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How To Train For Hiking Machu Picchu


by Robina Swank



Are you dreaming of embarking on the adventure of a lifetime and hiking the majestic Machu Picchu in Peru? This ancient Inca city nestled high in the Andes Mountains offers not only breathtaking views but also a rich cultural experience. However, hiking Machu Picchu is not for the faint of heart. It requires physical fitness, mental preparedness, and a well-planned training regimen.


In this article, we will guide you on how to train for hiking Machu Picchu, ensuring that you are well-prepared to conquer the challenging trails and fully enjoy this once-in-a-lifetime experience. From choosing the right gear to building endurance and acclimatizing to the high altitude, we will cover all aspects of preparing your body for this incredible adventure.


Before diving into the training specifics, it’s important to note that hiking Machu Picchu requires a certain level of physical fitness. If you are new to hiking or have any pre-existing health conditions, we highly recommend consulting with your healthcare professional before starting any training program.


Now, let’s delve into the training essentials that will help you conquer Machu Picchu and make your hiking journey unforgettable.


Choosing the Right Gear

When it comes to hiking Machu Picchu, having the right gear is essential for comfort, safety, and overall enjoyment. Here are the key items you should consider:

  1. Hiking Boots: Invest in a sturdy pair of hiking boots that provide ankle support and have a good grip. Make sure to break them in before your trip to avoid blisters and discomfort.
  2. Backpack: Choose a backpack with a capacity that can accommodate all your essentials, including snacks, water, extra layers, and a first aid kit. Look for a pack with adjustable straps and multiple compartments for better organization.
  3. Clothing: Dress in layers to adapt to changing weather conditions. Pack moisture-wicking base layers, insulating mid-layers, and a waterproof outer shell. Don’t forget items like a hat, gloves, and sunglasses to protect yourself from the sun.
  4. Trekking Poles: Consider using trekking poles to provide stability on steep and uneven terrain, reducing strain on your joints and improving balance.
  5. Navigation: Carry a reliable map or guidebook and a compass or GPS device to ensure you stay on the right trail.
  6. Hydration System: Choose a hydration system that works for you, whether it’s a hydration bladder or water bottles. Stay hydrated throughout your hike, especially in the high-altitude environment.
  7. Sleeping Gear: If you plan to camp overnight on the Inca Trail, invest in a high-quality sleeping bag and a comfortable sleeping pad for a good night’s rest.

It’s important to note that investing in high-quality gear will enhance your comfort and durability during the hike. Make sure to test and familiarize yourself with your gear before setting off on your adventure. This will help prevent any uncomfortable surprises along the way.


Building Endurance

Hiking Machu Picchu involves navigating long, steep, and challenging trails that require a certain level of endurance. Building your endurance will not only enable you to tackle the physical demands of the hike but also enhance your overall experience. Here are some tips to help you build endurance:

  1. Start Slowly: If you’re new to hiking or have been inactive for a while, it’s important to start slowly and gradually increase the intensity and duration of your hikes. Begin with shorter, less challenging hikes and progressively work your way up.
  2. Incorporate Regular Cardiovascular Exercise: Engaging in activities like running, cycling, swimming, or brisk walking can significantly improve your cardiovascular endurance, making your hiking experience more enjoyable. Aim for at least three to four sessions of cardiovascular exercise per week.
  3. Interval Training: Incorporate interval training into your cardiovascular exercise routine. Alternate between high-intensity bursts and lower-intensity periods to simulate the varying terrain and challenges you may encounter during the hike.
  4. Long-Distance Hikes: As you progress in your training, gradually increase the duration and distance of your hikes. This will help your muscles adapt to the demands of sustained physical activity.
  5. Hill Training: Find hills or inclines in your area and incorporate them into your training. Uphill and downhill hiking will mimic the elevation changes you’ll encounter on the Inca Trail, improving your leg strength and endurance.
  6. Strength Training: Include strength training exercises in your routine to build muscle and improve overall endurance. Focus on exercises that target your legs, core, and upper body, as all of these areas are engaged during hiking.
  7. Rest and Recovery: Allow your body time to rest and recover between training sessions. Adequate rest is crucial for rebuilding muscles and preventing injuries.

