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Brik A L’oeuf: The Tunisian Dumpling


by Rachel Murphy



When it comes to exploring different cultures and experiencing their vibrant cuisines, food travel becomes an incredibly enriching journey. One such culinary delight that transports you to the heart of Tunisia is Brik a L’oeuf, an exquisite Tunisian dumpling.


Brik a L’oeuf is a popular street food in Tunisia that has captured the hearts and taste buds of locals and tourists alike. Its unique combination of flavors and textures makes it a delightful treat for food enthusiasts looking to embark on a gastronomic adventure.


With a rich history and a culinary tradition dating back centuries, Brik a L’oeuf offers a glimpse into the Tunisian culture and its culinary heritage. Each bite of this delectable dish is an invitation to savor the fusion of different influences, including French, Mediterranean, and North African flavors.


The star ingredient of Brik a L’oeuf is the egg, which takes center stage in this tantalizing Tunisian delicacy. The egg is wrapped in a perfectly crispy and thin pastry shell, creating a harmonious blend of textures that is simply irresistible.


Whether you are a seasoned traveler or a curious food lover, indulging in Brik a L’oeuf is an experience that will leave a lasting impression. Its tantalizing aroma, vibrant colors, and authentic flavors bring the streets of Tunisia to life, immersing you in the local culinary scene.


In this article, we will delve into the fascinating history of Brik a L’oeuf, uncover its traditional ingredients, explore the preparation method, discover the variations of this dish, and recommend renowned Tunisian restaurants where you can savor this culinary gem.


History of Brik a L’oeuf

Brik a L’oeuf has a long and colorful history that intertwines with the cultural heritage of Tunisia. Its origins can be traced back several centuries to the time when North Africa was a melting pot of civilizations and trade routes.


The dish is said to have been influenced by the Spanish empanada during the reign of the Moors in Spain. As the Moors migrated to North Africa, they brought along their culinary traditions, including the art of stuffing pastries. Over time, this technique merged with the local Tunisian cuisine, resulting in the birth of Brik a L’oeuf.


The word “brik” refers to the thin and delicate pastry that wraps around the filling of the dumpling. Its name is believed to have been derived from the Arabic word “baraka,” which means blessing or luck. The term “L’oeuf” simply translates to “egg” in French, emphasizing the star ingredient of the dish.


Originally, Brik a L’oeuf was predominantly consumed during festivities and special occasions. However, its popularity soon spread to the streets as a beloved street food, which can still be found today in bustling markets and local eateries across Tunisia.


Throughout history, the recipe for Brik a L’oeuf has been passed down from generation to generation, preserving its authentic flavors and techniques. Tunisian families take pride in their own unique variations of the dish, with slight tweaks in the ingredients and preparation methods.


Today, Brik a L’oeuf has become a symbol of Tunisian culinary heritage, loved by locals and celebrated by adventurous food travelers. Its history is a testament to the cultural exchange and fusion of flavors that has shaped Tunisia’s gastronomic landscape.


Ingredients Used in Brik a L’oeuf

The beauty of Brik a L’oeuf lies in its simplicity and the harmonious combination of just a few key ingredients. Tunisian cuisine, known for its use of fresh and vibrant flavors, truly shines in this delectable dumpling.


Here are the main ingredients used in Brik a L’oeuf:

  1. Egg: The star of the show, the egg is the focal point of Brik a L’oeuf. It is typically fried until the whites are set but the yolk remains slightly runny, creating a luscious and creamy center.
  2. Pastry Sheets: The delicate pastry sheets are what encase the egg and hold the filling together. Traditionally, thin Tunisian pastry called “malsouka” is used. However, if you can’t find malsouka, you can use alternative thin pastry sheets or even filo pastry.
  3. Tuna: Tuna is a common ingredient used in the filling of Brik a L’oeuf. It adds a savory element and pairs well with the egg. The tuna is typically seasoned with herbs and spices to enhance its flavor.
  4. Parsley and Coriander: Fresh herbs such as parsley and coriander are commonly used in the filling to add a burst of freshness and aroma.
  5. Onion: Finely chopped onion is sautéed until translucent and added to the filling mixture. It adds a subtle sweetness and depth of flavor to the overall dish.
  6. Harissa: Harissa, a spicy chili paste, is a staple in Tunisian cuisine. A small amount of harissa can be added to the filling to give Brik a L’oeuf a hint of heat and complexity.
  7. Olive Oil: Tunisian olive oil, renowned for its superior quality and flavor, is often used to fry the Brik. It adds richness and enhances the overall taste of the dish.
  8. Salt and Pepper: Simple seasonings like salt and pepper are used to bring out the flavors of the ingredients and balance the dish.

These are the primary ingredients used in Brik a L’oeuf. However, it is worth noting that variations of the dish may include other ingredients or spices, depending on personal preferences or regional influences.


