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Updated 2020 – Our Guide To Hiking Valle De Cocora


by Sean Stockdale



Welcome to Valle de Cocora, a stunning natural paradise nestled in the heart of Colombia. This enchanting valley is located in the Quindio department, known for its lush landscapes, towering wax palm trees, and breathtaking hiking trails. Whether you’re an adventure enthusiast, a nature lover, or simply seeking a peaceful escape, Valle de Cocora offers an unforgettable experience.


Valle de Cocora is part of the larger Los Nevados National Natural Park, a protected area that encompasses various ecosystems, including cloud forests and paramo. The valley is renowned for being home to the highest wax palm trees in the world, reaching heights of up to 60 meters (197 feet). These majestic trees, Colombia’s national tree, create a surreal and awe-inspiring atmosphere that attracts visitors from around the globe.


Aside from its natural beauty, Valle de Cocora holds cultural significance in Colombia. The indigenous Quimbaya people have long revered the wax palms as sacred trees, considering them as symbols of fertility and abundance. Exploring this region provides an opportunity to connect with Colombia’s rich cultural heritage and immerse yourself in the traditions and stories of local communities.


Valle de Cocora is not only known for its stunning scenery but also for its excellent hiking opportunities. The valley offers a variety of trails suitable for different skill levels, from leisurely strolls to challenging treks. As you traverse the well-marked paths, you’ll encounter breathtaking viewpoints, roaring rivers, and diverse flora and fauna. Keep your camera handy as you may encounter various bird species, including the Andean condor, as well as other unique wildlife.


Before embarking on your adventure in Valle de Cocora, it’s important to plan your trip accordingly. This guide will provide you with valuable information on the best time to visit, popular hiking trails, necessary equipment and gear, safety tips, accommodation options, local cuisine, and nearby attractions. So, grab your hiking boots, pack your backpack, and get ready to discover the wonders of Valle de Cocora, where natural beauty and adventure await.


Valle de Cocora: An Overview

Valle de Cocora is a picturesque valley located in the central Andes of Colombia, in the Quindio department. It is part of Los Nevados National Natural Park and is renowned for its mesmerizing landscapes and iconic wax palm trees.


The valley is named after the Cocora River that runs through it, adding to its charm and allure. The main attraction of Valle de Cocora is undoubtedly the towering wax palm trees, which can reach heights of up to 60 meters (197 feet). These impressive trees are considered the tallest palm species in the world and have become a symbol of national pride for Colombians.


Aside from the wax palms, Valle de Cocora boasts diverse ecosystems, including cloud forests and paramo. The region is home to a wide range of plant and animal species, making it an ideal destination for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers.


Visitors to Valle de Cocora can explore a plethora of hiking trails that wind through the valley, offering breathtaking views at every turn. The most popular route is the Cocora Loop, a 5-6 hour trek that takes you through pristine cloud forests, across suspension bridges, and up to the stunning Acaime Hummingbird Sanctuary. The sanctuary is a haven for birdwatchers, as it is home to numerous hummingbird species.


Another highlight of Valle de Cocora is the Quindio wax palm forest, where you can walk amongst the towering trees and immerse yourself in the tranquility of nature. The sheer immensity of the wax palms is awe-inspiring and creates a unique and magical atmosphere within the valley.


Valle de Cocora is not only a paradise for hikers and nature lovers but also offers opportunities for horseback riding. Renting a horse is a popular option for those who want to explore the valley at a more leisurely pace and enjoy the stunning scenery from a different perspective.


While the valley is a wonderful destination year-round, it is important to note that weather conditions can vary. The rainy season typically occurs between April and May and again between October and November. It is advisable to check the weather forecast before your visit and come prepared with appropriate gear, especially if you plan to hike.


Overall, Valle de Cocora is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Colombia. Its natural beauty, diverse ecosystems, and iconic wax palm trees create an unforgettable experience that will leave you in awe of Mother Nature’s wonders.


Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Valle de Cocora largely depends on personal preferences and the type of experience you are seeking. However, there are a few factors to consider when planning your trip to ensure optimal weather conditions and an enjoyable visit.


The dry season, which runs from December to February and July to August, is generally considered the best time to visit Valle de Cocora. During these months, the weather is typically sunny and dry, with minimal rainfall. This provides ideal conditions for hiking and exploring the valley without the disruption of heavy rain.


That said, it’s important to note that Valle de Cocora is located in a cloud forest region, which means that rainfall can occur at any time of the year. Therefore, it is always a good idea to come prepared with rain gear, regardless of the season.


Another key consideration is the bloom of the wax palm trees. The wax palms in Valle de Cocora are at their most vibrant from June to July and November to December. During these months, the valley is adorned with lush greenery and the majestic palms stand out in all their glory.


However, visiting during the high season can also mean larger crowds and more tourists. If you prefer a quieter experience and less congested trails, consider visiting in the shoulder seasons, such as April to May or September to October. The weather during these months is still generally favorable, and you’re likely to encounter fewer tourists.


It’s worth noting that while the rainy season, which typically falls between April and May and October and November, may bring more precipitation, it also results in lush vegetation and offers a unique opportunity to witness the valley’s transformation. The rain enhances the vibrant colors of the flora, and the cascading waterfalls become even more majestic.


Ultimately, the best time to visit Valle de Cocora depends on your personal preferences and priorities. Whether you choose to visit during the dry season to enjoy sunshine and clear skies or during the rainy season to witness the valley’s natural beauty in full bloom, Valle de Cocora promises a memorable experience filled with breathtaking landscapes and awe-inspiring wax palms.


Hiking Trails in Valle de Cocora

Valle de Cocora offers a variety of hiking trails that cater to different skill levels and preferences. Whether you’re a seasoned hiker seeking a challenging adventure or a casual walker looking to soak in the beauty of the valley, there is a trail for everyone.


One of the most popular hiking routes in Valle de Cocora is the Cocora Loop. This approximately 12-kilometer (7.5-mile) trail takes you through lush cloud forests, across roaring rivers, and up into the breathtaking hills overlooking the valley. The loop usually takes around 5 to 6 hours to complete and offers spectacular panoramic views at various points along the way. Along the trail, you’ll also come across the Acaime Hummingbird Sanctuary, where you can take a break and catch a glimpse of these beautiful creatures.


For those seeking a shorter hike, the shorter version of the Cocora Loop is an excellent choice. This trail is approximately 5 kilometers (3 miles) long and can be completed in around 2 to 3 hours. Although it covers less distance than the full loop, it still provides stunning views of the valley and takes you through the enchanting wax palm forest.


If you want a more challenging hike, consider venturing onto La Estrella trail. This trail is more rugged and strenuous, taking you to higher elevations and offering breathtaking vistas of the surrounding mountains. La Estrella is approximately 17 kilometers (10.5 miles) long and can take up to 8 hours to complete. This trail is recommended for experienced hikers who are comfortable with steep ascents and descents.


For a leisurely stroll without much elevation gain, the Camino Real trail is a great option. This trail follows the path of an old trade route and offers a peaceful and scenic walk through the valley. It’s perfect for those who want a more relaxed experience or have limited time.


Regardless of which trail you choose, it’s important to come prepared. Wear comfortable, sturdy shoes designed for hiking, and dress in layers to accommodate changes in weather. Don’t forget to bring plenty of water, snacks, sunscreen, a hat, and insect repellent. Additionally, carry a map of the trails or use a reliable GPS device to ensure you stay on track.


Valle de Cocora’s hiking trails provide an opportunity to immerse yourself in the natural beauty of the region, offering breathtaking views, encounters with unique flora and fauna, and a chance to connect with the incredible wax palms that make this valley so special.


