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How To Go Gorilla Trekking In Uganda


by Susannah Batiste



Welcome to the magical world of gorilla trekking in Uganda! If you’re an adventure enthusiast and a nature lover, Uganda offers an unforgettable experience to get up close and personal with majestic mountain gorillas in their natural habitat.


Located in East Africa, Uganda is blessed with diverse landscapes, ranging from lush forests to towering mountains. It is home to half of the world’s critically endangered mountain gorilla population, making it one of the best destinations for gorilla trekking.


Gorillas are our closest relatives in the animal kingdom, sharing over 98% of our DNA. The opportunity to observe these gentle giants in their natural environment is a humbling and awe-inspiring experience.


Not only does gorilla trekking contribute to conservation efforts and the local economy, but it also allows us to develop a deeper understanding and appreciation for these incredible creatures.


In this guide, we will walk you through all the essential information you need to have an amazing gorilla trekking experience in Uganda. From getting there to the permits, from choosing a tour operator to what to pack, we’ve got you covered.


So get ready for an adventure of a lifetime as we embark on an unforgettable journey into the heart of Uganda’s gorilla territory. Let’s delve into the mesmerizing world of gorilla trekking and discover the wonders that await!


Why Choose Uganda for Gorilla Trekking?

Uganda is a top choice for gorilla trekking for several reasons. First and foremost, Uganda is home to half of the world’s remaining population of mountain gorillas. This means that your chances of encountering these majestic creatures in their natural habitat are high, making for an incredible and intimate wildlife experience.


In addition to its substantial gorilla population, Uganda boasts stunning landscapes that serve as the backdrop for your trekking adventure. From dense rainforests to mist-covered mountains, the natural beauty of Uganda enhances the thrill of encountering gorillas in the wild.


Furthermore, Uganda offers a more affordable and accessible option for gorilla trekking compared to other countries in the region. The cost of trekking permits in Uganda is lower than in neighboring countries, making it a more budget-friendly option for travelers. Additionally, Uganda has a well-established tourism infrastructure, ensuring a smooth and comfortable journey to the gorilla habitats.


Another reason to choose Uganda for gorilla trekking is the unique opportunity to engage with local communities. Most trekking experiences in Uganda involve guided tours that include visits to local villages and interactions with the indigenous Batwa people. This cultural immersion adds a whole new dimension to your journey, allowing you to gain insights into traditional ways of life and support local communities.


Lastly, Uganda offers a more exclusive and intimate gorilla trekking experience compared to other destinations. While other countries limit the number of visitors per gorilla group, Uganda permits a slightly larger number of visitors, giving you a higher chance of securing a permit and spending quality time observing gorillas.


Overall, choosing Uganda for gorilla trekking ensures a unique and unforgettable adventure. From its abundant gorilla population to its breathtaking landscapes and cultural interactions, Uganda offers a well-rounded experience that will leave you with lifelong memories.


Getting to Uganda

Getting to Uganda for your gorilla trekking adventure is easier than you may think. The country is well-connected to major international airports, making it accessible from various parts of the world.


The main international airport in Uganda is Entebbe International Airport (EBB), located near the capital city, Kampala. Many major airlines operate flights to Entebbe, including Ethiopian Airlines, Kenya Airways, Turkish Airlines, and Emirates.


Once you arrive in Entebbe, you can either take a domestic flight to your gorilla trekking destination or opt for a road trip. Domestic flights are available to various towns, including Kihihi, Kisoro, and Kanungu, which serve as gateways to the gorilla trekking areas.


If you prefer a road trip, you can hire a private vehicle or join a guided tour from Entebbe. The journey from Entebbe to the gorilla trekking regions can take anywhere from 8 to 10 hours, depending on your destination. Along the way, you’ll have the opportunity to witness the scenic beauty of Uganda, passing by rural villages, tea plantations, and stunning landscapes.


