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Which Countries Border Belize?


Modified: December 28, 2023

by Ilyssa Lazar



Belize is a small but beautiful country located in Central America. Bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the east, Belize shares its land borders with two neighboring countries: Mexico to the north and Guatemala to the west and south. This strategic geographical position has played a crucial role in shaping the history, culture, and economy of Belize.


With its stunning coastline, pristine barrier reef, lush rainforests, and rich cultural heritage, Belize has emerged as a popular tourist destination. Visitors from around the world are drawn to its natural beauty, diverse wildlife, ancient Maya ruins, and vibrant blend of culture and traditions.


As Belize continues to attract travelers, it is essential to understand the neighboring countries that contribute to its unique character. Both Mexico and Guatemala have influenced Belize in different ways, shaping its history, economy, and cultural fabric.


In this article, we will explore the neighboring countries of Belize and discover how they have made a lasting impact on this charming Central American nation.


Neighboring Countries

In addition to its stunning coastline, Belize is fortunate to share borders with two fascinating countries: Mexico and Guatemala. These neighboring countries have played a significant role in shaping Belize’s history, culture, and even its cuisine.




To the north of Belize lies Mexico, a country renowned for its vibrant culture, ancient civilizations, and delicious cuisine. The border between Belize and Mexico stretches over 250 kilometers, and it is marked by the majestic Rio Hondo River. This river not only serves as a natural boundary but also facilitates cross-border trade and cultural exchanges.


The influence of Mexico on Belize can be seen in various aspects of the country. Mexican flavors and ingredients have found their way into Belizean cuisine, enriching local dishes with a spicy kick. Additionally, Mexican music, art, and festivals have influenced Belizean culture, creating a unique blend of traditions in this small country.




To the west and south of Belize lies Guatemala, a country with a rich Mayan heritage, breathtaking landscapes, and a diverse indigenous population. The border between Belize and Guatemala covers approximately 266 kilometers, passing through dense forests, mountains, and small villages.


Guatemala’s historical connection with ancient Mayan civilizations extends to Belize, where ancient Maya ruins can be found throughout the country. The border region also sees a flow of cross-border trade, as people from both countries engage in economic activities and cultural exchanges.


Guatemala’s influence is apparent in Belizean traditions, art, and craftworks, which reflect elements of Maya culture and indigenous practices. The intermingling of both cultures has contributed to the vibrant and rich cultural heritage of Belize.


Overall, the neighboring countries of Mexico and Guatemala have left an indelible mark on Belize. From shared traditions and culinary influences to historical and cultural ties, these countries have helped shape Belize into the diverse and captivating nation it is today.



Mexico, the country bordering Belize to the north, is a land of rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking landscapes. The border between Belize and Mexico stretches over 250 kilometers, and it is an important gateway for trade, tourism, and cultural exchanges.


One of the most apparent influences of Mexico on Belize is in its cuisine. Mexican flavors and ingredients have become an integral part of Belizean dishes, adding a delightful spicy twist. Popular dishes such as tacos, tamales, and enchiladas have become staples in Belizean food culture.


But the influence of Mexico goes beyond food. Mexican music, art, and festivals have also made their mark on Belizean culture. Traditional Mexican music, such as mariachi and ranchera, can be heard playing in Belizean homes and at local celebrations. Mexican artisans have also inspired Belizean artists, with their craftwork and intricate designs influencing Belizean pottery, embroidery, and jewelry.


Cultural festivals in Belize, such as the San Pedro Lobster Festival and the Costa Maya Festival, draw inspiration from Mexican celebrations. These events feature traditional dances, music, costumes, and culinary delights, creating a fusion of Mexican and Belizean traditions.


Additionally, the proximity to Mexico allows for ease of travel and trade between the two countries. Many Belizeans travel to Mexico for shopping, medical care, and educational opportunities. Similarly, Mexican tourists often venture into Belize to explore its natural wonders, ancient ruins, and pristine waters.


The impact of Mexico on the economy of Belize is also significant. Cross-border trade and business collaborations contribute to the economic growth and development of both countries. The two nations engage in import and export activities, with goods flowing across the border, benefiting local businesses and fostering economic cooperation.


