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Largest Islands In The World: 10 Colossal Coasts


Modified: December 27, 2023

by Natalee Irizarry



When it comes to exploring nature’s wonders, few things can compare to the awe-inspiring grandeur of islands. These isolated landmasses, surrounded by boundless oceans, offer a unique blend of breathtaking landscapes, diverse ecosystems, and captivating cultures. From the frigid Arctic regions to the tropical paradises of the equator, our planet is home to some of the largest islands in the world.


In this article, we will embark on a virtual journey to discover the colossal coasts of the ten largest islands on Earth. Brace yourself for stunning vistas, intriguing wildlife, and fascinating histories as we explore these remarkable destinations.


Each of these islands is a testament to the extraordinary power and beauty of nature. They have captivated the human imagination for centuries, luring intrepid adventurers to their shores in search of discovery and adventure. So, whether you’re a nature enthusiast, a history buff, or simply seeking an escape from the daily grind, join us as we uncover the wonders that await on these monumental islands.



Nestled in the remote Arctic region, Greenland stands as the largest island in the world. With its vast expanse of ice and rugged terrain, this icy giant is an adventurer’s dream come true. Its captivating landscapes feature towering glaciers, snow-capped mountains, and pristine fjords.


Greenland is a unique destination for those seeking a truly untouched wilderness. The island is home to an array of fascinating wildlife, including polar bears, whales, seals, and arctic foxes. The Greenland Ice Sheet, covering around 80% of the island, is a mesmerizing sight, providing a glimpse into the breathtaking power and beauty of nature.


Exploring Greenland offers a chance to witness the stunning Northern Lights dancing across the night sky. During the summer months, visitors can also experience the midnight sun, where the sun remains visible for 24 hours a day, casting an ethereal glow over the landscape.


For adventurous souls, Greenland offers thrilling activities like dog sledding, ice climbing, and hiking through rugged terrains. You can also discover ancient Inuit settlements and learn about the island’s rich cultural heritage. Don’t forget to indulge in Greenlandic cuisine, including traditional dishes like seal and whale meats, which are unique to this remote island.


Whether you’re marvelling at the breathtaking beauty of its ice-filled landscapes or immersing yourself in the rich Inuit culture, Greenland truly is a place like no other. It’s a constant reminder of the incredible diversity and resilience of our planet’s natural wonders.


New Guinea

Vibrant and diverse, New Guinea is the second-largest island in the world, located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. Shared by two countries, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia, this tropical paradise offers an unparalleled richness in natural beauty and cultural heritage.


Exploring New Guinea is like stepping into a living museum of biodiversity. Its dense rainforests are home to an astonishing array of plant and animal species, many of which are endemic to the island. From colorful birds of paradise and unique tree kangaroos to diverse marine life in its crystal-clear waters, New Guinea’s wildlife will amaze nature enthusiasts.


The island is also an adventurer’s playground, offering opportunities for trekking, whitewater rafting, and diving in its pristine coral reefs. Mount Wilhelm, the highest peak in Papua New Guinea, beckons hikers to conquer its majestic summit for breathtaking views of the surrounding valleys.


But New Guinea’s allure extends beyond its natural wonders. The island is rich in cultural diversity, with over 1,000 distinct ethnic groups and languages. Indigenous communities proudly preserve their traditions, from intricate wood carvings and vibrant traditional dances to unique cuisines and spiritual practices.


Don’t miss the chance to witness the mesmerizing rituals of the Mudmen in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea, where locals don masks and clay-coated costumes to reenact ancient legends. The vibrant Goroka Show, a traditional sing-sing festival held annually, showcases the rich cultural heritage of the region.


New Guinea is a world within itself, where nature and culture converge to create an extraordinary tapestry. Whether you’re exploring its lush rainforests or immersing yourself in the warmth of its people, this tropical paradise promises an unforgettable adventure that will leave a lasting impression.



Bounded by the South China Sea and located in Southeast Asia, Borneo is the third-largest island in the world. Shared by three countries – Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei – this lush island is a treasure trove of natural wonders and rich biodiversity.


Borneo’s dense rainforests are a haven for wildlife, with iconic species such as the endangered orangutans, pygmy elephants, and proboscis monkeys calling the island home. The Danum Valley Conservation Area and Kinabalu National Park in Malaysian Borneo provide opportunities for wildlife encounters, trekking, and stunning vistas.


Adventure seekers can embark on thrilling expeditions to climb Mount Kinabalu, Southeast Asia’s highest peak. The climb offers breathtaking views of cloud-shrouded peaks and a chance to witness the spectacular sunrise from above the clouds.