It’s important to note that road conditions in Uganda can vary, especially in remote areas. Some roads may be rough and bumpy, so it’s recommended to hire a 4×4 vehicle with an experienced driver to ensure a comfortable and safe journey.


Another option for reaching Uganda is to combine your gorilla trekking adventure with a visit to neighboring countries. Uganda shares borders with Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, both of which also offer gorilla trekking experiences. You can arrange a multi-country tour and make the most of your trip by exploring the gorilla habitats in multiple countries.


Before planning your trip, ensure that you check visa requirements for entering Uganda. Most visitors can obtain a visa upon arrival, although it’s advisable to check with your local embassy or consulate for the most up-to-date information.


With various transportation options and connectivity, getting to Uganda for your gorilla trekking adventure is a seamless and exciting journey. So pack your bags, embark on a thrilling expedition, and get ready to immerse yourself in the beauty of Uganda’s natural wonders.


Permits and Regulations

When it comes to gorilla trekking in Uganda, permits and regulations are an important aspect to consider. These measures are in place to ensure the safety and preservation of the gorillas and their habitats, as well as to enhance the overall trekking experience for visitors.


All visitors who wish to go gorilla trekking in Uganda are required to obtain a trekking permit. These permits are issued by the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) and are limited in number to control the impact on the gorilla populations and their habitats. It is highly recommended to secure your permit well in advance, as they are in high demand and tend to sell out quickly.


The cost of a gorilla trekking permit in Uganda is currently set at $700 for foreign non-residents, $600 for foreign residents, and UGX 250,000 for East African citizens. The permit grants you a one-hour encounter with a gorilla family and also contributes to the conservation efforts to protect these endangered creatures.


When it comes to regulations, there are strict guidelines in place to ensure the safety of both visitors and gorillas. These regulations include maintaining a minimum distance of 7 meters from the gorillas, avoiding direct eye contact, and refraining from touching or approaching the gorillas.


Only individuals aged 15 years and above are allowed to participate in gorilla trekking. This is to ensure the safety of both the visitors and the gorillas, as young children may not be able to follow the necessary rules and guidelines during the trek.


Each trekking group is limited to a maximum of 8 visitors to minimize disruption to the gorillas and their environment. This allows for a more intimate and peaceful encounter with these incredible creatures.


It’s essential to note that gorilla trekking can be physically demanding, as it involves hiking through challenging terrains and dense forests. Visitors are expected to be in good physical condition and should be prepared for uphill climbs, slippery paths, and potentially long treks. It’s advisable to consult with your tour operator or a medical professional before embarking on a gorilla trekking adventure.


By following these permits and regulations, you can ensure the welfare of the gorillas and contribute to their long-term conservation. It’s vital to respect these guidelines to preserve the natural habitats of the gorillas and ensure the sustainability of this incredible experience for future generations.


Best Time to Go Gorilla Trekking

The best time to go gorilla trekking in Uganda is during the dry seasons, which are from December to February and from June to September. These months offer more favorable weather conditions, making it easier to navigate through the forests and enjoy your trekking experience to the fullest.


During the dry seasons, the trails are less muddy and slippery, which reduces the risk of accidents and ensures a smoother trek. The clear skies and sunnier weather also provide better visibility, allowing you to fully appreciate the stunning landscapes surrounding you.


However, it’s important to note that gorilla trekking is possible year-round in Uganda, so if your travel plans do not align with the dry seasons, don’t worry! The rainforests in Uganda receive rainfall throughout the year, which contributes to their lush greenery and thriving ecosystems.


If you choose to go gorilla trekking during the rainy seasons, which are from March to May and from October to November, be prepared for wetter conditions and muddy trails. It’s advisable to bring appropriate waterproof clothing and sturdy hiking boots to ensure your comfort and safety during the trek.


One advantage of trekking during the rainy seasons is that the gorilla permits tend to be more readily available. With fewer tourists visiting during these months, you may have a higher chance of securing a permit and enjoying a more exclusive encounter with the gorillas.