Remember, building endurance takes time, so be patient with yourself. Consistency and gradual progression will yield the best results. Listen to your body and adjust your training as needed to avoid overexertion and minimize the risk of injuries.


Strengthening Your Leg Muscles

Strengthening your leg muscles is crucial for hiking Machu Picchu, as it involves navigating steep inclines and descents for long durations. Here are some exercises to target and strengthen your leg muscles:

  1. Squats: Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart. Lower your body as if sitting back into a chair, keeping your knees aligned with your toes. Push through your heels to return to the starting position. Aim for three sets of 10-12 reps.
  2. Lunges: Step forward with one foot, keeping your back straight and shoulders relaxed. Lower your body until your front knee is at a 90-degree angle, then push back up to the starting position. Alternate legs and aim for three sets of 10-12 reps per leg.
  3. Calf Raises: Stand with your feet hip-width apart and slowly raise your heels off the ground, lifting your body onto your toes. Lower back down and repeat. Aim for three sets of 15-20 reps.
  4. Step-ups: Find a sturdy elevated surface, such as a step or bench. Step one foot onto the surface and push through that foot to lift your body up onto the platform. Step back down and repeat with the opposite leg. Aim for three sets of 10-12 reps per leg.
  5. Single-leg Deadlifts: Stand on one leg, while bending forward at the waist and extending the other leg behind you for balance. Lower your torso until it’s parallel to the ground, then return to the starting position. Aim for three sets of 8-10 reps per leg.
  6. Wall Sits: Lean your back against a wall and slide down until your knees are at a 90-degree angle, as if sitting in an invisible chair. Hold this position for 30-60 seconds and repeat for a total of three sets.

These exercises will target your quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes, and calf muscles – all of which play a crucial role in providing stability and power during your hike. Aim to incorporate strength training exercises into your routine at least two to three times a week, allowing for rest and recovery between sessions.


Remember to start with lighter weights or modifications if needed, and gradually increase the intensity as your leg muscles become stronger. Consistency is key when it comes to strengthening your leg muscles, so stay committed to your training plan.


Core Training for Balance and Stability

Having a strong core is essential for maintaining balance and stability while hiking Machu Picchu’s challenging trails. Strengthening your core muscles will not only help prevent injuries but also improve your overall hiking experience. Here are some core training exercises to incorporate into your routine:

  1. Plank: Start by getting into a push-up position, resting on your forearms instead of your hands. Engage your core and hold this position for 30-60 seconds. Repeat for three sets.
  2. Mountain Climbers: Start in a high plank position. Bring one knee towards your chest, then quickly switch to the other knee. Continue alternating between legs for 30-60 seconds. Aim for three sets.
  3. Russian Twists: Sit on the ground with your knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Lean back slightly, engage your core, and twist your torso from side to side, touching the ground with your hands. Aim for three sets of 10-12 twists per side.
  4. Dead Bug: Lie on your back with your arms and legs extended towards the ceiling. Lower one arm above your head while simultaneously lowering the opposite leg towards the ground. Return to the starting position and repeat on the other side. Aim for three sets of 10-12 reps per side.
  5. Plank Variations: In addition to the traditional plank, incorporate variations such as side planks, forearm planks, and plank jacks to target different areas of your core.
  6. Medicine Ball Exercises: Use a medicine ball to add resistance to exercises like Russian twists, seated twists, and woodchoppers. This will challenge your core muscles even further.

Consistency is key when it comes to core training. Aim to incorporate these exercises into your routine at least two to three times a week, allowing for rest and recovery between sessions. As you progress, gradually increase the intensity and difficulty of the exercises by adding weights or increasing the duration of your holds.