Borneo’s allure isn’t limited to its diverse flora and fauna. It also boasts stunning tropical islands and pristine beaches that beckon visitors to dive into its crystal-clear waters. Sipadan Island, located off the coast of Sabah, is renowned for its underwater biodiversity and world-class diving opportunities.


Delve into the vibrant cultures of Borneo’s indigenous tribes, including the Iban people in Sarawak and the Dayak communities in Central Kalimantan. Immerse yourself in their traditional longhouse villages, witness their traditional dances, and partake in their unique culinary traditions.


Borneo is a destination that offers something for everyone. Whether you’re a nature enthusiast, an adventure seeker, or a culture lover, this enchanting island will leave you in awe of its beauty and captivated by its rich cultural tapestry.



Located off the southeastern coast of Africa, Madagascar is the fourth-largest island in the world and a biodiversity hotspot like no other. This captivating island is a sanctuary for unique plant and animal species found nowhere else on Earth.


One of the main attractions of Madagascar is its remarkable array of lemurs, the primates that are endemic to the island. From the playful ring-tailed lemurs to the elusive indri lemurs known for their haunting calls, encountering these fascinating creatures in their natural habitat is a truly remarkable experience.


Madagascar’s diverse landscapes are equally awe-inspiring, ranging from lush rainforests and pristine beaches to towering limestone formations and otherworldly baobab trees. Trek through the otherworldly spiky forest of Tsingy de Bemaraha or explore the tropical paradise of Nosy Be for a glimpse into the island’s astounding natural beauty.


The island’s cultural heritage is just as captivating, with a blend of influences from African, Arab, and Southeast Asian traditions. Discover local handicrafts, traditional music, and dance, and indulge in the unique flavors of Malagasy cuisine.


Madagascar has long fascinated scientists and nature enthusiasts alike with its extraordinary endemic species and vibrant ecosystems. By exploring its national parks and reserves, such as Ranomafana and Andasibe-Mantadia, you can contribute to the conservation efforts and witness firsthand the incredible diversity of this island.


Madagascar is a true gem, where nature’s wonders and cultural heritage come together to create an unforgettable experience. Embark on a journey to this enchanting island, and you will be rewarded with a glimpse into a world that is both mesmerizing and utterly unique. 

Baffin Island

Located in the remote Arctic region of Canada, Baffin Island is the fifth-largest island in the world. This massive island offers a pristine wilderness and an opportunity to discover the majestic beauty of the Arctic.


Baffin Island is a dream destination for outdoor enthusiasts and adventure seekers. Its dramatic landscapes feature towering granite peaks, deep fjords, and expansive ice fields. It is also home to the Auyuittuq National Park, where hikers can explore breathtaking valleys and witness the awe-inspiring beauty of the Penny Ice Cap.


The island is also a hotspot for wildlife, with polar bears, Arctic foxes, and various species of whales and seals making their homes in the surrounding waters and ice floes. Bird lovers will be thrilled by the sight of majestic seabirds and the elusive gyrfalcons soaring through the Arctic skies.


Explore the rich Inuit culture of Baffin Island by visiting small communities and learning about their traditional way of life. Experience the vibrant Inuit artwork, intricate carvings, and impressive throat singing performances that showcase the depth of their cultural heritage. Don’t miss the chance to witness the mesmerizing Northern Lights dancing across the dark Arctic sky, creating a magical experience unlike any other.


As you navigate through the vast expanse of Baffin Island, you’ll feel a profound sense of solitude and connection with nature. The untouched beauty and pristine wilderness will leave you in awe and inspire a deep appreciation for the fragile ecosystems and resilience of Arctic life.


Baffin Island is a destination where adventure and tranquility intertwine, offering a unique experience that is sure to leave a lasting impression on all who visit.



Located in Indonesia, Sumatra is the sixth-largest island in the world and a land of extraordinary biodiversity and natural beauty. From dense rainforests and stunning volcanoes to pristine beaches and diverse wildlife, this island offers a captivating blend of adventures and cultural experiences.


Sumatra is renowned for its lush tropical rainforests, which are home to a wide range of animal and plant species, including the critically endangered Sumatran orangutans, tigers, elephants, and rhinoceros. Exploring the Gunung Leuser National Park and Bukit Lawang provides a chance to encounter these incredible creatures in their natural habitat.


The island is also a paradise for trekkers and nature lovers. Scale the mighty Mount Kerinci, the highest volcano in Indonesia, for breathtaking views or embark on a journey to Lake Toba, the largest volcanic lake in the world, surrounded by picturesque landscapes and a rich cultural heritage.