Regardless of the time of year, it’s important to keep in mind that the weather in the mountains can be unpredictable, and rain can occur at any time. It’s always a good idea to come prepared with rain gear and layers to adapt to changing weather conditions.


Ultimately, the best time to go gorilla trekking in Uganda depends on your personal preferences and schedule. Whether you prefer dryer conditions or don’t mind a bit of rain, Uganda offers incredible gorilla trekking experiences year-round. So choose a time that works best for you, and get ready for the adventure of a lifetime!


Choosing a Trekking Tour Operator

When planning your gorilla trekking adventure in Uganda, choosing the right trekking tour operator is essential to ensure a smooth and enjoyable experience. Here are some key factors to consider when selecting a tour operator:


1. Experience and Reputation: Look for tour operators with a solid track record and extensive experience in organizing gorilla trekking trips. Read reviews and testimonials from previous clients to get an idea of their level of professionalism and customer satisfaction.


2. Knowledgeable Guides: A knowledgeable and experienced guide can greatly enhance your trekking experience. Ask about the qualifications and expertise of the guides who will accompany you during the trek. They should have a deep understanding of the gorillas’ behavior, the local environment, and the etiquette required during the encounter.


3. Permits and Logistics: Check if the tour operator can secure the necessary gorilla trekking permits for your desired dates. They should also provide all the logistical support, including transportation, accommodation, and meals, to ensure a hassle-free journey.


4. Group Size: Inquire about the maximum group size for the trek. Smaller groups often provide a more personalized and intimate experience, allowing for better interaction with the gorillas and minimizing disturbance to their natural habitat.


5. Responsible Tourism Practices: Choose a tour operator committed to responsible tourism practices. They should prioritize the welfare of the gorillas, respect local communities, and minimize the footprint on the environment.


6. Safety Measures: Safety should be a top priority for any tour operator. Ensure that they have appropriate safety protocols in place, including emergency evacuation plans, trained staff, and proper equipment.


7. Customization Options: Consider if the tour operator offers customized itineraries that cater to your specific preferences and interests. They should be able to tailor the trip to accommodate your fitness level, time constraints, and any additional activities or attractions you wish to incorporate into your journey.


8. Cost and Value: While price is an important factor to consider, it shouldn’t be the sole determinant. Compare the prices of different tour operators and consider the value they offer in terms of quality, services, and inclusions.


By carefully evaluating these factors and conducting thorough research, you can choose a trekking tour operator that aligns with your needs and ensures a memorable and fulfilling gorilla trekking experience in Uganda.


What to Pack for Gorilla Trekking

When preparing for your gorilla trekking adventure in Uganda, it’s important to pack the right items to ensure your comfort, safety, and enjoyment. Here’s a checklist of essential items to pack for your trek:


1. Sturdy Hiking Boots: A good pair of waterproof hiking boots with ankle support is crucial for navigating the challenging terrains and muddy trails during the trek.


2. Long-Sleeved Shirts and Trousers: Dress in lightweight, long-sleeved shirts and trousers to protect yourself from scratches, insect bites, and the elements. Opt for breathable and quick-drying fabrics.


3. Rain Gear: Pack a waterproof rain jacket and pants to protect yourself from rain showers or mist that is common in the rainforests. Consider packing a rain cover for your backpack as well.


4. Layers: The weather in the mountains can be unpredictable, so layering is essential. Pack lightweight, moisture-wicking base layers, a warm fleece or sweater, and a lightweight but insulated jacket for colder temperatures.


5. Gloves and Hat: Bring a pair of lightweight gloves to protect your hands from thorny vegetation, as well as a hat or cap to shield yourself from the sun or rain.


6. Daypack: Carry a small daypack to hold your essentials during the trek, including water, snacks, camera, sunscreen, insect repellent, and any necessary medications.


7. Binoculars: Spotting other wildlife or getting a closer look at the gorillas from a distance can be enhanced with a pair of binoculars. Consider a compact and lightweight pair.


