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How To Visit Jaipur’s Three Forts


by Octavia Hoyle



India is a land of rich cultural heritage and historical marvels, and one destination that perfectly encapsulates the grandeur of the past is the city of Jaipur. Known as the “Pink City,” Jaipur is home to three magnificent forts that stand as a testament to the city’s glorious history. These forts, namely Amber Fort, Nahargarh Fort, and Jaigarh Fort, offer visitors a glimpse into the opulence, architectural brilliance, and strategic significance of the bygone era.


Jaipur, the capital of the state of Rajasthan, is a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from all around the globe. It is a city that seamlessly blends the old world charm with modern developments, making it a vibrant and captivating place to explore. The forts of Jaipur, perched on the hills surrounding the city, are not just architectural marvels but also offer panoramic views of the city and its surroundings.


Exploring these three forts is like stepping back in time, imagining the lives of the mighty rulers, their luxurious palaces, and the strategic battles fought within the walls. Each fort has its unique charm and historical significance, making the visit an enriching and unforgettable experience.


Fort #1: Amber Fort

Perched majestically on a hilltop, overlooking the Maota Lake, Amber Fort is a stunning architectural masterpiece that showcases the grandeur and opulence of the Rajputana era. Built in the 16th century by Raja Man Singh I, the fort seamlessly blends Hindu and Mughal architectural styles, boasting intricate carvings, stunning mirror work, and breathtaking frescoes.


As you enter Amber Fort, you will be greeted by the impressive main entrance called the “Suraj Pol” or Sun Gate. This ornate gateway sets the tone for the grandeur that awaits within the fort walls. Walking through the sprawling complex, you’ll come across stunning courtyards, breathtaking palaces, and ornate temples.


One of the highlights of Amber Fort is the Sheesh Mahal, or the Palace of Mirrors. This exquisite palace is adorned with countless mirrors on its walls and ceilings, beautifully reflecting light and creating a mesmerizing effect. It is said that the mirrors were strategically placed to allow the queens to admire themselves from every angle.


Another must-visit within the fort is the Diwan-i-Aam, or the Hall of Public Audience. This open-air pavilion was used by the rulers to address the public and hold meetings. The intricately carved pillars and arches add to the grandeur of the hall, providing a glimpse into the royal proceedings of the past.


For those seeking adventure, a ride on an elephant up the steep ramparts to the main entrance of the fort is a memorable experience. The gentle sway of the elephant and the panoramic views of the surrounding landscape create a sense of awe and wonder.


Whether you’re a history enthusiast, an architecture lover, or simply someone looking to immerse yourself in the regal ambiance, a visit to Amber Fort is a must when in Jaipur. The fort carries the legacy of Rajasthan’s rich history and offers an unforgettable journey into the world of the Rajput rulers.


Fort #2: Nahargarh Fort

Situated on the rugged Aravalli Hills, Nahargarh Fort provides a stunning panoramic view of the pink-hued city of Jaipur. Built in the 18th century by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, this fort was primarily constructed as a defense fortress to protect the city from invasions.


Nahargarh Fort, which means “Abode of Tigers,” gets its name from a local legend that tells the tale of a spirit named Nahar Singh Bhomia who haunted the place during its construction. The fort’s architecture reflects a fusion of Indian and European styles, with delicate frescoes and stucco work adorning the walls.


One of the highlights of Nahargarh Fort is its stunning terrace known as the “Madhavendra Bhawan.” This two-story palace was built by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh as a summer retreat for himself and his queens. The palace consists of suites for the king and each of his nine queens, interconnected by a series of corridors and chambers.


Within the fort, you will also find the Nahargarh Biological Park, a sanctuary for various wildlife species such as leopards, langurs, and peacocks. This park is a delightful treat for nature lovers and offers a serene escape from the hustle and bustle of the city.


Nahargarh Fort is not only a historical landmark but also a popular spot among locals and tourists for its breathtaking sunset views. As the sun sets, the fort takes on a magical glow, creating a picturesque moment that will leave you in awe.


For adventure enthusiasts, there is an option of trekking or cycling up to Nahargarh Fort. The winding roads and scenic views make for an exhilarating experience, allowing you to soak in the natural beauty of the surroundings.


