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Which Countries Border Portugal


Modified: December 28, 2023

by Kara Niemann



Portugal, a stunning country located on the Iberian Peninsula, is known for its rich history, mesmerizing landscapes, and vibrant culture. As a part of Southern Europe, Portugal shares its borders with Spain to the east and north. In addition to its mainland, Portugal also has several neighboring countries due to its overseas territories. These territories include the archipelagos of Azores and Madeira, which are located in the Atlantic Ocean, as well as the Portuguese territory in South America, Brazil.


Portugal’s strategic location on the western coast of Europe has not only shaped its history and culture but has also influenced its relationships with its neighboring countries. The diverse geography of Portugal, ranging from picturesque coastlines to stunning mountain ranges, has also played a significant role in defining its borders and shaping its connection with its neighboring nations.


In this article, we will explore the countries that share a border with Portugal, highlighting the unique characteristics and relationships between each nation.


Portugal’s Neighboring Countries

Portugal is bordered by two countries: Spain and Andorra. Let’s take a closer look at these fascinating neighbors and their relationships with Portugal.

  1. Spain: Sharing a border that stretches over 1,200 kilometers, Portugal and Spain have a long history of cultural exchange and close ties. The border between the two countries is the westernmost border of the European Union. The proximity between Portugal and Spain has led to a flourishing relationship in terms of trade, tourism, and cultural exchanges. There are multiple crossing points along the border, facilitating easy travel between the two countries. Visitors can enjoy exploring the unique blend of Portuguese and Spanish influences found in cities like Porto and Vigo.
  2. Andorra: Although not a direct neighbor of Portugal, Andorra is a small principality located in the Pyrenees mountains between Spain and France. Andorra is known for its picturesque beauty, ski resorts, and a tax-free shopping haven. Despite not sharing a physical border with Portugal, Andorra is easily accessible from both Spain and France, making it a popular destination for Portuguese travelers looking for a mountain getaway.

Additionally, while not a neighboring country, Brazil holds a special place in Portugal’s history and continues to maintain strong cultural and economic ties. Portugal colonized Brazil in the 16th century, and today, the shared Portuguese language acts as a vital link between the two countries. With direct flights connecting major cities in Portugal and Brazil, travel between the two nations is convenient, encouraging tourism and fostering cultural exchange.


Overall, Portugal’s neighboring countries play a significant role in enhancing the cultural, economic, and social connections that define the nation. The proximity to Spain and the accessibility of Andorra, combined with the historical ties and linguistic connections with Brazil, contribute to Portugal’s vibrant and diverse identity.



Spain, Portugal’s largest and only direct neighbor, shares a border that stretches over 1,200 kilometers. The relationship between Portugal and Spain is characterized by a rich history and a close bond that extends beyond geographical proximity.


Historically, the Iberian Peninsula, which encompasses both Portugal and Spain, has seen various civilizations rise and fall, leaving behind a legacy that influences the culture and traditions of both countries. The long and complex history of interactions, including periods of conflict and cooperation, has shaped the unique cultural tapestry of the region.


Today, Portugal and Spain are not just neighboring countries but also important trade partners and popular tourist destinations for each other. The border between Portugal and Spain is the westernmost border of the European Union, and it is marked by a diverse landscape that ranges from stunning mountain ranges to idyllic beaches.


One of the key benefits of the close proximity between Portugal and Spain is the ease of travel between the two countries. Several crossing points along the border allow for convenient access, making it effortless for tourists to explore both nations during their visit to the Iberian Peninsula. Whether it’s the captivating city of Lisbon or the vibrant streets of Madrid, visitors can easily embark on a cross-border adventure to experience the best of both cultures.


Moreover, the cultural exchange between Portugal and Spain is evident in their shared influences on music, art, architecture, and cuisine. Portuguese and Spanish cuisines share similarities, with dishes like bacalhau (salted codfish) being popular in both countries. The Fado music of Portugal and the Flamenco dance of Spain showcase the emotional and expressive qualities that are distinctive to the Iberian Peninsula.