Equipment and Gear

When planning your hiking adventure in Valle de Cocora, it’s essential to be well-prepared with the right equipment and gear to ensure a safe and comfortable experience. Here are some items to consider packing:

  • Hiking Shoes: Choose sturdy, comfortable hiking shoes or boots with good traction to navigate the varied terrain of Valle de Cocora. Make sure your footwear is broken in before your trip to prevent discomfort and blisters.
  • Appropriate Clothing: Dress in layers to adapt to changing weather conditions. Opt for moisture-wicking, breathable fabrics to stay comfortable during your hike. Don’t forget to pack a waterproof jacket or poncho in case of rain.
  • Backpack: A backpack is crucial for carrying your essentials during the hike. Choose a backpack with a capacity that can accommodate your gear, snacks, water, extra clothing layers, and any personal items you may need.
  • Water and Snacks: Stay hydrated by carrying sufficient water for the duration of your hike. Pack lightweight, energy-rich snacks such as trail mix, granola bars, or fresh fruit to keep your energy levels up.
  • Sun Protection: Protect yourself from the sun’s rays by wearing a hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen with a high SPF. The elevation in Valle de Cocora can make the sun feel stronger, so it’s important to take precautions.
  • Navigational Tools: Carry a map of the hiking trails or use a reliable GPS device to ensure you stay on track. Familiarize yourself with the route before setting off. Consider downloading offline maps or using a navigation app on your smartphone.
  • Insect Repellent: Keep pesky insects at bay by applying insect repellent on exposed skin. This will help protect you from mosquitoes and other biting insects that may be present in the valley.
  • First Aid Kit: It’s always a good idea to have a basic first aid kit with you. Include adhesive bandages, disinfectant wipes, pain relievers, blister treatments, and any personal medications you may need.
  • Camera: Valle de Cocora is a photographer’s paradise, so don’t forget to bring your camera to capture the stunning landscapes and the majestic wax palm trees. Make sure to pack spare batteries and memory cards.

Remember to check the weather conditions before your hike and adjust your equipment and gear accordingly. It’s better to be over-prepared than under-prepared when venturing into the mountains. By ensuring you have the appropriate equipment and gear, you’ll be ready to explore Valle de Cocora with confidence and fully enjoy the beauty of this magical valley.


Safety Tips

While Valle de Cocora is a captivating destination, it’s important to prioritize your safety during your hiking adventure. Here are some essential safety tips to keep in mind:

  • Stay on the designated trails: Stick to the marked trails to avoid getting lost or venturing into unsafe areas. Straying from the trails can increase the risk of injury or encountering dangerous wildlife.
  • Inform someone about your plans: Before heading out on your hike, inform a reliable person of your intended route and expected return time. This will ensure that someone knows where you are and can alert authorities if necessary.
  • Check the weather: Be aware of the weather conditions before starting your hike. Avoid hiking in severe weather or during thunderstorms as it can increase the risk of accidents, such as slipping on wet surfaces or being struck by lightning.
  • Travel with a partner: It’s recommended to hike with a companion, especially if you’re not familiar with the area. Having someone with you can provide assistance in case of an emergency and increase your overall safety.
  • Come prepared with essentials: Carry necessary supplies such as water, snacks, a map or GPS device, a first aid kit, a whistle, and a flashlight. These items can come in handy during unexpected situations or emergencies.
  • Respect wildlife and plants: Valle de Cocora is home to diverse flora and fauna. Respect the wildlife by observing them from a distance and refraining from feeding or approaching them. Similarly, do not disturb or remove any plants or flowers to help preserve the ecosystem.
  • Be cautious around water: Exercise caution when crossing rivers or streams, especially during periods of heavy rain. Test the stability of rocks and use trekking poles for balance if necessary. It’s also important to avoid swimming in unfamiliar bodies of water due to potential hazards.
  • Protect yourself from the sun: The high altitude and sunny climate of Valle de Cocora can result in strong sun exposure. Wear protective clothing, use sunscreen, wear a hat, and stay hydrated to prevent sunburn and dehydration.
  • Leave no trace: Take care to leave the area as you found it by properly disposing of trash and minimizing your impact on the environment. Follow the principles of “Leave No Trace” to ensure the preservation of Valle de Cocora for future generations.

