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Which Countries Border Russia To The West?


Modified: December 28, 2023

by Edi Kiss


Baltic States

The Baltic States, also known as the Baltic countries, refer to the three countries located on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. These countries border Russia to the west and have a rich history and diverse cultural heritage.


Estonia, the northernmost of the three Baltic States, shares a land border of over 300 kilometers with Russia. This border stretches from the southeastern shores of Lake Peipus to the Narva River. The town of Narva, located on the border, is famous for its medieval castle and stunning views of the river.


Latvia, situated in the middle of the Baltic States, also shares a border with Russia. The border runs along the eastern part of the country, spanning approximately 270 kilometers. Daugavpils, the second-largest city in Latvia, lies close to the border and offers a blend of cultures, including a significant Russian influence.


Lithuania, the southernmost of the Baltic States, has the shortest border with Russia, stretching for around 270 kilometers. The border is located in the northeastern part of Lithuania and is marked by the Nemunas River flowing along its path. Visitors can explore the historic city of Kaunas, which is not far from the border and is known for its charming Old Town.


The Baltic States have seen various historical influences, with periods of rule by different empires and occupations. Today, they are independent and vibrant nations with their own unique cultures, languages, and traditions. Each country offers a diverse range of attractions, from medieval old towns to beautiful natural landscapes.


Travelers visiting the Baltic States can explore the charming streets of Tallinn in Estonia, with its well-preserved medieval Old Town. In Latvia, the capital city of Riga is renowned for its stunning architecture and lively cultural scene. Lithuania offers the enchanting Trakai Island Castle, set amidst picturesque lakes.


Overall, the Baltic States provide a fascinating blend of history, culture, and natural beauty. Travelers can experience firsthand the unique charm and hospitality of these countries while enjoying their coastal location, scenic landscapes, and rich cultural heritage.



Finland, known as the land of a thousand lakes, is a Nordic country that shares a border with Russia to the east. This border, stretching over 1,300 kilometers, is the longest border Finland has with any country.


The eastern border of Finland runs through the wild and pristine landscapes of Lapland, a region renowned for its natural beauty. Here, visitors can witness the stunning Northern Lights, explore vast national parks, and experience the unique culture of the indigenous Sami people.


One of the highlights along the Finnish-Russian border is the town of Raja-Jooseppi, known for its border crossing point. This small village offers opportunities for outdoor activities like hiking, fishing, and wildlife spotting, as well as a chance to observe the local way of life.


A visit to the Finnish town of Kuusamo is also a popular choice for travelers. Situated near the Russian border, Kuusamo is a gateway to the breathtaking Oulanka National Park. With its rugged wilderness, roaring rapids, and picturesque trails, the park offers incredible hiking and photography opportunities.


For those interested in history and culture, the city of Lappeenranta is worth a visit. Located in southeastern Finland, near the Russian border, Lappeenranta showcases a mix of Finnish and Russian influences. The historic fortress of Lappeenranta is a must-visit attraction, offering panoramic views over the Saimaa Lake.


The Finnish-Russian border also forms part of the famous Karelian Isthmus region, known for its rich history and natural beauty. Travelers can explore the town of Vyborg, with its medieval castle and charming old town, or visit the enchanting Kizhi Island, a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its open-air museum of wooden architecture.


With its stunning landscapes, unique cultural experiences, and historical sites, Finland offers a diverse range of attractions along its border with Russia. Whether it’s outdoor adventures, cultural discoveries, or simply enjoying the tranquility of nature, Finland has something to offer every traveler.



Norway, known for its majestic fjords, stunning natural landscapes, and vibrant cities, shares a border with Russia in the far northeastern region of the country. The border between Norway and Russia is located in the remote and sparsely populated area of Finnmark, stretching across approximately 196 kilometers.


One of the notable border crossings between Norway and Russia is at Storskog, which connects the Norwegian town of Kirkenes with the Russian town of Nikel. Travelers passing through this border crossing can experience a unique blend of Norwegian and Russian cultures and explore the neighboring areas.


The region of Finnmark offers breathtaking views of snow-capped mountains, picturesque coastal landscapes, and the opportunity to witness the enchanting Northern Lights. Outdoor enthusiasts can indulge in activities like hiking, fishing, and dog sledding, while history buffs can visit sites showcasing the region’s Sami heritage and World War II history.


Kirkenes, located near the Norwegian-Russian border, serves as a popular starting point for Arctic adventures. From here, visitors can embark on wilderness safaris, go on a snowmobile expedition, or take a cruise along the stunning fjords. The town itself offers unique attractions such as the Borderland Museum, which provides insights into the history and culture of the area.


Another interesting destination in Norway is the town of Vardø, located on an island in the Barents Sea. Vardø is the easternmost town in Norway and offers a glimpse into the country’s history and ties with Russia. Visitors can explore the Vardøhus Fortress, which dates back to the 14th century, and learn about the region’s significance as a trading center and border town.


