into the unique dynamics and connections that shape Brazil’s identity.


Let us now embark on a journey through the borders of Brazil, uncovering the nuances, relations, and interdependencies that exist between this vibrant country and its neighboring nations.


Northern Border

Brazil’s Northern border is shared with two countries: Venezuela and Guyana. The border with Venezuela spans approximately 2,200 kilometers, while the border with Guyana measures approximately 1,100 kilometers.


Venezuela, located in the northeast of South America, shares a border with Brazil along its entire northern edge. The border is characterized by the massive Amazon rainforest, one of the most biodiverse regions on the planet. The two countries have a history of cooperation and trade, with the movement of goods and people across the border contributing to economic growth and cultural exchanges.


On the eastern side of Brazil’s Northern border lies Guyana. The border, formed by the Takutu River, showcases the unique natural landscapes found in this part of South America. Brazil and Guyana have developed strong diplomatic relations, fostering collaborations in various fields such as agriculture, infrastructure, and tourism.


The Northern border of Brazil not only represents geographical divisions but also serves as a bridge connecting cultures, economies, and ecosystems. The proximity of these countries allows for the exchange of ideas, resources, and experiences, contributing to the richness and diversity of the region.


Western Border

The Western border of Brazil spans over 3,400 kilometers, sharing boundaries with Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia. Each of these countries brings its unique cultural, historical, and geographical influences to the region.


Bolivia, located to the northwest of Brazil, shares a border that stretches around 3,400 kilometers. The border region is marked by the vast Amazon rainforest, as well as the Pantanal, the world’s largest tropical wetland. Brazil and Bolivia have historically maintained close relations, collaborating on issues of mutual interest such as energy, transportation, and environmental conservation.


To the west, Brazil’s border with Peru measures around 2,800 kilometers. This border covers a diverse range of landscapes, including the dense Amazon rainforest and the Andes mountains. The border region has witnessed a growing economic and cultural exchange between Brazil and Peru, with trade and tourism playing crucial roles in strengthening bilateral ties.


Brazil’s Western border also extends to Colombia, spanning approximately 1,644 kilometers. The border region is characterized by the Amazon rainforest and the mighty Amazon River. Brazil and Colombia have worked together on various issues, including combating drug trafficking and promoting sustainable development in the Amazon region.


The Western border of Brazil serves as a gateway to the diverse natural wonders found in this part of South America. It also fosters cultural and economic connectivity, allowing for the exchange of ideas, goods, and services between Brazil and its neighboring countries.


Southern Border

Brazil’s Southern border is shared with two countries: Uruguay and Argentina. This border, known for its scenic landscapes and cultural richness, spans over 1,224 kilometers.


Uruguay, located to the south of Brazil, shares a border that extends approximately 1,003 kilometers. The border region is demarcated by the Quaraí River and the Jaguarão River, and it represents an essential connection between the two countries. Brazil and Uruguay have a long history of cultural and economic exchanges, with trade, tourism, and immigration playing significant roles in strengthening bilateral relations.


Argentina, Brazil’s neighbor to the southwest, shares a border that stretches around 1,083 kilometers. The border region is marked by the Iguazu Falls, one of the most breathtaking natural wonders in the world. Brazil and Argentina have a dynamic relationship, with strong cultural ties and extensive commercial interactions. The border region facilitates trade and tourism, with millions of visitors crossing between the two countries each year.


The Southern border of Brazil not only represents a geographic boundary but also serves as a bridge connecting diverse cultures, promoting understanding and cooperation. The exchange of ideas, traditions, and resources between Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina contributes to the vibrant cultural mosaic that characterizes this region of South America.


Eastern Border

Brazil’s Eastern border is unique in that it is primarily coastal, stretching along the Atlantic Ocean for approximately 7,491 kilometers. This expansive coastline is known for its stunning beaches, diverse marine life, and vibrant coastal cities.


The easternmost point of Brazil’s border is shared with French Guiana, a French overseas department located in South America. The border between Brazil and French Guiana is demarcated by the Oyapock River, forming a natural divide between the two countries. The border region showcases a blend of French and Brazilian influences, with cultural interactions and economic cooperation contributing to the vibrant dynamics of the area.


Further to the south, the Eastern border of Brazil extends to Suriname. The border with Suriname is formed by the Corentyne River, providing a natural boundary between the two countries. Brazil and Suriname have a history of collaboration, particularly in areas such as infrastructure development, energy, and environmental conservation.


The Eastern border of Brazil, being primarily coastal, holds immense importance for maritime trade and connectivity. Brazil’s coastal cities, such as Rio de Janeiro and Salvador, are major economic hubs and tourist destinations. The coastal region also boasts a rich marine ecosystem, contributing to Brazil’s environmental heritage.


The Eastern border of Brazil brings together the influences of various cultures, economies, and natural marvels. It showcases the dynamic and diverse nature of Brazil’s coastal regions, with vibrant coastal cities and stunning natural landscapes that have captured the imaginations of people around the world.



Brazil’s borders with its neighboring countries play a crucial role in shaping its identity and fostering connections with the wider South American region. From the tropical rainforests of the Northern border to the coastal landscapes of the Eastern border, Brazil’s boundaries are diverse and unique.


The Northern border, shared with Venezuela and Guyana, showcases the incredible biodiversity of the Amazon rainforest and serves as a gateway for cultural and economic exchanges. The Western border, which includes Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia, highlights the rich natural landscapes and fosters collaborations in various sectors.


The Southern border, shared with Uruguay and Argentina, exemplifies the intertwined relationships formed through trade, tourism, and cultural interactions. Finally, the Eastern border along the Atlantic Ocean represents Brazil’s vibrant coastal cities and its connection to the marine ecosystem.


Overall, Brazil’s borders are not simply physical lines on a map. They symbolize the interconnectedness and interdependencies that exist between Brazil and its neighboring nations. These borders facilitate the exchange of ideas, resources, and experiences, enriching the cultural fabric of the region.


By exploring the countries that border Brazil, we gain a deeper understanding of Brazil’s global positioning and its unique role within South America. These borders are not merely geographic divisions, but opportunities for collaboration, cooperation, and cultural exchange.


As we conclude this exploration of Brazil’s borders, we recognize the significance of these boundaries in shaping the country’s character and contributing to its vibrant identity. Understanding Brazil’s bordering nations allows us to appreciate the rich tapestry of cultures, landscapes, and connections that make Brazil a truly remarkable country.