In addition to these exercises, incorporating activities like yoga or Pilates into your training routine can also improve core stability and flexibility. These exercises not only target your core but also engage other muscle groups, promoting overall strength and balance.


Remember that a strong core not only enhances balance and stability on the trails but also contributes to proper posture and protects your lower back. So, don’t neglect incorporating core training into your hiking preparation.


Cardiovascular Conditioning

Cardiovascular conditioning is crucial for hiking Machu Picchu, as it involves long periods of sustained physical activity at high altitudes. Improving your cardiovascular endurance will help you hike longer distances, tackle inclines with ease, and recover faster. Here are some tips to enhance your cardiovascular conditioning:

  1. Choose Cardio Exercises: Engage in cardiovascular exercises that elevate your heart rate and challenge your endurance. Activities such as running, cycling, swimming, stair climbing, and hiking on varied terrain are excellent choices.
  2. Interval Training: Incorporate interval training into your cardiovascular workouts. Alternate between high-intensity bursts and recovery periods to simulate the varying demands of hiking on different terrains.
  3. Long-Distance Hikes: Gradually increase the duration and distance of your hikes to progressively challenge your cardiovascular system. Aim for longer hikes than what you anticipate doing in Machu Picchu to prepare your body for the demands.
  4. Elevation Training: If possible, incorporate hikes or workouts at higher altitudes to acclimate your body to the decreased oxygen levels and simulate the conditions you’ll encounter in Machu Picchu.
  5. Consistency: Engage in cardiovascular exercises at least three to four times a week, with each session lasting 30 minutes to an hour. Consistency is key to improve your endurance and cardiovascular fitness.
  6. Rest and Recovery: Allow your body time to rest and recover between cardiovascular workouts. Overtraining can lead to fatigue and increased risk of injury. Alternate between high-intensity and low-intensity days to give your body adequate recovery time.
  7. Monitor Your Heart Rate: Use a heart rate monitor to track your heart rate during cardiovascular workouts. This will help you stay within your target heart rate zone and adjust the intensity as needed.

Remember to always listen to your body and gradually increase the intensity and duration of your cardiovascular exercises. Push yourself, but ensure that you don’t overexert or strain your body. It’s essential to strike a balance between challenging your cardiovascular system and allowing for rest and recovery.


Improving your cardiovascular endurance will not only benefit your hiking performance in Machu Picchu but also improve your overall fitness and well-being. So, lace up your shoes, hit the trails, and get ready to conquer the breathtaking landscapes of Machu Picchu.


Preparing for Altitude

One of the factors that make hiking Machu Picchu challenging is the high altitude. The Inca Trail reaches elevations of up to 4,200 meters (13,780 feet), and altitude sickness is a common concern. To ensure a safe and enjoyable hike, it is important to prepare your body for the effects of high altitude. Here’s how you can do it:

  1. Acclimatization: Plan to spend a few days in Cusco or other high-altitude locations before starting your hike. This will allow your body to gradually adjust to the lower oxygen levels. Take it slow and avoid intense physical activity during this acclimatization period.
  2. Hydration: Staying well-hydrated is vital at high altitudes. Drink plenty of water before, during, and after your hike to prevent dehydration. Avoid excessive caffeine and alcohol consumption, as they can contribute to dehydration.
  3. Nutrition: Maintain a balanced diet rich in carbohydrates to provide your body with the energy it needs to cope with high altitude. Include foods like whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins in your pre-hike meals.
  4. Altitude Training: If possible, participate in altitude training exercises or use altitude simulation methods, such as hiking in a high-altitude chamber or using an altitude training mask. This can help stimulate your body’s physiological adaptations to high altitude.
  5. Medication: Consult with your healthcare professional about the use of altitude sickness medication, such as acetazolamide (Diamox). This prescription medication can help prevent or alleviate the symptoms of altitude sickness. However, it is important to discuss potential side effects and dosage with your doctor before using it.
  6. Slow and Steady: Take your time while hiking at high altitude. Gradually increase your pace and allow for frequent rest breaks to catch your breath. Listen to your body and don’t push yourself beyond your limits.
  7. Recognize Symptoms: Be aware of the symptoms of altitude sickness, which can include headaches, dizziness, nausea, fatigue, and shortness of breath. If you experience severe or worsening symptoms, descend to a lower altitude and seek medical attention if necessary.