By following these safety tips, you can have a memorable and enjoyable hiking experience in Valle de Cocora while prioritizing your well-being and minimizing any potential risks. Remember, safety should always be a top priority when exploring the great outdoors.


Where to Stay

Valle de Cocora offers a range of accommodation options to suit different budgets and preferences. Whether you prefer the convenience of staying in the nearby town of Salento or immersing yourself in nature with an eco-lodge or camping experience, there is something for everyone.


The town of Salento is a popular choice for visitors to Valle de Cocora due to its close proximity. Here, you’ll find a variety of hotels, guesthouses, and hostels to choose from. This charming town offers a vibrant atmosphere with colorful buildings, traditional cafés, and artisanal souvenir shops. Staying in Salento allows for easy access to the valley, with transportation options readily available.


For those seeking a more immersive experience in nature, there are several eco-lodges and cabins located near Valle de Cocora. These accommodations boast stunning views of the valley and provide a tranquil retreat amidst the beauty of the surrounding landscape. Many of these lodges offer eco-friendly amenities and activities that allow you to connect with nature while enjoying comfortable accommodations.


If you’re an outdoor enthusiast and enjoy camping, there are designated camping areas in and around Valle de Cocora. Camping allows you to fully immerse yourself in the natural beauty of the valley and wake up to breathtaking views. However, it’s important to check the regulations and guidelines for camping in the area, as some sites may require permits or have specific rules to follow.


Whether you choose to stay in Salento, an eco-lodge, or camp in Valle de Cocora, it’s always advisable to book your accommodation well in advance, especially during peak travel seasons. Keep in mind that availability may be limited, so early planning is key to securing your preferred option.


Regardless of where you choose to stay, Valle de Cocora and its surroundings offer a range of accommodation options that cater to different preferences and provide easy access to the natural wonders of the region. Choose an option that suits your needs and allows you to fully immerse yourself in the beauty of Valle de Cocora.


Local Cuisine

When visiting Valle de Cocora, you’ll have the opportunity to indulge in the vibrant and flavorful cuisine of the region. From traditional Colombian dishes to local specialties, there are plenty of culinary delights to satisfy your taste buds.


One must-try local dish is the bandeja paisa, a hearty and filling meal that originated in the nearby Antioquia region. This iconic dish includes a variety of ingredients such as red beans, rice, ground beef, chorizo, plantains, avocado, arepa (a cornmeal flatbread), and a fried egg on top. It’s a truly indulgent dish that showcases the rich flavors and ingredients of Colombian cuisine.


If you’re looking for a lighter option, try the trucha (trout) that is abundantly available in the region’s rivers. Trucha is typically grilled or fried and served with a side of patacones (fried plantains), potatoes, and a delicious garlic sauce. This fresh and flavorful fish dish is a favorite among locals and visitors alike.


No trip to Valle de Cocora would be complete without trying the local coffee. Colombia is renowned for its high-quality coffee, and you’ll find numerous coffee farms and cafés in the area. Take the opportunity to immerse yourself in the coffee culture, learn about the process of coffee production, and savor the rich flavors of freshly brewed Colombian coffee.


For those with a sweet tooth, be sure to try the local dessert called postre de natas. This creamy custard-like dessert is made from milk, panela (a type of unrefined whole cane sugar), and cinnamon, creating a delectable treat that will leave you wanting more.


Valle de Cocora is also known for its abundance of fresh fruits. Take the opportunity to try exotic fruits such as lulo, granadilla, zapote, and maracuya (passion fruit). These fruits are not only delicious but also provide a refreshing way to cool down after a day of exploring.


When dining in the area, you’ll find a range of local eateries, cafes, and restaurants that offer both traditional Colombian dishes and international cuisine. Don’t hesitate to ask locals for recommendations to discover hidden gems that serve authentic and mouthwatering meals.


Immerse yourself in the flavors of Valle de Cocora and experience the rich and diverse culinary traditions of Colombia. From traditional dishes to fresh fruits and world-class coffee, the local cuisine will surely delight your taste buds and leave you with lasting memories of your visit.