A visit to Nahargarh Fort is a journey into the past, offering a glimpse into the architectural brilliance and strategic significance of the fort. Whether you are a history buff or simply seeking a tranquil retreat, Nahargarh Fort is a must-visit destination in Jaipur.


Fort #3: Jaigarh Fort

Situated on the rugged hills of the Aravalli Range, Jaigarh Fort stands tall as a magnificent symbol of the military power and architectural brilliance of the Rajputs. Built in the 18th century, this fort was designed as a defensive structure to protect the Amer Fort and the city of Jaipur.


Jaigarh Fort, also known as the “Fort of Victory,” offers a fascinating insight into the rich history of Rajasthan. As you enter the fort, you will be greeted by its impressive fortified walls that stretch over 3 kilometers. These formidable walls once served as a shield against enemy attacks and still stand as a testament to the might of the Rajput warriors.


One of the main attractions of Jaigarh Fort is the world’s largest cannon on wheels, named “Jaivana.” This colossal cannon is a marvel of engineering and was strategically placed to guard the fort against potential invaders. It showcases the advanced military technology of its time and is a testament to the engineering prowess of the Rajputs.


Within the fort, you will find several other notable structures, including the Diya Burj, the water reservoirs, and the grand gardens. The Diya Burj, or the Watchtower, offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes and was used as a lookout point by the soldiers. The water reservoirs were built to ensure a constant water supply to the fort during times of siege, while the beautiful gardens add a touch of serenity to the rugged fort environment.


Jaigarh Fort is also connected to the nearby Amer Fort through an underground passage, known as the “secret tunnel.” This tunnel was used by the royals during times of war or emergency, allowing them to move between the forts discreetly and safely.


Aside from its historical significance, Jaigarh Fort offers breathtaking views of the surrounding hills, lakes, and the city of Jaipur. Visitors can stroll along the high ramparts and enjoy the panoramic vistas, immersing themselves in the beauty of the natural surroundings.


Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a military buff, or someone searching for an awe-inspiring view, Jaigarh Fort is a must-visit destination in Jaipur. Its grandeur, historical significance, and panoramic beauty combine to make it an unforgettable experience.



Visiting the three forts of Jaipur – Amber Fort, Nahargarh Fort, and Jaigarh Fort – is a journey through time, offering a glimpse into the rich history and architectural marvels of Rajasthan. These forts stand as proud symbols of the city’s royal heritage, preserving the stories of valor, grandeur, and strategic prowess.


Amber Fort, with its intricate carvings, mirror work, and stunning palaces, transports visitors to an era of opulence and regal splendor. The Sheesh Mahal and Diwan-i-Aam are not to be missed, showcasing the architectural brilliance and luxurious lifestyles of the past.


Nahargarh Fort, perched on the Aravalli Hills, offers panoramic views of Jaipur and boasts a unique blend of Indian and European architectural styles. The Madhavendra Bhawan and Nahargarh Biological Park provide a serene retreat and a chance to witness wildlife in their natural habitat.


Jaigarh Fort, famous for its formidable fortified walls and the world’s largest cannon, Jaivana, sheds light on the military might and engineering prowess of the Rajputs. The secret tunnel connecting Jaigarh Fort to Amer Fort adds an element of intrigue and adventure.


Exploring these three forts is not just a historical journey but also an opportunity to appreciate the majestic beauty of Rajasthan’s landscapes. From the breathtaking views of the city from Nahargarh Fort to the panoramic vistas from Jaigarh Fort’s ramparts, visitors are treated to a feast for the eyes.


Whether you’re a history enthusiast, an architecture lover, or someone seeking an extraordinary travel experience, Jaipur’s three forts are a must-visit destination. Immerse yourself in the grandeur, learn about the rich history, and experience the true essence of Rajasthan’s regal charm.


So, plan your trip to Jaipur and make sure to include Amber Fort, Nahargarh Fort, and Jaigarh Fort on your itinerary. Prepare to be awed by the magnificence of these architectural wonders and create memories that will last a lifetime.