Aside from the natural beauty and cultural attractions, the border between Norway and Russia also serves as a symbol of cross-cultural collaboration and peaceful coexistence. The border area has witnessed centuries of trade, cultural interchange, and diplomatic relations, which have contributed to the unique heritage and close ties between the two countries.


With its stunning landscapes, fascinating history, and the opportunity to experience a blend of Norwegian and Russian influences, the border between Norway and Russia offers a truly unique travel experience for adventurers and nature lovers alike.



Sweden, known for its beautiful landscapes, vibrant cities, and rich cultural heritage, shares a border with Russia in the far northeastern region of the country. The border between Sweden and Russia stretches for approximately 1,340 kilometers, making it one of the longest borders Sweden has with any country.


The border region between Sweden and Russia is characterized by pristine forests, tranquil rivers, and vast wilderness areas. It offers abundant opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, canoeing, and wildlife spotting. The area is also home to indigenous Sami communities, who have a deep connection with the land and maintain their traditional ways of life.


The town of Haparanda, situated on the Swedish side of the border, is a popular destination for travelers. It is known for its unique location on the Gulf of Bothnia and its close proximity to the Finnish town of Tornio. The twin towns of Haparanda and Tornio offer a blend of Swedish and Finnish cultures, with the border running right through the city center.


Another interesting border crossing point is at the town of Riksgränsen, located in the Swedish province of Lapland. This area is famous for its ski resorts and stunning mountain landscapes. Winter sports enthusiasts flock to Riksgränsen to enjoy skiing, snowboarding, and other winter activities in a breathtaking setting.


The Swedish-Russian border region is also known for its unique cultural heritage. The Sami people, who inhabit the area, have a rich history and a distinct culture that revolves around reindeer herding, traditional handicrafts, and a deep connection to nature. Travelers can learn about the Sami culture through visits to museums, cultural events, and cultural tours organized by local communities.


Moreover, the border area between Sweden and Russia serves as a reminder of the historical ties and interactions between the two countries. Trade, cultural exchange, and cooperation have been integral to the border region’s development and have shaped its identity over time.


Visitors to the Swedish-Russian border region can immerse themselves in the captivating beauty of the northern landscapes while experiencing a fascinating blend of Swedish and Sami cultures. Whether it’s exploring charming towns, engaging in outdoor adventures, or learning about indigenous traditions, the Swedish side of the border offers a unique and rewarding travel experience.



Belarus, a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, shares a border with Russia to the east. The Belarusian-Russian border stretches over 959 kilometers, forming an important link between the two countries.


The border region between Belarus and Russia has a rich history and is home to diverse landscapes and cultural attractions. Brest, a city located near the border, offers visitors the opportunity to explore the historic Brest Fortress, a World War II memorial that symbolizes the resilience and courage of the Belarusian people.


Gomel, another city in close proximity to the border, boasts architectural landmarks such as the Palace of Rumyantsev-Paskevich and the Church of the Smolensk Icon of the Mother of God. This region is also known for its vibrant folk traditions, handicrafts, and local festivals that showcase Belarusian culture.


The border region between Belarus and Russia is characterized by pristine forests, charming villages, and serene rivers. The Pripyat River, running along parts of the border, offers opportunities for boating, fishing, and bird-watching. Nature enthusiasts can explore the Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve, a protected area known for its diverse flora and fauna.


The Belarusian-Russian border has played a significant role in historical and cultural exchanges between the two nations. For centuries, trade routes passed through the border, connecting different regions and fostering cultural and economic interactions. Today, the border serves as a gateway for travelers to explore both Belarus and Russia, discovering the unique heritage and traditions of each country.


As a traveler in Belarus, you can enjoy the warm hospitality of the Belarusian people, explore picturesque countryside landscapes, visit ancient castles and fortresses, and savor traditional Belarusian cuisine. The capital city of Minsk is a vibrant and modern metropolis, offering visitors a blend of history, culture, and modern attractions.


Visiting the Belarusian-Russian border region provides a unique opportunity to delve into the rich history, cultural diversity, and natural beauty of both countries. Whether you are interested in history, nature, or cultural experiences, this border region offers a range of attractions and experiences that will leave a lasting impression.



Ukraine, a diverse and culturally-rich country in Eastern Europe, shares a long border with Russia to the northeast. The Ukrainian-Russian border spans over 1,900 kilometers, representing an important connection between the two nations.


The border region between Ukraine and Russia is marked by picturesque landscapes, historic landmarks, and a blend of cultural influences. Cities like Kharkiv, located near the border, offer visitors the chance to explore architectural gems such as the Derzhprom building, representing the Soviet Constructivist style, and the Mirror Stream fountain.


Odessa, situated in southern Ukraine, boasts a vibrant cultural scene and a unique blend of architectural styles influenced by its historical ties with Russia and other European countries. The city’s famous Potemkin Stairs, connecting the seafront with the central part of the city, offers panoramic views of the Black Sea.


