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Pico Do Espigão Hike On Porto Santo Island


Modified: December 28, 2023

by Giulia Winton



Porto Santo Island, located in the beautiful archipelago of Madeira, is known for its stunning natural landscapes and breathtaking views. One of the most popular hiking trails on the island is the Pico do Espigão hike, which offers an exhilarating experience for both nature lovers and adventure seekers.


The Pico do Espigão hike takes you to the highest point of Porto Santo Island, offering panoramic vistas of the surrounding Atlantic Ocean and the rugged coastline. This challenging yet rewarding trail provides an opportunity to immerse yourself in the island’s rich biodiversity and captivating beauty.


Whether you are an avid hiker or simply enjoy exploring nature, the Pico do Espigão hike is a must-visit destination in Porto Santo. In this article, we will guide you through the planning process, provide detailed trail descriptions, highlight the key attractions along the way, and provide essential safety tips to ensure a memorable and safe hiking experience.


So, lace up your hiking boots, pack your sense of adventure, and get ready to embark on an unforgettable journey to the summit of Pico do Espigão.


Planning the Hike

Before setting off on the Pico do Espigão hike, it’s essential to plan and prepare adequately to ensure a safe and enjoyable adventure. Here are some key factors to consider when planning your hike:

  1. Season and Weather: Porto Santo Island enjoys a mild climate throughout the year, but it’s always wise to check the weather forecast before starting your hike. The best time to embark on the Pico do Espigão hike is during the spring or autumn, when temperatures are pleasant and rainfall is minimal.
  2. Physical Fitness: The Pico do Espigão hike is considered moderate to difficult, so it’s important to assess your physical fitness level before attempting the trail. Engaging in regular cardiovascular exercise and strength training will help prepare your body for the demands of the hike.
  3. Hiking Permit: While there is no specific permit required to hike Pico do Espigão, it’s always a good idea to check with local authorities or visitor centers to ensure there are no restrictions or closures due to weather conditions or conservation efforts.
  4. Trail Map and Navigation: Familiarize yourself with the trail map and route in advance. You can find detailed trail maps online or obtain physical copies from visitor centers. GPS devices or mobile apps can also be handy for navigation during the hike.
  5. Time and Duration: The Pico do Espigão hike typically takes around two to three hours to complete, but this can vary depending on your fitness level and the amount of time spent admiring the views along the way. Start early in the morning to avoid the midday heat and allow enough time for a leisurely hike without rushing.
  6. Water and Food: It’s crucial to stay hydrated during the hike, so carry enough water to last the duration of the trail. Additionally, pack some snacks or energy bars to keep your energy levels up during the hike.
  7. Clothing and Equipment: Wear comfortable and breathable clothing suitable for hiking, including sturdy hiking boots, moisture-wicking socks, and layers to adjust to changing weather conditions. Don’t forget essentials such as a sunhat, sunscreen, sunglasses, and a backpack to carry your belongings.
  8. Physical Preparedness: Prior to the hike, it’s advisable to engage in some light stretching exercises and warm-up activities to prepare your muscles for the physical exertion. This will help minimize the risk of injuries during the hike.

By paying attention to these planning essentials, you’ll be well-prepared to tackle the Pico do Espigão hike and make the most of your adventure on Porto Santo Island.


Getting to Pico do Espigão

Pico do Espigão is located on Porto Santo Island, which is easily accessible from Madeira Island. Here are the different transportation options to reach Pico do Espigão:

  1. By Air: The most convenient way to reach Porto Santo Island is by air. Madeira Airport, also known as Cristiano Ronaldo International Airport, serves flights from major European cities. From Madeira, you can take a short domestic flight to Porto Santo Airport, which is located on the eastern side of the island.
  2. By Sea: Porto Santo is also accessible by ferry from Madeira Island. The ferry service departs from Funchal, the capital city of Madeira, and takes approximately two and a half hours to reach Porto Santo. This option is ideal for those who prefer a scenic journey and have more time to spare.
  3. By Car Rental: Once you arrive at Porto Santo Island, the best way to reach Pico do Espigão is by renting a car. Several car rental companies are available at the airport and in the main town, Vila Baleira. Having your own vehicle allows you flexibility in terms of exploring the island and reaching the starting point of the hike.
  4. By Public Transport: If you prefer not to rent a car, you can also access Pico do Espigão using the local bus service. The buses operate on various routes across the island, and you can take a bus from Vila Baleira to the starting point of the hike. However, keep in mind that bus schedules may be limited, so plan accordingly.

Once you have reached Porto Santo Island and made your way to the starting point, the trailhead for Pico do Espigão is easily accessible. The hike begins near Pico Branco, another popular viewpoint on the island. Look for signposts indicating the path to Pico do Espigão.


It’s recommended to start early in the day to avoid the midday heat, as well as to allow ample time for the hike and to savor the breathtaking views along the way. Remember to carry water, snacks, and all necessary hiking equipment to ensure a comfortable and enjoyable experience.


Now that you know how to get to Pico do Espigão, it’s time to hit the road and embark on this thrilling adventure in the stunning landscapes of Porto Santo Island.


Trail Description

The Pico do Espigão hike delivers a diverse and awe-inspiring trail experience, showcasing the natural beauty of Porto Santo Island. Here is a detailed description of the trail:


The trail begins near Pico Branco, a prominent viewpoint on the island. From here, you will follow a well-marked path that gradually ascends towards the summit of Pico do Espigão. The trail winds through a combination of rocky terrain, lush vegetation, and panoramic open landscapes.


As you hike higher, you’ll notice the vegetation transitioning from shrubs to more endemic plant species, such as the iconic juniper trees. These unique flora add a touch of charm to the trail and provide shade in certain areas.


The trail offers breathtaking views of the surrounding Atlantic Ocean and the rugged coastline of Porto Santo. As you approach the summit, the panoramas become even more expansive, offering a stunning reward for your efforts.


Once you reach the top of Pico do Espigão, you’ll be greeted with a sense of accomplishment and a panoramic view that stretches as far as the eye can see. On clear days, you can even catch a glimpse of the neighboring island of Madeira in the distance.


Take your time to soak in the incredible vistas, breathe in the fresh mountain air, and appreciate the natural beauty that surrounds you. This is a perfect spot for photography enthusiasts to capture memorable shots of the island’s dramatic landscapes.


After enjoying the summit, the trail descends back down to its starting point. The way down offers a different perspective, allowing you to appreciate the unique features of the trail once again.


The total distance of the Pico do Espigão hike is approximately 5 kilometers (3.1 miles) round trip, with an elevation gain of around 300 meters (984 feet). The difficulty level is moderate to difficult, as there are some steep and uneven sections along the trail. Proper hiking footwear and caution are necessary to navigate these areas safely.


Overall, the Pico do Espigão trail provides an incredible hiking experience, showcasing the diverse landscapes and natural wonders of Porto Santo Island. With its stunning views and challenging terrain, this hike is sure to leave you with lasting memories.


Highlights of the Hike

The Pico do Espigão hike on Porto Santo Island is filled with remarkable highlights that make it a must-do adventure. Here are some of the unforgettable features you’ll encounter along the trail:

  1. Breathtaking Views: As you ascend Pico do Espigão, be prepared to be mesmerized by the sweeping views of the Atlantic Ocean and the rugged coastline of Porto Santo. The panoramas from the summit are simply awe-inspiring, offering a unique vantage point to admire the island’s beauty.
  2. Rich Biodiversity: The hike takes you through diverse landscapes, allowing you to witness the island’s vibrant biodiversity. From the rocky terrain to the lush vegetation, you’ll encounter a variety of endemic plant species, including the distinctive juniper trees. Keep an eye out for unique birds and other wildlife, as the hike offers opportunities for nature enthusiasts to observe the island’s fauna.
  3. Photography Opportunities: With its dramatic vistas and stunning landscapes, the Pico do Espigão hike presents countless opportunities for photography enthusiasts to capture breathtaking shots. The changing light conditions, the contrast between the ocean and the mountains, and the vibrant colors make for captivating compositions.
  4. Sense of Accomplishment: Reaching the summit of Pico do Espigão is an accomplishment in itself. The challenging yet rewarding hike will leave you with a sense of pride and fulfillment as you take in the stunning views from the top. It’s a moment that reminds you of the beauty and power of nature.
  5. Connection with Nature: The Pico do Espigão hike offers a unique opportunity to disconnect from the hustle and bustle of daily life and immerse yourself in the tranquility of nature. The peaceful surroundings, the soothing sound of the ocean, and the fresh mountain air create a serene ambiance that rejuvenates the soul.
  6. Cultural Insights: Along the trail, you’ll also come across remnants of old stone walls and agricultural terraces, which are a testament to the island’s agricultural history. These cultural elements offer insights into the traditional way of life on Porto Santo, adding a layer of depth to your hiking experience.

Each of these highlights adds to the allure of the Pico do Espigão hike, making it an unforgettable adventure that combines the best of nature, photography, and cultural exploration. Embrace the journey, and let the magic of Porto Santo Island unfold as you conquer the trails.


Safety Tips

While embarking on the Pico do Espigão hike is an exciting adventure, it’s essential to prioritize safety and take necessary precautions. Here are some safety tips to ensure a safe and enjoyable hiking experience:

  1. Plan and Prepare: Before starting the hike, research and plan your route thoroughly. Familiarize yourself with the trail maps, weather forecasts, and any potential hazards. Inform someone about your plans and estimated return time.
  2. Stay Hydrated: Porto Santo Island can have hot and dry weather, especially during the summer months. Carry an adequate supply of water to stay hydrated throughout the hike. Drink regularly, even if you don’t feel thirsty.
  3. Dress Appropriately: Wear suitable clothing and footwear for hiking, including comfortable and sturdy shoes with good traction, moisture-wicking clothing, and layers to adjust to changing weather conditions. Protect yourself from the sun by wearing a hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen.
  4. Take Breaks: Pace yourself during the hike and take regular breaks to rest and recharge. Listen to your body and know your limits. Avoid pushing yourself too hard, especially in challenging or steep sections of the trail.
  5. Watch Your Step: Pay attention to the terrain and watch your step, especially on uneven or rocky sections. Use hiking poles, if necessary, to provide stability and balance. Be cautious of loose rocks and be mindful of your surroundings.
  6. Be Prepared for Weather Changes: Weather conditions can change quickly, so be prepared for unexpected changes such as rain, wind, or fog. Carry a waterproof jacket and pack extra layers for warmth if needed.
  7. Follow Trail Markers: Stick to the marked trail and follow the designated route. Deviating from the trail can lead to getting lost or encountering hazardous areas. Keep an eye out for trail markers and signs to stay on track.
  8. Leave No Trace: Respect nature and the environment by practicing “Leave No Trace” principles. Pack out any trash you generate, refrain from damaging or disturbing plants or wildlife, and tread lightly on the trail.
  9. Be Mindful of Wildlife: Porto Santo Island is home to a variety of wildlife, so be respectful and observe from a distance. Do not approach or feed any animals you encounter along the hike, as this can disrupt their natural behavior and cause harm to both the animal and yourself.
  10. Hike with a Buddy: Whenever possible, hike with a companion. Having a hiking partner adds an extra layer of safety and support in case of emergencies or unforeseen circumstances.

By following these safety tips, you can ensure a safe and enjoyable hiking experience on the Pico do Espigão trail. Stay vigilant, be prepared, and immerse yourself in the beauty of Porto Santo Island with peace of mind.