Remember, everyone’s body reacts differently to altitude, and there is no foolproof way to predict how you will personally respond. It’s essential to be mindful of your own physical well-being and prioritize safety throughout your hike.


By taking the necessary precautions and allowing your body time to adapt to high altitude, you can minimize the risk of altitude sickness and fully enjoy the magnificent landscapes of Machu Picchu.


Training on Different Terrains

Hiking Machu Picchu involves tackling a variety of terrains, from steep inclines to rocky paths. To prepare your body for these different challenges, it’s important to train on various terrains during your preparation period. Here’s why and how you should incorporate training on different terrains:


Simulating Trail Conditions: By training on different terrains, you can simulate the conditions you may encounter on the Inca Trail or other hiking routes leading to Machu Picchu. This includes uphill climbs, uneven surfaces, and potentially slippery or rocky terrain. Training on similar terrains will help familiarize your body and mind with the demands of the actual hike, improving your overall performance.


Building Strength and Endurance: Different terrains require different muscle groups to engage and work harder. For example, hiking uphill engages your quadriceps more, while hiking downhill challenges your calves and stabilizer muscles. By training on varied terrains, you can target and strengthen these specific muscle groups, improving your overall strength and endurance for the hike.


Improving Balance and Stability: Training on uneven or rocky surfaces helps improve your balance and stability. It activates your core muscles and forces your body to make constant adjustments to maintain stability. This will enhance your ability to navigate challenging terrain during the actual hike.


Preventing Injuries: Training on different terrains allows your body to adapt to various movements and surfaces, reducing the risk of injury. It helps condition your joints, ligaments, and tendons to handle the stresses encountered during hiking. This preparation is crucial for minimizing the risk of sprains, strains, or other injuries during your Machu Picchu adventure.


To incorporate training on different terrains into your preparation, consider the following tips:

  1. Vary Your Hiking Trails: Seek out different hiking trails in your area that offer a variety of terrains. Look for trails with inclines, declines, rocky sections, or uneven surfaces.
  2. Hike on Stairs: Find a set of stairs or a stair machine at the gym. Climbing stairs mimics the uphill sections of the trail and provides an excellent cardiovascular and muscular workout.
  3. Utilize Outdoor Gyms: Some parks or outdoor fitness facilities have equipment specifically designed for training on different terrains. Take advantage of these facilities to practice balance exercises or step-ups on uneven surfaces.
  4. Hill Repeats: Find a hill with a steep incline and incorporate hill repeats into your training. Powering up and down a hill will simulate the challenges of the hike and target specific muscle groups.
  5. Trail Running: If you’re comfortable with running, consider incorporating trail running into your training. Trail running involves navigating different terrains, improving your balance, and building endurance.

Remember to start gradually when training on different terrains, especially if you’re not accustomed to them. Increase the difficulty and intensity of your training over time, allowing your body to adapt and progress. Stay mindful of safety and always choose appropriate footwear to ensure stability and grip on varied surfaces.


Training on different terrains will help prepare your body and mind for the challenges of Machu Picchu. So, get out there and embrace the variety of terrains to elevate your hiking skills and ensure a successful adventure.


Hiking with a Backpack

When preparing for hiking Machu Picchu, it’s crucial to train while carrying a backpack. Hiking with a loaded backpack will simulate the conditions you’ll face on the trail, as you’ll be carrying essential items such as water, snacks, clothing, and equipment. Here’s why and how to incorporate backpack training into your preparation:


Get Used to the Weight: Carrying a backpack adds an extra load to your body, which can affect your balance, posture, and overall hiking experience. By training with a backpack, you can gradually get accustomed to the weight and find your optimal comfort level.