And let’s not forget the annual pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela, which attracts thousands of pilgrims from all around the world, including many Portuguese pilgrims. This spiritual journey is a testament to the deep connection and shared history between the two nations.


Ultimately, the relationship between Portugal and Spain goes beyond mere geographical proximity. It is a bond built on a shared history, cultural exchange, and mutual respect. The close ties between these neighboring countries continue to strengthen and enrich the vibrant tapestry of the Iberian Peninsula.



Andorra, a small principality nestled in the Pyrenees mountains between Spain and France, may not share a direct border with Portugal, but it holds a special allure for Portuguese travelers seeking a mountain getaway.


Andorra’s breathtaking natural landscapes, tax-free shopping, and world-class ski resorts make it an attractive destination for visitors from around the world. Despite its small size, Andorra boasts a rich history and culture that have been shaped by its unique location and proximity to both Spain and France.


Portuguese travelers can easily access Andorra through its neighboring countries, with convenient transportation routes connecting the principality to both Spain and France. From Spain, there are direct bus services that make the journey to Andorra simple and enjoyable. Likewise, the French city of Toulouse is a popular starting point for travelers making their way to Andorra by road.


Once in Andorra, visitors are greeted by stunning mountain vistas and a wide array of recreational activities. The principality is renowned for its ski resorts, which attract winter sports enthusiasts from all over the world. From skiing and snowboarding to snowshoeing and ice skating, Andorra offers a paradise for winter sports enthusiasts of all levels.


Beyond the winter season, Andorra captivates visitors with its picturesque hiking trails, mountain biking routes, and natural landscapes. Exploring the Pyrenees Mountains allows visitors to immerse themselves in the beauty of Andorra’s untouched wilderness and experience the tranquility of nature.


Furthermore, Andorra’s status as a tax haven makes it an enticing shopping destination. The principality is famous for its duty-free shopping, with a wide range of products available at competitive prices. From luxury goods to electronic gadgets and fashion brands, Andorra offers a unique retail experience for Portuguese travelers seeking to indulge in some tax-free shopping.


Despite not sharing a physical border, Andorra’s close proximity to both Spain and France, as well as its breathtaking natural beauty and tax-free shopping, make it an appealing destination for Portuguese travelers looking to escape to the mountains and enjoy a unique blend of relaxation, outdoor adventures, and retail therapy.



France, a neighboring country of Portugal, shares a border in the north with the region of Galicia, located in the northwest of Spain. While their physical border may be limited, the cultural and historical connections between Portugal and France run deep.


The long-standing relationship between Portugal and France has been shaped by historical events and cultural exchanges throughout the centuries. Portuguese migration to France has played a significant role in strengthening the ties between the two countries. Over the years, the Portuguese community in France has grown, contributing to the cultural fabric of both nations.


The exchange of culture between Portugal and France is evident in the realms of art, literature, cuisine, and fashion. French influence can be seen in the architecture of certain Portuguese cities, such as Porto and Lisbon, with its grand boulevards and neoclassical buildings. Conversely, Portuguese wines, such as port wine, have gained international recognition and found a place on French tables.


France is also a favored destination for Portuguese travelers. Paris, known as the City of Lights, offers a tapestry of iconic landmarks, world-class museums, and a vibrant culinary scene. The charm of the French Riviera and the picturesque landscapes of Provence also captivate Portuguese visitors seeking a taste of the French “joie de vivre.”


Furthermore, Portugal and France are both members of the European Union, fostering economic cooperation and trade relations. The convenient transportation links, including regular direct flights, make it easy for business travelers, tourists, and even students to journey between the two countries.


Moreover, France’s fame as a cultural hub and its renowned educational institutions make it an attractive destination for Portuguese students seeking higher education abroad. French universities and research centers offer a wide range of academic programs, providing opportunities for knowledge exchange and fostering intellectual growth.


Overall, the relationship between Portugal and France extends beyond physical borders. It is a bond forged through shared history, cultural influences, and economic ties. The mutual appreciation and exchange of experiences between these neighboring countries continue to enrich the cultural landscape of both nations.