Packing List

When preparing for the Pico do Espigão hike, it’s crucial to pack essential items to ensure your comfort, safety, and enjoyment along the trail. Here’s a comprehensive packing list for your hiking adventure:

  • Hiking Boots: Choose sturdy, comfortable hiking boots with good ankle support to protect your feet on uneven terrain.
  • Moisture-Wicking Clothing: Opt for lightweight, breathable clothing that wicks away sweat to keep you cool and comfortable during the hike.
  • Layered Clothing: Porto Santo’s weather can be unpredictable, so pack layers that you can add or remove according to the temperature and weather conditions. Include a lightweight jacket or fleece for cooler weather.
  • Sun Protection: Carry a wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen with a high SPF to protect yourself from the sun’s harmful rays.
  • Backpack: Invest in a comfortable backpack with enough room to carry your essentials, including water, snacks, extra layers, and a first aid kit.
  • Water: Hydration is key during hikes, so bring an ample supply of water. Consider using a hydration bladder or water bottles.
  • Snacks and Meals: Pack energizing snacks and a packed lunch if you plan to spend the day on the trail. Choose lightweight, non-perishable options.
  • Navigation Tools: Bring a map, compass, or GPS device to navigate during the hike. Familiarize yourself with the trail route in advance.
  • First Aid Kit: Prepare a basic first aid kit with essentials such as band-aids, adhesive tape, blister pads, antiseptic wipes, pain relievers, and any necessary personal medications.
  • Rain Gear: Pack a waterproof jacket or poncho to protect yourself from rain showers or unexpected weather changes.
  • Insect Repellent: Depending on the season, mosquitoes and other insects may be present. Apply insect repellent to avoid discomfort.
  • Camera or Smartphone: Capture the stunning views and memorable moments along the hike with a camera or smartphone.
  • Whistle and Emergency Supplies: Carry a whistle for emergencies and consider packing a multi-tool, flashlight, extra batteries, and a compact emergency blanket.
  • Cash and Identification: Carry some cash and your identification in a waterproof container or bag for any unforeseen circumstances.
  • Binoculars: Optional but useful for observing wildlife, birds, or distant views during the hike.

Remember to pack light and only bring essential items to avoid unnecessary weight. It’s important to find a balance between carrying necessary items and maintaining comfort during the hike.


By packing these essential items, you’ll be well-prepared to tackle the Pico do Espigão hike and fully enjoy the beautiful landscapes of Porto Santo Island.



The Pico do Espigão hike on Porto Santo Island is a thrilling adventure that takes you to the highest point of the island, providing breathtaking views, diverse landscapes, and a sense of accomplishment. From planning your trip to reaching the summit, this hike offers a memorable experience for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers.


By considering factors such as the season, weather, physical fitness, and proper equipment, you can ensure a safe and enjoyable hiking experience. Take the time to plan your route, pack essential items, and familiarize yourself with the trail before setting off on this exciting journey.


The trail itself offers numerous highlights, including panoramic views of the Atlantic Ocean, rich biodiversity, photography opportunities, and a deep connection with nature. Capture the beauty of Porto Santo Island and appreciate the cultural insights along the way, such as the remnants of old stone walls and agricultural terraces.


With safety in mind, remember to stay hydrated, dress appropriately, and adhere to Leave No Trace principles. Take breaks when needed, watch your step on uneven terrain, and follow the marked trail to stay on course.


Whether you’re an experienced hiker or just beginning your outdoor adventures, the Pico do Espigão hike will provide a memorable and rewarding experience. Make sure to soak in the stunning views, revel in the sense of accomplishment at the summit, and savor the unique moments that Porto Santo Island has to offer.


So lace up your hiking boots, pack your essentials, and immerse yourself in the incredible natural beauty of Pico do Espigão on Porto Santo Island. It’s time to embark on a journey that will leave you with cherished memories and a deeper appreciation for the wonders of nature.