Nearby Attractions

Valle de Cocora is not only a destination of natural beauty but also serves as a gateway to several other attractions in the surrounding area. Here are some nearby attractions that you can explore during your visit:


Salento: Just a short distance from Valle de Cocora, the town of Salento holds its own charm and cultural significance. Explore its colorful streets lined with traditional houses, visit the local craft markets, and indulge in delicious traditional food. Don’t forget to try the famous Colombian drink, aguapanela, a refreshing beverage made from panela (a type of unrefined whole cane sugar).


Cocora Nature Reserve: Extend your exploration of the Cocora Valley by venturing into the Cocora Nature Reserve. This protected area offers additional hiking trails that allow you to delve deeper into the lush cloud forests and encounter more incredible wildlife. Keep an eye out for unique bird species and immerse yourself in the tranquility of nature.


Santa Rosa de Cabal Hot Springs: If you’re looking for a relaxing experience, head to the Santa Rosa de Cabal Hot Springs. Located approximately 2 hours away from Valle de Cocora, this natural hot spring offers a therapeutic and rejuvenating soak surrounded by lush greenery and cascading waterfalls. It’s the perfect place to unwind after a day of hiking.


Coffee Farms: Colombia is famous for its coffee, and the region surrounding Valle de Cocora is home to numerous coffee farms. Take the opportunity to visit a local coffee plantation and learn about the coffee-making process, from bean to cup. Savor the aroma and taste of freshly brewed coffee while gaining a deeper appreciation for Colombia’s coffee culture.


Nevado del Ruiz: For those seeking a more adventurous experience, consider a trip to Nevado del Ruiz, an active volcano located about 3 hours away from Valle de Cocora. Explore the striking landscapes, hike to the glacier-covered summit, and marvel at the power of nature. It’s an awe-inspiring destination for outdoor enthusiasts and offers opportunities for mountaineering and birdwatching.


These nearby attractions provide diverse experiences that complement the natural beauty of Valle de Cocora. Whether you’re interested in cultural exploration, relaxation, or adventure, the surrounding area offers something for everyone, ensuring a well-rounded and memorable trip.



Valle de Cocora in Colombia is a true gem, offering a captivating blend of natural beauty, cultural heritage, and adventurous opportunities. This enchanting valley, known for its towering wax palm trees and breathtaking hiking trails, provides a unique and immersive experience for visitors from around the world.


Whether you embark on the popular Cocora Loop hike, wander through the mesmerizing wax palm forest, or simply soak in the tranquility of the surrounding landscapes, Valle de Cocora will leave you in awe of its beauty and charm.


The best time to visit depends on personal preferences and priorities, but it’s advisable to consider the dry season from December to February and July to August for optimal weather conditions. However, even during the rainy season, the valley transforms into a lush paradise with vibrant flora and cascading waterfalls.


When exploring Valle de Cocora, it’s important to be well-prepared and equipped with the appropriate gear. Comfortable hiking shoes, layered clothing, sun protection, a well-stocked backpack, and navigational tools are essential for a safe and enjoyable experience.


Valle de Cocora not only offers incredible hiking trails but also provides opportunities to immerse yourself in the local cuisine and cultural traditions. From indulging in traditional Colombian dishes to sipping on world-class coffee, the culinary experiences in the region will delight your taste buds.


In addition to Valle de Cocora, nearby attractions such as the town of Salento, the Cocora Nature Reserve, the Santa Rosa de Cabal Hot Springs, coffee farms, and the Nevado del Ruiz volcano offer diverse experiences that enrich your visit and provide further opportunities for exploration.


As you bid farewell to Valle de Cocora, you’ll take with you the memories of awe-inspiring landscapes, the tranquility of nature, and a deeper appreciation for Colombia’s natural wonders and rich cultural heritage.


So, pack your bags, lace up your hiking boots, and embark on an unforgettable journey to Valle de Cocora, where adventure, beauty, and discovery await.