8. Water and Snacks: Staying hydrated is important during the trek, so pack a reusable water bottle and bring energy-boosting snacks like trail mix, energy bars, or fruits.


9. Camera with Extra Batteries: Capture the incredible moments of your gorilla encounter with a camera. Ensure to bring extra batteries or a portable charger, as you may not have the opportunity to recharge during the trek.


10. Waterproof Bag or Dry Bag: Protect your electronics and other sensitive items from rain or moisture by packing them in a waterproof bag or dry bag.


11. Personal Care Items: Carry personal hygiene items such as wet wipes, hand sanitizer, toilet paper, and any necessary medications.


12. First Aid Kit: Have a basic first aid kit with essentials like plasters, bandages, antiseptic cream, pain relievers, and any prescription medications you may require.


Remember to pack light, as you’ll need to carry your own daypack during the trek. It’s also a good idea to check with your tour operator for any specific recommendations or additional items you may need.


By bringing these essential items, you’ll be well-prepared to embark on a memorable and comfortable gorilla trekking experience in Uganda.


The Trekking Experience

Gorilla trekking in Uganda offers a once-in-a-lifetime experience that takes you deep into the heart of lush rainforests, where you’ll have the opportunity to witness the awe-inspiring gorillas in their natural habitat. Here is what you can expect during the trekking experience:


1. Briefing: Before the trek, you will receive a briefing from the park rangers or guides. They will provide important information about the gorillas, safety guidelines, and the trekking route. This is also an opportunity to ask any questions you may have.


2. Trekking Duration: The duration of the trek can vary depending on the gorilla family’s location and the terrain. It can take anywhere from 1 to 4 hours of hiking through dense forests, up steep slopes, and sometimes along muddy trails.


3. Gorilla Encounters: Once the gorilla family is located, you will spend a magical hour in their presence. You’ll quietly observe their behavior, interactions, and daily routines while keeping a safe distance. The experience of being near these incredible creatures is humbling and profound.


4. Gorilla Family Dynamics: Each gorilla family has its own unique dynamics and behaviors. You may witness protective mothers caring for their young, playful juveniles, dominant silverbacks displaying their power, or other interesting social interactions among the group.


5. Physical Exertion: Gorilla trekking can be physically demanding, especially if the gorilla family’s location requires a strenuous hike. Prepare yourself for challenging terrains, slippery paths, and uphill climbs. A moderate level of fitness is recommended to fully enjoy the experience.


6. Wildlife and Scenic Beauty: While the focus is on the gorillas, keep an eye out for other wildlife that may cross your path during the trek. You may spot various bird species, monkeys, and other forest dwellers. The lush greenery, towering trees, and mist-clad mountains add to the scenic beauty of the trekking route.


7. Photography: Photography enthusiasts will have ample opportunities to capture breathtaking shots of the gorillas and the surrounding nature. Remember to follow the guidelines and respect the gorillas’ space while taking pictures.


8. Emotional Connection: The encounter with gorillas in their natural habitat can create a deep emotional connection and leave a lasting impact. The realization of our close connection with these gentle giants and the fragility of their existence is a thought-provoking experience.


Remember to respect the gorillas’ space and follow the guidelines provided by your guides to ensure the safety of both visitors and the gorillas. By doing so, you’ll be able to fully immerse yourself in the beauty and wonder of the gorilla trekking experience in Uganda.


Rules and Guidelines During the Trek

Gorilla trekking in Uganda is a unique and privileged experience that requires strict adherence to rules and guidelines to maintain the safety and well-being of both visitors and the gorillas. Here are some important rules and guidelines to follow during the trek:


1. Keep a Safe Distance: Maintain a minimum distance of 7 meters (21 feet) between yourself and the gorillas at all times. This is to protect the gorillas from potential diseases that can be transmitted from humans and to minimize any disturbance to their natural behavior.