Sumatra’s cultural diversity is reflected in its vibrant traditions, which draw influences from Malay, Batak, and Minangkabau cultures. Experience the infectious rhythm of traditional dances, sample local delicacies like Rendang, a spicy meat dish, and immerse yourself in the warm hospitality of the local communities.


For the adventurous spirits, the waves of Nias Island beckon surfers from around the globe, offering world-class surf breaks and an adrenaline-pumping experience. Conversely, the tranquil islands of Pulau Weh and Pulau Siberut offer an escape to untouched beaches and pristine marine life.


Sumatra’s blend of natural wonders and cultural richness make it a destination that is sure to enchant and inspire. Whether you’re exploring its dense jungles, relaxing on its beautiful beaches, or immersing yourself in its vibrant culture, Sumatra promises an unforgettable adventure filled with incredible experiences.



Honshu, the largest and most populous island in Japan, is a captivating blend of ancient traditions and modern marvels. From vibrant cities to serene countryside, Honshu offers a diverse range of experiences that are sure to leave a lasting impression.


One of the highlights of Honshu is its iconic capital city, Tokyo. With its futuristic skyline, bustling streets, and vibrant neighborhoods like Shibuya and Shinjuku, Tokyo is a city that never fails to impress. Explore historical sites such as the Imperial Palace and the famous Senso-ji Temple in Asakusa.


But Honshu’s allure extends beyond its urban areas. The island boasts stunning natural landscapes, from majestic mountains to picturesque coastlines. Mingle with the sacred deer in Nara’s peaceful parks, hike the famous trails of the Japanese Alps, or marvel at the ethereal beauty of Mount Fuji, Japan’s highest peak.


Immerse yourself in the rich cultural heritage of Honshu by visiting ancient temples and shrines, such as Kyoto’s Kiyomizu-dera and Osaka Castle. Experience traditional tea ceremonies, witness mesmerizing Geisha performances, and indulge in exquisite Japanese cuisine, including sushi, ramen, and Kobe beef.


For history enthusiasts, Hiroshima offers a somber reminder of the devastating impact of war. Visit the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park and Museum to learn about the city’s tragic past and witness the resilience of its people.


Whether you’re exploring the vibrant streets of Tokyo or taking a peaceful stroll through Kyoto’s bamboo groves, Honshu offers a captivating mix of ancient traditions and modern marvels. It’s a destination that seamlessly blends the past and present, leaving visitors with unforgettable memories and a deeper appreciation for Japanese culture.


Victoria Island

Situated in the Arctic Archipelago of Canada, Victoria Island is the eighth-largest island in the world, spanning vast tundra landscapes and dramatic coastlines. This remote and untouched island offers a captivating blend of pristine wilderness and captivating natural beauty.


Victoria Island is an adventurer’s paradise, with endless opportunities for exploration. The island is home to numerous wildlife species, including Arctic foxes, muskoxen, and various bird species. Polar bears can also be spotted roaming the icy shores, making it a rare and thrilling sight for wildlife enthusiasts.


The island’s stunning landscapes showcase the raw beauty of the Arctic. Bask in the breathtaking colors of the midnight sun during the summer months or witness the mesmerizing hues of the Northern Lights during the winter. The rugged mountains, deep fjords, and vast ice fields create a landscape that evokes a sense of wonder and awe.


For those looking for outdoor adventures, Victoria Island offers a myriad of activities. Explore the pristine waters surrounding the island by kayaking or embark on a thrilling Arctic safari to observe the richness of Arctic wildlife up close. Hike across the tundra, keeping an eye out for unique flora and fauna that have adapted to survive in this harsh environment.


Immerse yourself in the rich heritage of the Inuit people, who have called Victoria Island home for thousands of years. Discover their ancient traditions, art, and folklore, gaining insight into their connection with the land and the Arctic ecosystem.


Visiting Victoria Island is a journey into an untouched and untamed wilderness, where the wonders of nature reign supreme. It offers a chance to disconnect from the modern world and experience the raw power and beauty of the Arctic in its purest form.


Great Britain

Great Britain, the largest island in the British Isles, is a captivating destination steeped in history, culture, and natural beauty. From bustling cities to bucolic countryside, Great Britain offers a diverse range of experiences that are sure to delight visitors.


London, the vibrant capital city, serves as a gateway to explore the rich heritage of Great Britain. From iconic landmarks like the Tower of London and Buckingham Palace to world-class museums like the British Museum and Tate Modern, the city is a treasure trove of history and art.