Now that we’ve explored the essential components of Brik a L’oeuf, let’s dive into the intriguing preparation method that brings all these flavors together.


Preparation Method

The preparation of Brik a L’oeuf requires a delicate touch and a precise technique to achieve the perfect balance of textures and flavors. Here is a step-by-step guide to creating this mouthwatering Tunisian dumpling:

  1. Prepare the filling: Start by sautéing finely chopped onion in a pan with a drizzle of olive oil until translucent and fragrant. Add the tuna, parsley, coriander, harissa, salt, and pepper to the pan and mix well. Cook the filling for a few minutes until heated through.
  2. Cook the eggs: In a separate frying pan, fry the eggs individually until the whites are set but the yolk remains slightly runny. This helps to create that luxurious, velvety center in the Brik.
  3. Assemble the Brik: Lay out a thin pastry sheet on a clean surface. Place a portion of the filling mixture in the center of the pastry sheet, leaving enough space to fold and seal it. Create a small well in the center of the filling and carefully place the fried egg on top.
  4. Fold and seal the Brik: Fold the lower edge of the pastry sheet over the filling, followed by the left and right edges, creating a rectangular envelope. Brush the edges with a beaten egg to help seal the Brik. Finally, fold the top edge over the filling and press gently to ensure it is sealed.
  5. Fry the Brik: Heat olive oil in a deep frying pan or skillet over medium heat. Carefully place the assembled Brik in the pan, seam-side down. Fry it until golden brown and crispy on both sides, turning it gently to ensure even cooking.
  6. Drain and serve: Once cooked, remove the Brik using a slotted spoon or spatula to drain any excess oil. Allow it to rest on a paper towel-lined plate to absorb any remaining oil. Serve the Brik a L’oeuf hot and crispy for the best experience.

The preparation method for Brik a L’oeuf can be adaptable and open to personal preferences. Some variations may involve baking the dumpling instead of frying for a lighter alternative.


Now that you know how to prepare Brik a L’oeuf, let’s explore the different variations of this delightful Tunisian dish.


Variations of Brik a L’oeuf

Brik a L’oeuf is a versatile dish that allows for creativity and experimentation. While the classic version with tuna filling is the most popular, there are several variations of Brik a L’oeuf that incorporate different ingredients to suit individual tastes. Here are a few noteworthy variations:

  1. Brik au Thon: This is the traditional and most common variation of Brik a L’oeuf, featuring a filling of tuna, onion, and herbs. It is a harmonious blend of flavors and textures, with the tuna providing a savory note to complement the richness of the egg.
  2. Brik à la Viande: In this variation, the filling is made with finely ground meat, such as beef or lamb, mixed with herbs, spices, and onion. The meat filling adds a hearty and substantial element to the Brik.
  3. Brik aux Crevettes: For seafood lovers, this variation is a delightful choice. It features a filling of succulent shrimp, seasoned with garlic, herbs, and spices. The shrimp offers a delicate and briny flavor that pairs beautifully with the egg.
  4. Brik aux Légumes: Vegetarians can enjoy a vegetable-packed version of Brik a L’oeuf. This variation swaps out the meat or seafood for a medley of sautéed or grilled vegetables, such as bell peppers, zucchini, eggplant, and mushrooms. It is a vibrant and flavorful option that appeals to vegetarians and veggie enthusiasts.
  5. Brik Sucré: While the savory versions of Brik a L’oeuf are the most common, there is also a sweet variation that satisfies those with a sweet tooth. Brik Sucré is prepared with a sweet filling, usually consisting of a fruity jam, such as apricot or strawberry, and a sprinkle of powdered sugar. It is a delightful dessert or a sweet treat for breakfast.

These variations showcase the versatility of Brik a L’oeuf, allowing everyone to enjoy this Tunisian delicacy according to their preferences. Whether you prefer the classic version, a meaty twist, or a vegetarian-friendly alternative, there is a Brik a L’oeuf variation to suit your taste.


Now that you’re familiar with the different variations, let’s explore the best ways to serve and enjoy this delectable Tunisian dish.


Serving and Enjoying Brik a L’oeuf

Brik a L’oeuf is best enjoyed when served hot and crispy, straight from the frying pan. It can be served as a standalone snack, an appetizer, or even as a main course depending on the size and portion. Here are some tips on how to savor and appreciate this Tunisian delight:

  • Pair with a Salad: Brik a L’oeuf pairs well with a fresh and vibrant salad. The crispness of the Brik complements the freshness of the salad, creating a harmonious balance of textures and flavors. A simple salad of mixed greens, cherry tomatoes, cucumber, and a lemony dressing is a perfect accompaniment.
  • Squeeze of Lemon: A squeeze of fresh lemon juice over the Brik adds a tangy brightness that enhances the flavors. The acidity of the lemon cuts through the richness of the dish, providing a refreshing contrast.
  • Dip in Harissa: For those who enjoy a spicy kick, serving Brik a L’oeuf with a side of harissa is a delightful choice. Dip each bite of the dumpling into the harissa to add heat and additional depth of flavor.
  • Enjoy with Mint Tea: In Tunisian culture, mint tea is a popular beverage that complements the flavors of many dishes. Sip on a cup of traditional Tunisian mint tea while enjoying your Brik a L’oeuf for a complete sensory experience.
  • Serve at Gatherings: Brik a L’oeuf can make a wonderful addition to any social gathering or event. Its combination of flavors and its hand-held nature make it a convenient and satisfying finger food that can be enjoyed by everyone.