2. Follow the Instructions of the Guides: Listen attentively to the instructions provided by the park rangers or guides. They are experienced in gorilla trekking and will guide you on the appropriate behavior and movement during the encounter.


3. Stay in Your Group: It is essential to stay with your assigned group and within the designated trekking area. This helps in minimizing the impact on the gorillas and prevents habitat degradation.


4. Remain Calm and Quiet: Keep noise to a minimum during the trek and when in the presence of the gorillas. This ensures a peaceful and non-threatening environment for the gorillas and allows for better observation and photography opportunities.


5. No Flash Photography: Do not use flash photography when taking pictures of the gorillas. Flash can startle the gorillas and may have a negative impact on their well-being.


6. Do Not Touch the Gorillas: Refrain from touching, petting, or making any physical contact with the gorillas. This is to maintain their natural wild behavior and to prevent the transmission of diseases.


7. No Eating or Drinking: Avoid eating or drinking in the presence of the gorillas. This prevents the risk of food or drink being dropped or accidentally offered to the gorillas.


8. Cover Your Mouth and Nose when Sneezing or Coughing: If you need to cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your elbow to prevent the spread of any potential infections.


9. Limit Your Time with the Gorillas: The allotted time to spend with the gorillas is limited to one hour. This helps minimize stress on the gorillas and allows other groups to also have their own encounters.


10. Respect the Environment: Treat the gorilla’s habitat with respect and care. Do not leave any litter behind and avoid damaging vegetation or disturbing other wildlife during the trek.


Remember, gorilla trekking is a privilege, and by following these rules and guidelines, you contribute to the conservation efforts and the long-term survival of these magnificent creatures. Respect their space, observe their behavior from a safe distance, and cherish the unique opportunity to witness gorillas in their natural habitat.


Spending Time with the Gorillas

Spending time with the gorillas during your gorilla trekking experience in Uganda is a truly remarkable and memorable encounter. Here’s what you can expect during your one-hour observation:


1. Awe-Inspiring Proximity: As you approach the gorilla family, a mixture of excitement and awe fills the air. The moment you come face to face with these magnificent creatures is indescribable. You’ll be captivated by their sheer size, strength, and striking resemblance to humans.


2. Intimate Connections: During your encounter, you’ll witness and feel a sense of connection with the gorillas. Observing their behavior, interactions, and expressions up close allows you to appreciate their complex social dynamics and individual personalities.


3. Gorilla Family Dynamics: Each gorilla family has its own unique dynamics. You may observe the nurturing bonds between a mother and her infant, the playful antics of juveniles, or the powerful presence of the dominant silverback. The intricate relationships within the group unravel before your eyes.


4. Intriguing Behaviors: Gorillas display a wide range of behaviors that are fascinating to observe. From grooming sessions where gorillas tenderly clean one another’s fur to chest-thumping displays by the silverback asserting his dominance, each behavior offers insight into their intricate social structure.


5. Reciprocal Interest: Although you will maintain a safe distance, it is not uncommon for gorillas to show curiosity towards visitors. They may approach you with gentle curiosity, giving you an even deeper sense of connection to these magnificent creatures.


6. Sounds and Expressions: Not only can you observe gorillas’ physical actions, but you can also hear their distinct vocalizations. From their powerful chest beats to their gentle grunts and vocal calls, you will be immersed in the symphony of gorilla communication.


7. Photography Opportunities: Capture these extraordinary moments with your camera. Remember to follow the guidelines provided by your guides, avoiding flash photography and maintaining a safe distance. Photographs are not only keepsakes but also a way to share and raise awareness about gorilla conservation.


8. Emotional Connection: Spending an hour with gorillas in their natural habitat can evoke a deep emotional connection. Witnessing their vulnerability, intelligence, and the fragility of their existence ignites a sense of responsibility and a desire to protect these incredible creatures and their habitats.