Beyond the bustling metropolis lies the picturesque countryside, dotted with charming villages, rolling green hills, and stunning coastlines. Explore the Cotswolds, a region known for its idyllic landscapes and charming stone cottages, or venture to the rugged cliffs of the Jurassic Coast for breathtaking vistas.


Great Britain also boasts an impressive array of castles and historic sites. Visit the majestic Windsor Castle, the official residence of the Queen, or delve into the centuries-old history of Edinburgh Castle perched atop an ancient volcanic rock.


For nature enthusiasts, the Lake District National Park offers unparalleled beauty with its serene lakes, towering mountains, and enchanting forests. Be inspired by the landscapes that inspired famous poets like William Wordsworth and immerse yourself in the tranquility of this scenic region.


No journey to Great Britain is complete without indulging in its quintessential traditions. Sample traditional English afternoon tea, savor fish and chips by the seaside, or soak up the lively atmosphere of a local pub while enjoying a pint of ale.


Great Britain is a destination that seamlessly blends its rich history with contemporary culture. Whether you’re exploring its bustling cities, picturesque countryside, or immersing yourself in its vibrant traditions, Great Britain promises a captivating experience that will leave a lasting impression.


Ellesmere Island

Ellesmere Island, located in the Arctic Archipelago of Canada, is the tenth-largest island in the world. Known for its majestic landscapes and extreme climate, this remote and rugged island offers a unique and awe-inspiring experience for adventurous explorers.


Ellesmere Island is a haven for Arctic wildlife, providing a sanctuary for species such as muskoxen, Arctic wolves, and polar bears. It is also home to numerous migratory bird species, making it a paradise for birdwatching enthusiasts. Witnessing these magnificent creatures in their natural habitat is a remarkable and unforgettable experience.


The island’s landscapes are breathtaking, characterized by towering mountains, deep fjords, and expansive ice shelves. Traverse the pristine glaciers and marvel at the sculptural masterpieces created by nature over centuries. Explore Quttinirpaaq National Park, the northernmost park in Canada, to witness the true beauty of this Arctic wilderness.


Ellesmere Island is a hotspot for scientific research, offering an opportunity to learn about the delicate balance of our planet’s ecosystem and the impacts of climate change. Many expeditions and research facilities are based on the island, providing a unique chance for visitors to gain insight into these critical studies.


The island’s extreme northern location means that visitors can experience the wonders of the Arctic, such as the midnight sun during the summer months and the breathtaking Northern Lights during the winter. These natural phenomena create a magical and otherworldly atmosphere that is truly unforgettable.


Exploring Ellesmere Island requires a sense of adventure and a deep respect for nature’s raw power. It is a destination that offers a humbling and transformative experience, allowing visitors to witness the incredible resilience of life in one of the harshest environments on Earth.


Ellesmere Island stands as a testament to the captivating beauty and unyielding spirit of the Arctic. For those willing to venture into this remote and untamed land, it promises a journey of discovery and wonder that will leave a profound impact on their hearts and minds.



Exploring the largest islands in the world is a thrilling journey that takes us to diverse and awe-inspiring destinations. From the icy grandeur of Greenland to the lush rainforests of New Guinea, these colossal coasts offer a myriad of adventures and experiences.


Each island has its own unique character, boasting breathtaking landscapes, captivating wildlife, and vibrant cultures. Whether you’re an outdoor enthusiast, a history buff, or a seeker of cultural immersion, there is something for everyone in these remarkable destinations.


These islands also serve as a reminder of the fragility and resilience of our planet’s natural wonders. They are living laboratories for scientific research and conservation efforts, allowing us to better understand and protect the delicate ecosystems that inhabit these remote corners of the Earth.


Embarking on a journey to these colossal coasts is not just about seeking thrills and adventure; it’s about immersing ourselves in the beauty of nature, connecting with different cultures, and gaining a deeper appreciation for the wonders that our planet has to offer.


So whether you find yourself trekking through the Arctic wilderness of Ellesmere Island or exploring the rich heritage of Great Britain, embrace the opportunity to be in awe of the world around you. Let the largest islands in the world be your gateway to unforgettable adventures, inspiring discoveries, and a deeper connection with the diverse tapestry of life on Earth.


Visit these colossal coasts, explore their hidden gems, and create memories that will last a lifetime. The largest islands in the world await, ready to enchant and captivate you with their awe-inspiring landscapes, vibrant cultures, and incredible biodiversity. Prepare to embark on the adventure of a lifetime and immerse yourself in the wonders of these remarkable destinations.