Build Endurance: Hiking with a loaded backpack significantly increases intensity and challenge, requiring more energy and strength. Training with a backpack will help build your endurance, preparing your body for the demands of carrying a load during the hike.


Test Gear and Fit: Training with a backpack allows you to test and fine-tune your gear and its fit. You can identify any discomfort or adjustment issues in advance, making necessary adjustments or replacements before your Machu Picchu hike.


Proper Backpack Loading: Learn to properly distribute the weight in your backpack. Place heavier items closer to your back and distribute weight evenly to maintain balance and stability.


Start Light and Gradually Increase: Begin by hiking with a lighter backpack and gradually add weight over time. Start with a weight that feels comfortable, and as your strength improves, increase the load incrementally. This gradual progression will prevent strain or injuries.


Train with Gear: Train with the gear you plan to take on your Machu Picchu hike. This includes your backpack, hiking boots, and any other equipment you’ll carry. This will help you familiarize yourself with your gear and ensure its functionality during the hike.


Incorporate Uphill and Downhill Training: Include uphill and downhill hikes during your backpack training to simulate the elevation changes you’ll encounter on the Inca Trail. This will help you adjust to the added challenge of hiking with a weighted pack on varied terrain.


Practice Balance and Stability: Hiking with a loaded backpack requires enhanced balance and stability. Incorporate balance exercises, such as single-leg stands or yoga poses, to improve your stability and reduce the risk of falls or injuries during your hike.


Remember to listen to your body during backpack training and adjust the weight and intensity as needed. Start with shorter hikes and gradually increase the duration and difficulty. Pay attention to how your body feels, especially your shoulders, back, and hips, as these areas may experience added strain from the backpack.


By incorporating backpack training into your preparation, you’ll familiarize yourself with the weight, build endurance, and optimize your gear. It will ultimately enhance your hiking experience and ensure a more enjoyable and successful journey to Machu Picchu.


Staying Hydrated and Nourished

Proper hydration and nutrition are vital when training for and hiking Machu Picchu. The physical demands of the hike, along with the high altitude, can deplete your energy and increase the risk of dehydration. Here are some essential tips for staying hydrated and nourished during your preparation and the actual hike:



  • Drink plenty of water before, during, and after your training hikes. Aim to consume at least 2-3 liters of water per day.
  • Carry a water bottle or hydration bladder during your hikes and sip water regularly to avoid dehydration.
  • Consider using electrolyte-replenishing drinks or adding electrolyte tablets to your water to replace lost minerals and maintain proper hydration.
  • Pay attention to the color of your urine; clear or pale yellow indicates proper hydration, while dark yellow urine indicates dehydration.


  • Eat a balanced diet that includes a variety of whole foods, including fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, and healthy fats.
  • Consume complex carbohydrates for sustained energy, such as whole wheat bread, oatmeal, quinoa, and sweet potatoes.
  • Include protein-rich foods in your meals and snacks to aid in muscle recovery and repair, such as chicken, fish, tofu, nuts, and legumes.
  • Pack lightweight, nutrient-dense snacks for your hikes, such as trail mix, energy bars, dried fruits, and nut butter packets.
  • Avoid excessive intake of sugary or processed foods, as they can cause energy crashes and affect your performance.

Timing and Frequency:

  • Eat small, frequent meals and snacks throughout the day to maintain a steady energy level and prevent hunger or low blood sugar.
  • Plan your meals and snacks strategically, ensuring you have enough fuel and nutrients for your hikes without feeling overly full or sluggish.
  • Eat a balanced meal or snack containing carbohydrates and protein within an hour or two after your hikes to aid in muscle recovery and replenishment.

Listen to Your Body:

  • Pay attention to your body’s hunger and thirst cues during your hikes. Don’t wait until you’re ravenous or extremely thirsty to eat or drink.
  • Stay aware of any signs of fatigue, dizziness, or low energy levels, as these may indicate the need for hydration or nourishment.