It’s important to fully immerse yourself in the experience and be present in the moment. Put down your camera from time to time to simply marvel at the wonder happening in front of you. Cherish the opportunity to be in the presence of these gentle giants, creating memories that will stay with you for a lifetime.


Other Wildlife Encounters

While the main highlight of gorilla trekking in Uganda is undoubtedly the incredible experience of observing the gorillas, the country is also home to a diverse array of wildlife. During your visit, you may have the opportunity to encounter other fascinating species. Here are some of the wildlife encounters you may come across:


1. Primates: Uganda is known as the “Primate Capital of the World” due to its rich primate population. In addition to gorillas, you may encounter other primates such as chimpanzees, golden monkeys, baboons, and various species of monkeys. Watching these intelligent and agile creatures in their natural habitats is a truly captivating experience.


2. Elephants: Uganda is home to both forest elephants and savannah elephants. Keep an eye out for these gentle giants as they roam through the national parks and reserves. Witnessing their size and grace in person is an awe-inspiring sight.


3. Big Game: Uganda boasts a range of big game species that can be seen on game drives or boat safaris. Look out for lions, leopards, buffaloes, and antelope species such as Uganda kob, eland, and waterbuck. The varied landscapes of Uganda offer ample opportunities for wildlife encounters.


4. Birdlife: Uganda is a paradise for birdwatchers, with over 1,000 bird species recorded in the country. From the iconic shoebill stork to a variety of colorful and rare bird species, Uganda offers a rewarding experience for bird enthusiasts. Don’t forget to bring your binoculars and camera to capture these feathered wonders.


5. Reptiles and Amphibians: Uganda is home to a wide variety of reptiles and amphibians, including crocodiles, snakes, turtles, and frogs. Keep a lookout for these unique and fascinating creatures as you explore the country’s diverse ecosystems.


6. Unique Flora: In addition to its wildlife, Uganda also boasts a diverse range of plant species. The lush rainforests, dense savannahs, and beautiful highland landscapes are adorned with unique flora, including colorful orchids, towering trees, and vibrant wildflowers.


It’s important to remember that wildlife encounters can never be guaranteed. The presence and visibility of specific species depend on various factors such as the time of year, location, and environmental conditions. However, with the guidance of experienced guides and a little luck, you may have the chance to witness the beauty of Uganda’s wildlife beyond just the gorillas.


Embrace the opportunity to explore and appreciate the exceptional biodiversity that Uganda has to offer, making your visit even more enriching and unforgettable.



Gorilla trekking in Uganda is a truly awe-inspiring and transformative experience. Stepping into the lush rainforests and coming face to face with these gentle giants is a privilege that few get to experience. Uganda’s commitment to gorilla conservation, coupled with its stunning natural landscapes, makes it an ideal destination for this unforgettable adventure.


From the moment you begin your journey, traversing through the dense forests and navigating challenging terrains, to the moment you find yourself in the presence of a gorilla family, time seems to stand still. The rush of emotions, the close connections formed, and the deep appreciation for these majestic creatures leave an indelible mark on your heart and soul.


Uganda’s dedication to responsible tourism ensures that this experience is not just impactful for travelers, but also beneficial for the local communities and the long-term conservation of gorillas and their habitats.


Whether it’s observing the unique behavior of each gorilla family, encountering other fascinating wildlife, or immersing yourself in the captivating landscapes and local cultures, Uganda offers an experience beyond your wildest dreams.


As you reflect on your gorilla trekking adventure in Uganda, you will carry with you a greater understanding of the importance of conservation, the interconnectedness of all species, and the need to protect and preserve our natural world.


So make a promise to return home as an ambassador for these incredible creatures, sharing your stories and inspiring others to join the cause of gorilla conservation. Let the memories of your gorilla encounters in Uganda fuel your passion for wildlife preservation, leaving a legacy of compassion and respect for generations to come.


Embrace the extraordinary, embark on the journey of a lifetime, and become a part of the beautiful tapestry of gorilla conservation in Uganda.