Brazil (Portuguese Territory)

Brazil, a vast South American nation and a former Portuguese colony, holds a unique place in Portugal’s history and maintains strong cultural and economic ties with its European counterpart. As a Portuguese territory, Brazil shares a special connection through its language, culture, and historical legacy.


The relationship between Portugal and Brazil dates back to the early 16th century when Portuguese explorers arrived in Brazil and established colonies along its coast. For more than three centuries, Brazil remained under Portuguese rule, shaping its language, customs, and traditions. Today, Portuguese is the official language of Brazil, which sets it apart from its Spanish-speaking neighbors in South America.


Portugal’s influence is evident in the architecture, gastronomy, and art of Brazil. Colonial-era buildings, such as those found in the historic city centers of Salvador and Olinda, bear Portuguese architectural styles. The culinary scene also reflects the fusion of Portuguese flavors with native Brazilian ingredients, resulting in dishes like feijoada (black bean stew) and pastéis de nata (custard tarts).


Brazil’s immense size, diverse landscapes, and vibrant culture attract a significant number of Portuguese tourists each year. Visitors from Portugal flock to Brazil to experience its stunning beaches, vibrant cities like Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, and the awe-inspiring Amazon rainforest.


Economically, Portugal and Brazil maintain significant trade relations. Portugal is one of Brazil’s major trading partners within the European Union, exchanging goods and fostering investment opportunities. Direct flights connect major cities in Portugal and Brazil, facilitating business collaborations and boosting tourism between the two nations.


The exchange of people between Portugal and Brazil also plays a crucial role in strengthening the relationship. Many Portuguese citizens have made Brazil their home, contributing to the country’s cultural diversity and strengthening the ties between the two nations. Likewise, Brazilian immigrants in Portugal have added to the multicultural fabric of the country, enriching its society and economy.


Furthermore, Portugal and Brazil share educational and academic links, with students and researchers from both countries engaging in knowledge exchange programs and collaborations. Portuguese universities often welcome Brazilian students, and academic partnerships promote scientific advancements and cultural understanding between the two nations.


Overall, the historical and cultural ties between Portugal and Brazil make the relationship between these two nations unique and enduring. The shared language, cultural influences, and economic cooperation connect them in a profound way, bridging the distance between Europe and South America.



Portugal’s neighboring countries, including Spain, Andorra, France, and Brazil, contribute to the rich tapestry of the nation’s culture, history, and relationships. The proximity between Portugal and Spain has fostered close ties and facilitated significant trade, tourism, and cultural exchanges. Andorra, though not a direct neighbor, offers a mountain getaway for Portuguese travelers with its stunning landscapes and tax-free shopping. France, with its shared history, cultural influences, and economic cooperation, strengthens the bond between Portugal and its northern neighbor. Finally, Brazil, as a former Portuguese colony, holds a special place in Portugal’s history and maintains strong cultural and economic ties, with the shared Portuguese language acting as a vital link between the two nations.


These neighboring countries play a crucial role in shaping Portugal’s identity and fostering connections beyond physical borders. They provide opportunities for cultural exchange, economic cooperation, and tourism, enhancing the vibrancy and diversity of the nation. Whether it’s the easy travel between Portugal and Spain, the mountain retreat of Andorra, the cultural fusion between Portugal and France, or the historical and linguistic ties with Brazil, Portugal’s neighbors contribute to a vibrant and interconnected world.


The relationships with these neighboring countries go beyond geography; they are founded on shared history, cultural influences, and mutual respect. Through trade, tourism, and cultural exchange, Portugal strengthens its ties with its neighbors, creating a tapestry of connections that enrich the experiences of both locals and visitors.


As Portugal continues to evolve and showcase its charm to the world, the importance of these neighboring countries cannot be overstated. They serve as gateways to new experiences, windows to different cultures, and bridges to enduring relationships. Portugal’s neighbors share in its journey of growth, maintaining a steadfast connection that contributes to the country’s vibrant present and promising future.