Remember, staying hydrated and nourished is essential not just during your hikes but also throughout your training period. Take the time to plan your meals and snacks, hydrate adequately, and listen to your body’s needs. By fueling your body properly, you’ll optimize your performance, enhance your endurance, and have a more enjoyable experience hiking Machu Picchu.


Rest and Recovery

Rest and recovery are often overlooked but are just as important as training when preparing for hiking Machu Picchu. Giving your body time to rest and recover is crucial for preventing injuries, optimizing performance, and ensuring a successful and enjoyable hiking experience. Here are some key considerations for rest and recovery:


Quality Sleep:

  • Aim for 7-9 hours of quality sleep each night. Sleep is when your body repairs and rejuvenates, allowing your muscles to recover and your energy levels to replenish.
  • Establish a consistent sleep schedule and create a sleep-friendly environment by keeping your bedroom cool, dark, and quiet.
  • If you have difficulty sleeping at high altitudes, consider bringing earplugs, an eye mask, or using relaxation techniques to improve sleep quality.

Active Rest Days:

  • Incorporate active rest days into your training routine. On these days, engage in low-impact activities, such as gentle stretching, yoga, or light walking, to promote circulation and reduce muscle stiffness.
  • Active rest days also provide a mental break from intense training while still keeping your body active and mobile.

Recovery Techniques:

  • Use recovery techniques such as foam rolling, stretching, or massage to alleviate muscle soreness, improve flexibility, and promote faster recovery.
  • Consider scheduling regular sports massages or using self-myofascial release tools like foam rollers or massage balls.
  • Ice baths or cold showers can help reduce inflammation and aid in muscle recovery, particularly after challenging hikes or intense training sessions.

Listen to Your Body:

  • Pay attention to your body’s signals and adjust your training as needed. If you’re feeling excessively fatigued or experiencing pain or discomfort, it may be a sign that you need more rest.
  • Allow for adequate recovery time between training sessions and avoid overtraining, which can lead to fatigue, decreased performance, and higher risk of injuries.

Mental Rest:

  • Rest and recovery aren’t just physical; they’re also mental. Take breaks from thinking about training or hiking and engage in activities that help you relax and clear your mind.
  • Engage in hobbies you enjoy, spend time with loved ones, or practice mindfulness activities like meditation or deep breathing exercises.

Remember, rest and recovery are just as vital as training for preparing your body and mind for the challenges of Machu Picchu. Prioritize quality sleep, incorporate active rest days, utilize recovery techniques, and listen to your body’s needs. By allowing for adequate rest and recovery, you’ll optimize your training efforts and ensure you’re at your best on the trails.



Preparing for hiking Machu Picchu requires more than just packing your bags and booking your trip. It demands physical fitness, mental preparation, and a well-rounded training regimen. By following the guidelines outlined in this article, you will be well-equipped to tackle the challenges of the Inca Trail and fully enjoy the incredible experience of visiting Machu Picchu.


From choosing the right gear to training on different terrains, building endurance, strengthening your leg muscles and core, and staying hydrated and nourished, each aspect of your training is crucial for a successful hike. It’s important to start gradually, be consistent, and listen to your body throughout the training process.


Remember to prioritize rest and recovery, as they are key to preventing injuries and optimizing your performance. Sleep well, incorporate active rest days, and utilize recovery techniques to allow your body to heal and recharge.


Machu Picchu is a truly remarkable destination that combines natural beauty, ancient history, and intriguing culture. By investing time and effort into your training, you’ll not only conquer the challenging trails but also have the endurance and energy to fully appreciate the awe-inspiring landscapes and historical significance of this World Heritage Site.


So lace up your hiking boots, pack your backpack, and embark on this unforgettable adventure. With proper training, you’ll be ready to conquer Machu Picchu and create memories that will last a lifetime.