Remember to savor each bite, appreciating the crispy pastry, the creamy egg center, and the delightful filling. Brik a L’oeuf is a dish that is meant to be enjoyed slowly and savored, allowing its flavors to unfold with each mouthful.


Now that you know the best ways to serve Brik a L’oeuf, let’s explore some renowned Tunisian restaurants where you can experience this culinary delight.


Popular Tunisian Restaurants Serving Brik a L’oeuf

When visiting Tunisia, exploring the local cuisine is a must, and experiencing Brik a L’oeuf in its homeland is an absolute delight. Here are a few renowned Tunisian restaurants where you can indulge in this delectable dish:

  1. Restaurant Dar el Jeld – Located in the heart of Tunis, Dar el Jeld is a historic restaurant known for its refined atmosphere and traditional Tunisian cuisine. Their Brik a L’oeuf is a standout, with a perfectly crisp pastry and a flavorful filling that showcases the essence of Tunisian flavors.
  2. Restaurant Le Carthage – Situated in the coastal city of Sidi Bou Said, Restaurant Le Carthage offers breathtaking views of the Mediterranean Sea. Alongside their stunning setting, their Brik a L’oeuf is a must-try. Prepared with the highest quality ingredients, it exemplifies the authentic flavors of Tunisia.
  3. Restaurant el Ali – Nestled in the Medina of Sousse, Restaurant el Ali is renowned for its traditional Tunisian dishes, prepared with love and care. Their Brik a L’oeuf is hailed for its delicate pastry, luscious egg center, and a filling that captures the true essence of Tunisian gastronomy.
  4. Restaurant Le Coupole – Situated in the coastal city of Monastir, Restaurant Le Coupole is a popular dining spot that offers a diverse menu of Tunisian specialties. Their Brik a L’oeuf is a standout, prepared with expertise and served with a side of fresh salad, creating a delightful balance of flavors.
  5. Restaurant El Mama – Located in the picturesque town of Sidi Bou Said, Restaurant El Mama is known for its charming ambiance and flavorful Tunisian dishes. Their Brik a L’oeuf is a favorite among locals and tourists, with a crispy exterior and a succulent egg center that bursts with flavor.

These are just a few of the many Tunisian restaurants where you can experience the authentic flavors of Brik a L’oeuf. Exploring the local culinary scene and enjoying this beloved Tunisian dish in a traditional setting will undoubtedly leave you with unforgettable food memories.


Now that we’ve discovered the best places to savor Brik a L’oeuf, let’s wrap up our journey through the world of Tunisian cuisine.



Brik a L’oeuf is more than just a Tunisian dumpling – it is a culinary delight that encapsulates the vibrant flavors and rich history of Tunisia. This exquisite dish showcases the fusion of influences that have shaped Tunisian cuisine throughout the centuries.


From its humble origins to its status as a beloved street food, Brik a L’oeuf has become synonymous with the Tunisian culinary experience. The combination of the crispy pastry, creamy egg, and flavorful fillings creates a harmonious blend of textures and flavors that ignite the senses.


Whether you enjoy the classic version with tuna filling, prefer the meaty twist, opt for the vegetarian-friendly option, or indulge in the sweet variation, Brik a L’oeuf offers something for everyone. Its adaptability and versatility make it a dish that can be savored and enjoyed by locals and tourists alike.


As you explore the bustling streets of Tunisia, be sure to seek out the renowned Tunisian restaurants that serve Brik a L’oeuf. These establishments will provide you with an authentic and unforgettable experience, showcasing the culinary expertise and passion of Tunisian chefs.


Embracing food travel allows us to immerse ourselves in different cultures, and Brik a L’oeuf offers a gateway to Tunisia’s rich culinary heritage. Allow your taste buds to transport you to the charming streets of Tunisia as you indulge in this iconic dish.


So, whether you’re savoring Brik a L’oeuf in a bustling market or at a renowned Tunisian restaurant, let its flavors ignite your imagination and create lasting memories of your food travel adventures in Tunisia.


After all, Brik a L’oeuf is not just a dumpling – it’s an invitation to experience the heart and soul of Tunisia through its vibrant cuisine.