Throughout history, the Ukrainian-Russian border has been a meeting point for different cultures, traditions, and languages. This melting pot has shaped the region’s unique identity, reflected in its art, music, and cuisine. Travelers can immerse themselves in the rich heritage of Ukrainian culture by exploring local markets, enjoying traditional folk dances, or sampling authentic Ukrainian dishes.


Another highlight of the Ukrainian-Russian border region is the Carpathian Mountains, which stretch along the western border of Ukraine. This natural wonder offers breathtaking landscapes, excellent hiking trails, and opportunities for outdoor activities such as skiing, snowboarding, and mountaineering.


Travelers interested in history can visit the historic city of Lviv, known for its well-preserved Old Town and diverse architectural styles. Lviv showcases the historical ties and cultural influences of neighboring countries, including Russia, Poland, and Austria.


Planning a visit to the Ukrainian-Russian border region provides the opportunity to explore the vibrant cities, charming towns, and natural wonders of Ukraine. Whether it’s indulging in local delicacies, immersing yourself in history and culture, or enjoying the stunning landscapes, this border region offers a unique and memorable travel experience.



Georgia, a country nestled between Europe and Asia, shares a border with Russia in the north. The Georgian-Russian border stretches for approximately 894 kilometers, traversing diverse landscapes and offering a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage of the region.


One of the main attractions along the Georgian-Russian border is the stunning mountainous region of Kazbegi. Here, the towering peaks of the Greater Caucasus Mountains create a breathtaking backdrop for outdoor enthusiasts. The iconic Gergeti Trinity Church, perched high on a hill, provides panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.


The border region also boasts the historic town of Sighnaghi, known for its surrounding vineyards and picturesque landscapes. Visitors can explore the well-preserved city walls, stroll through the charming streets, and enjoy the warm hospitality of the locals.


Georgia’s capital city, Tbilisi, is a vibrant and cosmopolitan destination where modernity blends with an ancient past. It offers a mix of architectural styles, traditional sulfur baths, and a thriving culinary scene. The Narikala Fortress, overlooking the city, provides stunning views of the Mtkvari River and the Tbilisi skyline.


Travelers venturing further along the Georgian-Russian border can discover the lush, green valleys of the Kakheti region. Known as the birthplace of wine, Kakheti offers wine lovers the opportunity to taste unique Georgian wines and learn about traditional winemaking methods.


Georgian cuisine is a highlight of any visit to the region. From savory khinkali dumplings and aromatic khachapuri cheese bread to flavorful Georgian wines and the traditional supra feast, Georgia’s culinary traditions are both diverse and delicious.


Georgia’s history and cultural traditions are deeply intertwined with its neighboring countries, including Russia. The border region showcases the influences and interactions between these cultures throughout the centuries, resulting in a unique blend of traditions, languages, and architectural styles.


Visiting the Georgian-Russian border region allows travelers to explore the stunning landscapes, experience the fascinating cultural diversity, and indulge in the warm hospitality and delicious cuisine of Georgia. Whether it’s admiring dramatic mountain scenery, exploring historic towns, or delving into the region’s rich history, this border region offers an unforgettable travel experience.



Azerbaijan, a country nestled between Europe and Asia, shares a border with Russia in the north. The Azerbaijani-Russian border stretches approximately 390 kilometers, traversing diverse landscapes and offering a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage of the region.


One of the notable attractions along the Azerbaijani-Russian border is the stunning natural wonder of the Caucasus Mountains. This mountain range offers breathtaking landscapes, including lush valleys, alpine meadows, and snow-capped peaks. Travelers can explore the picturesque village of Quba, located in the foothills of the mountains, and marvel at the stunning beauty of the surrounding nature.


The capital city of Azerbaijan, Baku, is a vibrant metropolis that seamlessly combines modernity with historic charm. The Old City, a UNESCO World Heritage site, showcases ancient architecture, narrow winding streets, and the iconic Maiden Tower. Visitors can also enjoy the beautiful seaside promenade, high-end shopping malls, and delicious Azerbaijani cuisine.


Another highlight along the Azerbaijani-Russian border is Qusar, a city nestled in the stunning Greater Caucasus Mountains. Known for its natural beauty, Qusar offers opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, mountain biking, and horseback riding. The region’s scenic beauty and fresh mountain air make it a popular destination for nature lovers.


The border region also offers the opportunity to explore ancient Azerbaijani history. The region of Sheki, located near the Russian border, is known for its rich cultural heritage and architectural wonders. The Palace of Shaki Khans, a beautiful 18th-century palace adorned with exquisite frescoes and stained glass windows, is a must-visit attraction.


Visitors to the Azerbaijani-Russian border region can immerse themselves in the fascinating blend of Azerbaijani and Russian cultures. This region has a long history of cultural exchange and trade that has shaped its unique identity. Travelers can explore local markets, taste traditional Azerbaijani delicacies, and witness traditional music and dance performances.


Whether it is exploring historic cities, admiring stunning natural landscapes, or experiencing the warm hospitality and rich cultural heritage of Azerbaijan, the Azerbaijani-Russian border region offers a unique and unforgettable travel experience.