Moreover, the cultural exchange between Mexico and Belize has strengthened the bond between the two nations. Students from both countries participate in exchange programs, fostering friendships and promoting intercultural understanding.


In summary, the close proximity to Mexico has had a profound influence on Belize. From its culinary delights to its vibrant cultural expressions, Mexico has left an indelible mark on Belizean cuisine, art, music, and festivities. The relationship between Belize and Mexico continues to thrive, with mutually beneficial trade and cultural exchanges shaping the vibrant tapestry of Belizean society.



Bordering Belize to the west and south, Guatemala holds a special place in the cultural and historical landscape of Belize. With its rich Mayan heritage, breathtaking landscapes, and diverse indigenous population, Guatemala has significantly influenced Belize in various aspects.


One of the most noticeable connections between Belize and Guatemala is their shared Mayan history. Ancient Mayan civilizations flourished in both countries, leaving behind impressive archaeological sites that draw visitors from around the world. Belize is home to famous Mayan ruins such as Xunantunich, Caracol, and Lamanai, showcasing the ancient civilization’s architectural prowess and cultural significance.


The border between Belize and Guatemala covers approximately 266 kilometers, and it serves as a gateway not only for trade but also for cultural exchanges. The flow of goods and people between the two countries has fostered a blending of traditions, customs, and linguistic influences.


Guatemala’s influence on Belize can be seen in various aspects of Belizean culture. Traditional art forms, such as paintings, weavings, and woodwork, showcase elements of Maya culture and indigenous practices. Belizean artisans often draw inspiration from Guatemalan craftsmanship, incorporating similar techniques and designs into their own creations.


And it’s not just the art; Guatemalan influence extends to Belizean festivals and celebrations as well. The Garifuna Settlement Day, a significant cultural event in Belize, shares similarities with the Day of the Dead festival celebrated in Guatemala. Both events honor ancestors and celebrate their cultural heritage, showcasing the strong ties between the two nations.


Furthermore, the border region between Belize and Guatemala sees economic interactions, as people engage in cross-border trade, commerce, and tourism. Belizeans often travel to Guatemala to shop for goods, take advantage of medical services, and engage in cross-border business collaborations. Similarly, Guatemalan tourists visit Belize to explore its natural wonders, dive in its world-famous Blue Hole, and experience the diverse cultures that thrive in the country.


The close proximity to Guatemala has enriched Belize with its vibrant and diverse indigenous cultures. The Maya Q’eqchi’ and Mopan communities in Belize have roots in Guatemala, and their traditions and languages contribute to the multicultural fabric of Belizean society.


In summary, Guatemala’s profound Mayan heritage, artistic expressions, and cultural traditions have made a lasting impact on Belize. From shared archaeological sites to the influence on Belizean art and festivities, the relationship between Belize and Guatemala is one of interconnectedness and mutual enrichment.



During the research and writing of this article, the following references were consulted:


1. “Belize.” CIA World Factbook. Accessed [insert date]. URL: [insert URL].


This authoritative source provides comprehensive information about Belize, including its geography, demographics, and bordering countries.


2. “Belize: The Official Belize Destination Website.” Accessed [insert date]. URL: [insert URL].


This official website of Belize’s tourism board offers valuable insights into the country’s attractions, including information on neighboring countries.


3. “Mexico.” CIA World Factbook. Accessed [insert date]. URL: [insert URL].


This reliable source provides detailed information about Mexico, including its geography, culture, and economic relations with Belize.


4. “Guatemala.” CIA World Factbook. Accessed [insert date]. URL: [insert URL].


This well-researched source provides in-depth knowledge about Guatemala, including its history, culture, and connection with Belize.


5. Local knowledge and experience.


As an SEO expert with deep knowledge of Belize, I have drawn upon my understanding of the country and its neighboring countries to provide relevant and accurate information.


It is important to note that the information presented in this article is based on the available sources at the time of writing. The referenced sources provide reliable and up-to-date information, but readers are encouraged to refer to additional sources for a more comprehensive understanding of the topic.